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THE GREAT ATEN

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Author Topic: THE GREAT ATEN  (Read 10890 times)
Bianca
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« Reply #120 on: March 16, 2008, 10:29:27 am »









p. 85

We have already seen that Amenhetep IV had, whenever possible, caused the name of Amen to be chiselled out from stelŠ, statues, and other monuments, and even from his father's cartouches, whilst at the same time the name of Amen formed part of his name as the son of Ra.

It was easy to remedy this inconsistency, and he did so by changing his name from Amenhetep, which means "Amen is content," to

                                                             AAKHUNATEN, 

a name which by analogy should mean something like "Aten is content."

This meaning has already been suggested by more than one Egyptologist, but there is still a good
deal to be said for keeping the old translation,

                                                             "Spirit of Aten."

I transcribe the new name of Amenhetep IV, Aakhunaten, not with any wish to add another to the many transliterations that have been proposed for it, but because it represents with considerable accuracy the hieroglyphs.

The Pyramid Texts show that the phonetic value of  was  or . The first sign represents a short vowel, a, e, or i; the second a, like the Hebrew aleph, the third kh, and the fourth u; therefore the phonetic value of in Pyramid times was aakh, or aakhu, but in later times the a was probably dropped, and then the value of  would be akh, as Birch read it sixty years ago. If this were so, the name will be correctly transliterated by

                                                                 "Akhenaten."

How the name was pronounced we do not know and never shall know, but there is no good ground for thinking that "Ikhnaton" or "Ikh-en-aton" represents the correct pronunciation.

In passing
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Your mind understands what you have been taught; your heart what is true.
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