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CHRONOLOGY OF THE CRUSADES

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« on: December 31, 2007, 12:57:08 am »

CHRONOLOGY OF THE CRUSADES

While by no means complete, this list of significant dates can serve those who start a quest for understanding the crusades.

Nov, 1095: Pope Urban II presided over the Council of Clermont and called the First Crusade into being

Spring, 1096: Peasants' Crusade set out from Europe

Aug, 1096: Emperor Alexius of Constantinople shipped the Peasants' Crusade over the Bosporus

Late Summer, 1096: First Crusade leaders were departing Europe

Oct 1096: Peasants' Crusade annihilated in Anatolia by the Turks

Spring, 1097: First Crusade contingents assembling in Constantinople

End of Apr, 1097: First Crusade began the march in Anatolia to Nicaea

Late May, 1097: Nicaea surrendered to Alexius

Late June, 1097: First Crusaders marched overland from Nicaea toward Dorylaeum

Oct 21, 1097: Crusaders arrived before Antioch; long, bitter siege ensued

Early Feb 1098: Emperor Alexius' General Tacitius left the siege of Antioch

Mar 10, 1098: Citizens of Edessa gave Baldwin control of the city

Jun 1, 1098: Stephen of Blois & a large group of French left the siege of Antioch

Jun 3, 1098: Firuz opened Antioch to Bohemond and the First Crusaders

Jun 5-9, 1098: Kerbogha arrived before Antioch & besieged the besiegers


Jun 14, 1098: Peter Bartholomew found the Lance

Jun 28, 1098: Crusaders beat back Kerbogha's siege of Crusader Antioch

Nov 27-Dec 11, 1098: Crusaders captured M'arrat-an-Numan; army restless for Jerusalem

Jan 13, 1099: Raymond of Toulouse led the first contingent away from Antioch and toward Jerusalem

Feb 14, 1099: Raymond began the desultory siege of Arqah, near Tripoli

Late Mar, 1099: Godfrey and Robert of Flanders joined the siege of Arqah

Mid-May, 1099: Raymond finally gave up on Arqah; all present marched to Jerusalem

Jun 6, 1099: Citizens of Bethlehem invited Tancred to protect them

Jun 7, 1099: Godfrey et al. arrived before Jerusalem

Jun 13, 1099: Crusaders failed to take Jerusalem by storm

Jul 15, 1099: Godfrey breached the walls of Jerusalem near Herod's Gate and soon was elected the "Defender of the Holy Sepulchre"

Aug 12, 1099: Crusaders beat back the Fatimids at Ascalon

1100-18: Baldwin I, King of Jerusalem

1113: Hospitallers of Jerusalem recognized by the papacy as an independent group

1118-31: Baldwin II, King of Jerusalem

1118-9: Hugh of Payns created the Order of the Temple

1124: Fall of Tyre to Crusaders; now most of the coast in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem

1131-43: Fulk of Anjou, King of Jerusalem

Dec, 1144: Zengi took Edessa, sparked the Second Crusade

Dec, 1145: Pope Eugenius III issued Quantum praedecessores to initiate the Second Crusade

1146: Bernard of Clairvaux active in preaching the crusade

Oct, 1147: Lisbon fell to crusaders and Portuguese; Almeria fell to Spanish

Jul 1148: Louis VII of France, Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine, Emperor Conrad III in the East on the Second Crusade

Sep, 1144: Zengi was assassinated; Nur ad-Din acceeded to Aleppo

1143-63: Baldwin III, King of Jerusalem

Jul 15, 1149: Dedication of the Crusader Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Apr, 1154: Nur ad-Din took Damascus, united Muslim Syria

1160s: Series of invasions by Crusaders into Egypt

1163-74: Amaury, King of Jerusalem

1169: Shirkuh became vizier in Egypt and accepted Nur ad-Din's leadership

1174-85: Baldwin IV, King of Jerusalem

May 1174: Nur ad-Din died

Oct, 1174: Saladin took Damascus

Nov, 1177: Crusader army defeated Saladin at Mont Gisard

1183: Saladin took Aleppo

1185-6: Baldwin V, King of Jerusalem

1186-94: Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem

Jul 4, 1187: Saladin won the Battle of Hattin, and took most of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem

May, 1189: Emperor Frederick I (Barbarossa) left Europe on the Third Crusade

Jun 10, 1190: Frederick I drowned in Anatolia

Jul 1190: Kings Philip of France and Richard of England set out on the Third Crusade

Winter 1190-1: French and English stayed in Sicily

Jul 12, 1191: Acre surrendered to Kings Philip, Richard and Guy; Philip departed the Holy Land for France shortly afterward

Sep 7, 1191: Richard met Saladin at the Battle of Arsuf

Nov-Dec 1191: Richard's Crusaders marched toward Jerusalem but turned back to the coast

Jun 1192: Richard's Crusaders marched again toward Jerusalem but turned back again

Oct 9, 1192: Richard Lionheart departed the Holy Land

Mar 4, 1193: Saladin died

1197: Abortive Crusade of Emperor Henry VI

1198-1224: Albert of Buxtehude expanded the Baltic Crusades

Aug 1198: Pope Innocent III called the Fourth Crusade

1199: Political Crusade against Markward of Anweiler

Nov 1202: Venetians and Crusaders sacked Zara, a Christian port on the Dalmatian Coast

Apr, 1204: Fourth Crusade sacked Constantinople

1208: Pope Innocent III called the Albigensian Crusade

Jul 1212: King Alfonso VIII of Castile expanded the Reconquista; King Sancho VII of Navarre won the battle of Las Navas de Tolosa

Dec 1215: Pope Innocent III issued Ad liberandam calling the Fifth Crusade during the Fourth Lateran Council

Dec 1217: Fifth Crusaders attacked Mount Tabor

May 1218: Fifth Crusaders began the siege of Damietta

Aug 1221: Fifth Crusade, in the Nile Delta, surrendered

Jun 1228: Emperor Frederick II, King of Jerusalem through marriage to Isabell (Yolanda), sailed East on the Sixth Crusade

Feb 1229: Al-Kamil surrendered Jerusalem to Emperor Frederick II

1240s: Popes Gregory IX and Innocent IV called Political Crusades against Emperor Frederick II

1248: King Louis IX departed for the Holy Land on the Seventh Crusade

Jun, 1249: Louis reached Damietta

Apr, 1254: Louis departed the Holy Land

Jul, 1270: Louis IX's Last Crusade; Louis died in North Africa

1291: The Fall of Acre

Oct 1307: King Philip IV surpessed the Templars in France

1330-1523: Hospitallers continued crusade action from Rhodes

1334: Crusader navy defeated Turkish pirates in the Gulf of Edremit

1334-1402: Crusaders held the port of Smyrna

1365: Crusaders under Peter I of Cyprus sacked Alexandria

1396: Crusade of Nicopolis

1426: Egyptians gained control over Cyprus

1798: Fall of Hospitallers on Malta to Napoleon

http://people.westminstercollege.edu/faculty/mmarkowski/sscle/ssclechr.html
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