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Egyptian Maps

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Author Topic: Egyptian Maps  (Read 1139 times)
Josie Linde
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« on: March 30, 2008, 10:53:41 pm »

Map of Egypt showing known Acheulian sites (100,000 bc)



http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk//paleo/mappal1.html
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Josie Linde
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« Reply #1 on: March 30, 2008, 10:55:32 pm »

Map of Egypt showing known Middle Palaeolithic sites (40,000 bc)



http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk//paleo/mappal2.html
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« Reply #2 on: March 30, 2008, 10:56:26 pm »

Map of Egypt showing known sites between 19 000 and 10 000 BC



http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk//paleo/mappal3.html
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« Reply #3 on: March 30, 2008, 10:57:41 pm »

Map of Egypt showing known sites between 8000 and 7000 BC



http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk//paleo/mappal4.html
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« Reply #4 on: March 30, 2008, 10:59:13 pm »

Map of Egypt showing known sites between 6500 and 5000 BC



http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk//paleo/mappal5.html

The early date for Neolithic sites (the green sites) in the Sahara areas just west of the Nile is problematic. Not all writers accept this idea.
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« Reply #5 on: March 30, 2008, 11:01:04 pm »

Early Holocene societies in the Egyptian Sahara
(Barich 1998: 81-88)

7500-6500 BC Early Neolithic of El Adam type many grinding stones, primary meat: hare and gazelle, few cattle bones
ceramics
microlith stone industry
 Nabta/Kiseiba region
6500-6200 BC El Ghorab Early Neolithic   Nabta region, 
6100-5900 BC El Nabta Neolithic grinding stones, cereal grains, hare and gazelle, few cattle bones,  Nabta region
after 5000 BC   increase in the size of sites and in population Nabta region

 


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http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk//paleo/nabta.html
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« Reply #6 on: March 30, 2008, 11:01:59 pm »

Nabta Playa

A depression about 100 km west and slightly north of Abu Simbel, investigated in three seasons.

Site E-75-6 is so far the earliest Neolithic settlement in Egypt. Pottery and grain (six-row barley and several kinds of weeds) are attested (Wendorf/Schild 1980: 277), but hunting of hares and gazelles was still important. Bones of cattle has been found.

See the sequence of the Neolithic site

The excavator considers the sites on Nabta Playa as the earliest Neolithic sites in Egypt.
This view has been questioned. The site is related to 'Early Khartoum'.

pro early Neolithic at Nabta Playa against early Neolithic at Nabta Playa
Barich 1998: 81-88 (general overview)
Close/Wendorf 1992: 63-72
 Clutton-Brock 1993: 66 (status of bovid remains is questionable)

 


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« Reply #7 on: March 30, 2008, 11:03:00 pm »

Map of Egypt showing important Neolithic sites between 5th and 4th Millennia BC



http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk//paleo/mappal6.html
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« Reply #8 on: March 30, 2008, 11:04:58 pm »

Chronology



date the cultural background the kings duration
before 8000 BC
 Palaeolithic
     
 
8000-5200 BC
 Epipalaeolithic (Tarifian ; Qarunian - Fayum B - 6000-5000 BC)
   3000 years
 
6000-5000 BC
 Nabta Playa
   1000 years
 
5200-4000 BC
 Fayum Neolithic (Fayum A)
   1200 years
 
4800-4200 BC
 Merimde
   600 years
 
4600-4400 BC El Omari   200 years
4400-4000 BC
 Badarian
   400 years
 
4000-3300 BC
 Maadi
   700 years
 
4000-3500 BC
   
 Naqada I  500 years
 
3500-3200 BC
 Egypt in the Naqada Period
 Naqada II  300 years
 
3200-3100 BC
   
 Naqada III  100 years
 
3100-2686 BC
 Egypt in the Early Dynastic
 Early Dynastic  400 years
 
2686-2181 BC
 Egypt in the Old Kingdom
 Old Kingdom  500 years
 
2181-2025 BC
 Egypt in the First Intermediate Period
 First Intermediate Period  150 years
 
2025-1700 BC
 Egypt in the Middle Kingdom
 Middle Kingdom  325 years
 
1700-1550 BC
 Egypt in the Second Intermediate Period
 Second Intermediate Period  150 years
 
1550-1069 BC
 Egypt in the New Kingdom
 New Kingdom  500 years
 
1069-664 BC
 Egypt in the Third Intermediate Period
 Third Intermediate Period  400 years
 
664-525 BC
 Egypt in the Late Period
 Late Period  139 years
 
525-404 BC
 Egypt in the first Persian Period  First Persian Period  121 years
 
404-343 BC
 Late Dynastic Period in Egypt Late Dynastic Period  61 years
 
343-332 BC
 Egypt in the second Persian Period  Second Persian Period 11 years
 
332-305 BC
   
 Macedonian Period  27 years
 
323-30 BC
 Ptolemaic Period
 Ptolemaic Period  293 years
 
30 BC - 640 AD
 Egypt in the Roman Period
 Roman/Byzantine Period  670 years
 
640-1517
 Egypt in the Islamic Period
 Islamic Period  877 years
 
1517-1805
 Ottoman Period  288 years
 
1805-1919
 Khedival Period  114 years
 
1919-1953
 Monarchy  34 years
 
1953-today
 Republic  50+ years
 

Dates are only certain after 664 BC. The earliest dates are often very unsecure.


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http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk//chronology/index.html
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Josie Linde
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« Reply #9 on: March 30, 2008, 11:06:21 pm »

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« Reply #10 on: March 30, 2008, 11:07:52 pm »

Egypt in the Predynastic Periods (about 4400 - 3000 BC)

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Josie Linde
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« Reply #11 on: March 30, 2008, 11:09:10 pm »

Lower Egypt about 4400 - 3000 BC


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« Reply #12 on: March 30, 2008, 11:10:19 pm »

Middle Egypt in the Predynastic Periods (about 4400 - 3000 BC)

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Josie Linde
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« Reply #13 on: March 30, 2008, 11:11:34 pm »

Upper Egypt about 4400 - 3000 BC

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« Reply #14 on: March 30, 2008, 11:12:45 pm »

Lower Nubia in Pre- Dynastic and the Old Kingdom




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