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Roman Architecture: Engineering an Empire

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Krystal Coenen
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« on: July 16, 2007, 04:02:40 pm »

List of Roman aqueducts by date

This is a list of Roman aqueducts listed in chronological order of their construction


Ancient Rome

   Aqua Appia
o   built in 312 B.C.
o   source: springs 10 miles to the east of Rome
o   length: 10 miles; underground from its source for 7 miles, then on arches for 3 miles to its terminus in the Forum Boarium in Campus Martius
   Aqua Anio Vetus
o   built in 272 - 269 B.C.
o   source: Anio (Aniene) River near Vicovaro, east of Rome
o   length: 40 miles; underground channel of stone from its source to its terminus on the Viminal Hill
   Aqua Marcia
o   built in 144 - 140 B.C.
o   source: springs near Subiaco, east of Rome
o   length: 56 miles; underground for 50 miles from its source, then on arches for 6 miles to its terminus on the Capitoline Hill
o   later piped to the baths of Caracalla on the Caelian Hill by a branch called Aqua Antoniniana, then to the Aventine Hill and the Quirinal Hill
   Aqua Tepula
o   built in 125 B.C.
o   source: springs near Subiaco, east of Rome
o   length: 11 miles; underground for 5 miles from its source, then on the same arches as those of the Aqua Marcia for 6 miles to its terminus on the Aventine Hill
   Aqua Julia
o   built in 33 B.C.
o   source: springs near Subiaco, east of Rome
o   length: 14 miles; underground for 7 miles from its source, then on the same arches as those of the Aqua Marcia and Aqua Tepula to its terminus on the Aventine Hill
   Aqua Virgo
o   built in 19 B.C.
o   source: springs near Via Collatina, east of Rome
o   length: 14 miles; underground for 7 miles from its source, then on arches for 7 miles to its terminus at the baths of Agrippa in Campus Martius
   Aqua Alsietina
o   built in 2 B.C.
o   source: Lake Alsietina, now Lake Martignano, northwest of Rome
o   length: 14 miles; underground for 13 3/4 miles from its source, then on arches for 1/4-mile to its terminus at the Naumachia of Augustus in Transtiberim (Trastevere)
 
 
   Aqua Claudia
o   built in A.D. 52
o   source: springs in Subiaco, east of Rome
o   length: 43 miles; underground for 34 miles from its source, then on arches for 9 miles to its terminus on the Caelian Hill
o   later piped to the imperial palaces from the mid-first century on the Palatine Hill
   Aqua Anio Novus
o   built in A.D. 52
o   source: Anio (Aniene) River, east of Rome
o   length: 54 miles; underground for 46 miles from its source, then on arches for 8 miles, entering Rome at Porta Maggiore, atop the channel of Aqua Claudia to its terminus on the Caelian Hill
 
   Aqua Trajana
o   built in A.D. 109
o   source: springs to the north of Lake Bracciano, northwest of Rome
o   length: 35 miles; underground for 29 miles from its source, then on arches for 6 miles to its terminus on the Janiculum Hill
   Aqua Alexandrina
o   built in A.D. 226
o   source: the Pantano springs near Via Prenestina, east of Rome
o   length: 14 miles; underground for 4 miles from its source, then on arches for 10 miles to its terminus at the baths of Alexander Severus in Campus Martius
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