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Title: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:30:51 am

The X-Files first aired on September 10, 1993, and ended on May 19, 2002. The show was one of the American FOX network's first major hits, and its main characters and slogans (e.g. "The Truth Is Out There," "Trust No One," "I Want to Believe") became pop culture touchstones. The X-Files is seen as a defining series of the 1990s, coinciding with the era's widespread mistrust of governments, interest in conspiracy theories and spirituality, and the belief in the existence of extraterrestrial life.

In the series, FBI agents Fox Mulder (David Duchovny) and Dana Scully (Gillian Anderson) are tasked with investigating the "X-Files": marginalized, unsolved cases involving paranormal phenomena. Mulder plays the role of the "believer," having faith in the existence of aliens and the paranormal, while Scully is a skeptic, initially assigned by her departmental superiors to debunk Mulder's unconventional work.

The show's popularity peaked in the mid-to-late '90s, inspiring an international hit movie in 1998. In the last two seasons, Anderson became the star as Duchovny appeared rarely, and new central characters were introduced: FBI Agents John Doggett (Robert Patrick) and Monica Reyes (Annabeth Gish). At the time of its final episode The X-Files was the longest running sci-fi show ever on American TV, a title since lost to cable's Stargate SG-1. The show was declared by TV Guide to be the second greatest cult television show[5] and the 37th best TV show of all time

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:33:32 am

Some episodes centered on Mulder and Scully's boss at the FBI, Assistant Director Walter Skinner (Mitch Pileggi).


...while others centered around The Lone Gunmen, a trio of conspiracy theorists who eventually merited their own spinoff.

California native Chris Carter, who had previously met with limited success writing for television, was given the opportunity to produce new shows for the struggling FOX network in the early 1990s. Tired of the comedies he had been working on,[13] inspired by a report that 3.7 million Americans may have been abducted by aliens,[14] and recalling memories of Watergate and '70s horror show Kolchak: The Night Stalker,[15] Carter came up with the idea for The X-Files and wrote the pilot episode himself in 1992. He initially struggled over the untested concept — executives wanted a love interest for Scully — and casting. The network wanted either a more established or a "taller, leggier, blonder and breastier"[16] actress for Scully than the 24-year-old Gillian Anderson, a theater veteran with minor film experience, whom Carter felt was the only choice after auditions.[17][18] Nevertheless, the pilot with both Anderson and David Duchovny was successfully shot in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in early 1993, and the show was picked up for the Friday night 9:00PM slot on the American fall TV schedule. Carter started a new company called Ten Thirteen Productions, named after his October 13th birthday, to oversee The X-Files.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:35:04 am
Carter's idea was to present FBI agents investigating extraterrestrials and paranormal events, but Carter also wanted to deal directly with the characters' beliefs. Carter said, "I think of myself as a non-religious person looking for religious experience, so I think that's what the characters are sort of doing too."[19] Dana Scully, in addition to being the scientific "skeptic" and a trained medical doctor, was open to the Catholic faith in which she was raised; while Fox Mulder, in addition to being an Oxford-educated psychologist and renowned criminal profiler, was the "believer" in space aliens, derisively nicknamed "Spooky" by his colleagues. Carter said, "Scully's point of view is the point of view of the show. And so the show has to be built on a solid foundation of science, in order to have Mulder take a flight from it... If the science is really good, Scully's got a valid point of view... And Mulder has to then convince her that she's got to throw her arguments out, she's got to accept the unacceptable. And there is the conflict."[20] Carter also felt Scully's role as the more rational partner and Mulder's reliance on guesses and intuition subverted the gender roles usually seen on television.[11]

In the pilot episode, Scully is assigned to the X-Files as Mulder's partner, in order to serve as a scientific check on Mulder's belief in the paranormal. In later episodes, it becomes apparent that she was actually set up in that role so that the government conspirators could contain the implications of Mulder's work, which they viewed as a danger to their devious plans. Notably, the powerful shadow government official known only as the Cigarette Smoking Man, or "Cancer Man", appears without any spoken lines in the first and last scenes of the pilot episode — although at that point his ongoing importance to the series had not yet been established.[21] The "unresolved sexual tension" between Mulder and Scully was also a central underlying theme from the beginning, although they were each given other brief romantic interests in future episodes. Carter thought the show should be "plot-driven," and was quoted as saying, "I didn't want the relationship to come before the cases."[22] For example, throughout the series, Mulder and Scully, with rare exception, refer to each other in a professional manner by using each others' last names, rather than calling each other by their first names, which might seem more personal.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:36:17 am
Mulder in his basement office, now on display at the Hollywood Entertainment Museum.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:37:17 am
Carter's superior at Fox, Peter Roth, brought on more experienced staff members from the start, many of whom had previously worked with him at Stephen J. Cannell's production company.[23] Two of the most highly-regarded writers were Glen Morgan and James Wong. Their contributions to the first two seasons, such as the episode "Beyond the Sea," were particularly popular among fans,[24] television critics,[25] the show's actors, and even Carter himself.[26] Morgan and Wong also returned for the first half of the fourth season. Prior to their work on The X-Files, Wong and Morgan had worked extensively with David Nutter, Rob Bowman, and Kim Manners on cop dramas such as The Commish and 21 Jump Street. Nutter, Bowman and Manners all became frequent X-Files directors, with Nutter working on many of the darker episodes in the first three seasons. The duo of Wong and Morgan also had an important role in hiring several supporting actors on the show, as well as John Bartley, the cinematographer who gave The X-Files its early dark atmospheric look, for which he won an Emmy Award in 1996.[27] Bartley left after the third season and was replaced by directors of photography Ron Stannett, Jon Joffin and ultimately Joel Ransom until the end of the fifth season.

The show, which made a big move to California in its sixth season, was originally going to be filmed there in the first place. Carter said, "we originally intended to film the pilot in Los Angeles. When we couldn't find a good forest, we made a quick decision to come to Vancouver. As it turned out, it was three weeks that turned into five years. The benefits of being in Vancouver were tremendous."[28] The temperate rainforest climate of Vancouver itself was also seen as crucial to The X-Files, allowing directors to create a mysterious, foggy aura,[29] seen as somewhat similar to that of then-recent TV hit Twin Peaks. Responsibility for casting the show fell to Randy Stone,[30] who had first recommended both leads to Carter, and to Rick Millikan, who predominately used local Canadian actors

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:38:07 am

Scene from the "Pilot," written by show creator Chris Carter. Initial episodes for The X-Files dealt with alien abduction.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:39:08 am
Season 1 (1993-1994)

In the first two seasons, executive producer Carter and co-executive producers Morgan and Wong, along with other writers, helped to define the show's fledgling story arc.[24] The "mythology," as the producers called it, was initially established as a government plot to cover up anything pertaining to the existence of extraterrestrial life, and Mulder's attempts to discover the fate of his sister, Samantha. He believed that she had been abducted by aliens years prior, when Mulder was a child, which profoundly affected him and ignited his obsession with the paranormal. Carter himself wrote the show's second episode after the pilot, "Deep Throat," which was directed by Daniel Sackheim. It introduced a character named Deep Throat (played by Jerry Hardin), the first of several secret government informants who would at times help or hinder Mulder and Scully's investigations.

"Conduit," the first of many episodes to deal with Mulder's repressed memories of his sister's abduction, was written by Howard Gordon and Alex Gansa. Gordon became another key writer/producer in the show's first four years, also writing "Fallen Angel" and other episodes in the first season with Gansa. That early mythology episode centered on Mulder's futile efforts to discover a crashed UFO which was being covered up by the government. It also introduced UFO enthusiast and abduction victim Max Fenig, one of many idiosyncratic outsiders portrayed on the show, which helped attract an "intensely loyal" cult following[32] (see below). Fenig, played by Scott Bellis, returned for two episodes in the fourth season. Ironically, "Fallen Angel" also received the lowest Nielsen ratings of the first season. Another early and influential mythology effort, the Wong and Morgan-written episode "E.B.E." (for "extraterrestrial biological entity"), which saw Mulder and Scully tracking another crashed UFO, did almost as poorly; it was the fourth least-watched episode of the series overall until its final season.[4]

Carter and his writers were mostly left to their own devices because FOX was concentrating on The Adventures of Brisco County, Jr. and other shows that they considered more commercially promising at the time. The producers still ran into early opposition on some key episodes, among them "Beyond the Sea",[24] "E.B.E.", and the popular "Ice".[33] According to Carter, "the issue of closure has been an ongoing dialogue with the network, because we've always resisted wrapping up each episode with a neat little bow at the end. You can't do that... because pretending to explain the unexplainable is ridiculous and our audience is too smart for that." Eventually FOX backed down and it was decided "X-File stories would not have forced plot resolutions, but would conclude with some emotional resolution."

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:39:37 am

Doug Hutchinson as Eugene Victor Tooms in "Squeeze," the first of many "Monster-of-the-week" episodes.

Morgan and Wong's early influence on X-Files mythology led to their introduction of popular secondary characters who would continue for years in episodes written by others, such as the Scully family - Dana's father William (Don S. Davis), mother Margaret (Sheila Larken) and sister Melissa (Melinda McGraw) - as well as conspiracy-buff trio The Lone Gunmen,[34] named after the Warren Commission's disputed theory on the John F. Kennedy assassination.

However, the duo's first episode, "Squeeze," was not a part of the mythology. The episode featured Eugene Victor Tooms, an elastic, liver-eating mutant serial-killer who emerged from hibernation every 30 years. After the first two episodes, the writing staff wanted to broaden the concept of The X-Files; executives had initially rejected Carter's idea for a series centered only around alien conspiracies, having already had one at the time, Sightings.[35] "Squeeze" became a template for the paranormal "Monster-of-the-Week" episodes that would be a mainstay of the series. Wong and Morgan followed it up later in the season with a direct sequel called "Tooms." "Tooms" was also the episode where the writers gave the Cigarette Smoking Man his first lines, and introduced FBI Assistant Director Walter Skinner (Mitch Pileggi), Mulder and Scully's boss, who became an important character throughout the series.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:41:29 am
Early production issues

Initially, The X-Files was fighting for its life in the ratings, and as a result, there was no long-term plan in the beginning to guide its writers.[36] The only guideline provided by Carter was that the show should take place "within the realm of extreme possibility".[37] The show's first season thus featured numerous standalone stories involving monsters, and also diverse alien/government cover-ups, with no apparent connection to each other — such as the Arctic space worms in "Ice", and the conspiracy of genetically engineered twins in "Eve." Carter himself wrote "Space", a low-budget affair about the manifestation of an alien "ghost" in the NASA space shuttle program, which was subject to cost overruns and became the most expensive of the first season;[38] he later called it one of the worst hours ever produced for the show.[29]

According to Glen Morgan, the writers were inspired by a glowing New Yorker review noting the show's exploration of "suburban paranoia", and planned for more thematic unity in the second season: "the whole year was to be about the little green men that you and I create for ourselves... because there’re not nuclear missiles pointed at our heads, you can’t consolidate your fears there anymore."[33] However, the plan fell through quickly due to the pressure of the network TV schedule.

But by the end of the first season, Carter and his staff had come up with many of the general concepts of the mythology that would last throughout all nine seasons, whose outlines first appeared in Carter's Edgar Award-nominated season finale "The Erlenmeyer Flask", written in early 1994 before he knew whether the show was going to be canceled.[citation needed] In the episode, The X-Files are closed down and Mulder and Scully are to be reassigned. The finale was the first episode directed by R. W. Goodwin, a senior producer (and husband of Sheila Larken, who played Scully's mother on the show) who went on to direct every season opening and closing episode for the next four years.

The X-Files was picked up for a second season despite finishing 102nd out of the 118 shows in the U.S. Nielsen ratings.[39] It also received its first Emmy nod, for best title sequence. The electronic theme song in the sequence, featuring eerie whistling sounds, was by Mark Snow and became very well known (club versions of the theme song have reached the pop charts in France, the UK[40] and Australia, where a remix by Triple X became a number 2 hit in 1996[41]). Snow's music scores for each episode, often dark, synthesized[42] and ambient, were another distinctive aspect of The X-Files from its earliest years, as the show used more background music than typical of an hour long drama.[43] A soundtrack CD, The Truth and the Light, came out in 1996.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:42:40 am

Deep Throat (Jerry Hardin) was Mulder's first informant, an important character in the first season.

The show's mix of genres, the stressful schedule (24 or 25 episodes per season) and the shooting in different settings each week, required a large and experienced technical crew. At least 300 in Vancouver were under the supervision of producer Goodwin, who called The X-Files "the most difficult show on television" and "the equivalent of making a feature film every eight days".[44] The first year, budgets were at time as low as $1 million.[31] By 1998, its final year in Vancouver, the show cost $2.5 million per episode,[45] most of which was not the stars' salaries.[46] The longtime crew included producers Joseph Patrick Finn and Paul Rabwin, in charge of post-production; production designer and art director Graeme Murray, who won two Emmys for his work on the show; film editor Heather MacDougall, who worked on 51 episodes and won an Emmy for "Kill Switch"; Emmy-nominated editor Stephen Mark, who also edited the 1998 film; sound designer Thierry Couturier, who won two Emmys, and whose son says "I made this" over the Ten Thirteen company logo;[47] Mat Beck, visual effects supervisor (many were created on computer, unusual in early '90s TV) for 91 episodes[48] and also wrote the episode "Wetwired"; Emmy-nominated makeup artist Toby Lindala;[49] and props master Kenneth Hawryliw, who later co-wrote the episode "Trevor".

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:43:48 am

Flukeman in "The Host," played by future writer Darin Morgan under prosthetics. The episode, like several others, was inspired by classic sci-fi B-movies.

Season 2 (1994-1995)

As the series ended its first season, a problem had arisen for the producers: the impending pregnancy of Gillian Anderson, who played Dana Scully. Some network executives wanted the role recast, which Carter refused to do.[50] Another problem arose for Carter, who was unable to finish his planned season opening extravaganza. Morgan and Wong were asked to come up with a lower-key replacement,[24] but their "Little Green Men" was nevertheless the first episode to actually show an alien and got the show's best ratings thus-far (with a 19% audience share).[4] The early part of the second season solidified Mulder and Scully's close relationship, even as the two had been separated on drudgery assignments in different departments when the X-Files had been closed at the end of season one. Due to her pregnancy, Anderson was largely demobilized from active scenes with Duchovny, which matched her character's confinement to teaching medical students at Quantico. During early episodes of season two, Scully is typically pictured only in closeup, at a desk, or conducting autopsies—one of her usual roles on The X-Files due to her training as a medical doctor.

The beginning of the second season saw an increasingly frustrated and hopeless Mulder, having been reassigned at the FBI to tedious wiretaps. He also had his prior informant taken away and replaced by the far more reluctant and less friendly Mr. X (Steven Williams), who never fully revealed his true allegiances. Carter's script "The Host" somewhat symbolized Mulder's frustration and loss of hope. In the episode, he is given what he thinks is a dead-end assignment in Newark, New Jersey, literally sifting through sewage, which actually turns out to be an X-file: a giant mutant Flukeman who breeds in nuclear waste. Critics felt The X-Files of this period often consciously resembled classic B-movies in containing environmental and political morals,[51] as in Carter's earlier "Darkness Falls" (about ancient forest bugs who exact revenge on Pacific Northwest loggers), Morgan and Wong's "Blood" (dealing with mind control from electronic devices and pesticide spraying), and Howard Gordon's script for "Sleepless" (about Vietnam veterans who had been guinea pigs in a cruel government experiment in sleep deprivation). Notably, "Blood" was the first episode whose story credit went to Darin Morgan, the actor who had portrayed Flukeman and the brother of writer/producer Glen Morgan (of the Morgan and Wong writing team). "Sleepless" was the second X-Files episode directed by Rob Bowman, who would become one of the most prolific X-Files staff members behind the scenes, directing dozens of episodes as well as the 1998 feature film.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:45:52 am

Dana Scully in "One Breath." The episode was the conclusion of a story arc in the second season devised to deal with star Gillian Anderson's pregnancy.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:46:57 am
"Sleepless" introduced Agent Alex Krycek (Nicholas Lea) as Mulder's new partner. Their partnership would last only into the next two episodes, "Duane Barry" and "Ascension," which proved crucial to the fate of the series. Searching for a solution to the now acute problem of Anderson's pregnancy, Carter and his writers decided to have her abducted by Duane Barry (Steve Railsback), himself a likely alien abductee, in the episode, "Duane Barry." The episode was both written and directed by Carter (his debut) and received several Emmy nominations the following year.[52]

Anderson did not appear at all in the episode "3", but mysteriously returned in Morgan and Wong's "One Breath" (directed by R. W. Goodwin), an episode which consistently scores among the highest in fan ratings.[53] Scully's abduction provoked an existential crisis in Mulder. Although the show left it up in the air for years as to who was directly responsible (aliens, the government, or some combination of both), the earlier episode "Sleepless" had foreshadowed the events with the Cigarette Smoking Man's declaration that "every problem has a solution" (referring to Scully). Scully was now seen to be firmly on Mulder's side in the larger conflict, regardless of her original role as a debunker and her continued skepticism towards the paranormal.

After Scully's recovery (and the birth of Anderson's daughter, Piper), Mulder and Scully returned to work on the re-opened X-Files, investigating cases ranging from Haitian zombies ("Fresh Bones") to animal abductions ("Fearful Symmetry") and exorcism ("The Calusari"). This period would see the show gain more mainstream appeal, often earning winning scores during its Friday night timeslot.[54] Its Nielsen ratings rose to their highest peaks thus-far with the occult-themed "Die Hand Die Verletzt" and the epic "Colony"/"End Game".[4] The latter was a two-part episode introducing the idea of colonization, the Alien Bounty Hunter, as well as the characters Bill (Peter Donat) and Teena (Rebecca Toolan) Mulder, Fox Mulder's parents.
"Die Hand Die Verletzt" was Morgan and Wong's final X-Files script until the fourth season, as they departed to start their own series Space: Above and Beyond, but at the same time there was new involvement behind the scenes. The episode also marked the X-Files directorial debut of Kim Manners, who would stay with the show until its end and direct the largest number of episodes of the series. On "Colony", star David Duchovny collaborated with Chris Carter on the story, the first of Duchovny's involvements in writing for the show. Frank Spotnitz, a new story editor brought on by Chris Carter, wrote "End Game", the second of the two-part episode; Spotnitz would be a producer and writer on The X-Files and other Ten Thirteen projects for years and had a key role in shaping the mythology. The middle of the second season also saw "Irresistible", an episode directed by David Nutter and written by Chris Carter, which Carter later credited as a blueprint for his even darker show Millennium.[34] This was the first non-paranormal episode of The X-Files, dealing with the trauma of investigating Donnie Pfaster, a "death fetishist" (so named instead of "necrophiliac" to get past the FOX censors).[55] A sequel, "Orison", was made in the seventh season.

During its second season, The X Files finished 64th out of 141 shows, a marked improvement from the first season. The ratings were not spectacular, but the series had attracted enough fans to be classified as a "cult hit," particularly by Fox standards. Most importantly it made great gains among the 18-to-49 age demographic sought by advertisers.[54][32] The show was chosen as Best Television Show of 1994 by Entertainment Weekly and named best drama by the Television Critics Association, and it received seven Emmy nominations, mostly in the technical categories, with one nomination for best drama series.[39] In 1995, The X-Files won a Golden Globe Award for best television drama, winning out over several more established series such as ER, Picket Fences and NYPD Blue.[56]

The last weeks of season two brought more changes, beginning what some saw as The X-Files' peak creative period.[57] The Edgar Award-nominated "Humbug," an unconventional standalone episode about a small town inhabited by circus sideshow performers, was the first script fully written by Darin Morgan. At the time it was also considered a risky experiment, as it was the first outright comedy episode. Gillian Anderson famously swallowed a real cricket in one ad-libbed scene.[58] Eventual senior writer Vince Gilligan also offered his first episode, the darker sci-fi "Soft Light", guest starring Tony Shalhoub as a remorseful physicist whose shadow kills people.

Season two ended in May 1995 with "Anasazi" (co-written by Carter with David Duchovny), which attracted widespread attention with its cliffhanger ending[54] and put the future of the mythology up in the air. In the episode, Mulder and Scully are contacted by a computer hacker who has gained access to the Majestic-12 documents. Now-free agent Alex Krycek also made his first reappearance since "Ascension". The episode began a three-part arc, the show's most ambitious mythology episodes thus-far, which extended into the third season and centering around Navajo former code talker, Albert Hosteen (Floyd Red Crow Westerman).[59] The show could not afford location filming, so a rock quarry in British Columbia was painted to match the desert hues of the American Southwest.[13] Outside the U.S., The X-Files was by now one of the most popular shows in the world,[57] and was being broadcast in 60 countries.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:47:50 am

The occult-themed "Die Hand Die Verletzt" was the final script for the show by popular writers James Wong and Glen Morgan, until their return in The X-Files' fourth season.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:49:22 am
Season 3 (1995-1996)

Continuing from "Anasazi", "The Blessing Way" and "Paper Clip" opened the third season, bringing in the involvement of former Nazi scientists, formally introducing the leading conspiracy member Well-Manicured Man (John Neville), and containing revelations about both Mulder and Scully's families. Ratings-wise, "The Blessing Way" was the most successful X-Files episode thus far.[4]

The third season confirmed the existence of extraterrestrial life within the show[60] and suggested that a shadowy international consortium known as the Syndicate were conspiring with the aliens to colonize Earth. This would be achieved via use of the so-called black oil, introduced in the two-part "Piper Maru"/"Apocrypha." However, the season's other main mythology episodes, "Nisei" and "731", continued to call some of these conclusions into question. Chris Carter began to receive criticism for posing as many questions as answers in the mythology, while the mythology episodes were also praised for their increasingly Hollywood-like production values.[61] "Nisei" received Emmy Awards for its sound editing and mixing.
Season three was noted for its wide variety of "monster of the week" episodes. "Pusher", the second effort by writer Vince Gilligan, depicted the cold blooded Robert Patrick Modell, a man who could control people telepathically (a sequel, "Kitsunegari", came two years later in the fifth season). Simultaneously, the show continued to yield darker episodes, such as "The Walk" (a mysterious deadly force in a veterans hospital), "Oubliette" (a metaphysical connection between a recently kidnapped girl and another woman) and "Grotesque" (Mulder's descent into the world of a gargoyle-possessed killer, which received an Emmy for John Bartley's cinematography).

Behind the scenes, Darin Morgan continued his involvement with the show, becoming The X-Files' most critically acclaimed writer.[62] Despite intense perfectionism and having been unsatisfied with his well-received "Humbug",[63] Morgan managed to turn in three dark comedy episodes which were considered original for the show. The first of these, "Clyde Bruckman's Final Repose," concerned a St. Paul insurance salesman (Peter Boyle) who could predict death. It won Emmys for best writing and guest actor Boyle, and comes in very high in fan polls of favorite episodes.[64] "War of the Coprophages" was Morgan's parody-tribute to H.G. Wells/Orson Welles' War of the Worlds, this time with an infestation of cockroaches driving a town to hysteria. It also mocked the sexual tension between Mulder and Scully by introducing the attractive female entomologist Dr. Bambi Berenbaum. A similar technique was also used in Chris Carter's own "Syzygy," only one week later, leading to what some viewers felt was a comedy overdose

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:50:12 am

The Syndicate and its mysterious member the Cigarette Smoking Man, played by William B. Davis, became increasingly important to X-Files "mythology" as the show progressed.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:51:28 am

Season three's "Nisei" began a story arc with Mulder investigating an alien autopsy tape, and Scully confronting the possible effects of her abduction.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:52:40 am

Mr. X, played by Steven Williams, became closely involved from the second to fourth seasons. The informant was so-named for Mulder's masking-tape "X" on his window, used to call a meeting.

Morgan's third effort of the season, and his final episode as an X-Files script writer, was "Jose Chung's 'From Outer Space'," which presented multiple perspectives as in Kurosawa's Rashomon, and made fun of the X-Files mythology while remaining consistent with it. Graeme Murray and Shirley Inget were nominated for an Emmy for art direction. Morgan would later write a sequel also involving the writer Jose Chung (Charles Nelson Reilly), for Chris Carter's other series, Millennium in 1998.

In the spring of 1996, The X-Files began to achieve wide recognition. In addition to its eight Emmy nominations in its third season, of which it won five, it was awarded a George Foster Peabody Award for excellence in television broadcasting. Both David Duchovny and Gillian Anderson were nominated for Screen Actors Guild Awards for the first time, and Anderson won. Both actors were also nominated for Golden Globe Awards. Guest stars in season 3 included Jesse Ventura and Alex Trebek (both "men in black" in "Jose Chung's"), Giovanni Ribisi and Jack Black (in "D.P.O.," about a young man who can control lightning), Lucy Liu and B.D. Wong (in "Hell Money," about mysterious and deadly occurrences in the Chinese immigrant community), JT Walsh (in "The List", about the reincarnation of a death row prisoner), and R. Lee Ermey (in "Revelations", about a stigmatic boy, the first of several episodes in the series to deal directly with Scully's Catholic faith). Black, Ribisi and Liu were not widely known at the time they appeared on The X-Files. Dave Grohl also had a cameo in the "Pusher".[66] His rock band, Foo Fighters, were fans of the show, and contributed songs to the compilation album, Songs in the Key of X, released that spring. They also contributed to The X-Files movie two years later (see below for other pop culture inspirations).

The final part of the season brought the episode "Avatar" (the first episode centered around Mitch Pileggi's Assistant Director Walter Skinner, who was being punished by the Syndicate for his efforts on behalf of Mulder and Scully), "Quagmire" (about a lake monster; the famous "conversation on the rock" between Mulder and Scully was added by script editor Darin Morgan as his last contribution to The X-Files[67]), "Wetwired" (an episode involving a conspiracy to send subliminal messages in TV reception), and season finale "Talitha Cumi," which introduced Jeremiah Smith (Roy Thinnes), an alien with healing powers. The finale had a complex plot, tying back to Mulder's mother's past with the Cigarette Smoking Man. One scene, produced by writers Chris Carter and David Duchovny, was modeled directly after "The Grand Inquisitor" chapter from Dostoevsky's The Brothers Karamazov.[68] The episode was again a cliffhanger, "to be continued" in the next season.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:53:35 am

Scully in the self-referential comedy "Jose Chung's 'From Outer Space'", an episode so complex its director Rob Bowman said he had to read Darin Morgan's script "15 times before he understood it."[63]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:55:56 am
Season 4 (1996-1997)

The next season began with The X-Files' highest ratings success to that point, with "Herrenvolk".[4] The season premiere introduced several new elements to the conspiracy: "killer bees" designed to unleash smallpox, clones and alien hybrids, United Nations Special Representative Marita Covarrubias (played by Laurie Holden), and the removal of a previous important character. Covarrubias became an informer to Mulder and Scully in several episodes in the season, such as "Teliko" and "Unrequited." However it was the horror episode "Home," signaling the return of Morgan and Wong as writers after their canceled Space: Above and Beyond, that was most noticed. "Home" told the story of an inbred family of murderers in rural Pennsylvania, with references to The Andy Griffith Show and grisly violence contrasted with calm, becoming a hit with many fans ("X-Philes") and dividing others.[69] FOX's Standards and Practices department granted it a rare TV-MA "Parental Advisory" rating and refused to ever air it again,[70] though the episode later went into syndication.

Two major changes occurred behind the scenes in the autumn of 1996, during the early part of the fourth season. Chris Carter's new series Millennium, also produced in Vancouver, debuted on Friday nights. As a result, The X-Files was moved from Friday night to Sunday, seen as a key to better ratings success, although Carter was initially wary[71] and the decision was controversial with the show's audience.[72] The first episode to air in the new time period was "Unruhe", written by Vince Gilligan and directed by Rob Bowman. It was one of the series' darkest episodes, dealing with a man (played by Pruitt Taylor Vince) who lobotomizes women and can project his fantasies in "thought photography". Gilligan also wrote "Paper Hearts", an emotional episode for Mulder, twisting his memories of his sister's disappearance with a case involving an unrepentant child killer.

Wong and Morgan contributed their own, possibly non-canon addition to the mythology,[73] "Musings of a Cigarette Smoking Man", which referenced Shakespearian history, tied The X-Files to real life conspiracy theories about the JFK and MLK assassinations and was the first episode in which neither Mulder or Scully appears on screen (except in flashback). The death of Lone Gunmen member Frohike was originally going to be in the episode, before Carter nixed the idea, but the scene was actually shot by director James Wong.[73] Chris Owens, later to play other roles for the show, first appeared in this episode as the young CSM. The action-oriented "Tunguska" and "Terma" were the more traditional mythology episodes for the autumn sweeps period, sending Mulder and Krycek to a Russian gulag and involving the black oil and the Syndicate closely. X-Files ratings by the middle of the fourth season were as high as they had ever been,[4] and by autumn 1996 it was the FOX network's most popular show.[13]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:56:48 am

"Unruhe," about a crazy man who performs "icepick lobotomies" to cure women of their "unrest," was one of many dark episodes in season 4, and the first to air in The X-Files' new Sunday night time.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:58:01 am
Many episodes of the fourth season were character driven, such as "The Field Where I Died" and "Demons," both about Mulder trying to recover his past, or past lives. "Never Again", Morgan and Wong's final episode of the series, centered on Scully's personal life. Jodie Foster provided the voice of a tattoo. It had originally been planned as a collaboration with director Quentin Tarantino,[74] but Tarantino was not allowed to work in network television because he was not a member of the Directors Guild of America.[75] The episode was ultimately directed by Rob Bowman, with an homage to Alfred Hitchcock's Frenzy. FOX had attained rights to broadcast Super Bowl XXXI in January 1997 and planned to showcase The X-Files in the premier post-game slot. As a result, "Never Again" was bumped to the next week, and "Leonard Betts", a stylish and gory monster-of-the-week episode about an EMT (played by Paul McCrane) who was decapitated and could regrow his body, received the coveted spot (episodes of The X-Files were often aired slightly out of production order). "Leonard Betts" became the all time most-watched X-Files episode, with 17.2 Nielsen rating and 29% audience share.[4] It was also the first episode to be written by the team of Vince Gilligan, John Shiban and Frank Spotnitz, who were responsible for many episodes during the show's middle-to-late era.

The air date of "Leonard Betts" became relevant because the final scenes of the episode were central to the ongoing mytharc of the show and led directly into the events of "Memento Mori", in which it is revealed that Dana Scully has contracted terminal brain cancer. When originally aired, however, the episode "Never Again" came between these, implying Scully's behavior in that episode was a result of her diagnosis; Gillian Anderson said she would have played the role completely differently if that had been the case.[74] Nevertheless, Anderson's performances during the fourth season "cancer arc" were praised. She won an Emmy for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series in 1997, as well as her second straight Screen Actors Guild award and a Golden Globe. "Memento Mori" relied on extended emotional voiceovers, a technique that had become increasingly common in the show over the years, as Scully came to grips with her illness while simultaneously investigating its origins, leading back to her own abduction. Mulder, Walter Skinner and the Cigarette Smoking Man all became dramatically involved, which played out in the later episode "Zero Sum", one of the few episodes of the show not to feature Anderson's involvement, although the events were driven by Scully's worsening condition, as well as the Syndicate's plans for unleashing killer bees.

Once Scully had contracted cancer, she continued to work in her former capacity as Mulder's partner investigating X-Files, apparently debilitated only by occasional nosebleeds, though the issue of mortality was again addressed in "Elegy" late in the season. In the intervening time, notable episodes included the two-part "Tempus Fugit" and "Max", in which Max Fenig from season one's "Fallen Angel" returned briefly as the agents investigated mysterious "lost time" in a deadly plane crash, loosely modeled on TWA Flight 800.

Amidst what was considered the show's darkest year, "Small Potatoes" provided a lighter tone.[76] The episode was written by Vince Gilligan, and featured departed X-Files writer and former Flukeman Darin Morgan in the role of Eddie Van Blundht, a shape-shifting self-described "loser" who becomes the focus of Scully and Mulder's investigation of a West Virginia town where children are being born with tails. The final scenes of the episode provided "shippers" with the sight of "Mulder" and Scully finally together, the first of many such jokes by the writers in later seasons. Season 4 ended with "Gethsemane," a resolution which appeared to leave one main character near death and kill off the other one, as well as turning his entire belief system into a house of cards.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:58:54 am

Renegade agent Alex Krycek, played by Nicholas Lea, was central to the X-Files mythology, such as in the two-part "Tunguska" and "Terma" episodes set partly in Russia.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 03:59:55 am

Dana Scully contracted cancer in season four, an acting challenge for Gillian Anderson, who won an Emmy for the role in 1997. Her illness was central to "Memento Mori" and was resolved in the "Redux" episodes, beginning the fifth season.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:00:59 am

Jeffrey Spender (Chris Owens) was a new character in season 5. Owens also played "The Great Mutato" in Chris Carter's "Post-Modern Prometheus," a black-and-white Frankenstein adaptation.

Season 5 (1997-1998)

When season 5 opened, to the show's best numbers ever[4] (with the exception of "Leonard Betts"), it turned out Fox Mulder was still alive, having gone into hiding after becoming involved with Michael Kritschgau, a renegade Department of Defense employee. The continuation of the three-part arc with "Redux" and "Redux II" brought Scully's metastasizing cancer to the fore, as Mulder continued to question his own ideas about aliens and government conspiracies, while working to find a cure to a disease he believes the government gave Scully. Scully is finally cured, though it's unclear what has caused the intervention, and what sacrifices have been made for the end. Skinner's loyalties are in question, and the Cigarette Smoking Man is seemingly put out of commission by the Syndicate.

These events were soon followed by Chris Carter's "The Post-Modern Prometheus", which he both wrote and directed. It was the show's only episode filmed entirely in black-and-white, a retelling of the story of Frankenstein (subtitled by author Mary Shelley, The Modern Prometheus), mixed with allusions to Young Frankenstein, Jerry Springer, comic books, David Lynch's The Elephant Man, and Cher. Carter earned his second DGA nomination for his work. A few months earlier in 1997, The X-Files had received its largest awards recognition yet for its fourth season, with 12 Emmy nominations including best drama series, sound mixing, makeup, music, directing, writing, two nominations for editing, and wins for sound editing, art direction, and Anderson. Duchovny was also nominated at both this event and at the Golden Globes, where along with Anderson's win, he won best actor in a TV drama and the show itself won that category for a second year—taking all three top awards. The X-Files also won a second Saturn Award for best genre television series, and Anderson won for best actress; these awards were given by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror Films.[52]

Chris Carter's contract with FOX ran through the fifth season,[39] and he and the stars had originally preferred to stop there,[71] turning The X-Files into a series of films; but the show was such a hit that FOX was intent to continue it on TV in some form, and Carter was convinced to sign a new contract, retaining creative control.[77] In a very rare move for a show still in production,[1] a feature film of The X-Files had been planned by Carter ever since the show achieved commercial success in season two.[29] The movie's scripts were printed in red ink to ensure secrecy,[46] and it was largely filmed in California between season four's "Gethsemane" and season five's resumption of the plot with "Redux", pushing back the debut date for the season to November 1997 and resulting in the fifth being (until the ninth) the shortest season, only 20 episodes.[78]

As a result, several episodes in season five featured either Scully or Mulder at the expense of the other, to make time for personal projects or re-shoots on the film throughout the season (both stars were now reportedly receiving the same pay, $100,000 per episode[46]). "Christmas Carol" and "Emily", written by the team of Spotnitz, Gilligan and Shiban, were the first mythology episodes mostly centered around Scully. In "Christmas Carol", she receives further information about her abduction, coinciding with the mysterious arrival of a young child into her life.

Another result was that two episodes of the season, "Unusual Suspects" and "Travelers", focused on the origins of The Lone Gunmen in 1989 and the origin of the X-File cases at the FBI during the McCarthy era in the 1950s, respectively. Duchovny appears only briefly in the episodes, and Anderson is in neither. Richard Belzer guest starred in "Unusual Suspects," playing Detective John Munch of Homicide and many other series. "Unusual Suspects" was later followed up in the sixth season with "Three of a Kind," and these episodes about Lone Gunmen John Fitzgerald Byers (Bruce Harwood), Richard "Ringo" Langly (Dean Haglund), and Melvin Frohike (Tom Braidwood) later became the basis for a short-lived spinoff in 2001.

Early in 1998, the show, largely written by a staff of regulars,[29] aired its first episodes by well-known guest writers. Stephen King contributed "Chinga", about a demonic doll, which was co-written with Chris Carter and featured Scully investigating the case, between tongue-in-cheek phone conversations with Mulder. The episode, directed by Kim Manners, received mixed reviews. Next up was "Kill Switch", written by cyberpunk author William Gibson along with Tom Maddox. The episode covered issues of virtual reality and received better reception.[79] Then an episode aired where both Mulder and Scully's diverging viewpoints on a vampire case were presented, and humorously contrasted. Vince Gilligan's "Bad Blood", another pairing with "Small Potatoes" director Cliff Bole, was a fan favorite[80] and featured Luke Wilson in a guest role as a young Texas sheriff with or without "buck teeth".

In February, the fifth season continued a tradition of mythology episodes in sweeps month and aired the dramatic two-part episodes "Patient X" and "The Red and the Black", the latter of which was again directed by Carter. These dealt with the beginning of colonization, and introduced two new characters, Cassandra Spender (a chronic alien abductee, played by Veronica Cartwright, who was nominated for two Emmys in the role) and her estranged son Jeffrey Spender (a colleague of Mulder and Scully at the FBI, played by Chris Owens). The episodes also juxtaposed Mulder's ongoing crisis of belief in the existence of aliens, with the machinations of the Syndicate and Scully's own personal experiences. Krycek and Covarrubias were involved, while the Cigarette Smoking Man continued to be largely out of the picture during the fifth season. Leading up to the end of the year, more monster of the week episodes were aired, including "Mind's Eye" (guest starring Lili Taylor as a blind woman suspected of murder, and written by season 5 story editor Tim Minear), "The Pine Bluff Variant" (about Mulder's involvement in a plot to spread deadly biological terrorism, with tie-ins to the ongoing mythology) and "Folie a Deux" (about Mulder and Scully's investigation into a telemarketing employee who claimed his boss could turn into an insect).

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:02:58 am
David Duchovny had been unhappy with his geographical separation from his wife Téa Leoni, as well as with climatic conditions in Vancouver.[81] Gillian Anderson also wanted to return home to the United States,[28] and Carter decided to move production to Los Angeles following the fifth season. The season ended in May 1998 with "The End", the final episode shot in Vancouver and the final episode with the involvement of many of the original crew members who had worked on the show for its previous five years, including director and producer R. W. Goodwin and his wife Sheila Larken (who played Margaret Scully and would later return briefly). "The End" introduced Diana Fowley, a new character who had apparently once worked with Mulder on early X-Files, but it focused largely on the efforts of the Syndicate to get control of mind-reading chess prodigy Gibson Praise.

The X-Files were closed for a second time in this episode (following season 2). This set up the events of the movie, The X-Files, which had just completed post-production and was to open in theatres one month later. The show finished its fifth season with a season Nielsen average of 12.1, its all time peak viewership,[4] and an X-Files record of 16 Emmy nominations (winning two), in addition to winning the Golden Globe for best drama series for the third year. Overall, seasons three to five appear to have marked the show's most popular and acclaimed period.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:03:46 am

"The End" was the last episode to be filmed in rainy Vancouver, British Columbia (pictured), closing season 5. The show produced 117 episodes in Canada before moving to Los Angeles in its sixth season.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:05:54 am

The X-Files movie, also known as Fight the Future, had a worldwide theatrical box office total of $189 million. The movie's production cost was close to $66 million,[82] and its advertising budget was similar.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:06:47 am
The X-Files (film)

In summer 1998 the series produced a feature length motion picture, The X-Files, also known as The X Files: Fight the Future. It was intended as a continuation of the season five finale "The End" (5x20), but was also meant to stand on its own.[78] The season six opener "The Beginning" picked up where the movie left off. (Although the events are supposed to occur between the fifth and sixth seasons, the majority of the film was actually shot in the break between the show's fourth and fifth seasons.)

The movie, written by Chris Carter and Frank Spotnitz and directed by series regular Rob Bowman, was more action-oriented than a typical episode, but it dealt with the central mythology and conspiracy of the show. In addition to Mulder, Scully, Walter Skinner and the Cigarette Smoking Man, it featured guest appearances by Martin Landau, Armin Mueller-Stahl, and Blythe Danner as characters that only appeared in the movie (though Mueller-Stahl's Conrad Strughold is later mentioned in the series). It also had the last X-Files appearance by John Neville as the Well-Manicured Man. Jeffrey Spender, Diana Fowley and Gibson Praise do not appear in the film. The film had a strong domestic opening and got mostly positive reviews from critics, however, its box office dropped sharply after the first weekend. Although it failed to make a profit during theatrical release, due to a very high promotional budget, The X-Files film was more successful internationally. Anderson and Duchovny both received equal pay for the film, unlike their original contracts for the series.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:07:55 am

Plot summary

The movie opens in prehistoric times in a wordless sequence. A pre-historic man stumbles upon what appears to be a large, primal, vicious alien in a cave (although the camerawork uses zooms and flash-edits to keep the creature from being visualized fully). The two fight, and the caveman wins, stabbing the alien to death. However, what fans of the show will recognize as the black oil bleeds from the alien's wounds and soaks into the Neanderthal. After a fade to modern-day small-town Texas, a little boy (Lucas Black) falls down a hole in his back yard, and finds a human skull. As he picks it up, black oil seeps out of the skull and into the boy's skin, as a team of firemen descend to rescue him.

In the summer of 1998, at the end of the show's fifth season, the X-Files were shut down, and Fox Mulder and Dana Scully were assigned to other projects. They are first seen assisting SAC Darius Michaud (Terry O'Quinn), and his FBI team investigating a bomb threat to a federal building in Dallas, Texas. When Mulder separates from the team to scout out the building across the street, he discovers the bomb. He and Scully are able to evacuate the building and prevent hundreds of casualties before it explodes. (Several media commentators noted parallels between this and the real-life 1995 Oklahoma City Bombing.)[1][2]

Mulder and Scully return home to Washington, DC, but instead of commending their roles in preventing the deaths of hundreds, they are instead chastised because four victims were still in the building: three firemen, and one little boy. They are both scheduled separate hearings in which their job performance will be evaluated.

That evening, Mulder encounters a paranoid doctor, Alvin Kurtzweil (Martin Landau), who explains that the four victims were already dead, and the bomb was allowed to detonate to destroy the evidence as to how they died. Mulder enlists Scully to travel with him to the morgue to examine the bodies. They learn that the bodies have suffered a complete cellular breakdown, not at all caused by the bomb. Mulder leaves Scully in the morgue to fly back to Dallas to investigate evidence left from the explosion. He urges Scully to join him, and she shares evidence that the bodies were infected with an alien virus. They travel to the boy's home, but find a brand-new park in place of the hole in which he fell. Unsure what to do next, they wind up following a team of tanker trucks to a massive cornfield surrounding two bright, glowing domes. When they infiltrate the domes, they find simply a large empty space. However, grates on the floor open up, and a massive swarm of thousands of bees chase the agents into the cornfield. Soon helicopters fly overhead, and the two make a harrowing escape back to Washington.

Upon their return, Mulder, finding the evidence disappearing before his eyes, unsuccessfully seeks help from Kurtzweil, while Scully attends her performance hearing, and learns that she is being transferred to Salt Lake City, Utah. She informs Mulder that she would rather resign from the FBI than be transferred. Mulder is devastated at the thought of not having Scully as a partner to help him uncover the truth, telling her, "I don't know if I want to do this alone. I don't know if I even can. And if I quit now, they win." The two have a tender moment (they lean towards each other, as though to kiss), until she is stung by a bee which had lodged itself under her shirt collar. She has an adverse reaction, and Mulder calls 911. However, when the ambulance arrives to transport her, the driver shoots Mulder in the head, and whisks Scully to an undisclosed location. Mulder awakens, (the bullet grazed his temple) and, with the help of The Lone Gunmen, sneaks out of the hospital. He is accosted by The Well-Manicured Man, who gives him Scully's location in Antarctica, along with a serum to combat the virus she is infected with. Well-Manicured Man then kills himself before his betrayal to the Syndicate is found out.

Mulder journeys to Antarctica to save Scully, in the process discovering a secret lab run by the Cigarette-Smoking Man and his colleague Strughold. The lab is destroyed just after they escape to the surface, when the alien ship lying dormant underneath comes back to life and leaves its underground port, zooming away into the sky. Only Mulder sees it go, as Scully is unconscious at the time.

Later, Mulder and Scully attend a hearing where their testimony is routinely ignored, and the evidence covered up. The only remaining proof of the whole ordeal is the bee that stung Scully, collected by The Lone Gunmen. She hands it over, cooly stating, "I don't believe the FBI currently has an investigative unit qualified to pursue the evidence at hand."

At another crop outpost in Tunisia, Strughold learns that the X-Files office has been reopened...

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:10:16 am

Promotional photo from The X-Files: Fight the Future.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:20:21 am

The Syndicate, or Consortium, "represents certain global interests," according to member the Well-Manicured Man. After impeding Mulder and Scully in the movie and successfully making an alien-human hybrid, Cassandra Spender, the group was destroyed in season six.

Season 6 (1998-1999)

Over the course of the previous two years, the show had built upon the mythology storylines that grew in complexity and prominence (and confusion, especially for new viewers[2]) as the show progressed. The loyalties of the Cigarette Smoking Man and Krycek were continually shifting and the influence of CSM appeared to be waning. Above all, the Syndicate's co-operation with the colonizers was proven to be a ploy, as they were secretly attempting to develop a vaccine to the black oil (also known as "purity") which was shown to be an agent which would allow for the transportation of alien beings, and which would be spread through bees come the time for colonization. However, another alien faction was proven to exist, and these rebels opposed the colonists and the Syndicate for their co-operation. Consequently, in mid-season 6 "full disclosure" episodes "Two Fathers" and "One Son", the rebels destroyed the Syndicate.

At the end of The X-Files movie, the X-Files had again been re-opened, however, Agents Spender and Fowley were assigned to them rather than Mulder and Scully, who were reassigned from Walter Skinner—who continued to appear on the show, nevertheless—to a new boss, Assistant Director Alvin Kersh (played by James Pickens, Jr.). Gibson Praise was dispatched in the first episode of season 6, "The Beginning" (which also posited a possible alien source for humanity), and Jeffrey Spender was also written out of the show during season 6, while Mimi Rogers' Diana Fowley continued to play a role and appeared quite close to the Cigarette Smoking Man. The latter character was finally given a name, CGB Spender, and an identity—father of Jeffrey and ex-husband of Cassandra.

With the move to L.A. in season 6, many changes behind the scenes occurred, as much of the original X-Files crew was gone. New production designer Corey Kaplan, editor Lynne Willingham, writer David Amann, and director and producer Michael Watkins would stay on for several years. Bill Roe became the show's new director of photography, and episodes generally had a drier, brighter look due to the sunshine and climate of California, as compared with the rain, fog and temperate forests of Vancouver, Canada. Early in the sixth season, the producers took advantage of the new location, setting the show in parts of the country they had not been able to write episodes in previously.[84] For example, Vince Gilligan's "Drive" (about a man subject to an unexplained illness) was a frenetic action episode, unusual for The X-Files,[85] not least due to its setting on roads in the stark desert of Nevada. The "Dreamland" two-parter was also set in Nevada, this time in the legendary Area 51. It marked another comedy outing for the show, in a season increasingly light in tone, with guest star Michael McKean playing man in black Morris Fletcher, who switches bodies with Fox Mulder during the course of the episodes. It is the only non-mythology two part episode of The X-Files.

The sixth season also explored the ever-deepening bond between Mulder and Scully. The episode "Triangle" was Chris Carter's fifth try at directing as well as writing The X-Files. With its ambitious mise-en-scene featuring continuous takes and split screens, and its setting on an ocean liner on the eve of World War II (played by the HMS Queen Mary anchored in Long Beach, California), it was widely seen as a bid for an Emmy Award, which Carter did not receive, though the episode was up for sound editing. "Triangle" concerned Mulder's trip to the Bermuda Triangle to investigate an X-File there, disobeying superiors such as Kersh, in parallel with Scully and The Lone Gunmen's dogged efforts to locate him, contrasting this with time warp versions of all the main characters in September 1939, and ending with a pivotal "shipper" moment while leaving both the preceding events and the agents' relationship ambiguous.[86] Whether they "should" or "should not" consummate their "platonic" love was a matter of immense debate among the fan community for years, and is still subject to scrutiny, since even after abundant hints Carter refuses to substantiate whether the two characters ever had sex.[3] Other episodes that season, such as "The Rain King", "Monday", "Field Trip", and Carter's "Milagro" and "How the Ghosts Stole Christmas" (guest starring Ed Asner and Lily Tomlin), also dealt primarily with romantic relationships and alternate realities, using these to comment on Mulder and Scully's status.[87]

Late in the season, David Duchovny—who had a master's degree in English and considered a career as a writer before joining the cast[68]—contributed his first solo X-Files script, "The Unnatural", which he also directed. It was about Josh "Ex" Exley, a baseball-loving alien who played in the Negro Leagues after the fabled Roswell crash in 1947. A baseball announcer in "The Unnatural" was voiced by famous L.A. Dodgers announcer Vin Scully, Chris Carter's original inspiration for the name of Dana Scully.[88] The episode was also originally set to feature the involvement of Darren McGavin, star of early X-Files inspiration Kolchak: The Night Stalker. McGavin had to pull out due to illness,[68] but he does appear as original X-File investigator Agent Arthur Dales in season five's "Travelers" and season six's "Agua Mala" (about Mulder and Scully's discovery of a dangerous water-based life form during a hurricane in Florida).

Some longtime fans were alienated by the show in season 6, due to the different tone taken by most stand-alone episodes after the move to L.A.[89][90] Rather than adhering to the previous style of "monsters of the week", they were often romantic or gently humorous or both, such as "Arcadia", where Mulder and Scully pose as a married couple in a gated community in order to solve a case, or the darker, campy "Terms of Endearment", starring Bruce Campbell as a demon. Meanwhile, some felt there was no coherent plan to the mytharc, that Carter was "making it all up as he goes along".[89] The show ended season 6 with solid ratings, but its lowest average since season two, beginning a decline that would continue for the final three years of its run.[4] This may have been due to different competition on Sunday nights, or because viewers felt the show was burning out or even "jumping the shark"[91] (the show would actually reference the concept in its episode "Jump the Shark" three years later). The show's producers acknowledged they had been trying to do something different from previous years in season six. The X-Files was nevertheless FOX's highest rated show that year,[92] and was nominated for eight Emmys in 1999, winning one for makeup. It was also nominated for SAG Awards for Anderson, Duchovny and Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble Cast, recognizing Pileggi, Pickens, Owens and Davis' continuing contributions.

As compared with other seasons, relatively few mythology episodes were made during season 6, only "The Beginning", the stand-alone "S.R. 819" (in which Walter Skinner's health is compromised by a mysterious nanotechnology affliction as possible blackmail to force him to turn against Mulder and Scully), "Two Fathers" and "One Son", and the season finale "Biogenesis", the first of a three-part story continued into season 7, about Scully's investigation of an ancient UFO discovered off the coast of West Africa and effects on Mulder from it.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:22:20 am

Diana Fowley, portrayed by Mimi Rogers, appeared in seasons 5 through 7. Her relationship with Mulder was in question.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:24:02 am


For season seven's "Orison", Nick Chinlund reprised his role of Donnie Pfaster, the "escalating death fetishist" first seen in "Irresistible".

Seasons 7 – 9 (1999-2002)

In November 1999, "The Sixth Extinction" and its second part "Amor Fati" continued the story arc begun in the previous year. New sixth season director Michael Watkins oversaw the latter episode, which was a writing collaboration between Chris Carter and David Duchovny, harkening back to the themes and characters of previous X-Files history—"Anasazi/The Blessing Way/Paper Clip" and Carter's "Redux" trilogy—as well as to The Last Temptation of Christ.[93] However, it was the lowest rated season premiere since 1994's "Little Green Men".[4] Subsequent offerings like "Millennium" (a crossover with Carter's recently canceled other series), and Vince Gilligan's "Hungry" (a sardonic "monster of the week" in which Mulder and Scully barely appeared) and "X-Cops" (an experimental merging with FOX's reality show COPS), did not substantially improve viewership.[4] "Millennium", however, as well as featuring Lance Henriksen reprising his role of Frank Black for the final time, also made waves for showing the first consensual mouth-to-mouth kiss of Mulder and Scully.[94] The occasion was New Year's 2000.

Nick Chinlund also reprised his role of Donnie Pfaster in "Orison", a sequel to season two's "Irresistible", while Ricky Jay played a magician in "The Amazing Maleeni", which contrasted with the generally more emotional tone of season seven. Novelists Tom Maddox and William Gibson returned with a second episode, "First Person Shooter", this time directed by Chris Carter. There were reports of friction between cast and crew, however. David Duchovny, who had filed a lawsuit with FOX that also alleged Carter was paid "hush money" to approve an unfair syndication contract, was reputed to be bored with The X-Files a year after relocating. The show's production costs since the move from Vancouver—typically over $3 million per episode—were also a matter of concern to the network, as it both financed and distributed the show and could not pass off costs to itself without hurting the corporate bottom line.[92]

Breaking the formula of standard stand-alone episodes were several efforts written and directed by the show's stars. Gillian Anderson directed her own script for the metaphysical "All Things", further exploring Scully's character. It was the first X-Files to be directed by a woman,[50] though the show had had several female writers for periods during seasons 2, 3 and 4 (Carter himself was subject to a harassment lawsuit over the supposed atmosphere that existed among the writing staff years earlier,[35] which was dismissed). Duchovny followed up his prior episode "The Unnatural" with the over-the-top satire, "Hollywood A.D." The title referenced both the Church scandal uncovered therein, and the prospect of Mitch Pileggi's Assistant Director Skinner as a Hollywood player; the self-reflexive episode concerned Skinner's effort to get a blockbuster movie made about Mulder and Scully's X-Files investigations, but the "stars" playing the agents are actress Téa Leoni, Duchovny's real life wife as Scully, and comedian Garry Shandling as Mulder. Finally, William Davis, known for his ongoing role as the Cigarette Smoking Man, wrote an episode examining his character, called "En Ami". It was one of Davis' final appearances in the show.

"En Ami" was also director Rob Bowman's final episode for the show. Before the seventh season finale, longtime writer Vince Gilligan also got the chance to direct his first episode, "Je Souhaite" (about a reluctant genie), and Chris Carter turned in the dark slapstick "Fight Club", a return to Carter's roots in comedy. The episode, guest starring Kathy Griffin, did not go over well,[95] particularly so close to what fans expected would be final revelations to the mythology; it holds the record for all time lowest voted episode of the whole series in a survey of viewers.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:25:53 am
( (

John Doggett,  Monica Reyes

The final three seasons were a time of closure for The X-Files. Characters within the show were written out, including the Cigarette Smoking Man and Mulder's mother, and several plot threads were resolved, including the fate of Fox Mulder's sister Samantha, who had been a long running plot device within the show, in the episodes "Sein Und Zeit" and "Closure". After settling his contract dispute, David Duchovny quit full-time participation in the show after the seventh season.[97] This contributed to uncertainties over the likelihood of an eighth season.[96] Carter and most fans felt the show was at its natural endpoint with Duchovny's departure, but it was decided Mulder would be abducted at the end of the seventh season, leaving things open for the actor's return in 11 episodes the following year.[98] Season finale "Requiem" was written by Chris Carter as a possible series finale, but the show was again renewed by FOX, despite lower ratings.

For the next two years, Carter was offered incentives to continue the show, which he did despite reservations, concluding there were "more stories to tell."[34] Executive producer and screenwriter Frank Spotnitz was largely responsible, with Carter, for running the show in its final two years, introducing new central characters. With Duchovny's involvement reduced (and in anticipation of Anderson's possible absence in the future), the show's eighth season introduced two new X-Files agents, John Doggett and Monica Reyes (played by Robert Patrick and Annabeth Gish, respectively). Doggett was initially the primary character with Anderson, playing off her in a now-reversed dynamic from The X-Files' earliest seasons, with Scully the "believer" and Doggett the "skeptic", once again investigating paranormal monsters of the week. Carter, Spotnitz, John Shiban and Vince Gilligan continued to serve as writers, with Kim Manners frequently directing, but otherwise the behind the scenes staff experienced turnover.

It was Chris Carter's belief that the series could continue for another ten years with new leads, and the opening credits were accordingly redesigned for the first time in season 9 to emphasize the new actors (along with Pileggi, who was finally listed). This was not to be the case, however, as over the course of the final two seasons, Doggett and Reyes did not provide the ratings boost the producers had hoped for. Following the launch and U.S. commercial failure of spinoff show The Lone Gunmen, whose March 2001 debut episode had dealt humorously with an airplane being hijacked and flown into the World Trade Center, writers were also finding it hard to deal with stock X-Files themes in the wake of the September 11 attacks.[2]

The show received meager Emmy attention in its final years, nevertheless picking up a nomination for Bill Roe's cinematography in "This is Not Happening", and a win for makeup in the stand-alone "Deadalive". Robert Patrick won a Saturn Award for Best Actor, however, and the mythology continued to develop, with a new "super soldiers" concept, and the informer Knowle Rohrer, who interacted with Doggett. Cary Elwes also played a new character. Jeff Gulka's Gibson Praise and Chris Owens' Jeffrey Spender eventually made a return, as well as Scully's mother Margaret, played by Sheila Larken (who had not appeared since the show moved from Vancouver in season 5). The show also alluded to religious allegory in a story line about Scully's pregnancy.[2] It was a seeming reversal of earlier seasons' mythology, in which experiments that had given the character her cancer had also left Scully infertile.

Duchovny returned over the eighth season for several dramatic episodes, and flashbacks were seen in the ninth. Duchovny also directed an episode. Anderson was nominated for her final Screen Actors Guild award as Dana Scully in 2001. The Mulder/Scully relationship by this point reflected what some "shippers" had imagined for years, although others were dissatisfied or offended by the characterizations.[99] In the end, the apparent result of the partnership was Baby William, while the crew also offered a tribute to an Internet fan fiction writer who had died from cancer in 2001, creating the character of young FBI Agent Leyla Harrison (a self-professed admirer of Mulder and Scully) to honor her memory in the season 8 episode "Alone" and Season 9 episode "Scary Monsters."

The X-Files completed its ninth and final season with the two-hour episode "The Truth", which reunited David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson, and much of the original cast. It first aired on May 19, 2002, finishing third in its timeslot in the Nielsen ratings, with a slightly lower audience share than the original X-Files pilot episode.[4] The show ceased production at the end of the ninth season—on a cliffhanger, though Carter knew that this would be the final episode. Carter's Ten Thirteen Productions also went into hibernation, and actors, writers, producers and technical staff all moved on to other projects. The show's final Emmy nomination in 2002 went to composer Mark Snow.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:27:01 am

In May 2000, "Requiem" returned Scully and Mulder to the setting of the "Pilot" (pictured) of seven years earlier. When it completed shooting, the producers were unsure if they would come back for an eighth year.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:29:16 am

Future of The X-Files

Plans for another movie are announced periodically but have yet to come to fruition. Chris Carter, David Duchovny and Gillian Anderson have expressed their desire for involvement, Frank Spotnitz was apparently commissioned to write a script in 2006, and the 1998 film's director Rob Bowman has also commented on a second film's status.[100] However, there is still no script and no official shooting schedule, and it is unconfirmed which cast and crew members would reprise their roles if another X-Files film were to be made. David Duchovny first mentioned his interest in the project in 2004, and in January of 2005, he confirmed that a sequel was in the works and that it would be a "stand-alone horror film." Bowman and Spotnitz also said a second film would most likely be a stand-alone story, rather than focus on the alien conspiracy storylines.

One issue seen to be holding up production was a lawsuit filed in late 2005 by Chris Carter against 20th Century Fox Television over syndication profits of the show,[101] which has only recently been resolved.[102] Carter co-wrote and produced the 1998 X-Files film. In a 2006 posting on her website, Gillian Anderson stated that she was very much willing to take part in the project: "And as far as the X-F movie? I have no f****** clue. I think there's still a law suit, as far as I know the script has not been written, and as much as we all want it to take place as soon as possible, AND YES THAT INCLUDES ME, AND ALWAYS HAS, SO STOP WITH THE NONSENSE! It is out of my hands. Completely. Write to Fox guys, tell them to make it happen!"[103]

Frank Spotnitz, in an April 17 update to his blog, said, "Several people have e-mailed to ask about reports that the second X-Files feature is finally in the works. A script is indeed in development, but I'm afraid that's all I can say."[104]

In an April 24th article, a Fox spokesperson commented on the prospect of a sequel, saying, "it's not anywhere near that level yet," when asked if Anderson and Duchovny had been formally contracted to appear in a new X-Files movie.[105]

In a June 14th article, Chris Carter reportedly told TV Guide that he had signed up David Duchovny and Gillian Anderson for a second X-Files movie.[106]

On July 14th, at the Television Critics Association press tour, David Duchovny was in attendance to promote his new Showtime series, Californication, and was asked about the status of the next X-Files movie. He responded that it was indeed moving forward and that he and Gillian Anderson were on board. When talking to a smaller gathering of journalists after the main press event, he said he thought the movie could be in theaters by Summer 2008. This was met with some skepticism due to Duchovny's similar past claims, which never came to fruition. He responded, "Before I would just say that [there was a movie] because they told me, but now, after talking to Chris [Carter] -- he's been giving me progress reports -- and he actually called yesterday, and said 'Next week, you should have something to read.'" Duchovny went on to confirm his belief that the new movie would be a standalone "Monster of the Week" story, rather than an installment in the alien conspiracy mythology.[107] [108]

In a July 17th blog update, Gillian Anderson confirmed that she will be filming the next X-Files movie, beginning sometime between October and January.

The two major Hollywood trade publications, Variety and The Hollywood Reporter, have reported Duchovny's July 14th comments, but have yet to confirm an official green light for the project, or any other comments on behalf of 20th Century Fox.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:30:41 am

Scene from "Pusher," an episode from 1996 in which a violent standoff draws Mulder and Scully closer together. Fans discussing it on the Internet may have popularized the term "shipper."

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:32:39 am

Mulder's paranoia reflected the American public's suspicion of the government, characteristic of the 1990s



The X-Files directly inspired numerous other TV series, including Strange World,[113][114] Burning Zone,[115] Special Unit 2, Mysterious Ways,[116] Lost, Carnivŕle, Dark Skies,[114] The Visitor,[114] Freaky Links, Psi Factor: Chronicles of the Paranormal, and Supernatural. A few of these shows actually involved former staff of The X-Files behind the scenes—such as Lost, whose current cinematographer is John Bartley; the mytharc-dominated 24, executive produced by X-Files writer Howard Gordon; Six Feet Under, coproduced by X-Files alum Lori Jo Nemhauser; and Supernatural, involving directors David Nutter and Kim Manners, and writer/producer John Shiban.

The influence can be seen on other levels: television series such as Alias have developed a complex mythology that may bring to mind the "mytharc" of The X-Files. In terms of characterization, the role of Dana Scully was seen as somewhat original, causing a change in "how women [on television] were not just perceived but behaved", and perhaps influencing the portrayal of "strong women" investigators[18]. Many procedural dramas also feature a Mulder-esque lead with a supervisor similar to Skinner or Kersh. Some of these procedurals, such as NCIS, feature a quirky technogeek similar to the Lone Gunmen characters.

Russell T. Davies said The X-Files had been an inspiration on his current British series Torchwood,[117] describing it as "dark, wild and sexy... The X Files meets This Life."[118] Other shows have been influenced by the tone and mood of The X-Files, e.g., Buffy the Vampire Slayer, which drew from the mood and coloring of The X-Files, as well as from its occasional blend of horror and humor. Joss Whedon described his show as a cross between The X-Files and My So-Called Life.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:34:10 am

Influences on the show


Chris Carter listed television series Alfred Hitchcock Presents, The Twilight Zone, Night Gallery, Tales from the Darkside and especially Kolchak: The Night Stalker as his major influences for the show. Carter said, "Remembering that show, which I loved, I said to the Fox executives, 'There's nothing scary on network television anymore. Let's do a scary show.'"[32] Actor Darren McGavin who played Carl Kolchak in Kolchak: The Night Stalker appeared in two episodes of The X-Files as Agent Arthur Dales, a character described as the "father of the X-Files."

Carter has mentioned that the relationship between Mulder and Scully (platonic but with sexual tension) was influenced by the chemistry between John Steed (Patrick Macnee) and Emma Peel (Diana Rigg) in the 1960s British spy TV program The Avengers.[37] One journalist documented possible influence from Nigel Kneale's Quatermass series and its various television and film iterations.[140] Kneale was invited to write for The X-Files, but declined the offer.[141]

The early '90s cult hit Twin Peaks is seen as a major influence on the show's dark atmosphere and its often surreal blend of drama and irony. David Duchovny had appeared as a cross-dressing DEA agent in Twin Peaks, and the character of Mulder was seen as a parallel to the show's FBI Agent Dale Cooper.[2] Both shows were filmed in the Pacific Northwest.


The producers and writers have cited All the President's Men, Three Days of the Condor, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Rashomon, The Thing, The Boys from Brazil, The Silence of the Lambs,[15] and JFK as influences on the series. Gangster movies such as the Godfather trilogy are also frequently referenced in the show's conspiracy plotlines, particularly concerning the Syndicate. A scene at the end of the episode "Redux II" (5.02), for instance, directly mirrors the famous baptism montage at the end of The Godfather. Chris Carter's use of continuous takes in "Triangle" (6.03) was modeled on Hitchcock's Rope. Other episodes written by Carter made numerous references to other films, as did those by Darin Morgan.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:37:18 am


Over the course of its nine seasons, the show was nominated for 141 awards, winning a total of 61 individual awards from 24 different agencies, including the Emmys, the Golden Globes, the Environmental Media Awards, and the Screen Actors Guild Awards.[52] The X-Files also won a Peabody Award in 1996, during its third season.

The show earned a total of 16 Emmys; two for acting, one for writing, and 13 for various technical categories. In September 1994, The X-Files won its first award, the Emmy for Outstanding Individual Achievement in Graphic Design and Title Sequences.

Peter Boyle later won the Emmy for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series for his portrayal of the title character in the third-season episode "Clyde Bruckman's Final Repose". In the same year, Darin Morgan won the Emmy for Outstanding Individual Achievement in Writing for a Drama Series for the same episode. "Clyde Bruckman's Final Repose" was one of four highly-acclaimed episodes Morgan wrote during his short time on the show's writing staff. In 1997, both Duchovny and Anderson won Golden Globe awards for the best male and female actors in a drama series.

Throughout its run, The X-Files also won Emmy awards in seven technical categories: Graphic Design and Title Sequences, Cinematography, Sound Editing and Mixing, Art Direction, Single Camera Picture Editing, Makeup, and Special Visual Effects.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennifer O'Dell on July 23, 2007, 04:43:32 am

The Truth Is Out There

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jennie McGrath on July 23, 2007, 08:16:09 pm
Nice work!!!

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Jami Ferrina on November 12, 2007, 01:29:11 am

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 26, 2011, 11:49:26 pm

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 26, 2011, 11:50:58 pm

   David Duchovny Golden Globe 2009 afterparty.jpg

David Duchovny at the Showtime Golden Globes Party, The Peninsula Hotel, Beverly Hills, Calif. - Jan. 11, 2009

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 26, 2011, 11:51:34 pm

Gillian Anderson (born 9 August 1968) is an American actress, best known for her role as FBI Special Agent Dana Scully in the American TV series and feature film The X-Files.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 26, 2011, 11:52:29 pm
Syndicate (The X-Files)

The Syndicate is a fictional "shadow government" group featured in The X-Files television show and feature film created by Chris Carter. They were also known as The Elders, The Consortium, and The Group. Because of their presiding over the cover-up of extraterrestrial life, they were the main force opposing the X-Files investigators, Fox Mulder and Dana Scully, in the series.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 26, 2011, 11:53:01 pm
Goals and methods

An embodiment of the concept of the "shadow government" in conspiracy theory lore, the Syndicate comprised covertly allied, influential government officials and businessmen. The Syndicate, operating at the highest levels of power, concealed from the world a program by an unidentified extraterrestrial species to colonize and repopulate the planet, as well as their own plans and stake in that future, which they held to be inevitable.

To carry out murder, cover-ups, sabotage and other wetworks projects, the Syndicate used an unknown number of henchmen commonly referred to as the Men in Black. The Men in Black were merciless protectors of the conspiracy whose true names, like the members of the Syndicate, were rarely if ever known. Many worked ostensibly for the DOD, CIA, NSA, and other government agencies. Prominent Men in Black agents included X, Alex Krycek, the Crew Cut Man, and Quiet Willy.

Most of their meetings were held in a clandestine club located on West 46th Street in New York City, and did not involve Conrad Strughold. Meetings involving Strughold, who was unable to enter the United States possibly because it would draw too much attention and his family background tied back to the Nazi-era, were held in London. A possible front for the group, evidenced in the episode "Redux II", was a biotechnology firm called Roush. (In German, rausch means "intoxication" and rauch means "smoke" but the name may simply have been a tribute to then-USA Today TV critic Matt Roush, an influential early champion of The X-Files.[1]) Roush facilities were used in some experiments involving the virus, as shown in the Season 6 premiere "The Beginning". Also, according to Alvin Kurtzweil, when the takeover was to commence, which the Syndicate had originally set to occur about the year 2012, the Syndicate would have seized control by using the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), which had the power to suspend constitutional government upon declaration of a national emergency.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 26, 2011, 11:53:39 pm
Early Years

The Syndicate was formed at the end of World War II, after the Roswell incident, when German scientists were brought to the United States to work on developing an alien-human hybrid. Alvin Kurtzweil recounted that when he and Bill Mulder were young men in the military, they were recruited for a project that they were told was concerned with biological warfare.[2] Deep Throat claimed that it began after Roswell, when an ultrasecret conference of power brokers in the United States, the Soviet Union, United Kingdom, China, France, West Germany, and East Germany, signed a treaty that if an alien spacecraft crashed on Earth and the extraterrestrials survived, the country that held them would be responsible for their immediate extermination.[3]

The group that would become the Syndicate existed as early as 1952 as a secret group within the Department of State. Their activities included experimenting with xenotransplantation,[4] relocating ex-Nazi scientists to the United States after WWII,[5] and covering up the black oil discovered in the Piper Maru in 1953.[6]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 26, 2011, 11:54:06 pm
The members of the secretive group within the State Department officially broke off ties with the United States government in 1973. However, some of the members continued to work within the State Department. On October 13, the Syndicate formally forged their alliance with the alien colonists at El Rico Air Force Base. The Cigarette Smoking Man personally presented a folded American flag to the aliens, symbolizing their surrender to a superior intergalactic force. The Syndicate was also commencing their work on the Project, which would see an immense effort in creating an alien/human hybrid to serve the aliens as a slave race after colonization. To allow the Syndicate to develop the hybrid, they were provided an alien fetus from which to extract DNA and begin research. However, the aliens demanded in exchange samples of human DNA. Members of the Syndicate turned over their loved ones to the aliens as part of the exchange. The Cigarette Smoking Man handed over his wife, Cassandra Spender, and William Mulder reluctantly surrendered his daughter, Samantha.[7]

By March 22, 1992, the Syndicate had use of a vast warehouse in The Pentagon where artifacts constituting evidence of alien existence were stored. The Cigarette Smoking Man added an implant, recovered by Mulder and Scully on their first case together, to the items kept in this storage facility. As Mulder and Scully learned, other efforts to erase their findings were apparently made, including the disappearance of paperwork, such as a case file on Billy Miles, that the agents had filed with the District Attorney's office in Raymon County, Oregon.[8]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 26, 2011, 11:54:38 pm

The colonists in 1973 when they forged their alliance with the Syndicate

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 26, 2011, 11:55:48 pm

In 1998, the Syndicate learned of a rebel faction among the aliens that was fighting against their brethren and the colonization of Earth. The first incident of rebel violence on Earth occurred in Kazakhstan, where dozens of impending abductees were found incinerated. Marita Covarrubias investigated the incident and quickly had it covered up. Shortly thereafter, many more abductees were summoned to Skyland Mountain via their metallic tags. Again, the group was attacked and incinerated by the alien rebels. It was at this time that the rebels were more clearly identified as being faceless, a telltale characteristic that set them apart as the rebel force.[9]

The following year, the rebels made their most daring - and most destructive - move. Outside of Washington, D.C., they attacked a train car, wherein a group of Syndicate doctors led by Eugene Openshaw were experimenting on Cassandra Spender - the first successful alien-human hybrid. The rebels incinerated the doctors, but left Cassandra alive so that the Project would be revealed and subsequently destroyed. Indeed, one of the rebels killed the Second Elder and assumed his position at meetings of the Syndicate. However, the Cigarette Smoking Man realized this and had the group cease meeting together.[10]

The Smoking Man contacted his son, Jeffrey Spender, and charged him with killing the rebel posing as the Second Elder with a gimlet weapon. However, Spender failed to kill him, but Alex Krycek was successful. Spender then realized the scope of the conspiracy being carried out by his father, and he pledged his support to Fox Mulder. Having their hand forced by the rebels, the Syndicate retrieved Cassandra Spender and prepared to present her to the aliens so that colonization could begin. However, the rebels appeared instead and incinerated the entire group of gathered high-ranking Syndicate members, meaning the destruction of the Syndicate.[7]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 26, 2011, 11:57:20 pm

High-ranking members of the Syndicate, before being killed by the rebel aliens at El Rico Airbase

The destruction of the Syndicate in season 6

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 26, 2011, 11:57:56 pm

Later in 1999, Scully asked Mulder what more he could possibly hope to do or to find, after having done and uncovered so much, such as exposing the secrets of a conspiracy of men who had been doing human experiments but were all now dead. Mulder's reply was that he still hoped to find his sister.[11] Later on, Mulder dreamt of the Syndicate, in which an illusory version of the Cigarette Smoking Man claimed that his group had "made entire cultures disappear".[12]

In reality, the Cigarette Smoking Man continued working on the Project with a group of men who held a conference to discuss colonization in 1999.[11] The Cigarette Smoking Man also continued working with his doctors, who were aware of the Syndicate's work to create a human-alien hybrids and attempted to continue this work.[12] The Cigarette Smoking Man is also seen, in "Biogenesis", meeting with a group of men, some in military uniforms, who are speaking about some sort of disaster and "containment" of it.[11] Presumably they are speaking about colonization, and this assembly of men may be part of the Cigarette Smoking Man's intentions, revealed in "Requiem", to try to rebuild the conspiracy.[13]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 26, 2011, 11:58:36 pm
In season eight, Doctor Lizzy Gill admitted to Mulder, Assistant Director Walter Skinner and Special agent John Doggett that, for the past ten years, she and her colleagues had been working to create a human-alien hybrid. According to her, the work had originally been financed by a group of government men but had continued after their deaths. Gill's colleagues, by this time, included Doctors Parenti, Lev and Duffy Haskell, but they all had been killed recently by super soldier Billy Miles.[14]

With the Syndicate eliminated, the power vacuum was eventually filled in season nine by a new government-like organization. This organization included members such as the Toothpick Man,[15] Gene Crane, and Knowle Rohrer, among others. All known members revealed to viewers in the series were super soldiers, men with superhuman abilities - with the exception of Alex Krycek, who was killed in "Existence".[16] During the season finale, "The Truth" this unnamed organization shuts down the X-Files office at the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Mulder was left on the run[17] until all his criminal charges were lifted in 2008 (The X-Files: I Want to Believe).[18]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 26, 2011, 11:59:04 pm
Men in Black
Main article: Men in Black (The X-Files)

The Men in Black refers, unofficially, to a group of enforcers employed by the Syndicate to take care of the dirty work of the conspiracy. Most of them were ex-military, highly trained and loyal hitmen, who worked, as a front, in government agencies such as the FBI, DOD, and NSA.

The Men in Black are analogous to the Alien Bounty Hunters employed by the Colonists. The Men in Black were, however, not as reliable as the bounty hunters and though sometimes they were used initially it took the more capable Alien Bounty Hunters to complete difficult tasks. The Syndicate would use the bounty hunters only when absolutely necessary because of an increased risk of exposure.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 12:27:28 am

   1. ^ Hunt, Elizabeth (May 2001). ""The Nation's TV Guide: Proud Hoosier Matt Roush tells America what's worth watching"". Indiana Alumni Magazine. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
   2. ^ "The X-Files". Rob Bowman, Writ. Chris Carter & Frank Spotnitz. The X-Files. FOX.
   3. ^ "E.B.E.". William Graham, Writ. Glen Morgan & James Wong. The X-Files. FOX. No. 17, season 1.
   4. ^ "Travelers". William Graham, Writ. John Shiban & Frank Spotnitz. The X-Files. FOX. No. 15, season 5.
   5. ^ "Paper Clip". Rob Bowman, Writ. Chris Carter. The X-Files. FOX. No. 2, season 3.
   6. ^ "Apocrypha". Kim Manners, Writ. Chris Carter & Frank Spotnitz. The X-Files. FOX. No. 16, season 3.
   7. ^ a b "One Son". Rob Bowman, Writ. Chris Carter & Frank Spotnitz. The X-Files. FOX. No. 12, season 6.
   8. ^ "Pilot". Robert Mandel, Writ. Chris Carter. The X-Files. FOX. No. 1, season 1.
   9. ^ "Patient X". Kim Manners, Writ. Chris Carter & Frank Spotnitz. The X-Files. FOX. No. 13, season 5.
  10. ^ "Two Fathers". Kim Manners, Writ. Chris Carter & Frank Spotnitz. The X-Files. FOX. No. 11, season 6.
  11. ^ a b c "Biogenesis". Rob Bowman, Writ. Chris Carter & Frank Spotnitz. The X-Files. FOX. No. 22, season 6.
  12. ^ a b "The Sixth Extinction II: Amor Fati". Michael W. Watkins, Writ. David Duchovny & Chris Carter. The X-Files. FOX. No. 2, season 7.
  13. ^ "Requiem". Kim Manners, Writ. Chris Carter. The X-Files. FOX. No. 22, season 7.
  14. ^ "Essence". Kim Manners, Writ. Chris Carter. The X-Files. FOX. No. 20, season 8.
  15. ^ "Providence". Chris Carter, Writ. Chris Carter & Frank Spotnitz. The X-Files. FOX. No. 10, season 9.
  16. ^ "Existence". Chris Carter, Writ. Kim Manners. The X-Files. FOX. No. 21, season 8.
  17. ^ "The Truth". Kim Manners, Writ. Chris Carter. The X-Files. FOX. No. 19 & 20, season 9.
  18. ^ "I Want to Believe". Chris Carter, Writ. Chris Carter & Frank Spotnitz. The X-Files. FOX. No. 2.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 12:29:23 am
The Smoking Man

The Smoking Man (sometimes referred to as Cancer Man, the Cigarette-Smoking Man, CSM or C-Man) is a fictional character and the antagonist on the American science fiction television series The X-Files. He serves as the arch-nemesis of FBI Special Agent Fox Mulder. Although his name is revealed to be C.G.B. Spender in the show's sixth season, fans continue to refer to him as the Smoking Man because he is almost always seen chain-smoking Morley cigarettes and because he, like other series villains, has multiple aliases.

Although he utters only four audible words in the entire first season of the show, the Smoking Man eventually develops into the series' primary antagonist. In his early appearances, he is seen in the offices of Division Chief Scott Blevins and Assistant Director Walter Skinner, Mulder and his partner Dana Scully's supervisors. He works for a government conspiracy only known as the Syndicate, who are hiding the truth of alien existence and their plan to colonize Earth.

The Smoking Man is portrayed by Canadian actor William B. Davis. When Davis first received the role, the character was written as "just another" extra for the pilot episode. He eventually returned for small cameo appearances during the first season, making increasingly more appearances in the seasons that followed. Davis never received an award for his portrayal alone, but he was nominated for ensemble awards.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 12:30:38 am

William B. Davis as the "Smoking Man"
First appearance    "Pilot"
Last appearance    "The Truth"
Portrayed by    William B. Davis
Chris Owens (younger)
Craig Warkentin (younger)
Occupation    Department of Defense
Syndicate member
Men in Black Case Officer
Family    Cassandra (ex-wife)
Jeffrey Frank Spender (son)
Fox Mulder (son)
Religion    Atheist[1]
Birthname    C.G.B. Spender
Affiliated with    Colonist
Central Intelligence Agency
National Security Agency
Federal Bureau of Investigation, The X-Files

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 12:30:59 am
Character arc

Within the series, the birth date of the Smoking Man is never revealed. Much of his background is revealed in the fourth season episode "Musings of a Cigarette Smoking Man," where one of the conspiracy theorists known as The Lone Gunmen claims Smoking Man was born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, on August 20, 1940. This, however, is directly contradicted by the third season episode "Apocrypha," in which a young adult Smoking Man is one of three government agents who interrogate a severely burned submariner in the U.S. Navy Hospital at Pearl Harbor, on August 19, 1953. In that scene, Smoking Man was played by 24-year-old actor Craig Warkentin. Yet according to The Lone Gunmen's chronology, Smoking Man would then have been only 12 years old.

Also in "Musings of a Cigarette Smoking Man," he is said to have grown up an orphan, his father having been executed by electric chair in Louisiana for treason for working as a Soviet spy, and his mother having died of lung cancer from smoking. In 1962, he was stationed along with Bill Mulder at the US Army Special Warfare Center at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. He was known for having a long history in black ops and American intelligence. He was potentially involved in the training of Cuban rebels in the Bay of Pigs. It is also revealed that he personally carried out the assassinations of John F. Kennedy and Martin Luther King as revealed in "Musings of a Cigarette Smoking Man", though the veracity of that episode is somewhat unclear.[2] In his first appearance in the series, he oversees FBI agent Dana Scully's briefing and debriefing, and later disposes of evidence Mulder and Scully had brought back from their investigation of an alien abduction.[3] With the Smoking Man hiding truth from the public, Mulder seeks to reveal it to the public and the truth about the disappearance of his sister, Samantha. This leads to a rivalry that lasts until the end of the series.[4]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 12:31:31 am
In later seasons, it is revealed that he is a member of an unnamed group known as the Syndicate, a shadowy organization within the United States government.[5] The episode "Two Fathers" reveals his birthname or alias as C.G.B. Spender, and that he was formerly married to Cassandra Spender, with whom he had a son, Jeffrey Spender. He recruits FBI Special Agent Diana Fowley to be a subordinate of his because she has a close relationship with Mulder.[6] In "One Son", Jeffrey finds out that his dad, the Smoking Man, forced his mother Cassandra to undergo medical treatments that led to several nervous breakdowns during his childhood years. When the Smoking Man finds out, he seemingly kills Jeffrey. Knowing of the colonization plan, the Alien rebels return to Earth to try to persuade the Syndicate to join their side against their war with the Colonists. Not believing in the strength of the Alien rebels, the Syndicate members meet at El Rico Air Base to be transported to a spaceship to survive the colonization. But the rebels appear instead of the Colonists and kill all remaining chief members of the Syndicate. Together with Fowley, he escapes the destruction of the Syndicate.[7] Later in the sixth season, there is more evidence that suggested that the Smoking Man is Mulder's biological father. Eventually in "The Sixth Extinction II: Amor Fati", Fowley comes in disagreement with him. Because of his plans to kill Mulder, Fowley helps Scully in her investigation to locate Mulder, which leads to her death. After the destruction of the Syndicate, the Smoking Man started to operate as he wished.[8] However, his cancer resurfaced, and he became wheelchair-bound. In the end, Alex Krycek and Marita Covarrubias betray him in the episode "Requiem", throwing him down a flight of stairs, where they presume him to be dead.[9]

Until the ninth season episode "William", the Smoking Man is presumed dead until Spender reappears. It is learned that his attempted murder of his son failed, which led him to subject his son to terrible experiments.[10] In the series finale, "The Truth", Mulder and Scully travel through remote New Mexico and reach a pueblo where a "wise man" reputedly lives. It is in fact the Smoking Man. He is shown to be in the same condition as when he disappeared, but has degenerated further. He lives a primitive life in hiding from the "New" Syndicate. He tells Mulder and Scully all he has left to reveal (including the fact that the aliens are scheduled to invade in 2012), and shortly after is finally killed by a missile shot from a helicopter ordered by Knowle Rohrer.[11

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 12:32:21 am

Kim Manners, a director of several X-Files episodes, said that the Smoking Man was the show's version of "Darth Vader.[4] Some X-Files fans have categorized the Smoking Man as "evil", making him out to be the villain. Carter on the other hand, once called him "the devil", which was received mixedly by fans. Other fans, along with the portraying actor, see him as a "hero", as he is forced to make choices others do not.[12]

On the surface, it may seem that the Smoking Man merely tries to hide information from Fox Mulder and Dana Scully, but there is much more to him. He is involved in the Syndicate, a shadow organization which includes members of the United States government that exists to hide from the public the fact that aliens are planning to colonize Earth. Smoking Man often ruthlessly protects the secrets of the conspiracy, and serves as the main antagonist to Mulder, who has an equally consuming devotion to reveal the truth in the first seven seasons.[13] Although his actions can be described as monstrous for the most part, his stated justification is a desire to prevent the alien colonization for as long as possible, and he is at times shown working towards that goal, particularly in connection with developing a vaccine to protect people from the "black oil", a parasitic agent which the alien Colonists use to propagate themselves.[7]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 12:32:48 am

"I tried to put myself in the character’s shoes and see the world from his point of view. After all, villains don’t think they are villains."
— William B. Davis talking about his character.[14]

When first cast for the role, portraying actor William B. Davis thought a show about the paranormal wouldn't last for long.[15] Before joining The X-Files cast, Davis had not smoked a cigarette in twenty years. For the first two episodes he appeared in, he smoked "real" cigarettes, but later changed to herbal cigarettes, giving the reason that it was "dangerous" for his health.[16] In at least one early script draft from the "Pilot", a Special Agent named Lake Drazen is present at the meeting near the start of the episode, having chosen Dana Scully (Gillian Anderson) for an assignment to evaluate the validity of Fox Mulder's (David Duchovny) work on the X-Files. The scene was eventually deleted and replaced, many staff members hints to that Drazen became the Smoking Man.[17]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 12:33:09 am
Kim Manners said that it seemed all the prominent pieces created for The X-Files were created by "accident". According to Manners, Davis was nothing more than an extra leaning on a shelf. At the start, the producers of the show were not sure about making the Smoking Man the main antagonist. Paul Rabwin commented once that he didn't know if Davis could handle the role, because he was not sure if he was a "good enough" actor for the role. Manners later commented that Davis knew that the Smoking Man had two different characters, the first being the one played by Davis and the second was the cigarettes. He further stated that the cigarette smoke could tell a "whole story" by itself, thanks to Davis' talent.[4]

Fans of the series were active in debating if the Smoking Man was actually dead after the events of the season five premiere "Redux". In his first response, Chris Carter said he had left clues in the episode, and he later officially announced that the character would appear in The X-Files movie. In one of his last comments on the matter, he said "Not that we haven't brought deceased characters back before, in flashbacks or more paranormal ways. The great thing about The X-Files is that anything can happen."[18]

The Smoking Man is the only character in the series, in addition to Mulder and Scully, to appear in both the first episode, "pilot" and the last, "The Truth" of the series. Portraying actor William B. Davis was listed as CIA Agent in the first season episode "Young at Heart", instead of his usual character, the Smoking Man. Actor Chris Owens for a time portrayed the Smoking Man as a young man in flashbacks. He later plays his son, Jeffrey Spender.[19] Young Cigarette Smoking Man was first played by Craig Warkentin, with Davis's voice dubbed over in "Apocrypha".[20]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 12:33:32 am

While not being nominated for any of his work alone on The X-Files, William B. Davis and several other cast members were nominated in the category "Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series" by the Screen Actors Guild Awards in 1997,[21] 1998[22] and 1999 but did not win.[23] The character was regularly voted "The Nastiest Villain" on television polls during the 90s. According to portraying actor, the character had garnered protest from "pro-smokers".[24] Entertainment Weekly writer Jennifer Armstrong cited the character as an example of the old tradition of only having "bad guys" smoking on television.[25]

Davis was included in Entertainment Weekly's list of the 50 Biggest Emmy Snubs, the list's author saying that the presence of the "Cigarette Smoking Man" was as important as "black oil, alien implants, and Scully's skepticism".[26] The Malaysian newspaper the New Straits Times called the Smoking Man one of the most "intriguing" character of the show.[27] However, Christianity Today said that the mystery behind the Smoking Man had evaporated by the late season episodes.[28] Likewise, Ken Tucker from Entertainment Weekly felt that "the monotonous evil of Cancer Man" had "become actively annoying" in later seasons of the show, being that his lurking presence did not seem as mysterious anymore.[29] Salon reviewer Jeff Stark felt the show was at its best when you "didn't exactly know the motivations of the Smoking Man".[30]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 12:33:57 am

   1. ^ Silber, Kenneth (October 27, 2000). "'Requiem' Resurrects X-Files Mythology". Space. Retrieved July 11, 2009.
   2. ^ "Musings of a Cigarette Smoking Man". Glen Morgan, Writ. Glen Morgan. The X-Files. Fox Home Entertainment. No. 7, season 4.
   3. ^ "Pilot". Robert Mandel, Writ. Chris Carter. The X-Files. Fox Home Entertainment. No. 1, season 1.
   4. ^ a b c Spotnitz, Frank, Carter, Chris, Shiban, John , Manners, Kim and Gordon, Howard among others. (2004). Threads of Mythology. [DVD]. Fox Home Entertainment.
   5. ^ "The Erlenmeyer Flask". R.W. Goodwin, Writ. Chris Carter. The X-Files. Fox Home Entertainment. No. 24, season 1.
   6. ^ "Two Fathers". Kim Manners, Writ. Chris Carter & Frank Spotnitz. The X-Files. Fox Home Entertainment. No. 11, season 6.
   7. ^ a b "One Son". Rob Bowman, Writ. Chris Carter & Frank Spotnitz. The X-Files. Fox Home Entertainment. No. 12, season 6.
   8. ^ "The Sixth Extinction II: Amor Fati". Michael W. Watkins, Writ. David Duchovny & Chris Carter. The X-Files. Fox Home Entertainment. No. 2, season 7.
   9. ^ "Requiem". Kim Manners, Writ. Chris Carter. The X-Files. Fox Home Entertainment. No. 22, season 7.
  10. ^ "William". David Duchovny, Writ. David Duchovny, Frank Spotnitz & Chris Carter. The X-Files. Fox Home Entertainment. No. 16, season 9.
  11. ^ "The Truth". Kim Manners, Writ. Chris Carter. The X-Files. Fox Home Entertainment. No. 19 & 20, season 9.
  12. ^ Kowalski and B. Davis 2007, pp. 142–143.
  13. ^ Tomashoff, Craig (December 5, 1999). "Television/Radio; Where Have the Confident, Happy Heroes Gone?". The New York Times. Retrieved July 6, 2009.
  14. ^ "Exclusive interview – William B. Davis". Expedientes X. Retrieved July 11, 2009.
  15. ^ Doherty, Brian (October 22, 2009). "An Interview". Space. Retrieved July 11, 2009.
  16. ^ Nuytens, Gilles (October 11, 2005). "Interview with William B. Davis". The Sci Fi World. Retrieved July 11, 2009.
  17. ^ Carter, Chris, Anderson, Gillian, Duchovny, David, B. Davis, William and Williams, Steven. (1998). Inside The X-Files (Season 5). [DVD]. Fox Home Entertainment.
  18. ^ Baldwin, Kristen (November 21, 1997). "Dead Man Smoking?". Entertainment Weekly.,,290362,00.html. Retrieved July 12, 2009.
  19. ^ Carter, Chris. (2005). Audio Commentary for "The Red and the Black". [DVD]. Fox Home Entertainment.
  20. ^ Carter, Chris and Manners, Kim. (2005). Audio Commentary for "Apocrypha". [DVD]. Fox Home Entertainment.
  21. ^ "3nd Annual SAG Awards Nominees". Screen Actors Guild Award. Retrieved July 10, 2009. [dead link]
  22. ^ "4nd Annual SAG Awards Nominees". Screen Actors Guild Award. Retrieved July 10, 2009. [dead link]
  23. ^ "5nd Annual SAG Awards Nominees". Screen Actors Guild Award. Retrieved July 10, 2009. [dead link]
  24. ^ Rampton, James (February 7, 1998). "Where there's smoke...". The Independent. Retrieved July 12, 2009.
  25. ^ Armstrong, Jennifer. "TV smoking makes doctors gag". Entertainment Weekly.,,254432,00.html. Retrieved July 12, 2009.
  26. ^ "50 Biggest Emmy Snubs: No. 50-26". Entertainment Weekly.,,20213197,00.html. Retrieved July 11, 2009.
  27. ^ "Trust Is Out There...". New Straits Times. February 11, 1998.,2906134&dq=cigarette+smoking+man. Retrieved July 12, 2009.
  28. ^ Hertz, Todd (January 1, 2002). "Opinion Roundup: Is The Truth Out There?". Christianity Today. Retrieved July 12, 2009.
  29. ^ Tucker, Ken (May 16, 1997). "The X-Files (1993 - 2002)". Entertainment Weekly.,,287949,00.html. Retrieved July 12, 2009.
  30. ^ Stark, Jeff (January 16, 2001). "The X-Files: Fight the Future". Salon. Retrieved October 17, 2009.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 12:36:54 am
Marita Covarrubias (AKA "UN Blonde", typically pronounced as "unblonde") is portrayed by Laurie Holden. Covarrubias becomes an informant to Fox Mulder after the death of his former source, X. Assistant to one of the Special Representatives of the UN Secretary General, she is a mysterious character with little known background, though it is known Cigarette Smoking Man (CSM) was her direct superior.[60] She is somewhat more reluctant than Mulder's previous informants, often only offering information when approached by him, however at times her help proved invaluable to Mulder's quest for the truth – a cause she once mentions she supports.[61]

During the fifth season, the Syndicate discovered that Marita had betrayed them and was providing information to Mulder. As a result, she was used as a guinea pig for the vaccination that the Syndicate had been developing to fight the black oil after she became infected with it.[32] The tests, having been conducted on Marita for about a year, disfigured her. In the following season, Covarrubias is spotted by Mulder at a decontamination facility. She is later discovered by Jeffrey Spender with whom she pleads to help her escape the facility, addressing him by name as well as giving him information about the whereabouts of his mother. Alex Krycek, also present at the facility, declines to help the pair, and leaves Covarrubias for dead.[24][34]

Later in season 7, she returns, having been restored to normal, presumably in exchange for helping the Cigarette Smoking Man. At his request, she sets off to secure Krycek's release from a foreign prison and informs the newly released Krycek of the ailing CSM's imminent demise. After the pair returns to the United States, CSM informs them of his plans to have the pair reinstate the conspiracy and sends them off to track down a downed alien craft. She and Krycek contact Walter Skinner and Mulder to inform them about the alien spaceship, and later turn on the Cigarette Smoking Man pushing him down a flight of stairs, presuming him dead.[52]

In the series finale, Skinner seeks Marita as his star witness in Mulder's murder trial. After Skinner fails to track her down, a ghostly image of X hands Mulder a scrap of paper with Marita's new address scribbled upon it. She is soon called upon to testify, and speaks about her involvement with the conspiracy to some extent. However, when Skinner pushes for further information about the continuation of the conspiracy, Marita clams up, and at Mulder's request, is dismissed from the witness chair out of fear that if she divulges certain information, she would be killed.[28]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 12:38:57 am

Laurie Holden promoting The Mist at the 2007 Comic Con

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 12:39:30 am
Deep Throat is portrayed by American actor Jerry Hardin. It is suggested in "Musings of a Cigarette Smoking Man" that his real name is Ronald.[58] Deep Throat first appears in the episode "Deep Throat", warning agent Fox Mulder of the danger he is in, and later offers to help him. He subsequently becomes Mulder's covert information source. Whenever Mulder needs Deep Throat's help, Mulder places a black light lamp in his window. This is similar to how the real-life reporter Bob Woodward would "call" his informant known as Deep Throat during the Watergate scandal, in which he claimed to move a potted plant on his balcony a certain way to signal a meeting.[62]

During the first season of The X-Files, the paternal-like Deep Throat provided Mulder and Dana Scully with information they would have been otherwise unable to obtain, leading to some interesting investigations. Being a member of the then-unseen Syndicate, he was in a position to know a great deal of information. Generally, Deep Throat used his power to help Mulder, though without jeopardizing his own security, and so his information was sometimes vague and needed to be decoded by Mulder. Deep Throat felt that the truth the Syndicate kept secret from the public needed to be known, and believed Mulder to be the one person capable of doing so.[14] However, Deep Throat had at least once provided Mulder with false information in order to divert him, later explaining that he believed the public was just not ready to know some truths.[41]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 12:40:01 am
During the Vietnam War, and while still part of the Syndicate, Deep Throat worked for the Central Intelligence Agency. When a UFO was shot down over Hanoi by the US Marines, the surviving extraterrestrial was brought to Deep Throat who, following Syndicate policy, executed it. He later claimed that his assistance of Mulder is his way of atonement for what he had done. He also stated that he was "a participant in some of the most insidious lies and witness to deeds that no crazed man could imagine". He became disillusioned with the Syndicate, although -- unlike Bill Mulder or Alvin Kurtzweil -- remained a member.[41]

In the first season finale of The X-Files, "The Erlenmeyer Flask", Mulder was taken hostage by a group of Men in Black operatives,following his investigation into an alien-human hybrid program. Fearing for Mulder's life, Deep Throat helped Scully gain access a high containment facility, where she managed to secretly remove a cryogenically preserved alien fetus for use as collateral in saving Mulder. In the subsequent meeting between the operatives and Deep Throat, he was gunned down by a Syndicate assassin, the Crew Cut Man, on orders from the Smoking Man. Deep Throat was buried at the Arlington National Cemetery.[59]

After his death, Deep Throat was succeeded by X, who also becomes somewhat of an informant to Mulder.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 12:40:29 am


Jerry Hardin as Deep Throat in The X-Files.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 12:41:53 am
First Elder

The First Elder is portrayed by Don S. Williams. He was a high-ranking member of the Syndicate. His exact position in the Syndicate was unclear, especially in regard to the Well Manicured Man, though at times he seemed higher-ranking than the Smoking Man. He contacted Scully in person while Mulder pursued evidence of an alien autopsy on a train.[56] He also obtained photographs taken by X of a meeting between The Smoking Man and Teena Mulder as proof that one of the Smoking Man's henchmen was a traitor. The First Elder set up a trap to reveal the identity of the traitor and dispatched an assassin to kill him. Sure enough, X fell for the trap and was executed.[57]

After Mulder shot Department of Defense agent Scott Ostlehoff in his head to obscure his identity, Mulder and Scully used the situation to effectively fake Mulder's death. CSM spoke with the First Elder at a horse track about Mulder's death, which CSM saw as unfortunate and unhelpful. However, the fact that Mulder was alive soon became known to both men, upon which the First Elder ordered one of his operatives to carry out a specific task. The operative followed CSM as he tried to recruit Mulder to work with the Syndicate, watching their movements through the scope of a sniper rifle. Shortly after the discovery of Scott Blevins' betrayal, the First Elder's operative shot CSM, who had been holding a photograph of Mulder and his sister.[12] He was killed along with the rest of the Syndicate by a group of Alien rebels in 1999.[34]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 12:59:21 am
Second Elder

The Second Elder is portrayed by George Murdock. He is a member of the Syndicate. While it was never made clear what power the Second Elder held in the Syndicate, it is clear that he did not have the same power as the First Elder or Conrad Strughold. He seemed to be a skeptic and wanted to collaborate with the Colonists since he did not believe in the Alien rebels. The Second Elder made his first appearance in "The Red and the Black" in season 5.[32] The Well-Manicured Man showed photos of the Faceless Rebel to the Syndicate Elders at the hospital. The First Elder and Second Elder discussed what appeared to be self-mutilation, but deduced it was some sort of protection against the black oil. The rebel was the lone survivor of a crashed spacecraft at a military base in West Virginia. Already possessing the Russian vaccine obtained by Alex Krycek, the Well-Manicured Man and the Elders realize that their ultimate goal of stopping the alien invasion (whilst maintaining the facade of assisting it), may be achieved by creating an alliance with the alien resistance. To test the effectiveness of the vaccine, Marita Covarrubias was injected with it.[60]

The Second Elder's final appearance was in "Two Fathers". The Cigarette Smoking Man called the Second Elder at his home to inform of the Rebel attack. He had called an emergency meeting of the Syndicate and encouraged the Second Elder to attend. The Second Elder indicated that he would catch the next plane, then hung up the phone. Shortly afterward, he was killed by a Rebel, which then infiltrates the Syndicate's meeting disguised as the Second Elder. The rebel in disguise is later killed by Alex Krycek after a failed attempt by Jeffrey Spender.[24]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 01:02:01 am
Third Elder

The Third Elder was a character on The X-Files portrayed by John Moore. He was a high-ranking member of the Syndicate who worked on the so-called "Project" which involved the alien colonists.[45][46] The Third Elder was killed in 1999, along with the rest of the Syndicate, by a group of faceless aliens.[24][34]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 01:02:27 am
Knowle Rohrer
Adam Baldwin, who played the super soldier Knowle Rohrer.

Knowle Rohrer is portrayed by Adam Baldwin. He served alongside Sergeant John Doggett in the U.S. Marine Corps with the 24th MAU (Marine Amphibious Unit) in Beirut, Lebanon. Doggett and Rohrer were friends, but lost touch when Rohrer and Shannon McMahon were taken out of their company to be the first people transformed into Super Soldiers, a new type of alien-human hybrid intended by the alien Colonists as replacements for normal humans.[63]

Knowle continued on with his military career by joining the Department of Defense. The work he did there is unknown, but it is safe to assume that he was involved in classified operations. When Doggett became assigned to the X-Files, he re-established contact with Rohrer.[63][64] Doggett became suspicious of Rohrer when information was given to him from Rohrer that got a man killed, but it was not until Doggett saw Rohrer meet with Alex Krycek that he realized Rohrer was a member of the conspiracy.[19]

In "Nothing Important Happened Today II", he is decapitated by fellow Super Soldier, Shannon McMahon, but owing to his hybrid abilities, manages to then impale her with his arm, and they both fall into a water reservoir, presumably both now dead.[20]

However in the series finale, "The Truth", it is revealed that he survived, when Mulder breaks into Mount Weather. Rohrer chases down Mulder, and in the ensuing scuffle, Rohrer plummets onto some power lines. Mulder is then taken into military custody and put on trial for Rohrer's supposed death. Eventually, Mulder breaks out with the help of Alvin Kersh, and with Dana Scully, headed to New Mexico for a final confrontation with the Cigarette Smoking Man, whom he discovered was still alive. Doggett and Monica Reyes went after Mulder and Scully to warn them that the conspirators knew where they were. Rohrer, alive and well, followed, intending to kill them all (including the Cigarette Smoking Man, who had long since outlived his usefulness to the conspiracy). However, as he approached Doggett and Reyes in the New Mexican desert, Rohrer died from exposure to magnetite. It turned out that the Cigarette Smoking Man figured out that magnetite killed the Super Soldiers, and consequently chose to hide in a pueblo saturated with it.[28]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 01:03:11 am
Bill Mulder

William "Bill" Mulder is portrayed by Peter Donat. William was the father of Fox and Samantha Mulder and husband of Teena Mulder. He was born in California in 1936. As a young man, he began working for the government and eventually the State Department. Among his colleagues were Deep Throat, Alvin Kurtzweil, and the Cigarette Smoking Man.[47] In 1973, the group of men became organized as the Syndicate. As part of the colonization plot, the members of the Syndicate were to exchange a loved one each for an alien fetus. Possession of the fetus would allow the Syndicate to begin development of an alien-human hybrid. Mulder was against this exchange and did not appear at El Rico Air Force Base with a loved one as planned. In order to secure the exchange, an alien spacecraft was sent to retrieve his daughter, Samantha, who had been selected by Mulder instead of his son, Fox. Horrified at his own involvement, Mulder came up with the plan to create a vaccine against the alien virus that would be used during colonization. Even though he got his way and development of the vaccine began,[34] Mulder suffered further personal trauma when he and his wife divorced. He moved from their home in Chilmark to another in West Tisbury, Massachusetts.

In 1994, William planned to divulge all his secrets to his son after encountering a clone of Samantha fleeing an alien bounty hunter. However, the Syndicate learned of his intention to reveal the truth to Mulder, and Alex Krycek was sent to prevent it. Krycek murdered William in his vacation home on Martha's Vineyard.[50]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 01:03:41 am
Toothpick Man
Dale at the 2008 BAFTA Television Awards.

Toothpick Man is portrayed by New Zealand actor Alan Dale.[65] His role in the series was the leader of the New Syndicate. During the ninth season he worked within the FBI.[21] He is noted for consistently fiddling a toothpick. Although he appeared human, he was exposed to be an alien by Gibson Praise in the final episode (albeit the viewing audience was earlier shown the characteristic alien bumps on the back of his neck at the end of the season nine episode "Providence").[21][66]

Toothpick Man was created to replace The Smoking Man (portrayed by William B. Davis), who had been written out at the end of season 7. He had access to the President of the United States, as can be seen in a deleted scene of the final episode.[67]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 01:04:32 am
Well-Manicured Man

The Well-Manicured Man (abbreviated to WMM) is portrayed by English theatre and film actor John Neville. The Well-Manicured Man was featured on the show from 1995–1998. He is an English member of the Syndicate, a shadow organization within the United States government that exists to hide from the public the fact that extraterrestrials are planning to repopulate the Earth. He is an important member of the Syndicate, along with The Smoking Man and The Elder, and was a friend of William Mulder earlier on in his life.[45]

The Well-Manicured Man prefers subtlety to brute force, and will attempt to manipulate those in his way before using physical violence. Although the Syndicate's goals are opposed to those of Fox Mulder and Dana Scully's, WMM will, at times, aid them with clues or information, believing that letting out a certain amount of information would help to keep the two close, and consequently allow for them to be controlled.[45] WMM openly despises the Cigarette Smoking Man, seeing him as too impulsive, violent, and as generally unprofessional. The two maintain a bitter relationship within the Syndicate throughout the series. In season 5, Well-Manicured Man takes under his wing Alex Krycek, an MIB operative who previously worked for, then had a falling out with, the Cigarette Smoking Man.[61]

In the 1998 feature film The X-Files: Fight the Future, when Scully is infected with the alien virus and taken to Antarctica as part of the above-mentioned repopulation program, it is WMM who, having grown disillusioned with the Syndicate, gives Mulder the coordinates needed to find her and a sample of the vaccine needed to cure Scully. Shortly after this meeting, during which he reminded Mulder to "Trust no one," he dies in an apparent self-inflicted car explosion, his last act being one of altruism. His only known subordinate was Alex Krycek. He also owned a large estate in Somerset, England.[43]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 01:09:02 am

X is portrayed by Steven Williams. X was a high-ranking member of the Men In Black (MIB), a group of operatives used by The Syndicate to carry out their dirty work. X first appeared at the beginning of season 2, after he contacts Mulder to tell him he "has a friend at the FBI." X became Fox Mulder's information source after Deep Throat, Mulder's first informant, was executed. X is a subordinate of the Cigarette Smoking Man.

While X's loyalties and his own agenda were often unclear, he has more than once proven that he at least does not want Mulder dead. In the episode "End Game", he is approached by Dana Scully, who pleads that she needs to know where Mulder is, believing his life to be in danger. Initially X refuses, and is subsequently confronted by Walter Skinner, who seemed to recognize X. He relinquishes Mulder's location, though not until after a brief but intense scuffle with Skinner.[55] In the episode "731", X's loyalty to Mulder is further confirmed. Trapped on a train car equipped with a time bomb, Mulder, about to escape, is attacked brutally by an MIB assassin. X fatally shoots the Red Haired Man as he is about to step off the car. X boards the car with only enough time left to save either Mulder or the alien-human hybrid the car was transporting, opting to save Mulder, and carries him off to safety just as the car explodes.[56]

In the season 4 opener "Herrenvolk", X's position as an informant is discovered by the Syndicate. When suspicion arises after the finding of photographs that were taken of Cigarette Smoking Man by X, false information is planted at the First Elder's behest, in order to root out the leak. Attempting to relay the information to Mulder, X goes to his apartment and is surprised by fellow MIB operative, the Gray Haired Man, who fatally shoots him. With his last strength, X crawls to Mulder's doorstep and writes in his own blood "SRSG", meaning "Special Representative to the Secretary General" of the United Nations, and thus, this clue leads Mulder to Marita Covarrubias.[57] After his death, X appears two more times: in The Lone Gunmen origin story "Unusual Suspects," set before his death, and as a ghost in the series finale.[28][36]

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 01:11:33 am
The X-Files (1993–2002)

Season 1

    Third Man: Are you familiar with an agent named Fox Mulder?
    Scully: Yes, I am.
    Third Man: How so?
    Scully: By reputation. He's an Oxford educated psychologist, who wrote a monograph on serial killers and the occult, that helped to catch Monty Props in 1988. Generally thought of as the best analyst in the violent crimes section. He had a nickname at the academy... Spooky Mulder.

    Section Chief Blevins: Are you familiar with the so-called X-Files?
    Scully: I believe they have to do with unexplained phenomena.
    Section Chief Blevins: More or less. The reason you're here, Agent Scully, is we want you to assist Mulder on these X-Files. You'll write field reports on your activities along with your observations on the validity of the work.
    Scully: Am I to understand that you want me to debunk the X-Files Project, sir?
    Section Chief Blevins: Agent Scully, we trust you'll make the proper scientific analysis.

    [Scully knocks at the door to Mulder's office.]
    Mulder: Sorry, nobody down here but the FBI's most unwanted.
    Scully: Agent Mulder. I'm Dana Scully. I've been assigned to work with you.
    Mulder: Oh, isn't it nice to be suddenly so highly regarded. So who did you tick off to get stuck with this detail, Scully?
    Scully: Actually, I'm looking forward to working with you. I've heard a lot about you.
    Mulder: Oh, really... I was under the impression that you were sent to spy on me.

    Mulder: Do you believe in the existence of extraterrestrials?
    Scully: Logically I would have to say no. Given the distances need to travel from the of reaches of space the energy requirements would exceed a spacecraft's capabilities ...
    Mulder: Conventional wisdom...

    Scully: The answers are there, you just have to know where to look.
    Mulder: That's why they put the 'I' in FBI.

    Mulder: ... in most of my work, the laws of physics rarely seems to apply.

    Section Chief Blevins: Agent Mulder. What are his thoughts?
    Scully: Agent Mulder believes we are not alone.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 01:12:13 am
Deep Throat [1.1]

    Scully: So?
    Mulder: So you and I are going to the Spud State to investigate a little kidnapping.
    Scully: I don't get it, Mulder. Does this have something to do with an X-File? I thought you only liked those... uh... paranormal-type cases. Am I missing something here?
    Mulder: Let's just say this case has a... distinct smell to it. A certain... paranormal bouquet.

    Deep Throat: Leave this case alone, Agent Mulder.
    Mulder: What?
    Deep Throat: The military will not tolerate an FBI investigation.
    Mulder: Who are you?
    Deep Throat: I, er, can be of help to you. I've had a certain interest in your work.
    Mulder: How do you know about my work?
    Deep Throat: Well, let's just say that I'm in a position to know quite a lot of things, er, things about our government.
    Mulder: Who are you? Who do you work for?
    Deep Throat: It's unimportant, I came here to give you some valuable advice. You are exposing yourself and Agent Scully to unnecessary risk, I advise you to drop the case.
    Mulder: I can't do that.
    Deep Throat: You have much work to do, Agent Mulder, don't jeopardise the future of your own efforts.

    Mulder: So, what did you make of Uncle Fester, down the block?

    Scully: Sucker!

    Scully: You believe it all, don't you?
    Mulder: Why wouldn't I?
    Scully: Mulder, did you see their eyes? If I were that stoned -
    Mulder: Oooh... if you were that stoned, what?
    Scully: Mulder, you could have shown that kid a picture of a flying hamburger and he would have told you that's exactly what he saw.

    Mulder: Tell me I'm crazy.
    Scully: Mulder... you're crazy.

    MIB: [tapping on window] Please, step out of the car.
    Mulder: [to Scully] You think if maybe we ignore him, he'll go away?
    MIB: [tapping on window] Please, step out of the car.
    Mulder: [to Scully] Guess not.

    Deep Throat: Mister Mulder, why are those like yourself, who believe in the existence of extraterrestrial life on this Earth, not dissuaded by all the evidence to the contrary?
    Mulder: Because, all the evidence to the contrary is not entirely dissuasive.
    Deep Throat: Precisely.
    Mulder: They're here, aren't they?
    Deep Throat: Mister Mulder, they've been here for a long, long time.

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on September 27, 2011, 01:13:49 am

The set in The X-Files containing Fox Mulder's office

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on October 17, 2011, 12:12:55 am

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on October 17, 2011, 12:16:21 am

"I Want to Believe" poster

    * History

The "I Want to Believe" poster.
MulderAdded by Mulder

The "I Want to Believe" poster was a poster that included an image of a UFO and could often be found on the wall of Fox Mulder's office. (The X-Files, The X-Files: I Want to Believe)

Mulder originally acquired his "I Want to Believe" poster from a head shop on M Street. (TXF: "Chinga") He had obtained the poster and attached it to the wall of his basement X-files office shortly prior to March 1992. (TXF: "Pilot") This poster was destroyed by a fire in the office in 1998. (TXF: "The End") However, Mulder acquired a replacement poster stating "I Want to Believe" that was almost identical to his previous one and attached it to the same wall. (TXF: "Alpha") In 2002, the poster was the only thing not cleared out of the office but was left lying on the room's floor. (TXF: "The Truth") In 2008, Mulder stuck the poster to a wall of his home office in rural Virginia. (The X-Files: I Want to Believe)

A copy of this poster can be seen in Blaine Faulkner bedroom during an interview from José Chung (TXF: "Jose Chung's From Outer Space).

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on October 17, 2011, 12:18:51 am

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on October 17, 2011, 12:19:15 am

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on October 17, 2011, 12:20:02 am

'Far away from here, the Truth is' - in Navaho

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on October 17, 2011, 12:20:40 am

Title: Re: The X-Files
Post by: Equantez on October 17, 2011, 12:21:06 am