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Artifacts from the Cascades give scientists a window 9,600 years ago

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Author Topic: Artifacts from the Cascades give scientists a window 9,600 years ago  (Read 601 times)
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« on: November 16, 2009, 10:20:46 pm »

Burtchard said it is likely that small bands of Indians – men, women and children – came to the mountain from lowland settlements near Enumclaw, Greenwater and Packwood, along the Puyallup River and at the confluence of the Nisqually and Mashel rivers. As the weather warmed, the groups passed through the relatively resource-poor lower forests heading for the upper meadows.

“I always assumed the primary use was resource acquisition, opposed to sacred meanings,” Burtchard said of the 95 known archaeological sites on the mountain.

Several factors led Indians to use a place like Buck Lake for thousands of years before Europeans arrived in the Northwest, Burtchard said.

The trees provided protection from the elements. An eastern exposure allows the sun to provide warmth in the morning.

With meadows immediately above the area, Indians had easy access to plants and berries – such as elderberries, huckleberries and avalanche lilies – and animals.
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