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Author Topic: THE GREAT ATEN  (Read 12781 times)
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« Reply #150 on: March 16, 2008, 12:28:38 pm »

p. 112

text with a Latin translation was published by Breasted in his 'De Hymnis in Solem sub rege Amenophide IV conceptis', Berlin, 1894, and English versions of most of it were given by him
in his History of Egypt, p. 315, and in other publications.

Other versions and extracts have been published by Griffith, World's Literature, p. 5225;

Wiedemann, Religion, pp. 40-42; Hall, Ancient History, p. 306;

Erman, Religion, p. 64, etc.

The best text yet published is that of Davies 1 and that, with a few trivial alterations, is repro-
duced in the following pages.

In recent years this Hymn has been extolled as a marvellously beautiful religious composition,
and parts of it have been compared with some of the Hebrew Psalms.

In consequence it has been regarded as an expression of sublime human aspirations, and the
outcome of a firm belief in a God who was a counterpart of the Yahweh of the Hebrews and
identical with God Almighty.

But, if we examine the Hymn., line by line, and compare it with the Hymns to Ra, Amen and
other gods, we find that there is hardly an idea in it which is not borrowed from the older Egypt-
ian religious books.

Aten is called the eternal, almighty, self-produced, living, or self-subsisting, creator of heaven
and earth and all that is in them, and "one god alone." His heat and light are the sources of all life
and only for these and the material benefits that they confer on man and beast is Aten praised in these hymns.

There is nothing spiritual in them, nothing to appeal to man's higher nature.

The language in which they are written is simple and clear, but there is nothing remarkable about
the phraseology, unless the statements are dogmatic declarations like
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