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Che Guevara: Life of a Revolutionary

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Che Guevera
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« Reply #150 on: August 02, 2009, 02:54:14 am »

Notes

   1. ^ a b c The date of birth recorded on his birth certificate was June 14, 1928, although one tertiary source, (Julia Constenla, quoted by Jon Lee Anderson), asserts that he was actually born on May 14 of that year. Constenla alleges that she was told by an unidentified astrologer that his mother, Celia de la Serna, was already pregnant when she and Ernesto Guevara Lynch were married and that the date on the birth certificate of their son was forged to make it appear that he was born a month later than the actual date to avoid scandal. (Anderson 1997, pp. 3, 769.)
   2. ^ Partido Unido de la Revolución Socialista de Cuba, aka PURSC
   3. ^ Hall 2004
   4. ^ Casey 2009, p. 128.
   5. ^ a b On Revolutionary Medicine Speech by Che Guevara to the Cuban Militia on August 19, 1960
   6. ^ At the Afro-Asian Conference in Algeria A speech by Che Guevara to the Second Economic Seminar of Afro-Asian Solidarity in Algiers, Algeria on February 24, 1965
   7. ^ Beaubien, NPR Audio Report, 2009, 00:09-00:13
   8. ^ a b c d "Castro's Brain" 1960.
   9. ^ Taibo 1999, p. 267.
  10. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 526-530.
  11. ^ Ryan 1998, p. 4
  12. ^ Guevara 2005
  13. ^ Dorfman 1999.
  14. ^ Maryland Institute of Art, referenced at BBC News May 26, 2001
  15. ^ Che's last name "Guevara" derives from the Castilianized form of the Basque "Gebara", a habitational name from the province of Álava. Through his grandmother, Ana Lynch, he was a descendant of Patrick Lynch, an emigrant from Galway, Ireland in the 1740s.
  16. ^ Lavretsky 1976
  17. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 22-23.
  18. ^ Sandison 1996, p. 8.
  19. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 28.
  20. ^ Hart 2004, pg 98.
  21. ^ Hart 2004, pg 98.
  22. ^ Haney 2005, p. 164.
  23. ^ (Anderson 1997, p. 37–38)
  24. ^ (Anderson 1997, p. 37–38)
  25. ^ (Anderson 1997, p. 37–38)
  26. ^ Sandison 1996, p. 10.
  27. ^ Ratner 1997, p. 25.
  28. ^ NYT bestseller list: #38 Paperback Nonfiction on 2005-02-20, #9 Nonfiction on 2004-10-07 and on more occasions.
  29. ^ Anderson 1997, pp. 98.
  30. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 126.
  31. ^ Taibo 1999, p. 31.
  32. ^ Guevara Lynch 2000, p. 26.
  33. ^ Radio Cadena Agramonte 2006.
  34. ^ Ignacio 2007, p. 172.
  35. ^ a b U.S. Department of State 2008.
  36. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 144.
  37. ^ Taibo 1999, p. 39.
  38. ^ Snow, Anita. "'My Life With Che' by Hilda Gadea." Associated Press at WJXX-TV. August 16, 2008. Retrieved on February 23, 2009.
  39. ^ Che Guevara 1960–67 by Frank E. Smitha
  40. ^ Sinclair, Andrew (1970). Che Guevara. The Viking Press. p. 12.
  41. ^ Taibo 1999, p. 55.
  42. ^ Sandison 1996, p. 28.
  43. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 194.
  44. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 213.
  45. ^ Sandison 1996, p. 32.
  46. ^ DePalma 2006, pp. 110–111.
  47. ^ Anderson 1997, pp. 269–270.
  48. ^ Castañeda 1998, pp. 105, 119.
  49. ^ Anderson 1997, pp. 269–270, 277–278.
  50. ^ Sandison 1996, p. 35.
  51. ^ Ignacio 2007, p. 177.
  52. ^ Ignacio 2007, p. 193.
  53. ^ Moore, Don. "Revolution! Clandestine Radio and the Rise of Fidel Castro". Patepluma Radio. http://www.pateplumaradio.com/central/cuba/rebel1.html.
  54. ^ Bockman 1984.
  55. ^ Castro 1972, pp. 439–442.
  56. ^ Dorschner 1980, pp. 41–47, 81–87.
  57. ^ Sandison 1996, p. 39.
  58. ^ Anderson 1997, 397.
  59. ^ Anderson 1997, pp. 400–401.
  60. ^ Anderson 1997, pp. 424.
  61. ^ Guevara had children from both his marriages, and one illegitimate child, as follows: With Hilda Gadea (married August 18, 1955; divorced May 22, 1959), Hilda Beatriz Guevara Gadea, born February 15, 1956 in Mexico City; died August 21, 1995 in Havana, Cuba; with Aleida March (married June 2, 1959), Aleida Guevara March, born November 24, 1960 in Havana, Cuba, Camilo Guevara March, born May 20, 1962 in Havana, Cuba, Celia Guevara March, born June 14, 1963 in Havana, Cuba, and Ernesto Guevara March, born February 24, 1965 in Havana, Cuba; and with Lilia Rosa López (extramarital), Omar Pérez, born March 19, 1964 in Havana, Cuba (Castañeda 1998, pp. 264–265).
  62. ^ Gómez Treto 1991, p. 115. "The Penal Law of the War of Independence (July 28, 1896) was reinforced by Rule 1 of the Penal Regulations of the Rebel Army, approved in the Sierra Maestra February 21, 1958, and published in the army's official bulletin (Ley penal de Cuba en armas, 1959)" (Gómez Treto 1991, p. 123).
  63. ^ Gómez Treto 1991, pp. 115–116).
  64. ^ Anderson 1997, pp. 372, 425.
  65. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 376.
  66. ^ Taibo 1999, p. 267.
  67. ^ Niess 2007, p. 60
  68. ^ Gómez Treto 1991, p. 116).
  69. ^ Niess 2007, p. 61
  70. ^ Taibo 1999, p. 267.
  71. ^ Different sources cite different numbers of executions. Anderson (1997) gives the number specifically at La Cabaña prison as 55 (p. 387.), while also stating that as a whole "several hundred people were officially tried and executed across Cuba" (p. 387.). This is supported by Lago who gives the figure as 216 documented executions across Cuba in two years.
  72. ^ Dumur 1964 shows Che Guevara speaking French.
  73. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 423.
  74. ^ Niwata 2007. Guevara requested that the Japanese government arrange for him to visit Hiroshima. When they refused, he covertly left his Osaka hotel to visit Hiroshima by night train, along with his aide Omar Fernández.
  75. ^ a b Anderson 1997, p. 435.
  76. ^ Sierra, J.A.. "Che Guevara Timeline". historyofcuba.com. http://www.historyofcuba.com/history/time/Che-1.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-19.
  77. ^ Cuban Information Archives.
  78. ^ Socialism and man in Cuba by Che Guevara, March 1965
  79. ^ PBS: Che Guevara, Popular but Ineffective
  80. ^ Sandison 1996, p. 62.
  81. ^ a b Sandison 1996, p. 66.
  82. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 506.
  83. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 507.
  84. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 509.
  85. ^ a b "Economics Cannot be Separated from Politics" speech by Che Guevara to the ministerial meeting of the Inter-American Economic and Social Council (CIES), in Punta del Este, Uruguay on August 8, 1961
  86. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 492.
  87. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 530.
  88. ^ a b Anderson 1997, p. 545.
  89. ^ a b c d e "Colonialism is Doomed" speech to the 19th General Assembly of the United Nations in New York City by Cuban representative Che Guevara on December 11, 1964
  90. ^ a b c Bazooka Fired at U.N. as Cuban Speaks by Homer Bigart, The New York Times, December 12, 1964 - page 1
  91. ^ Guillermo Novo Biography by Spartacus Educational Encyclopedia
  92. ^ Snow 2007.
  93. ^ Hart 2004, pg 271.
  94. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 618.
  95. ^ a b "Socialism and Man in Cuba" A letter to Carlos Quijano, editor of Marcha, a weekly published in Montevideo, Uruguay; published as "From Algiers, for Marcha: The Cuban Revolution Today" by Che Guevara on March 12, 1965
  96. ^ Guevara 1969, p. 350.
  97. ^ Guevara 1969, pp. 352–59.
  98. ^ Message to the Tricontinental A letter sent by Che Guevara from his jungle camp in Bolivia, to the Tricontinental Solidarity Organisation in Havana, Cuba, in the Spring of 1967
  99. ^ Guevara 1965.
 100. ^ Ben Bella 1997.
 101. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 624.
 102. ^ Gálvez 1999, p 62.
 103. ^ Gott 2004 p. 219.
 104. ^ BBC News January 17, 2001.
 105. ^ "The intercept operators knew that Dar-es-Salaam was serving as a communications center for the fighters, receiving messages from Castro in Cuba and relaying them on to the guerrillas deep in the bush (Bamford 2002, p. 181).
 106. ^ Ireland's Own 2000.
 107. ^ Guevara 2000, p. 1.
 108. ^ Castañeda 1998, p. 316.
 109. ^ Guevara 2009, p. 167.
 110. ^ Mittleman 1981, p. 38.
 111. ^ a b Selvage 1985.
 112. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 693.
 113. ^ U.S. Army 1967 and Ryan 1998, pp. 82–102, inter alia. "U.S. military personnel in Bolivia never exceeded 53 advisers, including a sixteen-man Mobile Training Team (MTT) from the 8th Special Forces Group based at Fort Gulick, Panama Canal Zone" (Selvage 1985).
 114. ^ "Bidding for Che", Time Magazine, Dec 15 1967
 115. ^ Guevara 1972.
 116. ^ Castañeda 1998, pp. 107–112; 131–132.
 117. ^ Wright 2000, p. 86.
 118. ^ Shadow Warrior: The CIA Hero of 100 unknown battles, Felix Rodriguez and John Weisman, Publisher: Simon & Schuster, October 1989,
 119. ^ Anderson 1997, p.733.
 120. ^ a b "The Man Who Buried Che" by Juan O. Tamayo, Miami Herald, September 19, 1997
 121. ^ a b c d e Ray, Michèle (March 1968). "In Cold Blood: The Execution of Che by the CIA". Ramparts Magazine: 33.
 122. ^ Taibo 1999, p. 267.
 123. ^ Grant 2007. René Barrientos has never revealed his motives for ordering the summary execution of Guevara.
 124. ^ Time magazine 1970.
 125. ^ Anderson 1997, p. 739.
 126. ^ Anderson 1997, pp. 739.
 127. ^ Almudevar 2007 and Gott 2005.
 128. ^ Lacey 2007a.
 129. ^ After the Cuban revolution, seeing that Guevara had no watch, his friend Oscarito Fernández Mell gave him his own gold watch. Sometime later, Che handed him a piece of paper; a receipt from the National Bank declaring that Mell had "donated" his gold wristband to Cuba's gold reserve. Guevara was still wearing his watch, but it now had a leather wristband (Anderson 1997, p. 503).
 130. ^ Kornbluh 1997.
 131. ^ Anderson 1997, pp. 740.
 132. ^ Anderson 1997, pp. 741.
 133. ^ a b c Nadle, Marlene (August 24, 1968). "Régis Debray Speaks from Prison". Ramparts Magazine: 42.
 134. ^ Cuba salutes 'Che' Guevara: Revolutionary Icon Finally Laid to Rest CNN, October 17, 1997 CNN VIDEO
 135. ^ "Bidding for Che", Time Magazine, Dec 15 1967
 136. ^ Guevara 1967b.
 137. ^ Ryan 1998, p. 45
 138. ^ Ryan 1998, p. 104
 139. ^ Ryan 1998, p. 148
 140. ^ Ramírez 1997.
 141. ^ Bolivia unveils original Che Guevara diary by Eduardo Garcia, Reuters, July 7, 2008
 142. ^ McLaren 2000, p. 7.
 143. ^ Che's Second Coming? by David Rieff, November 20, 2005, New York Times
 144. ^ Guevara 2009, p. II.
 145. ^ Moynihan 2006.
 146. ^ Sinclair 1968 / 2006, p. 80.
 147. ^ Sinclair 1968 / 2006, p. 127.
 148. ^ McLaren 2000, p. 3.
 149. ^ Sinclair 1968 / 2006, p. 67.
 150. ^ Ernesto Che Guevara R.I.P. by Murray Rothbard, Left and Right: A Journal of Libertarian Thought, Volume 3, Number 3 (Spring-Autumn 1967)
 151. ^ Just a Pretty Face? by Sean O'Hagan, The Observer, July 11, 2004
 152. ^ People's Weekly 2004.
 153. ^ Argentina pays belated homage to "Che" Guevara by Helen Popper, Reuters, June 14, 2008
 154. ^ Statue for Che's '80th birthday' by Daniel Schweimler, BBC News, June 15, 2008
 155. ^ On a tourist trail in Bolivia's hills, Che's fame lives on By Hector Tobar, Los Angeles Times, October 17, 2004
 156. ^ Schipani 2007.
 157. ^ Behind Che Guevara’s mask, the cold executioner Times Online, September 16, 2007
 158. ^ Vargas Llosa 2005.
 159. ^ Vargas Llosa 2005.
 160. ^ Vargas Llosa 2005.
 161. ^ D'Rivera 2005.
 162. ^ ""Chávez es díficil de encasillar, pero a final de cuentas queda claro que es un pobre rico"". El Nacional. http://el-nacional.com/www/site/p_contenido.php?q=nodo/76704/Internacional/Canek-S%C3%A1nchez-Guevara:-Ch%C3%A1vez-es-una-mezcla-de-caudillo,-peronista-y-guerrillero-en-tiempos-de-paz.
 163. ^ BBC News May 26, 2001
 164. ^ see also Che Guevara (photo)
 165. ^ Lacey 2007b.
 166. ^ BBC News 2007.
 167. ^ O'Hagan 2004.

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