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THE GREAT ATEN

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Author Topic: THE GREAT ATEN  (Read 10890 times)
Bianca
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« Reply #165 on: August 09, 2008, 05:34:00 pm »










But indeed, Akhenaten's new creed could be summed up by the formula,



                                "There is no god but Aten, and Akhenaten is his prophet".



The hymn known as the "Sun Hymn of Akhetaten" offers some theological insight into this newly
evolved god. We find this hymn, which may have been composed by the king himself, in the tomb
of the courtier Ay, who later succeeded King Tutankhamun.

Scholars have noted a similarity between the hymn and Biblical Psalm 104, although the distinct parallels between the two are usually interpreted simply as indications of the common literary heritage of Egypt and Israel.

Inscribed in thirteen long lines, the essential part of the poem is a hymn of praise for Aten as the creator and preserver of the world. Within it, there are no allusions to traditional mythical concepts, since the names of other gods are absent.

In this hymn, no longer are night and death the realm of gods such as Osiris and various other deities, as in traditional Egyptian religion, but are rather briefly dealt with as the absence of Aten. Hence, it should be noted that, unlike other supreme gods of Egypt, Aten did not always absorb the attributes
of other gods. His nature was entirely different. 

The hymn abounds with descriptions of nature and with the position of the king in the new religion.

Irregardless of the existence of a priesthood devoted to Aten, only to Akhenaten had the god revealed itself, and only the king could know the demands and commandments of Aten, a god who remained distant and incomprehensible to the general populace. In fact, the priesthood may not have served so much Aten as they did Akhenaten. The high priest of the Aten was actually called the priest of Akhenaten, indicating not only the elevated position of the king in this theology, but also the effective barrier that he formed between even his priests and the god Aten.
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Your mind understands what you have been taught; your heart what is true.
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