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Author Topic: THE GREAT ATEN  (Read 11380 times)
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« Reply #60 on: March 08, 2008, 03:00:35 pm »

                                                     Atenist revolution

The Aten, the god of Atenism, first appears in texts dating to the 12th dynasty, in "The Story
of Sinuhe". However, he was considered a relatively obscure sun god and without the Atenist
period would barely figure in Egyptian history.

Although there are indications that the Aten was becoming more important in the eighteenth
dynasty period - notably Amenhotep III's naming of his royal barge as Spirit of the Aten - it
was Amenhotep IV who introduced the Atenist revolution, in a series of steps culminating in
the official installment of the Aten as the sole god.

Amenhotep IV initially introduced Atenism in Year 4 of his reign, raising the Aten to the status
of supreme god, but initially permitting the continued worship of the traditional gods.

To emphasise the change, Aten's name was written in the cartouche form normally reserved for
Pharaohs, an innovation of Atenism.

This religious reformation appears to coincide with the proclamation of a Sed festival, a sort of
royal jubilee, intended to reinforce the Pharaoh's divine powers of kingship. Traditionally held in
the thirtieth year of the Pharaoh's reign, this possibly was a festival in honour of Amenhotep III,
who some Egyptologists think had a coregency with his son Amenhotep IV of two to twelve years.
« Last Edit: March 09, 2008, 09:28:43 am by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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