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Roman Architecture: Engineering an Empire

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Author Topic: Roman Architecture: Engineering an Empire  (Read 4418 times)
Krystal Coenen
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« Reply #15 on: July 16, 2007, 04:29:49 pm »

Caesarea Maritima



Caesarea Maritima (Greek: παράλιος Καισάρεια), also called Caesarea Palaestina from 133 A.D. onwards (originally called only Caesarea:kai Stratônos purgon, hê ktisantos autên Hêrôdou megaloprepôs kai limesin te kai naois kosmêsantos, Kaisareia metônomasthê [1]), was a city built by Herod the Great about 25–13 BC. Today, the city lies on the Mediterranean coast of Israel about halfway between the modern day cities of Tel Aviv and Haifa, on the site of a place previously called Pyrgos Stratonos ("Strato" or "Straton's Tower," in Latin Turris Stratonis). Caesarea Maritima should not be confused with other cities named to flatter the Caesar: Caesarea Philippi in the Golan Heights or Caesarea Mazaca in Anatolian Cappadocia. The city was described in detail by 1st century Jewish historian Josephus (Jewish Antiquities XV.331ff; Jewish War I.408ff), for the massacre of Jews at this place led to the Jewish rebellion and to the Roman war.
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