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THE GREAT ATEN

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Author Topic: THE GREAT ATEN  (Read 14938 times)
Bianca
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« Reply #90 on: March 15, 2008, 10:36:44 am »









p. 55

   THE CULT OF ATEN, THE GOD AND DISK OF THE SUN, ITS ORIGIN, DEVELOPMENT AND DECLINE.





Amongst all the mass of the religious literature of Ancient Egypt, there is no document that may
be considered to contain a reasoned and connected account of the ideas and beliefs which the Egypians associated with the god Aten.

The causes of his rise into favour towards the close of the XVIIIth dynasty can be surmised, and
the principal dogmas which the founder of his cult and his followers promulgated are discoverable
in the Hymns that are found on the walls of the rock-hewn tombs of Tall al-'Amarnah; but the true history of the rise, development and fall of the cult can never be completely known.

The word aten or athen is a very old word for the "disk" or "face of the sun," and Atenism was be-
yond doubt an old form of worship of the sun.

But there were many forms of sun-worship older than the cult of Aten, and several solar gods were worshipped in Egypt many, many centuries before Aten was regarded as a special form of the great solar god at all.

One of the oldest forms of the Sun-god worshipped in Egypt was HER (Horus), who in the earliest times seems to have represented the "height" or "face" of heaven by day. He was symbolized by
the sparrowhawk, the right eye of the bird representing the sun and his left the moon.
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