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THE INUIT of the Arctic Regions Of Canada, Greenland, Russia & Alaska

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Author Topic: THE INUIT of the Arctic Regions Of Canada, Greenland, Russia & Alaska  (Read 7594 times)
Bianca
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« on: February 05, 2009, 04:11:49 pm »










In Canada and Greenland the term Eskimo has fallen out of favour, is considered pejorative and has been replaced by the term Inuit. However, while Inuit describes all of the Eskimo peoples in Canada and Greenland, that is not true in Alaska and Siberia.

In Alaska the term Eskimo is commonly used, because it includes both Yupik and Inupiat, while Inuit is not accepted as a collective term or even specifically used for Inupiat (which technically is Inuit). No universal replacement term for Eskimo, inclusive of all Inuit and Yupik people, is accepted across the geographical area inhabited by the Inuit and Yupik peoples.






Inuit, Yupik, and First Nations people


 
The Inuit Circumpolar Council, a United Nations-recognized non-governmental organization (NGO), defines its constituency to include Canada's Inuit and Inuvialuit, Greenland's Kalaallit Inuit, Alaska's Inupiat and Yup'ik people, and the Siberian Yupik people of Russia.[7]

However, the Yupik of Alaska and Siberia are not Inuit, and the Yupik languages are linguistically
distinct from the Inuit languages.  Yupik people are not considered to be Inuit either by themselves
or by ethnographers, and prefer to be called Yupik or Eskimo.

Inuit are recognized by the Constitution Act, 1982 as Aboriginal peoples in Canada, which also includes First Nations and Métis peoples.

The Inuit should not be confused with the Innu, a distinct First Nations people who live in northeastern Quebec and Labrador.

Some of the Inuit dialects were recorded in the 18th century, but until the latter half of the 20th century, most were not able to read and write in their own language. In the 1760s, Moravian missionaries arrived in Greenland, where they contributed to the development of a written system of language called Qaliujaaqpait, based on the Latin alphabet.

The missionaries later brought this system to Labrador, from which it eventually spread as far as Alaska
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