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THE GREAT ATEN

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Author Topic: THE GREAT ATEN  (Read 10784 times)
Bianca
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« Reply #150 on: March 16, 2008, 12:14:23 pm »









p. 108



in a serious degree were not removed by the methods that have been well known at Oriental Courts from time immemorial.

Aakhunaten was succeeded by his co-regent Sakara, whose reign was probably very short and unimportant. He was the son-in-law of the king and a devoted worshipper of Aten, whose cult he wished to make permanent.

Nothing is known of his acts or whether deposition or death removed him from the throne. He was succeeded by Tutankhamen, whose reign has been already described. The short reign of Ai, who had married the nurse of Amenhetep IV, and was Master of the Horse, followed, and he was succeeded by Her-em-heb, a military officer who served in the north of Egypt during the reign of Aakhunaten.

The restoration of the cult of Amen begun by Tutankhamen was finally confirmed by him, and the triumph of Amen was complete.

The immediate result of this was the decline and fall of the cult of Aten, and the city

                                                       "Horizon of Aten"

lost all its importance and fell into decay.

The artisan classes, finding no work, migrated to Thebes and other places where they could ply
their crafts in the service of Amen, and many of the Atenites abandoned their god and transferred their worship to Amen.

It is probable that the temples and houses of the officials were plundered by the mob, who treated them in the way that the property of an overthrown religious faction has always been treated in the East.

The forsaken city soon fell into ruins and was never rebuilt or again inhabited.

A liberal estimate for the life of the city is 50 years.

The remains of Aakhutaten are marked to-day by the ruins and rock-hewn tombs which lie near the Arab villages of Hagg Kandil and At-Tall, and are commonly known as "Tell
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