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Author Topic: THE GREAT ATEN  (Read 11130 times)
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Posts: 41646

« Reply #60 on: March 08, 2008, 03:15:05 pm »

The pinnacle of this religious hierarchy was the Pharaoh, who was both king and living god,
and the administration of the Egyptian kingdom was thus inextricably bound up with, and
largely controlled by, the power and influence of the priests and scribes.

Like the abolition of the Russian Orthodox Church in early Communist Russia, Akhenaten's
reforms cut away both the philosophical and economic bases of priestly power, abolishing
the cults of multiple deities, and with them the large and lucrative industry of sacrifices
and tributes that the priests controlled.

Initially, Akhenaten presented Aten to the Egyptian people as a variant of the familiar su-
preme deity Amun-Ra (itself the result of an earlier rise to prominence of the cult of Amun,
resulting in Amun becoming merged with the sun god Ra), in an attempt to put his ideas in
a familiar religious context.

Aten is the name given to the solar disc, whereas the full title of Akhenaten's god was Ra-
Horus, who rejoices in the horizon in his name of the light which is in the sun disc.
(This is the title of the god as it appears on the numerous stelae which were placed to mark
the boundaries of Akhenaten's new capital at Akhetaten.)
« Last Edit: March 09, 2008, 09:29:58 am by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

Your mind understands what you have been taught; your heart what is true.
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