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List Of Oldest Universities In Continuous Operation

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Bianca
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« on: November 25, 2007, 08:59:35 am »











          L I S T   O F   O L D E S T   U N I V E R S I T I E S   I N   C O N T I N U O U S   O P E R A T I O N
 




This is a list of the oldest extant universities in the world.

To be listed on this page, an educational institution must satisfy the definition of a university at the time of founding; it must have been founded before 1500; and it must have been operational without a significant interruption ever since.

Note that because the awarding of academic degrees for advanced studies was historically a European custom, and the modern definition of a university includes the ability to grant degrees, the oldest institutions of higher learning that have always satisfied the modern definition of a university were in Europe. If, however, the definition is broadened to include ancient institutions that did not originally grant degrees but now do, then some European and non-European institutes predate the University of Bologna.

Finally, even within the purview of European universities, there is still some minor, albeit good-natured controversy over who was really "first". The University of Bologna, while it predates the University of Paris, was a university organized by students who then sought out tutors while the latter institution was organized by faculty who then solicited students.

Some (especially at Paris) still quibble over which began as a "genuine" university, but it is generally accepted that the University of Bologna came first.
« Last Edit: November 25, 2007, 09:15:07 am by Bianca2001 » Report Spam   Logged

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Bianca
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« Reply #1 on: November 25, 2007, 09:19:34 am »



Anatomical theatre in the old Bologna University, Italy - 16th century









                                          F O U N D E D   B E F O R E   1 5 0 0
 




1088  Bologna, Italy University of Bologna -1

1150  Paris, France University of Paris Now split among several autonomous universities

1167  Oxford, England University of Oxford Exact date uncertain, founded before 1167 (teaching existed since 1096) - 1

1209  Cambridge, England University of Cambridge - 2
 
1218  Salamanca, Spain University of Salamanca
 
1222  Padua, Italy University of Padua Suspended in 1237-61, 1509-17, 1848-50. - 2

1224  Naples, Italy University of Naples Federico II Closed in 1435-51, 1451-65, 1474-78, 1480-87, 1496-1507, 1527-29, 1531, 1547, 1562, 1585, etc. - 3

1240  Siena, Italy University of Siena Closed in 1402-1404 and 1808-14. - 4

1290  Coimbra, Portugal University of Coimbra Founded in Lisbon and was based there in 1290-1308, 1338-54, and 1377-1537.

1303  Rome, Italy University of Rome La Sapienza According to the Catholic Encyclopaedia, the university "remained closed during the entire pontificate of Clement VII" - 5
.
1308  Perugia, Italy University of Perugia  - 6

1343  Pisa, Italy University of Pisa There is no record of the university between 1403 and 1476. - 7
 
1346  Valladolid, Spain University of Valladolid Claims continuity with University of Palencia, founded in 1212 in Valencia

1348  Prague, Czech Republic Charles University of Prague
 
1361  Pavia, Italy University of Pavia Closed for short periods during the Italian Wars, Napoleonic wars, and Revolutions of 1848. - 8

1364  Kraków, Poland Jagiellonian University Closed after the German occupation of Poland in 1939 but reopened clandestinely three years later.
 
1365  Vienna, Austria University of Vienna
 
1386  Heidelberg, Germany Ruprecht Karls University of Heidelberg Transferred to Neustadt an der Haardt in 1576-83, suppressed between 1632 and 1652, and moved out to Frankfurt am Main and elsewhere in 1689-1700.
 
1391  Ferrara, Italy University of Ferrara There was no teaching in 1794-1824 and 1848-50. - 9
 
1409  Leipzig, Germany University of Leipzig 

1410  St. Andrews, Scotland University of St. Andrews - 1

1419  Rostock, Germany University of Rostock During the Reformation, "the Catholic university of Rostock closed altogether and the closure was long enough to make the refounded body feel a new institution".

1425  Leuven, Belgium Catholic University of Leuven Transferred to Brussels in 1788, shut down by the French in 1797, reopened in 1816, reorganized in 1834. Now split between the French-speaking Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve and the Dutch-speaking Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, still at Leuven.

1434  Catania, Italy University of Catania - 10
 
1451  Glasgow, Scotland University of Glasgow - 2
 
1456  Greifswald, Germany University of Greifswald Closed down during the Protestant Reformation (1527-39).

1457  Freiburg, Germany Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg Temporarily transferred to Constance in 1686-98 and 1713-15.

1460  Basel, Switzerland Basel University 

1472  Munich, Germany Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich Founded in Ingolstadt in 1459, transferred to Landshut in 1800, moved to Munich in 1826.

1477  Tübingen, Germany Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen
 
1479  Copenhagen, Denmark University of Copenhagen
 
1495  Aberdeen, Scotland University of Aberdeen King's College was founded in 1495 and Marischal College in 1593; they merged in 1860 - 3

1499  Madrid, Spain Complutense University of Madrid Claims continuity with Estudio de Escuelas Generales de Alcalá, founded in 1293 in Alcalá de Henares

1499  Valencia, Spain University of Valencia





« Last Edit: November 25, 2007, 05:53:22 pm by Bianca2001 » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #2 on: November 25, 2007, 09:31:06 am »







                                    Post-1500, oldest universities by country or region





The majority of European countries had universities by 1500. After 1500, universities began to spread to other countries all over the world:


Algeria: University of Algiers, 1909

Americas: Universidad Autonoma de Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, 1538

Argentina: Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, 1610

Armenia: Yerevan State University , 1919

Asia: disputed by two Philippine universities founded in 1595 and 1611 respectively. (See below)

Australia: University of Sydney, 1850

Azerbaijan: Baku State University, 1919

Baltic States: Vilnius University, 1579, twice closed and reopened

Bangladesh: University of Dhaka, 1921
 
Belarus: Belarusian State University, 1921

Bosnia-Herzegovina: University of Sarajevo, 1940, successor to the Islamic Law School founded in 1531

Brazil: Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, 1808 .

Bulgaria: University of Sofia, 1888

Canada: Université Laval, 1663; University of New Brunswick is the oldest English language university in Canada,     founded in 1785

Chile: Universidad de Chile, 1622, 19 August, as Santo Tomás de Aquino
 
China:
Nanking University, the first school officially called university in English in China, 1888. Also the first to offer doctoral education in China, 1913.

Beiyang University, 1896.

St. John's University, Shanghai, the first school granting bachelor's degree in China, 1907.

University of Hong Kong, 1910, evolved from the Hong Kong College of Medicine, founded in 1887

Colombia: Universidad del Rosario, 1653

Croatia: University of Zagreb, 1669

Cuba: Universidad de La Habana, 1728

Dominican Republic: Santo Tomas de Aquino University, Santo Domingo, was founded in 1538 and definitively extinguished in 1824, having no relationships with the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo (founded in 1914, this one expects to be a “primatial university of America”)

Egypt:Cairo University, 1908, public university

Estonia: University of Tartu, 1802, successor to Academia Gustaviana (1632-1710)

Finland: University of Helsinki, 1640, originally the Academy of Turku, but moved to Helsinki in 1827

Georgia: Tbilisi State University, 1918

Greece: University of Athens, 1837

Guatemala: Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, 1676

Hungary: Eötvös Loránd University, 1635

India:
Serampore College, 1818, first institution with university status (although not a university) to grant degrees in theology

Thomason College of Civil Engineering, (Formerly University of Roorkee), 1847, the oldest autonomous engineering school in Asia, initially not a university

University of Calcutta, 1857, first full fledged multi disciplinary university in South Asia, with a catchment area from Lahore to Rangoon

Indonesia: Institut Teknologi Bandung, 1920, founded as the Technische Hogeschool et Bandoeng

Iran: University of Tehran, 1934
 
Iraq: University of Baghdad, 1956 - Although the Iraqi Royal College of Medicine was established in 1928.

Israel: Technion, 1924

Japan: University of Tokyo, 1877

Korea: Korea University, 1905

Lebanon: American University of Beirut, 1866

Lithuania: University of Vilnius, 1579, successory to the Vilnius Academy 1570, although its operation was not continuous: the university was closed from 1832 to 1919 and again in 1943-44

Malaysia: University of Malaya, 1905

Malta: University of Malta, 1769, successory to Collegium Melitense 1592

Mexico: National Autonomous University of Mexico, 1551 (or 1910 [3])
 
Myanmar: Rangoon University,1878

Netherlands: University of Leiden, 1575

New Zealand: University of Otago, 1869

North America: National Autonomous University of Mexico, 1551 (or 1910[4])

Northern Ireland: Queen's University Belfast, 1810 (Royal Charter 1845)

Norway: University of Oslo, 1811

Pakistan: University of the Punjab, 1882

Peru: National University of San Marcos, Lima, 1551, "dean university of America” (the oldest, but not necessarily the first), since it is the only university on the American continent that survives, uninterruptedly, since the XVIth century

Philippines: Disputed by two universities:
-University of San Carlos, established as the Colegio de San Ildefonso 1595 by the Jesuits, closed in 1769, reopened in 1783 by the local bishop, transferred ownership to the Dominicans (1852), then to the Vincentians (1867), and finally to the Society of the Divine Word fathers on 1935. Closed on 1941 during World War II; opened again on 1945. Received university charter in 1948.
 
University of Santo Tomas, established as the Colegio de Nuestra Seńora del Santísimo Rosario on 1611, received university charter in 1645, closed during World War II, reopened during post-war rebuilding. Owned by the Dominicans in its entirety of existence.
 
Puerto Rico: University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras 1903
 
Republic of Ireland: Trinity College, Dublin, 1592
 
Romania: Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iasi, 1860

Russia: either Moscow State University, 1755 or Saint Petersburg State University (1724-1803, 1819) or Kant Russian State University (1544-1945, 1967)
 
Serbia: Belgrade University, 1905, successor to the Great School, 1808; Orthodox Christian Academy in 1794; Teacher's college in 1778

Singapore: National University of Singapore, 1905

Slovenia: University of Ljubljana, 1919
 
South America: National University of San Marcos, Peru, 1551

South Africa: University of Cape Town, 1829

Sweden: Uppsala University, 1595, successor to Catholic University of Uppsala (1477-1515)

Thailand: Chulalongkorn University, 1917

Turkey: Istanbul Technical University (1773)

Ukraine: University of Lviv, 1661

U.S.: see First university in the United States

Venezuela: Central University of Venezuela, 1721

Wales: University of Wales, Lampeter, 1822
« Last Edit: November 25, 2007, 10:06:13 am by Bianca2001 » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #3 on: November 25, 2007, 09:37:21 am »



University of Pennsylvania - United States








Caveat



The actual date a university started to function is often rather hazy and differs a good deal from legend, or from the date its ancestor-institution was founded.

For example, it is generally admitted today that Oxford's foundation cannot be precisely dated, but must lie somewhere in the mid-to-late 12th century.

However, the notion that a college could be empowered to give the bachelor's degree is a modern American one; by European terms, Harvard College had already adopted the powers (if not the style) of a university in 1642.

The University of Pennsylvania was simply the first American institution to call itself a university; but neither it, Harvard, or any of the seven other Colonial American colleges were nearly as large or diverse as European universities of the time. The first American university to create a modern graduate school and award a Ph.D. degree was Yale University, in 1861.





 See also



Ancient university

Medieval university
 
Medieval university (Asia)

Third oldest university in England debate





 References and notes



^ Grenler, Paul F. The Universities of the Italian Renaissance. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004. Pages 43-44.

^ See: Ridder-Symoens, Hilde de. A History of the University in Europe. Cambridge University Press, 2003. Page 83.

^ Quoted from: Chadwick, Owen. The Early Reformation on the Continent. Oxford University Press, 2003. Page 257.


 
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_oldest_universities_in_continuous_operation"
« Last Edit: November 25, 2007, 10:00:23 am by Bianca2001 » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #4 on: November 25, 2007, 02:31:03 pm »

Not mentioned above:

Uppsala University was founded in 1477 and is the oldest university in the Nordic countries. Carl Linnaeus (1730), Anders Celsius(1730), Olof Rudbeck(C.1650), and Erik Gustaf Geijer(1817) are some of Uppsala’s renowned figures from the past.

U. of Copenhagen was not opened till 2 years later in 1479 (on the list).
« Last Edit: November 25, 2007, 02:39:40 pm by rockessence » Report Spam   Logged

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Edgar Cayce
Bianca
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« Reply #5 on: November 25, 2007, 02:37:25 pm »




SEE ABOVE - 7TH FROM THE BOTTOM - reply #2



Sweden:


Uppsala University, 1595,

successor to Catholic University of Uppsala (1477-1515)

« Last Edit: November 25, 2007, 02:40:49 pm by Bianca2001 » Report Spam   Logged

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rockessence
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« Reply #6 on: November 25, 2007, 02:41:13 pm »

Oops!
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ILLIGITIMI NON CARBORUNDUM

Thus ye may find in thy mental and spiritual self, ye can make thyself just as happy or just as miserable as ye like. How miserable do ye want to be?......For you GROW to heaven, you don't GO to heaven. It is within thine own conscience that ye grow there.

Edgar Cayce
Bianca
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« Reply #7 on: November 25, 2007, 06:03:27 pm »



SEAL OF

UPPSALA UNIVERSITY 
SWEDEN







The university has for centuries been an important place of science and learning, represented by names such as Linnaeus, Celsius, and Ĺngström, and in more recent times by several Nobel laureates in the sciences - such as Svante August Arrhenius.



                                       Nobel laureates affiliated with Uppsala University



Svante Arrhenius (1859-1927), Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 1903

Allvar Gullstrand (1862-1930), Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1911
 
Robert Bárány (1876-1936), Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1914
 
Theodor (The) Svedberg (1884-1971), Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 1926

Manne Siegbahn (1886-1978), Nobel Laureate in Physics 1924

Arne Tiselius (1902-1971), Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 1948
.
Hannes Alfvén (1908-1995), Nobel Laureate in Physics 1970

Kai Siegbahn (1918-), Nobel Laureate in Physics 1981.

Erik Axel Karlfeldt (1864-1931), Nobel laureate in literature 1931 (posthumously)

Pär Lagerkvist (1891-1974), Nobel laureate in literature 1951.

Hjalmar Branting (1860-1925), Nobel Peace Laureate in 1921.

Nathan Söderblom (1866-1931), Nobel peace laureate in 1931
 
Alva Myrdal (1902-1986), Nobel Peace Laureate in 1982

Hugo Theorell (1903-1982), Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine 1955. (Worked at Uppsala University 1932-33 and 1935-36.)

Dag Hammarskjöld (1905-1961), Nobel Peace Laureate in 1961 (posthumously).


In addition, Uppsala also has an important place in Swedish national culture and identity: in historiography, literature and music, represented by names such as Rudbeck, Geijer, Atterbom, and Strindberg.
« Last Edit: November 25, 2007, 06:15:36 pm by Bianca2001 » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #8 on: November 25, 2007, 06:22:19 pm »






NOT TO BE FORGOTTEN:


The Swedish diplomat Hans Blix (b. 1928),

who was Head of the IAEA 1981-1997, of the UNMOVIC 2000-2003, and previously Swedish Minister of Foreign Affairs 1978-1979.

Hammarskjöld and Blix both graduated from the Uppsala Faculty of Law, as did the Swedish Minister of Foreign Affairs Anna Lindh, who was assassinated in 2003.
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« Reply #9 on: November 25, 2007, 07:01:23 pm »

Reading the Rudbeck material had made me really fascinated with the UU...I would really like to visit there to check out the "Rudbeck Trail".
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Thus ye may find in thy mental and spiritual self, ye can make thyself just as happy or just as miserable as ye like. How miserable do ye want to be?......For you GROW to heaven, you don't GO to heaven. It is within thine own conscience that ye grow there.

Edgar Cayce
Bianca
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« Reply #10 on: November 25, 2007, 07:08:14 pm »



Actually, Rocky, a University is only as good as its ALUMNI.....

There are a lot of them that come from Uppsala that I admire, besides Rudbeck.

Certainly the last three mentioned.....
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