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A Report by Andrew Collins
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Author Topic: LOST PORT ROYAL - Jamaica  (Read 5472 times)
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« on: May 14, 2009, 10:59:33 am »

BUILDING 4/5 - This, the final building that has been excavated thus far, is a large, rambling complex consisting of at least six rooms and three back yards.  The complex is approximately 65 ft. wide and over 40 ft. long and represents at least two, and possibly three, different houses or combination houses/shops.

This well-preserved brick building complex has plastered walls, brick floors, and wooden door sills.  The initial construction phase consisted of Rooms 1 and 2 and the sidewalk at the front of Building 5.  Room 1, the large room to the west, has a plaster floor, while the smaller Room 2 has a herringbone brick floor and a stairwell.  Rooms 3 and 4, which were added in a later construction phase, are tacked to the south of Room 2.  Their purpose may have been to join an exterior kitchen to the building, represented by Room 4.  Both back rooms have common bond brick floors, and Room 4 contains a large hearth and oven.

Building 4, which consists of at least two rooms, is located to the east of Building 5. It also has a hearth. The presence of half-brick-wide interior walls dividing Rooms 1 and 3 of Building 4 indicate a much less substantial, one-story building addition.  Horizontal displacements, seen most readily at the east end, in Room 3, have skewed the floor and walls several feet. 

click on the thumbnail for a larger picture

Building 4/5 has produced more in situ artifacts than any building thus far excavated.  To the front of the building, in what would have been a part of Lime Street, a large section of a fallen wall was discovered.  This wall may have fallen out from Building 5 or from a building to the north.  It was in this area of the fallen exterior wall that we found the wooden frame of a four-partition window with leaded glass panes within a wrought-iron frame. 

Numerous other artifacts were found in association with the building, including two sets of 28 Chinese porcelain Fo Dogs and a minimum of 28 Chinese porcelain cups and bowls.  Pewter plates, candlesticks, a brass mortar, an English tin-glazed vase, a decorated Dutch Delft plate, a gold ring, a pearl with a gold attachment, silver forks and spoons, and many encrusted metal objects that are awaiting identification, conservation, and analysis were found in the same area.

The remains of a young child was uncovered from under the bricks of the fallen front wall just outside of the two adjacent front doorways.  The remains of two more children were found in Rooms 3 and 4.  The remains of a ship, which ripped through the front walls and tore through the floors of the four rooms on the east side of the building complex, have also been identified. 
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