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Council of Clermont

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Author Topic: Council of Clermont  (Read 257 times)
Carolina Brewer
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« on: November 18, 2007, 03:31:39 am »



Pope Urbans Edict

On November 26, 1095 Pope Urban II issued his edict to take back Jerusalem from the infidel. This edict was given in southern France in a town called Clermont. The journey out of Italy was the first in fifty years of any pope and was designed to affirm Urbans legitimacy as the new pope. His sermon on the 26 of November had to be moved outside by the number of people that showed up to hear it that day in southern France. Around four-hundred people heard his historic sermon that day. With his edict Pope Urban started the first crusade that departed in 1096. The people the departed in 1096 were from all over Europe. More people joined the cause as it moved eastwards through Europe. With his speech he launched the peoples crusade or the peasant crusade.The peoples crusade was led by Peter the hermit. Along the way towards Hungary the peoples crusade killed many people of non-Christian faiths mostly people of the Jewish faith. This event had become known as the first holocaust and is very little known of. November 26, 1095 and the first crusade was caused by many reasons. First the church separated into two branches in 1095. Pope Urban thought this could be a way towards bringing the two branches back together. Jerusalem fell under Muslim rule in 638 AD and according to Urban it was necessary to bring the holy city back under Christian rule. The Byzytine emperor Alexius I took this opportunity to exploit this massive army to gain land for his own empire.

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