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Author Topic: THE GREAT ATEN  (Read 11693 times)
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« Reply #165 on: August 09, 2008, 05:29:29 pm »

Around the time Akhetaten was founded, Amenhotep IV changed his own royal titulary to reflect the Aten's reign, but perhaps more remarkably, he actually changed his own birth name from Amenhotep, which may be translated as "Amun is content", to Akhenaten, meaning "he who is beneficial to the Aten" or "illuminated manifestation of Aten".

Afterwards, the king proceeded to emphasize Aten's singular nature above all other gods through excessively preferential treatment.

Ultimately, he suppressed all other deities.

However, it is interesting that Akhenaten retained in his new titulary all references to the sun god Re.
In his prenomen there is 'Neferkheprure' (Beautiful are the manifestations of Re) and 'Waenre' (Sole one of Re).

George Hart in his Dictionary of Egyptian Gods and Goddess tells us that Aten was:

"..really the god Re absorbed under the iconography of the sun disk.

The eminence of Aten is a renewal of the kingship of Re as it had been during its apogee over a thousand years earlier under the monarchs of the 5th Dynasty."

However, it is really doubtful that such a simple statement can be made for, in reality, Aten took on many characteristics alien to Re. Re did not function in a vacuum of gods and goddesses. Yet there remained cloudy associations with Re even as Akhenaten moved into his new capital.

There, accommodations were made for the burial of a Mnevisl, which was the sacred bull of Re.

Furthermore, the king's last two daughters were named Nefernefrure and Setepenre, both incorporating Re into their names.
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