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Author Topic: GERMANIC TRIBES  (Read 2141 times)
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Posts: 41646

« on: November 30, 2007, 06:07:46 pm »

In 1138 the century of rule by the Staufer, or Hohenstaufen, dynasty began.

Frederick I Barbarossa (1152-90), in wars with the Pope, the northern Italian cities and his main German rival, the Saxon duke Henry the Lion, led the empire into a new golden age.

But under him began a territorial fragmentation which ultimately weakened the central power.

This decline continued under Barbarossaís successors, Henry VI (1190-7) and Frederick II (1212-50), despite the great power vested in the emperorship.

The ecclesiastical and temporal princes became semi-sovereign territorial rulers.

The end of Hohenstaufen rule (1268) also meant the end of the Emperorís universal rule in the Occident.

Internal disintegrative forces prevented Germany from becoming a national state, a process just beginning then in other western European countries. Here lies one of the reasons why the Germans became a belated nation.
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