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JIROFT - Discovery of Middle Asia Cities Recasts Ancient History

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Author Topic: JIROFT - Discovery of Middle Asia Cities Recasts Ancient History  (Read 9030 times)
Bianca
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Posts: 41646



« Reply #45 on: April 24, 2008, 03:18:50 pm »









Writing



Madjidzadeh claims to have discovered inscriptions in a previously unknown script, allegedly
comparable to linear Elamite, dated to ca. the 22nd century BC.

The announcement of this discovery was received with skepticism.



Lawler (2007) quotes Jacob Dahl, specialist in ancient texts at Berlin's Free University, as saying

"No specialist in the world would consider these to be anything but absolute fakes."



Madjidzadeh is defended by his co-excavator Holly Pittman of University of Pennsylvania who
notes that earlier discoveries of new civilizations met with similar incredulity.








Linear Elamite



Linear Elamite is a Bronze Age writing system used in Elam, known from a few monumental inscript-
ions only. It was used contemporarily with Elamite Cuneiform and likely records the Elamite language.

It was in use for a brief period of time during the last quarter of the 3rd millennium BC.

It is often claimed that Linear Elamite is a syllabic writing system derived from the older Proto-Elamite writing system, although this hasn't been proven. Linear Elamite has not been deciphered, in spite of
several attempts, most notably that of Walther Hinz and Piero Meriggi.

There are only 22 known documents in Linear Elamite; they are identified by letters A-V (Hinz, 1969,
pp. 11-44; Andre‚ and Salvini, 1989, pp. 58-61); of these, 19 are on stone and clay objects excavated
in the acropolis at Susa (now kept in the Louvre in Paris).

The most important longer texts, partly bilingual, appear in monumental contexts. They are engraved
on large stone sculptures, including a statue of the goddess Narunte (I), the "table au lion" (A), and
large votive boulders (B, D), as well as on a series of steps (F, G, H, U) from a monumental stone stair-
way, where they alternated with steps bearing texts with Akkadian titles of Puzur-Inšušinak.

A unique find is item Q, a silver vase with a single line of perfectly executed text, kept in the Tehran Museum. There are also a few texts on baked-clay cones (J, K, L), a clay disk (M), and clay tablets
(N, O, R). Some objects (A, I, C) include both Linear Elamite and Akkadian cuneiform inscriptions.

The bilingual and bigraphic inscriptions of the monumental stairway as a whole, and the votive boulder
B have inspired the first attempts at decipherment of Linear Elamite (Bork, 1905, 1924; Frank, 1912).
« Last Edit: April 24, 2008, 03:22:22 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

Your mind understands what you have been taught; your heart what is true.
Bianca
Superhero Member
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Posts: 41646



« Reply #46 on: April 24, 2008, 03:26:14 pm »








Jiroft Civilization Predated Sumer



Many archaeologists believe that the recent discoveries prove that the Jiroft civilization was as important as Sumer and Mesopotamia. Findings show that the Jiroft civilization was older and more advanced than the Sumerian civilization, which is one of the oldest known civilizations.





Jiroft and Aratta



According to a theory forwarded by Jahanshah Derakhshani (born 1944), the Aratti, or Artaioi,
were ancient Aryan people in the eastern lands of the Iranian Plateau. Ca. 1000 BC, the Aratti
moved southwest to Persis and became the direct ancestors of the Persians.

Until the Macedonian conquest of Persia, the Partians were known as Artaioi. Herodotus (7:61) mentions Artaians as an alternative name for the Partians.

According to Derakhshani, the Aratti may also have been the ancestors of the Bactrians and Arachosians.

The Aratti people have been traced and documented by the Iranian historian Jahanshah Derakh-
shani. They were the inhabitants of the country Aratta attested in the Sumerian sources of the 3rd millennium BC and located in Eastern Iran
(Derakhshani, Die Arier in den nahöstlichen Quellen des 3. und 2. Jahrtausends v.Chr.,
Tehran 1998, p. 41).

According to Herodotus, the Partians were called also Artaioi = Artaians
(Herodotus VII, 61. 150.).

Indeed, already prior to Herodotus, Artaioi was interpreted as a Persian ethnonym.

Hellanicus of Lesbos described them as the inhabitants of a Persian region called Artaia
(Fr. cited from Marquart 1986,
Untersuchungen zur Geschichte von Eran I: 234).

The Greeks called the inhabitants of the country Barygaza Arattii, Arachosi and Gandaraei, who
had been subjected by the bellicose Bactrians
(ibid.; The periplus of the Erythraean Sea,
Ed. by W. Schoff, New York 1912, p. 41).

(Derakhshani, Die Arier in den nahöstlichen Quellen des 3. und 2. Jahrtausends v.Chr.,
Tehran 1998, p. 41) (Fr. cited from Marquart 1986, Untersuchungen zur Geschichte von Eran I: 234)
(ibid.; The periplus of the Erythraean Sea,
Ed. by W. Schoff, New York 1912, p. 41)


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jiroft_civilization
« Last Edit: April 24, 2008, 03:28:19 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

Your mind understands what you have been taught; your heart what is true.
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