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THE PANTHEON/Agrippa & Hadrian Biographies

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Author Topic: THE PANTHEON/Agrippa & Hadrian Biographies  (Read 4369 times)
Bianca
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« Reply #60 on: March 25, 2008, 09:11:58 pm »









His friendship with Augustus seems to have been clouded by the jealousy of his brother-in-law Marcellus, which was probably fomented by the intrigues of Livia, the third wife of Augustus, who feared his influence over her husband.

Traditionally it is said the result of such jealousy was that Agrippa left Rome, ostensibly to take over the governorship of eastern provinces - a sort of honorable exile, but, he only sent his legate to Syria, while he himself remained at Lesbos and governed by proxy, though he may have been on a secret mission to negotiate with the Parthians about the return of the Roman legions standards which they held.

On the death of Marcellus, which took place within a year of his exile, he was recalled to Rome by Augustus, who found he could not dispense with his services. However, if one places the events in
the context of the crisis in 23 BC it seems unlikely that, when facing significant opposition and about to make a major political climb down, the emperor Augustus would place a man in exile in charge of the largest body of Roman troops. What is far more likely is that Agrippa's 'exile' was actually the careful political positioning of a loyal lieutenant in command of a significant army as a back up plan in case the settlement plans of 23 BC failed and Augustus needed military support.

It is said that Maecenas advised Augustus to attach Agrippa still more closely to him by making him his son-in-law. He accordingly induced him to divorce Marcella and marry his daughter Julia the Elder by 21 BC, the widow of the late Marcellus, equally celebrated for her beauty, abilities, and her shameless profligacy.

In 19 BC, Agrippa was employed in putting down a rising of the Cantabrians in Hispania (Cantabrian Wars). He was appointed governor of the eastern provinces a second time in 17 BC, where his just
and prudent administration won him the respect and good-will of the provincials, especially from the Jewish population. Agrippa also restored effective Roman control over the Cimmerian Chersonnese (modern-day Crimea) during his governorship.

Agrippa’s last public service was his beginning of the conquest of the upper Danube River region, which would become the Roman province of Pannonia in 13 BC.

He died at Campania in March of 12 BC at the age of 51.

His posthumous son, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa Postumus, was named in his honor. Augustus honored his memory by a magnificent funeral and spent over a month in mourning. Augustus personally oversaw all of Agrippa's children’s educations.
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Bianca
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« Reply #61 on: March 25, 2008, 09:14:36 pm »



The Maison Carrée at Nîmes, modern France, built in 19 BC; Agrippa was its patron.
« Last Edit: March 25, 2008, 09:15:44 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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Bianca
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« Reply #62 on: March 25, 2008, 09:20:50 pm »








Agrippa was also known as a writer, especially on the subject of geography.

Under his supervision, Julius Caesar's dream of having a complete survey of the empire made was carried out. He constructed a circular chart, which was later engraved on marble by Augustus, and afterwards placed in the colonnade built by his sister Polla. Amongst his writings, an autobiography, now lost, is referred to.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, along with Gaius Maecenas and Octavian, was a central person in the establishing of the Principate system of emperors, which would govern the Roman Empire up until the Crisis of the Third Century and the birth of Dominate system.

His grandson Gaius is known to history as the Emperor Caligula, and his great-grandson Lucius Domi-
tius Ahenobarbus would rule as the Emperor Nero.





Marriages and issue



Agrippa left several children




By his first wife, Caecilia Attica

Vipsania Agrippina (first wife of Emperor Tiberius).





By his second wife, Claudia Marcella Major

Vipsania Marcella (first great niece of Augustus)


 


By his third wife, Julia the Elder (Daughter of Augustus)



Gaius Caesar

Vipsania Julia or Julia the Younger

Lucius Caesar

Agrippina the elder (wife of Germanicus)

Agrippa Postumus (a posthumous son)


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcus_Vipsanius_Agrippa
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