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Author Topic: THE GREAT ATEN  (Read 11220 times)
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« Reply #15 on: January 24, 2008, 07:08:41 pm »

                                                T H E   G R E A T   A T E N

                                               The God and Disk of the Sun

In connection with the Sun-gods of Egypt and with their various forms which were worshipped
in that country must be considered the meager facts which we possess concerning Aten,
who appears to have represented both the god or spirit of the sun, and the solar disk itself.

The origin of this god is wholly obscure, and nearly all that is known about him under the
Middle Empire is that he was a small provincial form of the Sun-god which was worshipped in
one little town in the neighborhood of Heliopolis, and it is possible that a temple was built in
his honor, in Heliopolis itself.

It is idle to attempt to describe the attributes which were orginally ascribed to him under the
Middle or Early Empire, because the texts which were written before the XXIIIrd Dynasty give
us no information on the subject.

Under the XVIIIth Dynasty, and especially during the reigns of Amen-Ra-Heru-khuti, Horus, etc.,
but it does not follow that they orginally belonged to him. In the Theban Recesion of the Book
of the Dead, which is based upon Heliopolitan, we find Aten mentioned by the deceased thus :---

 "Thou, O Ra, shinest from the horizon of heaven, and Aten is adored when he resteth {or setteth} upon this mountain to give life to the two lands. Hunefer says Ra, Hail, Aten, thou the lord of beams of light, {when} thou shinest all faces {i.e., everybody} lives. Nekht says Ra, O thou beautiful being, thou doest renew thyself and make thyself young again under the form of Aten; Ani says Ra, Thou turnest thy face towards the Underworld, and thou makest the earth to shine like fine copper. The dead rise up to thee, they breath the air and they look upon thy face when Aten shineth in the horizon;------I have come before thee that I may be with thee to behold thy Aten daily: O thou who art in thine Egg, who shinest from thy Aten," etc.
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