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the Crusades (Original)

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Ceneca
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« Reply #180 on: December 31, 2007, 04:20:18 am »

1700 Treaty of Constantinople: Ottoman Turks surrender Azov to the Russians.
1703 Due to the great losses under his rule, sultan Mustafa II is forced to abdicate and his brother, Ahmed III, replaces him.
1711 Ottoman Turks defeat Russian forces near the Pruth and in the ensuing peace treaty the regain control of Azov.
1715 Ottoman Turks attack Morea in Greece, recapturing it from Venice, a violation of the Peace Treaty of Carlowitz, leading to a new war with Austria.
1717 Austria captures Belgrade from the Ottoman Empire.
1718 Peace of Passarowitz: peace between the Ottomans and Austria is reached; this time the Turks are able to keep Morea but lose all of Hungary.
1730 Defeats in a war against Persia lead to a revolt of the Janissaries who depose Sultan Ahmed III and install Mahmud I in his place.
December 13, 1754 Death of Mahmud I, sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
1792 The Ottoman Turks are finally forced to acknowledge the Russian annexation of the Tartar Khanates.
1798 The Hospitallers on Malta are defeated by Napoleon. At the time known as the Knights of Malta, they disband entirely the following year.
July 01, 1798 General Napoleon Bonaparte sails to Egypt, then still an Ottoman province, which he conquers from the Mamluk military leaders quickly and easily. Even among the Ottoman leaders, however, there is little interest in why the French are there or why the eventually leave. The coming of the Europeans was regarded as something like a natural disaster - an event to be endured but not one that needs to be understood.
June 14, 1826 The Auspicious Incident: Janissaries revolt in Istanbul, but the populace and other government forces are against them. The Janissaries suffer massive casualties; those who survive face execution or banishment.
1945 The final cruzado or crusade tax is officially abolished in the Roman Catholic diocese of Pueblo, Colorado.

[ 12-31-2006, 03:59 AM: Message edited by: Rachel Dearth ]
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