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THE GREAT ATEN

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Author Topic: THE GREAT ATEN  (Read 11880 times)
Bianca
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« Reply #15 on: January 31, 2008, 06:39:42 pm »









                                            Tell el Amarna, Capital of the Disk


                                                           AKHETATEN





.......An entire city thus emerged from under the arid soil of Tell el Amarna.

Given the sad state of the vestiges excavated by successive waves of English and German
research teams, the city's original glory is hard to imagine.

Despite being subjected to destructive attacks early in the century, the Boundary Stelae the
King had set up to demarcate his territory - and they alone - continue to speak out of times
past:

Akhenaton's kingdom covered a territory the size of "six iteru, three-quarters of a khe and four
cubits the side," - from the north stela to the south stela - or about thirteen thousand meters.

They also proclaim that "His majesty mounted a great chariot of electrum and, on the favorable
day, marked out the limits of the site he had named The Horizon of the Aten; then, as men,
women and all things rejoiced, he had set up an altar and made an unprecedented oblation to
the Aten.

Then, all those near to the King, the high-placed officials, the army chiefs, were brought before
him and bowed low to him although he asserted that it was the Aten Himself who had designat-
ed this site (...), to which the court replied that Aten would unveil his plans to no one but him
alone and soon all the nations of the world would come here to bring Aten, giver of life, the
tribute they owed to him.

Then the Pharoah had raised his hand towards the Disk at its zenith and had vowed he would
build Akhetaten there for Aten his father, at this precise site and nowhere else; that he would
listen to no one, not even the queen, should one try to persuade him to build Akhetaten else-
where.

Then he had listed all the grand and beautiful monuments he planned to set up, the House of
the Aten, the Mansion of the Aten, the Pavilion for the Queen, the House of Rejoicing for the
Aten in the Island "Exalted in Jubilees", and all the other buildings and works necessary to
celebrate the Aten, the Apartments of the Pharoah and the Apartments of the Queen."

The foundations for most of the buildings listed in the royal text have been identified, in parti-
cular the Great Temple (House of the Aten) and the Smaller Temple (Mansion of the Aten) of
the Aten, the vast palace onto the back of which were built the administrative buildings,
the House of the King or Little Palace, the Apartment of the Queen.

Above all, an eight hundred meter stretch of the royal street that ran through the center of
the city has been cleared. Beyond this stretched the leisure quarters, the homes of the high-
ranking officials, and further to the north, the suburbs, a complex mosaic of tightly grouped,
small houses.
« Last Edit: January 31, 2008, 07:05:10 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

Your mind understands what you have been taught; your heart what is true.
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