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KION OURANOU. The Sky Column on Atlas Mountain

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Author Topic: KION OURANOU. The Sky Column on Atlas Mountain  (Read 885 times)
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« on: December 02, 2009, 10:48:47 pm »

The name Olt had and still has with the Romanian people the same archaic meaning as both mountain and river at the same time. The important chain of the Southern Carpathians, which once harbored the pastoral Pelasgian tribes – starting from Barsa country to the sources of Motru – bears even today the name of the mountains of Olt and the mountains of the Olteni (Teodorescu, Folk poetry, p.557; Marienescu, Carols, p.133) [5].


[5. In folk poems from Banat “the Peak of Olt” is the highest mountain towards Transylvania (Hodos, Folk poetry from Banat, p.127).

Fagaras mountains are also called in Transylvania the mountains of Olt. Apart from the river Olt, there are also in Romania three hills called Olt, in the districts Valcea and Dolj)]


Finally, the legendary history of Atlas presents also an archaeological character.

According to old Hellenic traditions, the highest peak of Atlas mountain showed the petrified figure of this powerful representative of the race of the titans.

“As great as Atlas was” writes Ovid (Metam. IV. v. 656 seqq) “he was changed into a mountain. His beard and locks now became forests, his shoulders and arms, extensive hills; what had before been his head, now is the top of the highest mountain; his bones became rocky crags; and then, growing in all directions, he reached an immense size”.

Virgil also mentions Atlas’ head, crowned with fir trees and surrounded by clouds, his shoulders covered by masses of snow, the big face of the old man from which rivers of water rush forth, and his terrible beard full of ice.
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