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Author Topic: THE GREAT ATEN  (Read 10890 times)
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« Reply #120 on: March 16, 2008, 10:26:10 am »

p. 84

these murmurings were changed to threats and curses, and disputes between the Amenites and Atenites filled the city.

What exactly happened is not known and never will be known, but the result of the confusion and uproar was that Amenhetep IV found residence in Thebes impossible, and he determined to leave it, and to remove the Court elsewhere.

Whether he was driven to take this step through fear for the personal safety of himself and his family, or whether he wished still further to insult and injure Amen and his priesthood, cannot be said, but the reason that induced him to abandon his capital city and to destroy its importance as such must have been very strong and urgent.

Having decided to leave Thebes he sought for a site for his new capital, which he intended to make
a City of God, and found it in the north, at a place which is about 160 miles to the south of Cairo and 50 miles to the north of Asyut.

At this point the hills on the east bank of the Nile enclose a sort of plain which is covered with fine yellow sand. The soil was virgin, and had never been defiled with temples or other buildings connected with the gods of Egypt whom Amenhetep IV hated, and the plain itself was eminently suitable for the site of a town, for its surface was unbroken by hills or reefs of limestone or sandstone.

This plain is nearly three miles from the Nile in its widest part and is about five miles in length. The plain on the other side of the river, which extended from the Nile to the western hills, was very much larger than that on the east bank, and was also included by the king in the area of his new capital.

He set up large stelŠ on the borders of it to mark the limits of the territory of Aten, and had inscriptions cut upon them stating this fact.
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