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Author Topic: THE GREAT ATEN  (Read 14938 times)
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« Reply #90 on: March 15, 2008, 03:19:24 pm »

p. 64

the Egyptians regarded as the "soul of RA," was known as the Phoinix, or Phnix.

Under the VIth dynasty the priests of Ra succeeded in thrusting their god into the position of over-lord of all the gods, and as we see from the names Ra-Khepera, Ra-Atem, Ra-Heraakhuti and the
like, all the old solar gods of the north of Egypt were regarded as forms of Ra.

He was king of heaven and judge of gods and men, and the attempt was also made to make the people accept him as the over-lord of Osiris and king of the Tuat, or Underworld. But in this last matter the priests failed, and Osiris maintained his position as the god and judge of the dead.

The priests had assigned to Ra in the funerary compositions, which are now known as the "Pyramid Texts," great powers over the dead, and, in fact, over all the gods and demons and denizens of the underworld, but before a century had passed, Osiris had established absolute sovereignty over his realm of Amentt.

From what has been said above it is evident that, before the close of the VIth dynasty, the priests
of the various solar gods of Lower Egypt had assigned to each of them all the essential powers and characteristics which Amenhetep claimed for his god Aten.

But before we consider these powers in detail, we must summarize briefly the principal historical
facts relating to the rise and development of the Aten cult.

Wherever a solar god was worshipped in Egypt, the habitat of this god was believed to be the solar Disk (aten or athen) But the oldest solar god who was associated with the Disk was Tem, or Atmu, who is frequently referred to in religious texts as

                                                          "Tem in his Disk"

When Ra usurped the attributes of Tem he became the
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