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Search for the Sacred => World Religions => Topic started by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 06:01:57 pm

Title: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 06:01:57 pm

                                T H E   R E L I G I O N   O F   S P I R I T U A L I S M

Spiritualism is not as is commonly believed, a sinister cult meeting in darkened rooms to “call up the dead” but an officially recognised religious movement with its own churches and Ministers, who possess the same rights and privileges as other religions.

Proof of Survival

Spiritualism is in itself a religion in that it embodies the main ideas of all religions that there is a life after death, an immortality and the existence of a God. The difference between Spiritualism and other religions is the ability through mediumship to provide evidence that man survives the grave; that is to say certain people called mediums are able to communicate with those who have passed over, thus furnishing evidence of their continued existence in another world. Mediums cannot call up these people as one would a friend on the telephone, they come to us, but only when they are ready, willing and able so to do.

The philosophy of Spiritualism is based on seven fundamental principles.

1. The Fatherhood of God.
2. The Brotherhood of Man.
3. The Communion of Spirits and the Ministry of Angels.
4. The Continuous Existence of the Human Soul.
5. Personal Responsibility.
6. Compensation and Retribution Hereafter for all the Good or Evil Deeds done on Earth.
7. Eternal Progress Open to every Human Soul.

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 06:04:24 pm

Not Anti-Christian

Spiritualists are often accused of being atheists or anti-Christian. Spiritualists are not anti-Christian any more than they are anti-Jewish, anti-Hindu or anti-Moslem. Spiritualism is a universal religion recognising such leaders as Buddha, Mohammed, Moses as well as Jesus. Another major difference between Spiritualism and the orthodox Christian religion is embodied in our fifth principle, which is Personal Responsibility. We do not accept that Jesus died on the cross to save us from our sins. We hold that no one can do this but ourselves. We are given free will and the ability to distinguish between right and wrong and we alone are responsible for all our thoughts and actions.

God not Vindictive

Further, we do not believe in a vindictive God sitting in judgement over us. We are our own judges here and now and we shall receive compensation or retribution for whatever we have done, whether good or bad. Heaven and Hell are not places to which we are destined to go, but states of mind of our own creation.

We do not automatically become spiritual when we leave this world. We shall in fact, retain our earthly characteristics while the opportunity will be given throughout eternity to make spiritual progress and so undo any wrongs we committed on earth, for both free will and personal responsibility will still be with us in the world to come.

We are living in a material age in which orthodox religion has lost its impact. Any religion therefore which can successfully overcome this materialist influence must be scientific, and Spiritualism is just that. It has turned the pious hope of a hereafter into a scientific fact. The advent of the spirit of man into this world and in the course of time, his transition to another world is a scientific fact proved by mediumship.

We do not expect you to accept these things blindly but we do invite you to prove our claim for yourself.

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 06:07:30 pm


What is a Medium?

Mediums are ordinary people who have through training developed their natural psychic ability to enable them to communicate with the Spirit world.

There are three main types of mediumship, mental, physical and healing. The reason for so many forms of mediumship is because our friends in the spirit world will use whatever means they can to get through and help us to understand the truth of everlasting life.

Mental Mediumship

Mental mediumship is by far the most common and falls into two categories, perception and control. First perception, in this the spirit communicator works through the medium’s mind and he is able to see, hear or sense, pictures, sounds or feelings. They will perceive them either subjectively or objectively. In the controlled state the medium will go into trance, this will enable the Spirit control to speak through the medium or to do automatic writing. For a more detailed explanation of mental mediumship click on the 'Mental' button.

Physical Mediumship

Physical mediumship is now quite rare, possibly because it takes many years to develop. This is a more direct form of mediumship as everyone present will witness the same phenomena. Spirits can speak directly with their own voice or even materialise for all to see, objects can also be levitated and moved around the room with no visible means of support. For a more detailed explanation of physical mediumship click on the 'Physical' button.

Healing Mediumship

Among the great forces of Spiritualism is healing the sick either by personal contact, “the laying on of hands”, or through absent healing, in which patients are treated often at great distances, through the power of prayer.

Many people have been successfully treated. Although no healer can guarantee results, it will usually alleviate suffering, ease a passing, and possibly effect a cure. Spiritualist healing is not faith healing. If you think about it, babies or our pets cannot have faith, yet they can all benefit from Spiritualist healing. For a more detailed explanation of Spiritualist healing theory click on the 'Healing' button.

Classification of Mediumistic Phenomena

The following flowchart will help you to understand how the above mentioned phenomena operates in relationship to each other.

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 06:09:38 pm


Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 06:20:41 pm

                                                 M E N T A L   M E D I U M S H I P

Mental mediumship can be divided in to two main categories, perception and control.


Control mediumship is more commonly known as trance mediumship. The medium has the ability to allow the mind of a Spirit person to blend with their own to such an extent that they can assume a certain degree of control over the medium. As this is through the mind, the medium will always to some degree influence what takes place. It is easier for the Spirit control to use what is there than to bring through something that is completely original. It is only with the more developed trance mediums that this takes place.

We can allow the Spirit people to control us for a number of different purposes: healing, speaking, writing, painting or for the production of physical phenomena (for more on physical phenomena go to the Physical Mediumship page).

Healing mediumship in the trance state allows the Spirit doctors to use specific energies to a degree that is not possible in the normal state of consciousness. The relationship between the medium and the Spirit control will have a direct and proportional effect upon the quality and effectiveness of the healing energies.

Speaking or allowing a Spirit control to speak through us whilst in the trance state gives us access to divine inspiration on an ongoing basis. Over the last 150+ years we have had an immense amount of philosophy, guidance and encouragement from those that love us and want to help us to live more spiritual lives.

Writing whilst being controlled is called automatic writing. The Spirit author controls the mediums hand to write, sometimes in their own handwriting, or in mirror writing. It is possible for the more developed automatic writing. mediums to have both hands simultaneously writing. in mirror writing by two different Spirit controls.

Painting in the trance state is similar to writing in that the hands are controlled. The end result can be quite spectacular in that pictures in the style of the great masters can be produced with great speed.

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 06:26:49 pm


The main purpose of mediumship is to provide evidence of survival. The most common way this is done is through this type of mediumship, perception. The medium perceives information through their psychic senses, the general term is clairvoyance. However, Spiritualist mediums use the term clairvoyance in a more specific way (clear-seeing), for they also use the terms clairaudience (hearing) and clairsentience (sensing or feeling).

In this way they will gather information form someone in the Spirit World and relay it to someone here. Usually it is someone you have known like a close relative. This is done either in a public demonstration, during one of our church services, or as a private sitting with the medium where they can go into far more detail.

It must be accepted that we cannot prove life after death. What we can do is provide a weight of evidence that for the individual concerned, is proof to them. By communicating with someone in the Spirit World a medium can pass on a sufficient amount of information about them to provide that evidence.

The mediums first job is to identify who they are to communicating with. They will will do this by providing enough information about them to eliminate everyone else you have ever known.

However, if all of this information is about them before they died, then is does not prove that they have survived. So, the second job is to give some information of events that have happened since they died. We call this 'knowledge of recent events' and it gives us proof of ongoing existence.

If you already know all of the information that has been given, then it could have come from your own mind, and again does not prove life after death. There needs to be a piece of information that you do not know the answer to. If you then research it and find out that it is also true, it provides further evidence.

To complete our communication there also needs to be a pertinent message, or reason for coming. This may simply be to say "I love you", or could be something far more detailed.

When you have all of the above elements in place we have to ask ourselves "what is the most likely single source of all of this information?" Spiritualists hold it to be from those we have know who have survived the event called death and simply want to tell us so.

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 06:28:42 pm


Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 06:31:18 pm

                                                  P H Y S I C A L   M E D I U M S H I P

Spiritualism was founded upon physical mediumship. In 1848 two young girls, who later became world famous physical mediums, established communication with the spirit of a murdered peddler. They were Margaret and Kate Fox, they did this by establishing a code via rappings, or what is technically called percussion.

The above event that took place at Hydesville in New York state, USA was a breakthrough. It established that not only does the human personality survive death, but under the right conditions it is possible to communicate. From that moment onwards there was an explosion of physical phenomena right across North America, finally reaching England in 1852.

For any kind of phenomena to be categorised as physical it must impinge upon one or more of the five physical senses, ie. you must be able to see it, hear it or feel it etc. and everyone present will witness the same event. Over the 150 plus years since Hydesville there has been a vast array of phenomena produced by the Spirit world, there now follows a list of some of them:


 An apport is a physical object that has been dematerialised in one location, transported to another and re-materialised. The two pictures on the right are the front and back of an apport that was materialised at Stansted Hall in April 2002 through the mediumship of Minister Judith Seaman. It measures about 2½ inches square, and is made from card. It was a "present" for one of the Italian students from her sister in the Spirit world. In the previous week, under similar conditions a feather was apported. The unusual feature of the feather was it's incredibly strong perfume.

I can personally attest to both of these apports as I was sat next to Judith when they were produced. Judith's spirit control, Amy, called forward the recipient from the audience, extended Judith's hand palm down, and as the recipient placed their hand beneath, it simply appeared there.

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 06:33:17 pm

Direct Voice

 For the spirit world to be able to speak to us using their own voice they have to able to vibrate the physical atmosphere. As they do not have a physical body they have to find an artificial way to do this. One way is to create an artificial voice box out of ectoplasm (see picture right) this enables them to talk to us as they once did when they lived upon the earth.

Because the voice box can very often be small and very quiet, the assistance of a trumpet is often used to not only amplify the sound but also to direct to the person they wish to speak to. A seance trumpet is a cone of aluminium about 2 feet long (60cms) by making the voice box in the small end it will act as a simple megaphone and amplify the sounds.


Ectoplasm is a substance taken from the mediums body and according to Arthur Findlay, mixed with an etheric substance. This enables the spirit controls to affect physical matter. Depending upon the way it was developed it is very often light sensitive. For that reason many seances are held in either total darkness or a low red light.

Ectoplasm is extruded from the medium through any opening, very often through either the mouth, ears or nostrils. The picture (left) shows Jack Webber with ectoplasm streaming from his mouth. Also see picture above where it is coming out of one of his ears to produce a voice box for direct voice phenomena.

In 1990 I was present at a seance with Gordon Higginson at Stansted Hall when ectoplasm started to come from the solar plexus area as a thin cloud. It then condensed and formed into two arms complete with hands.

The picture on the right shows an ectoplasmic rod about to levitate a table.

Ectoplasmic phenomena is now very rare. One of the reasons for this is the very long time it takes to develop. It can also be quite hazardous for the medium. On several occasions the physical medium Helen Duncan had her seances raided by the police to try to prove fraud. When they tried to grab hold of the materialised forms the ectoplasm withdrew so rapidly back into her that it caused internal haemorrhaging. She died of heart failure ten days after her last seance was disrupted in this way.

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 06:35:06 pm

Independent Voice

Independent voice phenomena differs from direct voice in that it is not connected to the medium by way of an ectoplasmic rod, also a trumpet is not required. Voices are simply heard as if coming from midair and can be from any point in the room.

One of the most powerful voice mediums was Etta Wreight. She came from the USA to England in 1913 to demonstrate her mediumship. Records of these seances are contained in the book 'The Voices' by Vice-Admiral Usbourne Moore. At some of her seances she had up to three trumpets and independent voice operating simultaneously.


Levitation is the movement of objects without normal means of support. This can be done by either psycho-kinetic energy (telekinesis) or by the use of ectoplasm. The picture shows a table in midair during a seance.

Probably the most amazing example of levitation was through the mediumship of D.D. Hume. On over 100 occasions during the 1860's and 1870's he was levitated up to the ceiling and often around the room above the heads of the sitters. On one occasion he was levitated out the window of a third story room and in through the window of an adjacent room.


This is probably the most astonishing of all physical phenomena. Although having said that, most of the leading investigators have agreed that the best evidence of survival was obtained through voice phenomena, as they could hold lengthy conversations with the spirit people.

The picture on the left is of the materialised form of Katie King, the medium being Florence Cook. Sir William Crookes was not only allowed to photograph and examine her, he was even allowed to cut a lock of her hair. This lock of hair is currently owned by the SNU and is kept in their museum at Stansted Hall.


Percussion, or as it is commonly known as raps, is how it all started in 1848. Raps or knockings can be clearly heard from any point in the room. Crawford who investigated Kathleen Golliger, stated that raps would vary in intensity and volume from very quiet taps right up to "sledge hammer like blows" that could be heard out in the street.

By establishing a code, for example one rap for "Yes" and two for "No" it is possible to ask questions. In a similar way I once had a conversation via a bedside lamp. It would flash once or twice in response to my questions. Progressing on from this simple code you can then try the full alphabet to get more detailed answers. You start reciting the alphabet, "A, B, C..." etc. and when you get to the letter they require they rap.

As you can imagine, this is very slow and laborious. Having communicated this way I can see why it was essential to progress onto more speedy ways of communication. But, it all had to start somewhere and this is the simplest and easiest to develop.

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 06:38:27 pm

Slate Writing

Two miniature blackboards that were used by school children were joined together by hinges. This enabled them to be closed like a book. A minute piece of chalk could then be placed in the cavity that is formed in the middle, it would then be bound and sealed. The medium would hold the sealed slates in his had, the lights turned out and after a few minutes back on. When the slates were unsealed and opened there would be writing on the boards in the hand of whoever was communicating. Some examples of these slates can be seen in the SNU museum at Stansted Hall.

Spirit Painting

David Duguid, a Scottish medium, had a remarkable gift for creating spirit paintings. He could hold a small card, sometimes only measuring 4" x 3" (100mm x 50mm), between his hands and in less than two minutes a small but very detailed picture would be produced.

You have to see these to truly understand how incredible they are. The SNU has several originals in their museum at Stansted Hall.


A transfiguration medium has a 'mask' of ectoplasm formed over or just in front of their face. This then moulds in to the face of a spirit person that should be recognised by someone present.

As you can see from the above list, which is by no means complete, those from the world of Spirit who wish to help us will use any means possible to get through to us a very simple message: "There is no death".

Minister Steven Upton

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 06:41:31 pm


In simple terms it is a form of mediumship that allows people in the Spirit world to direct healing energies to people here in the physical world. These energies have the capability to affect the human form on all levels, physical, mental, emotional and spiritual.

Whilst it is difficult to find evidence to support our claims, we should always strive to do so. The following diagrams are scans of someone's eyes. The 'Before' scans taken on the 18th March 2003 and the 'After' taken on the 22nd April 2005. In April 2005 the person concerned was a student on a trance healing course being held at the Arthur Findlay College, Stansted Hall.

During the course she was demonstrated upon in front of the other students. She was also present when her husband had a trace healing sitting. Over the succeeding days she noticed a change in her vision and decided to have a new scan.

The 'Before' eye scan clearly shows that the vision was severely reduced with only the centre part being reasonably good. This condition is known as 'Tunnel Vision'. The 'After' scan shows that she now has normal vision.

The following graphics speak for themselves, she was diagnosed as incurable, she now has normal vision!

The healing energies that we believe caused the above eye corrections came from God. This is nothing new; they always have been and always will be available to those who have the ability to allow this to happen. The phenomena of ‘healing hands’ has been written about for many thousands of years, you only have to read the Bible to see this.

I believe that everyone has the ability to access these energies to some degree. However, as with all natural abilities some will have a greater ability than others.

I have been working with and studying healing mediumship since 1977. I believe that the crucial factor in this process is the relationship between the medium and those in the Spirit world who access the energies at the source. If we accept that the Spirit doctors are experts, then all we need to do is learn how to simply allow them do it.

I further believe that the relationship between the medium and the Spirit healer will have a direct and proportional effect on what can be achieved for the patient. The whole purpose of the exercise, is to be of service to God, the Spirit world and the patients that come before us.

So, what is the healing mediums job? As strange as it may sound it is not to try to heal people. If you focus your attention on the patient, you will simply give your own energy, and we call that magnetic or psychic healing. This is a simple transference of vital energy from you to the patient. It will uplift and give them a boost, but it is non-specific and will only have a general uplifting effect. Further if you do this over an extended period of time you will deplete your own reserves and become quite tired and run down.

The mediums job is learn how to raise their vibrational rate to get a link with the Spirit doctor. Therefore the focus of attention is not on the patient, but exactly the opposite, on the Spirit world. I was once asked what my feelings were towards the people that see me for healing. My answer surprised many, until I explained why, for I stated that during the actual process of healing I become so disassociated from the patient that I have absolutely no feelings or thought for them at all, I simple could not careless!

If the mediums job is to simply link with the Spirit world, how do we do this and once we learn that, how can we develop it? The answer to that lies through personal development groups and training courses. For more information as to when and where these are being held click on "Where We Are" button on the left or email me.

As the mediums ability develops they are able to access more and more effective and profound energies. This in turn has a greater healing effect upon the patient. The following chart shows 7 levels of healing mediumship.
©2005 Steven Upton | |

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 06:43:35 pm


Post by: unknown on July 14, 2007, 06:45:22 pm
Thank you Bianca...

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 07:05:31 pm

Unknown, you are welcome!

I'm surprised to see you here.  Were you aware of all of this?

Post by: unknown on July 14, 2007, 07:27:08 pm
Hi Bianca

I can't say that I was aware of all of this... but I personally know that healing is a gift of the spirit...
through personal experience, family stories and through the wondrous gift of the written word... which has let me dive into the accumulated knowledge and experience of centuries and beyond.

Although our modern system has downplayed the role of spirit in health, ie. the witch doctor/shaman/spiritual healer it has begun to make a comeback in the psychiatric field in a round-about way.  The work of Mesmer and the healing power of sonambulists has been overlooked for far too long.

Oh woopy do... the big cheese can't even spell sonambulist, OK it's somnambulist, thank you Mr. Webster!

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 07:39:28 pm

So, Unk, you seem to understand when I tell you "I'm sending you light"?

Post by: unknown on July 14, 2007, 07:47:24 pm
Hi Bianca

Yes, I am not entirely unknowning... even though my handle is I think I have something of an intuitive grasp of these things... I have experienced kundalini in a limited sense and have studied meditation, yoga and tai chi... The fire in the belly is very real. I am naturely introspective and of a mellow disposition, so perhaps that makes something of a difference.

I don't remember where I read about sending light... actually I think it was passed on to me by word of mouth, but I remember the technique quite clearly. The individual draws light into their mind, focuses it into a orb, concentrates upon the individual he or she intends it for and then pushes it out to them through the third eye... through the forehead just above the eyes.

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 08:05:24 pm

LOL, Unk, you can be so droll.....

Yes, that's just about the size of it.  A healer usually continues the "Therapy" by more or less a
method of "Remote Viewing" by visualization, especially if the subject is not in the same town or
city.  Having a picture helps......

Love and hugs,

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 08:42:09 pm

           F R E Q U E N T L Y   A S K E D   Q U E S T I O N S   A B O U T   S P I R I T U A L I S M

Does Spiritualism believe in God?

YES! Absolutely. Spiritualism lets you define God in your own personal way. Spiritualism does not dictate that God be a person on a throne or even a person at all. Your definition of God is personally yours, and Spiritualism recognizes that. It is certainly possible to have a religion that does not define God, because there is more to Spiritualism than just a definition of God.

If you have to have someone define God for you in concrete terms, then you won't be comfortable with this, but nevertheless, Spiritualism definitely believes in God. Spiritualist literature commonly refers to God as "the God of your understanding", or "infinite intelligence". If I haven't made it clear already, let there be no doubt - Spiritualism believes in God.

Does Spiritualism believe in Jesus?

Not the way Christians do. Spiritualism does not believe in the Jesus-as-savior concept supported by many Christian religions. However, Jesus is viewed as one of the greatest mediums that ever lived on the earth plane, and the Bible may be used as a source of inspiration for a lecture, but Spiritualism does not give either Jesus or the Bible a central role. Spiritualism does not limit itself to any particular Spiritualist or other material - it is free to draw inspiration from material found in Christian and other religions provided that there is an appropriate fit.

Does Spiritualism believe in Hell or the Devil?

No and No. This doesn't mean that you can do whatever you want to and still end up in a good place in "heaven". Natural Law has a way of taking care of the "I can do what I want - no consequences" idea that people seem to fear if there is no belief in Hell or the Devil.

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 08:46:18 pm

Isn't communicating with Spirits of the Devil though?

No - no more or less than communicating with anyone else. However, the Spirit people around you are based on the Law of Attraction, meaning that they are spiritually similar to you. So, if you are very mean-spirited, corrupt, and cruel, you will attract the very mean-spirited, corrupt, and cruel spirit people to you.

Becoming a medium involves a lot of responsibility and learning to reach for the highest and best in Spirit communication. Far too many people have made fun and games out of their early attempts at mediumship and then get burned one way or the other. As a result, it is very easy for some to say that it is of the Devil. Spirit communication is NOT to be toyed with, but taken seriously. Under the proper guidance, mediumship can be developed with wonderful, positive results.

What is a medium?

A medium is a person who is sensitive to the vibrations of the Spirit world in some manner. Mediums often communicate messages from people in the Spirit world to us here on the Earth plane. Although there are many forms and expressions of mediumship, mental mediumship is common. The medium is in tune with people in the Spirit world who want to communicate and they speak through the medium to the person getting the message. The medium is the message bearer.

What is a message and a reading?

A message is exactly that - a message. If you get a message from someone, it is a quick communication, as opposed to a lengthy conversation. In the same way, a medium will bring you a message from someone in the Spirit world, which usually lasts a few minutes. A reading is the same thing but longer, about 30 to 60 minutes. The content of a message or a reading is really between the people in the Spirit world and yourself - the medium is the message bearer and provides the avenue for the message to come through.

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 08:49:12 pm

What's the difference between a medium and a psychic?

The primary difference is in how the information is obtained and where it is coming from. The medium's approach is passive. The medium gets information from the spirit people and then gives it to you. The medium is not personally involved in the process. It's like being on the telephone - when you and a friend are talking on the phone line, the actual phone wire is there to make the connection. The phone wire just passes the information through from your friend to you. In mediumship, the medium is the "phone wire" that is passing information through from the spirit people to you.

A psychic's approach is active. The psychic plays an active part in getting the information. Psychics get information by either picking it up from your vibration or they get it from themselves personally, then give it to you. Spirit people are not involved.

Mediums can get information using either mediumship or psychic ability. Psychics get information using their psychic ability only. The statement "all mediums are psychics, but not all psychics are mediums" is an accurate one. Mediums prefer to use mediumship instead of their psychic ability because mediumship can prove the continuity of life. If your aunt is in the Spirit world, and the medium tells you something only you and your aunt knew about then it proves that your aunt does indeed continue to live on in the Spirit world. Additionally, mediumship should be more accurate than psychic ability because the information is coming from the spirit people and not personally from the medium.

People who give readings or messages will generally describe themselves as either a medium (giving spiritual readings) or a psychic (giving psychic readings). Any person who is giving a reading or a message could be doing so mediumistically, psychically, or some combination of both. It is not a simple matter to tell where the reading is coming from and mediums take extra precautions to be sure that the reading is not coming from them personally. Spiritualism focuses on mediumship, but does not discount psychic ability.

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 08:52:51 pm

How do I develop mediumship?

The best way to develop mediumship is to study and take classes. There is no single "right way" to develop mediumship, and it is not as simple as "one, two, three - now I'm a medium and can give messages and readings". Developing mediumship is a personal spiritual endeavor. Your mediumship is an expression of your spirituality. The path you are on to develop mediumship is uniquely yours, which is wonderful. Even though your path is unique, you can share with others and also learn from them. In class, you often learn as much (if not more) from your fellow students as from the teacher.

There are two aspects involved - spiritual unfoldment and mediumship development. Spiritual unfoldment involves learning about spirituality and making improvements to your spiritual life. Mediumship development primarily involves meditation. You can work on both aspects in classes.

Spiritual unfoldment and mediumship development are actually separate from each other. You could develop only one or the other, but you want to develop both. They don't always start developing at the same time. Some people start out very mediumistic and then begin spiritual unfoldment, and others begin spiritual unfoldment and then develop mediumship. The latter case is probably more common. For many people, mediumship comes as a by-product of spiritual unfoldment.

Spiritual unfoldment is important part of mediumship, because your mediumship is an expression of your spirituality. If you are not very spiritually developed, you will attract similarly undeveloped spirits around you, and the quality of your mediumship will reflect that.

Spiritual unfoldment and mediumship affect your personal spiritual life in positive ways. It takes time, usually a long time, to develop mediumship. Each person develops individually, and not everyone becomes a (message giving) medium. It is not considered a failure if you do not become a medium who gives messages and readings. The emphasis is on your spirituality, not merely turning out mediums like widgets on an assembly line.

People don't become mediums in a vacuum. "I can learn it on my own" is not recommended. Doing it on your own without any training or background frequently invites spirits of a lower vibration. Those spirits are often the ones who will lie to you, take advantage of you, play nasty games, and pretend to be whoever you want them to be (often famous figures like Jesus, Mother Mary, etc.). These negative experiences generated by a lack of education, training, and outright fear are usually what people base their arguments against mediumship on.

Genuine mediums always reach for the highest vibration and have good relationships with their Spirit guides and teachers. To develop such relationships you will need guidance, and plenty of it. Classes are the best way to learn. Classes are generally discussion based. Again, you learn as much from the other students as you do from the teacher (if not more). To learn about what vibration is, you should read Spiritualist Basics.*

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 08:55:28 pm

What about the Ouija board, Tarot cards, Astrology and the like?

Spiritualism as a religion generally does not endorse or believe in the Ouija board, Tarot cards, or Astrology as valid methods of mediumship. Spiritualist mediums do not use these methods.

My personal opinion is somewhat different. I believe that the Ouija board is the most misused item there is relating to Spirit communication. My belief is that nearly anything can be used as a method of mediumship if used in a sincere and honest way. This would explain why some people use Tarot cards, Astrology, etc. I think that a medium can use the method that works for them, whatever that method may be. If that happens to be the Ouija board, so be it. My past experience with the Ouija board (long before I became involved in Spiritualism) has been quite positive, and my theory is that you could get valid information this way if you took it seriously and worked with it.

My belief is that the "magic" is not so much in the method used but more in the person using it. If the spirits find that they have to use the cards or whatever in order to communicate with you, then they will use them. The limitation is at your end, not theirs. As you develop spiritually, these limitations tend recede into the background.

Personally, just because the religion of Spiritualism does not endorse or use these methods, I don't look down on them or on people who use them. It does not invalidate those methods either. I just think that you should put the weight of your faith in yourself and your Spirit guides and teachers - the method(s) used are distinctly secondary.

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 08:57:53 pm

Does Spiritualism believe in reincarnation?

Spiritualism as a religion, especially in the United States used to be anti-reincarnation but has recently made an official change to a more neutral position. It is a mixed issue, primarily because people have received conflicting answers and experiences from Spirit relating to reincarnation. Since Spiritualism as a religion used to be anti-reincarnation, I would say that Spiritualism doesn't believe in it. No one has measured it though. Many Spiritualists believe in reincarnation, but no one is running around taking surveys to find out if it is a majority. Believing in reincarnation is not a conflict with Spiritualism, at least not as I see it. The basis of Spiritualism is spirit communication, which says nothing about whether you or the spirit you are communicating with have been reincarnated in the past, present, or will be in the future.

Why would people get conflicting answers from Spirit about reincarnation? I would say that part of the problem could be that the spirit people around you are there based on the law of attraction. Since "like attracts like", Spirit people around you are similar to you. So if you don't believe in reincarnation, you may attract those who also don't believe in it. Naturally, it's not as arbitrary as it may sound, but it may apply.

I would also say that not everyone in the Spirit World has studied or learned enough about reincarnation to say whether it is true or not. It may sound unusual to think of spirit people as having beliefs and that they do not "know everything", but remember that they are people - just like you. When your body dies and you go to the Spirit World, you are still the same person you were on the Earth plane, and that includes your beliefs in God and reincarnation and all the other aspects of your personality.

I think the problem people have with reincarnation is that they think you are recycled endlessly like just so much waste paper, and you have to start out as some type of lower form of life and incarnate upwards from there. I don't buy into that, but my personal belief is that reincarnation does exist. I believe that a person's soul is an entity which has many aspects to it. Those aspects are individual incarnations. I prefer to think of an individual incarnation as an aspect, and the soul as the greater aspect. Individual incarnations are related to the soul in the same way flower petals are to the flower - all connected and integral. You as an individual on the earth plane are one incarnation that is part of your soul, which has multiple (and likely concurrent) incarnations. Some of your incarnations may even be on the earth plane at the same time you are. Incarnations aren't limited to the earth plane - there is the Spirit World and many other worlds an aspect could incarnate on.

A soul chooses an incarnation in order to learn something. While an incarnation may not consciously have all the knowledge of its greater aspect, it does have some access to that knowledge. When an incarnation expires, the knowledge is not lost because it is part of the greater whole, which continues. The physical form that a particular incarnation takes is secondary to the learning that is to occur.

It is a real change of reference to think this way. All your life you have been going along thinking you are a complete individual entity. I suppose that if you asked a flower petal what it thought of itself you would get the same thing. Then you learn that you are an aspect of something larger. It does not diminish my individuality to think of myself this way.

Post by: unknown on July 14, 2007, 09:18:58 pm
Oh by the way Bianca... I am a taoist, just to clarify things.

Also in relation to your last post... reincarnation is the only logical way for a God who upholds justice to exist.

As I said earlier to you, I don't know if you remember, but I believe in a universe that is like the ones the most ancient manuscripts we know of describe, the vedic texts. The idea of a cyclic universe to me is the only kind that makes sense, I believe that the reason man tries to make his universe have a begining and an end is because that is what he experiences in his own life. That he is projecting his own experience onto the universe as a whole.

Am I basing my beliefs purely on instinct or ancient philosophies? No -- it can also be found in some basic postulates of science... ie matter cannot be created or destroyed only changed from one form into another.

Post by: unknown on July 14, 2007, 09:33:04 pm
By the way, Bianca, I am overjoyed that you have turned to this particular subject.

Post by: Bianca on July 14, 2007, 09:53:56 pm


We almost posted at the same time.........

You know, your last post gives me more of what I feel about you.  You are very special to me, you do
know that, don't you?......Reincarnation, again......I am pleased that you're glad I posted this subject.

So many people are so ignorant of others' beliefs, especially at this place and time (of constant Xian
brainwashing, badgering and their "moral values"!)

We are as far removed from Occultism as day and night.  But ignorant people are like that.

BTW, were you aware that the majority of Spiritualists' Spirit Guides are Native Americans?
And that Southwest tribes draw "mandalas" with coloured sands just as the Buddhists do?  There was
a Summit years ago of the Lamas and Shamans and it was just beautiful.  Even spiritually we are ONE,
but the greedy and materialists 'knock themselves out' to keep us separate and at each others' throat.


Post by: unknown on July 14, 2007, 10:12:10 pm
Hi Bianca

The sand mandalas are quite beautiful...

Well I don't know... but I have been told that with my chart it is most likely that I spent many lives here in the americas... I am far to ignorant of astrological principles to understand how this is determined... I think it has something to do with me being a Taurus and our connection to the earth. Anyways I have always had a close relationship with the natural world... I am not comfortable in cities and I find the woods peaceful and energizing... In fact. I think it could be in some way my destiny to remind mankind of his connection to the natural world and how any artificial world he creates will never satisfy...

PS: If my ego was any bigger, I would need crane to lift my fat-head.... lol

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 06:57:49 am


Modern Spiritualism first appeared in the 1840s in the Burned-Over District of upstate New York where earlier religious movements such as Millerism (Seventh Day Adventists) and Mormonism had emerged during the Second Great Awakening. It was an environment in which many people felt that direct communication with God or angels was possible, and in which many people felt uncomfortable with notions that God would behave harshly — for example, that God would condemn unbaptized infants to an eternity in Hell.[1]

Swedenborg and Mesmer

In this environment the writings of Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772) and the teachings of Franz Mesmer (1734-1815) provided an example for those seeking direct personal knowledge of the afterlife. Swedenborg, who claimed to communicate with spirits while in trance states, described in his voluminous writings the structure of the spirit world. Two features of his view particularly resonated with the early spiritualists: first, that there is not a single hell and a single heaven, but rather a series of spheres through which a spirit progresses as it develops; second, that spirits mediate between God and humans, so that human direct contact with the divine is through the spirits of deceased humans.[1]

Mesmer did not contribute religious beliefs, but he contributed a technique, later known as hypnotism, that could induce trances and cause subjects to report contact with spiritual beings. There was a great deal of showmanship in Mesmerism, and the practitioners who lectured in mid-19th century America sought to entertain audiences as well as demonstrate a method for personal contact with the divine.[1]


One can see the excitement experienced by onlookers as the Mesmerist induces a trance. By Swedish painter Richard Bergh, 1887.Perhaps the best known of those who combined Swedenborg and Mesmer in a peculiarly American synthesis is Andrew Jackson Davis who called his system the Harmonial Philosophy. Davis was a practicing hypnotist, faith healer and clairvoyant from Poughkeepsie, New York. His 1847 book The Principles of Nature, Her Divine Revelations, and a Voice to Mankind,[2] dictated to a friend while in trance, eventually became the nearest thing to a canonical work in a Spiritualist movement whose extreme individualism precluded the development of a single coherent worldview.[3]

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 07:01:57 am

Linked to the Reform Movement

Spiritualists often set March 31, 1848 as the beginning of their movement. On that date, Kate and Margaret Fox, of Hydesville, New York, reported that they had made contact with the spirit of a murdered peddler. What made this an extraordinary event was that the spirit communicated through audible rapping noises, rather than simply appearing to a person. The evidence of the senses appealed to practical Americans, and the Fox sisters became a sensation.[3]

Amy Post and Isaac Post, Hicksite Quakers from Rochester, New York, had long been acquainted with the Fox family, and took the two girls into their home in the late spring of 1848. Immediately convinced of the genuineness of the Fox sisters' communications, they became early converts and introduced the girls to their circle of radical Quaker friends. It thus came about that many of the early participants in Spiritualism were radical Quakers and others caught up in the reforming movement of the mid-nineteenth century. These reformers were uncomfortable with established churches because those churches did little to fight slavery and even less to advance women's rights.[4]

Women were particularly attracted to the movement, because it gave them important roles as mediums and trance lecturers. In fact, Spiritualism provided one of the first forums in which American women could address mixed public audiences.[4] Cora L. V. Scott (1840–1923) was the most popular trance lecturer prior to the American Civil War. Young and beautiful, her appearance on stage fascinated men. Her audiences were struck by the contrast between her physical girlishness and the eloquence with which she spoke of spiritual matters, and found in that contrast support for the notion that spirits were speaking through her. Cora married four times, and each time adopted her husband's last name. During her period of greatest activity she was known as Cora Hatch.[4]

Another famous woman spiritualist was Achsa W. Sprague, who was born November 17, 1827, in Plymouth Notch, Vermont. At the age of 20, she became ill with rheumatic fever and credited her eventual recovery to intercession by spirits. An extremely popular trance lecturer, she traveled about the United States until her death in 1861. Sprague was an abolitionist and an advocate of women's rights.[4] Yet another prominent Spiritualist and trance medium prior to the Civil War was Paschal Beverly Randolph, an African American "Free Man of Color", who also played a part in the Abolition movement.[5]

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 07:03:39 am

Physical manifestations and fraud

In the years following the sensation that greeted the Fox sisters, demonstrations of mediumship (séances and automatic writing, for example) proved to be a profitable venture, and soon became popular forms of entertainment and spiritual catharsis. The Foxes were to earn a living this way and others would follow their lead.[3] Showmanship became an increasingly important part of Spiritualism, and the visible, audible, and tangible evidence of spirits escalated as mediums competed for paying audiences. Fraud was certainly widespread, as independent investigating commissions repeatedly established, most notably the 1887 report of the Seybert Commission [6].

Prominent investigators who exposed cases of fraud came from a variety of backgrounds, including professional researchers such as Frank Podmore of the Society for Psychical Research or Harry Price of the National Laboratory of Psychical Research, and professional conjurers such as John Nevil Maskelyne. Maskelyne exposed the Davenport Brothers by appearing in the audience during their shows and loudly explaining how the trick was done. During the 1920s, professional magician Harry Houdini undertook a well-publicised crusade against fraudulent mediums. Throughout his crusade, Houdini was adamant that he did not oppose the religion of Spiritualism itself, but rather the practice of deliberate fraud and trickery for monetary gain that was carried out in the name of that religion.[7]

But despite widespread fraud, the appeal of Spiritualism was strong. First and foremost, the movement appealed to those grieving the death of a loved one: the resurgence of interest in Spiritualism during and after the First World War was a direct response to the massive number of casualties.[8] Secondly, the movement appealed to reformers, who found that the spirits were in favor of such causes du jour as equal rights.[4] Finally, the movement appealed to those who had a materialist orientation and had rejected organized religion. The influential socialist and atheist Robert Owen embraced religion following his experiences in Spiritualist circles. Many scientific men who bothered to investigate the phenomena also ended up being converted. These include the chemist William Crookes, the evolutionary biologist Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913),[9] and the physician and author Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930).[10]

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 07:14:00 am

Widespread but unorganized

The movement quickly spread throughout the world; though only in the United Kingdom did it become as widespread as in the United States.[11] In Britain, by 1853, invitations to tea among the prosperous and fashionable often included Table-Turning, a type of séance in which spirits would communicate with people seated around a table by tilting and rotating the table. A particularly important convert was the French academic Allan Kardec (1804-1869), who made the first attempt to systematize Spiritualist practices and ideas into a consistent philosophical system. Kardec's books, written in the last 15 years of his life, became the textual basis of a religious movement called Spiritism, widespread in Latin countries. In Brazil, Kardec's ideas are embraced by millions of followers today.[12] In Puerto Rico, Kardec's books were widely read by the upper classes, and eventually gave birth to a spiritualist movement known as Mesa Blanca (White Table).

American Spiritualists would meet in private homes for séances, at lecture halls for trance lectures,at state or national conventions, and at summer camps attended by thousands. Among the most significant of the camp meetings were Camp Etna, Etna, Maine, Onset Bay Grove, in Onset, Massachusetts, Lily Dale in western New York State, Camp Chesterfield in Indiana, the Wonewoc Spiritualist Camp in Wonewoc, Wisconsin, and Lake Pleasant in Montague, Massachusetts. In founding camp meetings the spiritualists appropriated a form developed in the early nineteenth century by American Protestant denominations. Spiritualist camp meetings were located most densely in New England and California, but also were established across the upper midwest. Cassadaga, Florida is the most notable Spiritualist camp meeting in the American south.[13]

The movement was extremely individualistic, with each Spiritualist relying on her own experiences and reading to discern the nature of the afterlife. Organization was therefore slow to appear, and when it did it was resisted by mediums and trance lecturers. Most Spiritualists were content to attend Christian churches, and Unitarian and particularly Universalist churches contained many Spiritualists. As the movement began to fade, partly through the bad publicity of fraud accusations, partly through the appeal of religious movements such as Christian Science, the Spiritualist Church was organized, and this church can claim to be the main vestige of the movement left today in the United States.[3]
This photograph from 1906 Chicago shows a group of middle-class women, meeting to discuss Spiritualism. The movement was primarily a middle and upper class phenomenon, and was particularly popular with women.

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 07:18:45 am

Characteristic beliefs, compared with other faiths

Spiritualists believe in the possibility of communicating with spirits. A secondary belief is that spirits are in some way closer to God than living humans, and that spirits themselves are capable of growth and perfection, and can progress through successively higher spheres or planes. The afterlife is therefore not a static place, but one in which spirits continue to evolve. The two beliefs: that contact with spirits is possible, and that spirits are more advanced than humans, leads to a third belief, that spirits are capable of providing useful knowledge about moral and ethical issues, as well as about the nature of God and the afterlife. Thus many Spiritualists will speak of their spirit guides — specific spirits, often contacted, who are relied upon for worldly and spiritual guidance.[3]

Spiritualism emerged in a Christian environment and has many features in common with Christianity: an essentially Christian moral system, a perceived belief in the Judeo-Christian God, and liturgical practices such as Sunday services and the singing of hymns. The primary reason for these similarities is that Spiritualists believe that some spirits are "low" or mischievous, and delight in leading humans astray. Therefore, beginning with Swedenborg, believers have been cautioned to hesitate before following the advice of spirits, and have usually developed their beliefs within a Christian framework.[3]

Nevertheless, on significant points Christianity and Spiritualism are quite different. Spiritualists do not believe that the acts of this life lead to the assignment of each soul into an eternity of either Heaven or Hell; rather, they view the afterlife as containing many hierarchically arrayed "spheres," through which each spirit can successfully progress. Spiritualists also differ from Christians in that the Judeo-Christian Bible is not the primary source from which they derive knowledge of God and the afterlife: their own personal contacts with spirits provide that source.[3]

Spiritualists were fiercely opposed by Christian leaders. Here an 1865 tract equates Spiritualism with Witchcraft, and blames the faith for inducing the Civil War. The tract goes on to berate Spiritualism for its association with Abolitionism.Religions other than Christianity have also influenced Spiritualism. Animist faiths, with a tradition of shamanism, are obviously similar, and in the first decades of Spiritualism many mediums claimed contact with American Indian spirit guides, in an apparent acknowledgment of these similarities. Unlike animists, however, spiritualists tend to speak only of the spirits of dead humans, and do not espouse a belief in spirits of trees, springs, or other natural features.

Hinduism, though an extremely heterogeneous belief system, generally shares a belief with Spiritualism in the separation of the soul from the body at death, and its continued existence. But Hindus differ from Spiritualists in that they typically believe in reincarnation, and typically hold that all features of a person's personality are extinguished at death. Spiritualists, however, maintain that the spirit retains the personality it possessed during its (single) human existence.

Spiritism, the branch of Spiritualism developed by Allan Kardec and predominant in most Latin countries, has always emphasized reincarnation. According to Arthur Conan Doyle, most British Spiritualists of the early 20th century were indifferent to the doctrine of reincarnation, very few supported it, while a significant minority were vehemently opposed, since it had never been mentioned by spirits contacted in séance. Thus, according to Doyle, it is the empirical bent of Anglophone Spiritualism —its effort to develop religious views from actual observation of phenomena— that kept Spiritualists of this period from embracing reincarnation.[16]

Spiritualism also differs from occult movements, such as the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn or the contemporary Wiccan covens, in that spirits are not contacted in order to obtain magical powers (with the single exception of obtaining power for healing). For example, Madame Blavatsky (1831-1891) of the Theosophical Society only practiced mediumship in order to contact powerful spirits capable of conferring esoteric knowledge. Blavatsky apparently did not believe that these spirits were deceased humans, and in fact held beliefs in reincarnation that were quite different from the views of most Spiritualists.[4]

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 07:20:52 am

Developments after the 1920s

Main articles: Spiritualist Church, Spiritualists' National Union, Survivalism (life after death), and Spiritualist Association of Great Britain
After the 1920s, Spiritualism evolved in three different directions. The first of these continued the tradition of individual practitioners, organized in circles centered on a medium and clients, without any ecclesiastical hierarchy or dogma. Already by the late 19th century Spiritualism had become increasingly syncretic, a natural development in a movement without central authority or dogma.[4] Today, among these unorganized circles, Spiritualism is not readily distinguishable from the similarly syncretic New Age movement. These spiritualists are quite heterogeneous in their beliefs on issues such as reincarnation or the existence of God. Some appropriate New Age and Neo-Pagan beliefs, and others call themselves 'Christian Spiritualists', continuing with the old tradition of cautiously incorporating spiritualist experiences into their Christian faith.

The second direction taken by Spiritualism has been to adopt formal organization, patterned after formal organization in Christian denominations, with established creeds and liturgies, and formal training requirements for mediums.[17] In North America the Spiritualist churches are primarily affiliated with the National Spiritualist Association of Churches, and in the UK with the Spiritualists National Union, founded in 1891. Formal education in spiritualist practice emerged in 1920, continuing today with Arthur Findlay's College of Psychic Studies. Diversity of belief among organized spiritualists has led to a few schisms, the most notable occurring in the UK in 1957 between those who held Spiritualism to be a religion sui generis, and a minority who held it to be a denomination of Christianity. The practice of organized Spiritualism today resembles that of any other organized religion, having discarded most showmanship, particularly those elements resembling the conjurer's art. There is thus today a much greater emphasis on "mental" mediumship and an almost complete avoidance of the miraculous "materializing" mediumship that so fascinated early believers such as Arthur Conan Doyle.[18]

The third direction taken by Spiritualism has been a continuation of its empirical orientation to religious phenomena. Already as early as 1882, with the founding of the Society for Psychical Research, secular organizations emerged to investigate spiritualist claims. Today many persons with this empirical approach avoid the label of "Spiritualism," preferring the term "Survivalism." Survivalists eschew religion, and base their belief in the afterlife on phenomena susceptible to at least rudimentary scientific investigation, such as mediumship, near-death experiences, out-of-body experiences, electronic voice phenomena, and reincarnation research. Many Survivalists see themselves as the intellectual heirs of the Spiritualist movement.[19]

See also

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 07:25:27 am

                              R E I N C A R N A T I O N   A N D   S P I R I T U A L I S M

By T Stokes

This topic is at the top of the agenda in many churches at present.

A few points need addressing on the subject.

The occult rule that says; “as above so below” tells that as in the world of nature that comes alive in the spring, and then dies each winter, so it is with man, he must by the same rules perish and then come back.

The birth of Spiritualism as an independent doctrine really began last century, and allying it to Christianity probably ensured its survival, but today when Christianity is failing fast, we need to ensure separation is as painless as possible.

Recent scandals involving the investing of christian church monies into the arms trade, supporting violence in Africa, south American and Ireland, the hiding of sexual predators within its ranks, and the deliberate falsification of archive material, and preferring to see babies in Africa born with AIDS rather that allow birth control have decimated support for Christian sectarianism.

The problem spiritualism has with reincarnation is that if we reincarnate, then where do the mediums messages come from?

And why do intelligent people when dead give so little information of any importance.

Both these questions can be answered by the hagiographers, but outside the main body of spiritualistic doctrine.

However, the main criticism of the reincarnation belief system, comes from modern Christianity, whose teaching is, we only live two lives, this one and the one after.

But Christ was an Essene, who were teachers and believers in both re-incarnation and vegetarianism.

It was Christ’s apostles and followers who proclaimed over and over again about the second coming, in other words Christ’s re-incarnation, and if HE were to come back, why not us?

Of the many bibles that one can study perhaps the Chaldean is the most sympathetic, but even this has been “got at” by the church establishment.

Political correctness is not a modern thing it has always been a weapon to silence dissent, it was used in 325 A.D to edit out reincarnation.

More recently, the “born again” Christians, do not realise that when Christ was asked; “how can we achieve this kingdom of heaven” his reply “you have to be born again” meant just that.

The modern twisting of his words, was not just political correctness, but the more sinister religious correctness, but for what motive ?.

This can be one of the government’s weapons in the psychological operations dept.

(psy /ops) and the twisting of dogma to religious ends is now known as “churchianity”

Religion has always been a great tool to influence the people, Winston Churchill was a master at it.

Christians believe in bodily resurrection which means on the day of judgement, god will call them physically from their graves up to heaven, ( metamsomatosis ) but what of those whose bodies have been blown up, or amputees? Or whose limbs are not all there?

“Remanation” which theologically is the returning to the godhead, is a universal belief, but how is this achieved ?

The Koran tells us ”god sends the souls of men back time and time again until, they be perfect”

Hinduism has so much on reincarnation, it was difficult to think of a particular comment, in fact every major religion bar Christianity teaches it, except modern Christianity.

There is no Christian answer to the question, that if god is this kind, just, loving person we are told he is, then why would he allow one person to be born a cripple, to a life of hunger and poverty, and another a prince, born to a life of luxury and plenty?

Where is the justice in that?

And the truth is he doesn’t choose, we do, we choose what would be best for our soul development, before we are born.

There are arguments in favour of, transmigration, palingenesis, metamsomatosis, metampsychosis etc, but the truth is simple, just as when you look at the oak tree, and it throws down it’s leaves and falls asleep for the winter, and then wakes up for the spring, so do we also, throw down our clothes, and fall asleep, before then waking up.

It was Shakespeare who said that we wear a mask for the brief period of our life, then just take it off to go home, now that does make sense.                           

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 12:53:07 pm

                                            S P I R I T U A L I S T   B A S I C S



Many people associate Spiritualism with psychic readings and "predicting the future". Reactions to this association often range from "it's of the devil" to healthy skepticism to a complete dependence on readings to continue daily living. Many people have a very flat understanding - you go to the medium, get a reading, and that's the end of it.

You're familiar with those movies that show the end of the story in the first 15 minutes and then spend the next hour and a half showing you how everything came together that way? Readings can be compared to the first 15 minutes of the movie. The problem is that many people watch the first 15 minutes and walk away thinking that they know everything they need to know.

The purpose of this writing is to give you the hour and a half that you missed so that you have a more accurate understanding, a greater appreciation for what Spiritualism is, and a clear perspective of how readings and "predicting the future" fit into the overall picture. The purpose is not conversion but exposure. (Spiritualists never convert anybody.) You decide what to believe. You are encouraged to continue your learning beyond this writing and experience things for yourself. Make an effort to understand and don't be too quick to dismiss something that may have value for you. Keep an open mind.

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 12:57:29 pm

The Earth Plane

It is best to start out with square one - the earth plane. This existence that we commonly share is called the earth plane. The cars, houses, roads, grass, trees, streams, towns, cities, countries, mountains, deserts, and oceans, are all part of the earth plane. So is the sky, stars, moon and planets. Everything that is part of your "normal" perception is on the earth plane, man-made or natural.

The Spirit World

There is an existence called the spirit world. The spirit world exists in the same space that the earth plane does and is all around you. Imagine you are standing in a fog. The fog is all around you. Everything else that is normally around you is there also, whether you see it through the fog or not. Where does the fog stop and the "everything else" begin? In this way the spirit world exists in the same space as the earth plane. This is not a perfect analogy but it illustrates the point.

Spirits, Spirit beings or Spirit

People on the earth plane always have people from the spirit world around them. Whether you are Catholic, Jewish, Baptist, Hindu, Christian, Indian, Spiritualist, Buddhist, Moslem, or Atheist, it makes no difference.

Spirits are not normally visible. To continue the fog analogy, someone standing 10 feet away from you in a dense fog can't be seen, although the person is there. Spirit people can be perceived. Sometimes you may actually see a spirit person - often just a face or head, or perhaps the entire body. This appearance may be visible to you only (subjective), or may be for everyone to see (objective). You are not "just seeing things". Spirits can and do show themselves to people on occasion, and when they do, it is usually on a subjective basis.

Who are these people? They are people who have passed over ("died") and are now living in the spirit world. They are commonly loved ones or relatives, but they may be your guides and teachers.

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 01:03:15 pm

Guides and teachers are people who help you learn and grow. Yes, believe it or not, you are not spiritually perfect. If you think you are perfect then you are in sad shape. If you think it doesn't apply to you then you had better wake up and get with it. Everyone is here to learn and your guides and teachers are here to help you.

Life is growth and progression. All those experiences you've had in life that you can't understand or would never want to go through again are a part of that progression. So are those experiences of feeling "on top of the world". Guides and teachers are helping us to learn life's lessons and become better people on all levels - spiritually, mentally, emotionally, and physically (regardless of which religion (if any) you believe in).


The term "Spirit" is used in several ways in Spiritualist literature. Spirit can mean an individual person who is living in the spirit world. Spirit can mean the spirit world itself, or the influence of the spirit world on the earth plane. Spirit can mean God (also called "infinite intelligence" or "the God of your understanding" in Spiritualist literature). The dictionary meaning for spirit is "essence".


There is a quality of the universe called vibration. Every thing and every one vibrates. Vibration can be thought of as being on a scale from low (and slow) to high (and fast). Your vibration is low when you are depressed because you have lost your job or have turmoil in your family. You walk into a room where two people have just had a violent argument and you can "cut the tension with a knife" the vibration is low also. When you get up in the morning, it's a beautiful day and you have that feeling that "everything is perfect" or you are feeling love for someone, the vibration is high.

Vibration is more than your moment-to-moment happiness or unhappiness. When you walk into your aunt's house the vibration is different than it is when you walk into a friend's house or your workplace or a church or an auditorium. The feelings you have are somewhat of an indicator of the vibration.

Things vibrate the same way people do. Buildings, cars, trucks, bridges, roads, houses, hills, mountains, and streams. Rocks vibrate - it is just so slow and solid that you don't normally perceive it.

Animals and plants vibrate. Cats, bats, rats, dogs, hogs, spiders, snakes and elephants. Trees, plants, flowers and grass vibrate too.

Color is vibration - black, red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet, and white.

The God of your understanding is of the highest and purest vibration.

The person you are, the way you treat others (and your self), the things you do (and don't do), and the way you live your life largely make your vibration what it is. Your vibration is built up from life's everyday experiences and how you approach and handle them. Positive thoughts help bring about positive (higher) vibration.

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 01:10:20 pm


The spirit world is of a higher vibration than the earth plane. You can raise your vibration high enough to make contact with the spirit world and the people in it. Conversely, people in the spirit world can lower their vibration and touch down into the earth plane.

Mediums are people who are able to raise their vibration high enough to contact and communicate with your loved ones, guides, and teachers in the spirit world. A medium becomes the message bearer for the guides, teachers, loved ones, and other spirits around you who want to talk to you, let you know that they love you, and help you progress spiritually.

Personal responsibility and Spiritual Progression

Spiritualism teaches that you are responsible for your own happiness and unhappiness. Your happiness and unhappiness are largely determined by how you look at things. Negative things do happen and you have no control over some of them. But you can control your reaction and the point of view you take in dealing with the negative. Besides, an uncontrollable negative in your life today can have a positive affect on other areas of your life years later.

You can make changes to improve yourself and your life, which in turn affect your vibration. Spiritual progression takes time - it doesn't happen in a minute or overnight. You have to make a start in the right direction first. Your guides and teachers will help if you sincerely ask.


Natural Law

How do you progress spiritually? There is a set of rules to live by called Natural Law. In practice, they are like the laws of physics - unbreakable. It is like dropping a glass from your hand - it always falls to the ground. There are no exceptions to Natural Law. The more you live by Natural Law and apply it in a positive way, the higher your vibration. The closer you come to God.

Law of Vibration

You are already familiar with the Law of Vibration - all things vibrate and positive thoughts, positive actions create a positive (higher) vibration.

Law of Attraction

The Law of Attraction states that like attracts like. The simplest way to see this law in action is to look at your self and the people around you. The people you are the most comfortable with and relate to are of a "like mind" in some way. Look for the similarities in the people around you - family, co-workers, and friends - their attitudes, opinions, outlook on life and spiritual makeup. Now think about the people who you can't stand, are very uncomfortable with and don't want to be around unless you have to. See the difference? Like attracts like.

Apply this law with the Law of Vibration. Your vibration is determined by who you are and how you live your life. People with a similar vibration will be attracted to each other (on a spiritual level). If you are a hateful, jealous and cruel person then you will attract people who are hateful, jealous and cruel. If you are a kind, loving, and warm person, then you will attract people who are kind, loving, and warm. The Law of Attraction operates in the spirit world also. You tend to attract the spirit people that are "just like you". As you live your life closer to God (and Natural Law) your vibration raises and people of a higher vibration will be attracted to you both on the earth plane and from the spirit world.

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 01:14:45 pm

You can see the Law of Attraction and Law of Vibration working together when a person makes genuine, positive changes to their life. Alcohol abusers who quit the habit are a fine example. Initially, the abuser's life revolves around getting drunk. Their "drinking buddies" lives also revolve around getting drunk. They are together because they have something in common they can relate to, similar needs, interests, and outlook (i.e. have a similar vibration). When the abuser changes his or her life and stops drinking because they honestly "don't need it" (i.e. have begun progressing spiritually) the drinking buddies fall by the wayside. The abuser is not interested in the drinking buddies (and vice versa) because he or she is "not like them" anymore.

Since the abuser's vibration is now a bit higher and different than the drinking buddies' vibration, the attraction for them is broken. The Law of Attraction hasn't stopped working at all - before long, the abuser will be with other people whose vibration is also "a bit higher". Like is still attracting like.

The Law of Attraction applies primarily to the spiritual and mental realms. In the physical, opposites attract. Although it is not used, it may be clearer to say that the Law of Spiritual Attraction is "like attracts like" and the Law of Physical Attraction is "like attracts it's opposite".

Law of Thought

Have you noticed that people with a negative outlook seem to be surrounded by negativity and negative thinking in general? Think about these people who are chronically miserable - complaining that the world has short changed them, others are always getting ahead faster than they are, and how things could be so much better if only things were done their way instead. Their world is largely a reflection of the negative thoughts that they generate.

Thoughts, both positive and negative, play a large role in your life. Your thoughts and your way of thinking are part of your being and vibration. Everyone is living in an ever-changing sea of thought. The waves, tides, and currents produced by your thoughts has an affect on others (and their thoughts affect you too.)

Don't dismiss this by saying that your thoughts don't have an affect on anything. They do. Negativity, bitterness, and jealousy cast darkness over your being as surely as love, kindness, and compassion spread sunshine. That sunshine (or darkness) affects how you feel and react to things, and is also reflected towards others when you come into contact with them.

Thoughts are very powerful. Thoughts (with feelings behind them) are just as powerful as actions. Your thoughts (and your way of thinking) are the base for your being and vibration. Since "you are what you think" (to a degree), change your thinking for the better and you will change yourself as well. Of course, it won't happen over night, but will change over time.

Your thoughts are not isolated to yourself. You don't think in a vacuum. Thoughts with enough energy behind them can be perceived by others. For instance, how many times has a friend or relative called you on the phone and you tell the person that you had just been thinking about him or her? Or vice versa? You probably just take this experience for granted, but there is more to it. You sent out a thought (most likely subconsciously). Your friend picked up on the thought (most likely subconsciously) and was many miles away from you.

A phone call is a simple example that shows the point, but do not dismiss this whole idea as trivial nonsense. It is not. And it is not as easy as arbitrarily thinking whatever you want and having it immediately happen either. If it worked that way then everyone would be a lottery winner and never have to work again!! There's no "faking" here, be genuine. It bears repeating.

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 01:18:15 pm

Thoughts (with feelings behind them) are just as powerful as actions, and everyone is living in an ever-changing sea of thought. If your friend on the earth plane is sensitive enough to pick up on your thoughts from time to time, you can be sure that the spirit people around you pick up on your thoughts also. Spirits are more sensitive than your friend on the earth plane and can perceive your thoughts more easily.

Consider the implications. Thought can travel any distance and be perceived by others. Thought can become a method of communication. Thought is the basis for Spirit communication. Spirits send a thought which is perceived by the medium and passed onto you.

Both thought and action are subject to Natural Laws. For example, if your thinking and outlook is negative you will draw negativity toward you (through the Law of Attraction). On the other hand, positive thinking and outlook will draw the positive toward you.


Law of Cause and Effect

In physics, for every action there is an equivalent reaction. In spiritual matters there is a similar rule - the Law of Cause and Effect. The common phrase for this is "what goes around comes around". People seem to have a more immediate understanding of this law because they can apply it to the negative. Ask someone about "what goes around comes around" and you will most likely get a story about how they hurt a person in some way or did something that was really rotten and it "came back to haunt" them or an event occurred that "made it all even".

Remember that there are no exceptions. Natural law is unbreakable. You may have done something that was very rotten and think you have gotten away with it. There is absolutely, positively no "getting away with it". It may take a while for the effect to come back to you. It may take years. It may take a lifetime. It may not happen until you have left the earth plane and are living in the spirit world. But come back it will. You may not recognize the connection between the effect and its original cause but there is a link in there somewhere, whether you ultimately learn what it is or not. This includes your thoughts. Keep this in mind when you are about to unduly criticize someone or wish something horrible upon them.

If you have done some of those "really rotten" things and are suffering from the consequences of those actions you are not doomed. Yes, you will have to pay for those transgressions and you won't get out of it. But the Law of Cause and Effect, like other Natural Laws, works in both the positive and negative directions. You can stop the negative thoughts and actions and replace them with positive ones, and before long those positive effects will be coming your way. Start with something simple like a heartfelt "have a good day" to the next person you meet. You don't have to "perform a miracle" in order for this to start working. Remember that Natural Law is always working. Start small and go from there. You will be amazed at the results. You will have a whole new appreciation for "what goes around comes around".

Law of Harmony

When you listen to good music, you appreciate the sound you are hearing and how it all blends together as one. Everything sounds "just right". Often you are not paying attention to this "blending together" as you are listening because the band is in harmony and all the instruments are in tune. But if the piano is badly out of tune and the guitar has a broken string you would notice it. The sound would be off and the music not right until you tuned the piano and replaced the guitar string.

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 01:20:43 pm

Your life is like a band that is always playing music. The song you're playing is the song of your life, a song that is uniquely yours. Your music can be anything - classical, rock, folk, blues, rap, country, jazz, or heavy metal, it doesn't matter, as long as it is in harmony.

The instruments in your band have to be tuned up and work together well to sound best. As you bring more instruments into tune, the music gets better because the overall harmony improves. Musicians are continually tuning their instruments so that they are always sounding their best.

Keeping your instruments in tune and in harmony with each other is an ongoing process. Of course, "stuff happens". You just finished tuning the piano, then the lead guitar snaps a string and one of the drums needs to be replaced. You have that almost finished when someone hands you a new instrument you've never played before.

What are the "instruments" in your band? The important forces that affect your life. Work, school, family, friends, and your love life are some obvious examples. Your thoughts, actions, attitudes and outlook are more subtle examples. Your body is an instrument that needs tuning also - are you eating/exercising/sleeping too much or not enough?

How do you "tune" these "instruments"? By using your awareness. By staying in touch with yourself and responding to your needs. You can start by paying attention from moment to moment. "How much do I want to eat right now?" "Should I go to bed now or stay up for a while longer?"

Overeating is a common example of being out of tune. Your mind is busy telling you to eat and you're not paying attention to the fact that your stomach is getting full and don't need all that much to eat. Bring your eating and sleeping habits into tune by being aware of (and responding to) your needs.

Maintaining harmony in your life is a dynamic, ongoing process. This is not exactly the same thing as balance. The term "balance" implies a teeter-totter with two sides going up and down over a fixed point in the middle. Harmony is more of a smooth flow without any fixed point, a blending.

Take the time and make the effort to bring your life into harmony. Live in harmony with Natural Law. Improving your harmony can affect your vibration in a positive way.


Law of Continuity

The Law of Continuity states that Natural Law is continuous and applies to both the earth plane and the spirit world. Life is continuous. You don't die. Your body does. Your body is a physical thing and you are not. You are spirit ("essence").

What is the shape of water? Shapeless. Water assumes the shape of the container it is put in. When the water evaporates into a cloud, the container can not hold it any longer and is discarded. The cloud used to be water and still is water, although in a changed form.

In the same way, spirit is shapeless. Your spirit is in the container called your body. When you "die" your body can not hold your spirit any longer and it is discarded. You remain the same, although there is a change of form. Your personality, attitudes, thoughts, actions, sense of humor, your "essence" is unchanged.

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 01:23:33 pm

Life is continuous growth and progression, both here and in the spirit world. When you get to the spirit world you are going to keep growing and learning (unless you choose otherwise). Part of that growing and learning may be to teach others the things you have learned (the way your spirit teachers teach you now). Your spirit teachers are teaching and learning at the same time. Some of them may be around you for a while and then leave because they have other people to teach (or need to learn something themselves). Others may be around you for a very long time.

Everyone is always learning life's lessons and becoming better people - leaving the earth plane ("dying") and living in the spirit world is merely one transition in that process. Dying doesn't call everything to a halt. Life is continuous, and so is Natural Law.

Heaven and Hell

Since you don't die when your body does, where do you go? To the spirit world. Is there heaven and hell? No. Not really. Spiritualists don't believe in hell. Everyone goes to the spirit world regardless of what their behavior has been like on the earth plane. No matter what. If you murder 100 people you go to the spirit world. If you save 100 people you go to the spirit world too.

So what's the difference? Why bother improving your life if you are going to go to the spirit world anyway? Because in the spirit world there are many, many places. Remember that the Law of Attraction works in the spirit world just like it does on the earth plane - you will attract people "just like you". If you are of a lower vibration (murdered 100 people) then you will go to a place that is in harmony with that vibration and you will be with people who are just the same way you are. This doesn't mean you will like it or that it will be pleasant. You will not be able to visit the people and places of a higher vibration either, although people may come to see you. You will still have to learn those same things that you refused to learn (or ignored completely) on the earth plane if you want to change your vibration and progress spiritually.

This is not hell and is not eternal damnation. You always have a choice, and you can change your mind at any time. You can stay where you are forever or you can make an effort to learn and progress. Again, it won't happen in a minute or overnight. Your guides and teachers will be there to help you.

What about haunted houses, ghosts, and poltergeists?
Many people know of someone who says that their house is haunted and has had a variety of unusual events occur. Normally, you "die" and go to the spirit world. Some people die but don't go to the spirit world - instead they stay around the earth plane. These people may not accept or realize that they're "dead" and frequently stay in places familiar to them such as houses and the like. All spirits can affect the earth plane in various ways and frequently these "earth-bound" spirits make themselves known as they go about their business. Some are quite harmless and others are not. Spirit loved ones may not be able to get through to tell the earth-bound spirit person that they should be in the spirit world instead. There are mediums on the earth plane who perform rescue work. The medium works with other spirits to help bring the earth-bound person to the spirit world.

The continuity of life

Life is eternal and life is progression, on the earth plane and in the spirit world. Learning is continuous. There is no finality to what you have learned. You may know very much and be living your life in harmony with Natural Law, but soon enough you will pick up something new to add to what you already know. You can always learn more.

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 01:25:54 pm

The beauty and wonders of the spirit world are many. There are buildings and grass and trees and flowers and music and art and literature and science. Colors are very rich, more so than on the earth plane.

Your spirit guides and teachers are always ready to help you grow spiritually. There are more Natural Laws than what is covered here and much more that you can learn. Remember that when a medium comes to you with a message, it is coming from the spirits around you. The spirits around you are based on the Law of Attraction and the medium is the message bearer.

The beauty and wonders of the spirit world are many. There are buildings and grass and trees and flowers and music and art and literature and science. Colors are very rich, more so than on the earth plane.

Your spirit guides and teachers are always ready to help you grow spiritually. There are more Natural Laws than what is covered here and much more that you can learn. Remember that when a medium comes to you with a message, it is coming from the spirits around you. The spirits around you are based on the Law of Attraction and the medium is the message bearer.

Messages and Readings

Just what is a message and a reading? You get a message when you are sitting in the congregation and the medium working on the podium comes to you. The medium will say that they want to come to you, wait for an acknowledgment from you that it is OK to do so, and then give you a message from Spirit.

Here is a typical example. The chairperson calls a medium to the podium. The medium then calls on the first person Spirit wants to give a message to - "Can I come to the gentleman in the back with the green shirt please?" If you are the person in the green shirt, acknowledge the medium by saying "thank you", "hello", "welcome", or something similar. Try not to use the medium's name as this can be distracting. The medium will say thank you and then begin the message from Spirit; for example "I have a short woman here with long blond hair, possibly an aunt who passed into Spirit through a heart condition ...". If you recognize the aunt say so. If you know it is your cousin instead say that it's your cousin. The spirit person is identifying herself or himself for you, not the medium. A typical message is 5-10 minutes long. When the medium has finished giving the message say "thank you". The medium may give one, two, or several messages (to different people) before the next medium is called to the podium.

A reading is not really different than a message. A reading is done privately with yourself and the medium, so there is no need to identify you out of the congregation. Readings are longer, typically 30-60 minutes.

Remember that in both messages and readings, the medium is only the message bearer. The medium will often ask if the information being given is making sense to you so they can give you more. The medium is making sure that the information is being received clearly. The meaning of the information is strictly between you and Spirit. Mediums know that it is none of their business and are not interested in your personal affairs.

Medium (or Spiritual) and Psychic readings

The primary difference between a medium and a psychic is the way information is transmitted to the person. The medium's approach is passive. The person becomes the pathway for the information to come through, and the information is coming from people in the spirit world, not from the medium personally. A psychic's approach is active. The person plays an active part in getting the information - it may be picked out of the surrounding vibration or come from the psychic personally.

People who give readings will generally describe themselves as either a medium (giving spiritual readings) or a psychic. Any person giving a reading or a message could be doing so mediumistically (passive), psychically (active), or some combination of both. It is not a simple matter to tell where the reading is coming from and mediums take extra precautions to be sure that the reading is not coming from them personally.

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 01:28:39 pm

Both are valid ways of getting information, but in Spiritualism the major emphasis is on mediumship. Mediumship is preferred because the information is coming from spirits in the spirit world, and not from the medium personally. As a result, messages and readings should be more accurate and not clouded by what the medium personally thinks or feels.

Being a medium (or psychic) is a very large responsibility and typically takes years to develop. You do not have to be "born with it". Every person has the basic capability, although few develop it. Anyone can pick up a French horn and make sound, but only a few will learn to make beautiful music with it. Becoming a medium (or psychic) is the same way.


Predicting the Future and The Continuity of Life

Isn't predicting the future what this is all about anyway? No. The main reason spirits come back to the earth plane through mediums is to prove the continuity of life, although they may come back to offer help too. So many people believe in life after death but don't give it any real thought. People don't fully realize that you, your personality, your being actually continue after your body dies. Your friends and loved ones in spirit are coming back to let you know that they love you and are OK. The continuity of life is proven when the medium gives you something in a message that uniquely identifies the spirit - when you know who it is, without a doubt.

The "something" that spirits will use to identify themselves can be most anything - their name, occupation, how they passed from the earth plane into Spirit, their relationship to you, their peculiar hairstyle or dress, a favorite dish they used to like to cook, their quirks and habits, special things they did with you on the earth plane, how they met you, or just about anything, even if it's funny or ridiculous. The point is to let you know who they are.

Spirit can more accurately predict the future than you can because they have a better vantage point. Imagine yourself in a car at night, driving down the road. It is snowing hard and you have your headlights on but you can't see very far. The snow hitting the windshield has a mesmerizing effect. A large tractor trailer passes right by you without a problem, just like it was noontime on a sunny day.

The truck driver has a better vantage point to see the road from. The truck driver is sitting far above the headlights and isn't mesmerized by the view of the snow hitting the windshield. The view from the seat in the truck is much better than down in the car.

Spirit has a better perspective to see where you are heading in your life. Spirit can see where the road you are on will most likely take you. Why most likely and not absolutely? Because you have the freedom of choice. You can change your mind about things and take a path that leads into something entirely unexpected at any time. But Spirit will be right more often than not.

Remember that people in the spirit world are often guides. Because they are guides it is appropriate to ask them to help you find your way, but you should not live your whole life clinging to them (and getting readings every day) for every little decision that comes up. How would you feel if you had someone continually asking you silly questions every day - "Should I eat eggs for breakfast or cereal instead?" "What should I have for lunch then?" "Do I wear the green dress today or the blue one?" Keep it in perspective. Remember that spirits are people just like you. Be grateful that they are there to guide and help you.


Messages and readings are a form of mental mediumship. The medium raises his or her vibration and allows Spirit communication through in the form of thought. Spiritual healing is a

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 01:39:43 pm

form of both mental and physical mediumship. The healer raises his or her vibration and allows spiritual healing energy to come through. This energy can have positive mental and/or physical effects.

Spiritual healing can reduce pain and suffering, lessen or eliminate symptoms, and promote quicker recovery. The positive healing energy that comes from Spirit through the healer is very powerful and can cure ailments and diseases, oftentimes after medical science has given up and the patient comes to the spiritual healer as "a last resort". But spiritual healing is not a substitute for seeing a doctor.

There should be no contest between medical science and spiritual healers (although you may hear differently). Each have the same goal, which is to restore and promote health. This is not an either-or proposition - no one says you must use one method exclusively over the other. Use them both for your benefit. Don't discredit either one. When you find what works for you go with it. Remember that every body is unique - what helps you may not work at all for someone else.

How does this work? There is a lot of positive energy freely available to everyone in the world. Where does this positive energy come from? Positive thoughts and actions are a source of positive energy. This is true and not just something to be scoffed at. Your thoughts and feelings are energy. This positive energy can be focused, producing positive results. The healer is the pathway for the energy to come through.

The spirits around the healer (who are healers themselves) also come through the healer to work on the person in need. The healers in the spirit world are doing the work, the healer is just providing the avenue for them to come through.

How does healing take place? You sit down on a comfortable chair (like a padded piano stool) and just relax. The healer stands behind you and places their hands close to you (they typically touch very little). The healer often works through the aura to promote healing. The healer will start at the top of your head and work down your back and shoulders, then come around the front and work the kneecaps and shin down to the ankle. The healer will work on the areas that need it according to Spirit's directions. The healer will often hold your hands for a few moments and/or talk with you just before the healing is completed. Be sure to say thank you.

Healing can also take place without the person who needs it being physically present. This is called absent healing. When the healer is in a meditative state, the healer can become the pathway for the positive healing energy to flow, which can be sent forth to anyone anywhere.

Healing, like other types of mediumship, can be taught, and some people will find it easier to develop than others. Healers can obtain various credentials (although it is not absolutely necessary). Healers can become commissioned through the National Spiritualist Association of Churches (NSAC). Other Spiritualist organizations offer certifications or commissions as well.

There are many different methods of healing beyond what is described here. Spirit works with each healer in their own way. Spiritual healing could be best described by the Prayer for Spiritual Healing. The first part is said with the focus on yourself and the second part with the focus on others:

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 01:43:58 pm

What is a Spiritualist Church like?

Spiritualists sing hymns and listen to the lecture (sermon) and take a collection the same way other religions do. There are some significant differences though.

A healing service often takes place before the regular service. When the regular service begins, the healing list is read. The healing list is a list of people who are in need of some form of healing. If you know someone who is in need of healing, be it physical, mental, emotional, or spiritual, you can put their name on the healing list. The list is read before the congregation, who are asked to focus their thoughts and to see the people on the list in perfect health. The Prayer for Spiritual Healing is then read aloud.

The Declaration of Principles is also read aloud. After a few short announcements the lecture begins. Lectures are commonly about the applications of Spiritualism to daily living and are very down-to-earth and easy to understand. Many lectures are often based on quotations from the Bible or other inspirational works.

After the lecture, the message service begins. Mediums are called one at a time to the rostrum (podium) and give messages to people in the congregation. The service concludes with a hymn and a closing prayer.

Spiritualism is not Christianity

Spiritualism is considerably different from Christianity - God is not defined as a super-being that sits on a throne and watches over you. Spiritualists do not worship God in that sense. God is defined as the "God of your understanding." There are no symbols like the cross that Spiritualists pray to. The sunflower is the symbol of Spiritualism but is not prayed to either.

Some Christian religions consider Spiritualism to be the work of the devil. This idea just doesn't make sense - Spiritualism expresses a belief in God, promotes healing, and brings communication from our loved ones in the spirit world.

No one has to be saved to become a Spiritualist, and Spiritualists don't go out saving anyone. The Spiritualist viewpoint about saving is very straight forward. Save your self now. You are responsible for your own happiness and unhappiness.

Jesus and the Bible

The major focus of many Christian religions is on Jesus' life with the disciples, his crucifixion, death, and resurrection. The stories of Jesus' accomplishments are told and retold many times. Spiritualism does not have any one person (or experience) whose story is told and retold and made the major focus of the religion. Spiritualism does not believe in Jesus as the savior of the

* National Association of Spiritualist Churches (

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 01:53:57 pm

world. Spiritualism does not believe that Jesus is any more (or less) the son of God than anyone else. Remember that You are Spirit, and Spirit is God. Jesus is Spirit, and Spirit is God. Spiritualism views Jesus as a human being - one of the greatest mediums that ever lived on the earth plane.

The Bible is filled with many stories that relate to Spiritualism. There are many examples of Spirit communication (which is a basic tenet of Spiritualism) in both the Old and New Testament. Spiritualists may use the Bible as the basis of a lecture, but the Bible is not given a central role in like it is in many Christian religions.

Spiritualism as an Institution

Spiritualism can be looked at as having three main parts - a belief in God, Natural Law, and spirit communication. Spiritualism is called a religion, a philosophy, and a science.

Spiritualism is a Religion

Spiritualism believes in God. God goes by several names such as Infinite Intelligence, Mother Father God, or most often the "God of your understanding". Spiritualism does not define God in any particular manner - if you were to ask every Spiritualist what God is you would get a different answer for each person you spoke to, but a general consensus might be that God is an ever-present, positive force in the universe. A belief in Spiritualism often does not require you to change your view of or definition of God. Spiritualism has been called a "religion of conviction not conversion".

Spiritualism is a Philosophy

Spiritualism believes in Natural Law, which provides a basis for a philosophy of life. The Declaration of Principles is a general set of principles that Spiritualists believe in and go by. The principles are not dogma or creed.

Declaration of Principles  *

1. We believe in Infinite Intelligence.

2. We believe that the phenomena of Nature, both physical and spiritual, are the expression of Infinite intelligence.

3. We affirm that a correct understanding of such expression and living in accordance therewith, constitute true religion.

4. We affirm that the existence and personal identity of the individual continue after the change called death.

5. We affirm that communication with the so-called dead is a fact, scientifically proven by the phenomena of Spiritualism.

6. We believe that the highest morality is contained in the Golden Rule: "Whatsoever ye would that others should do unto you do ye also unto them."

7. We affirm the moral responsibility of the individual, and that we make our own happiness or unhappiness as we obey or disobey Nature's physical and spiritual laws.

8. We affirm that the doorway to reformation is never closed against any human soul here or hereafter.

9. We affirm that the precepts of Prophecy and Healing contained in all sacred texts are Divine attributes proven through Mediumship.

Spiritualism is a Science

Science is concerned with the collection of observations and facts, and Spiritualism also concerns itself with the collection of observations and facts regarding spiritual communication

* National Association of Spiritualist Churches (

Post by: Bianca on July 15, 2007, 01:56:33 pm

and spiritual phenomena. Spiritualism does not believe that everything is already known and set in stone.

There is much to learn about the spirit world and spiritual phenomena. Spiritualism is willing to accept new facts and new truths as they come up, even if they refute present thinking and ideas. Spiritualism is one of the few religions that is willing to ask questions, encourages people to do so, and will honestly admit that it doesn't know when necessary.

Spiritualists don't often concern themselves with trying to prove spiritualism to the scientific community. The scientific community largely believes in lab experiments, which in many cases are nearly useless in relation to spiritualism and spiritual phenomena. Lab experiments are supposed to approximate natural conditions. Spiritual phenomena occurs under natural conditions not approximately natural conditions.

The rationale often used by the scientific community is like using a flashlight to prove that darkness exists. You shine the flashlight in an area and say that you are looking for the darkness. All you can see with the flashlight is the light it produces. You therefore conclude that there is no darkness because you can't see it with the light.

There is a variety of case studies, some experiments, and physical evidence that you can look at regarding proof of spiritual phenomena. Weeding out the counterfeit phenomena is important. Phony phenomena has only aggravated and confused matters. The best proof comes from your own experiences.

Spiritualism is a continuous learning experience. There is much studying and reading you can do to increase your understanding. As far as proof is concerned, it is up to each individual to prove it to him or her self. Be objective. Ask questions and be skeptical. Some of the finest Spiritualists are also among the most skeptical.


To continue with the movie analogy, you now have the missing hour and a half that you need to make the sense out of the first 15 minutes. The basic story behind Spiritualism is now "rounded out" and (ideally) you have broadened your thinking and perspective. There is more you can learn, much more. Spiritualism can be made a lifelong study. Many books are available on the subject. Classes are the best and most direct way to learn. In class you learn as much from your classmates as you do from the teacher. Make an effort to understand and keep an open mind.

First Spiritualist Temple     

29 Temple Place
East Aurora NY 14052
United States of America

Post by: Bianca on August 08, 2007, 06:35:02 pm

                                                        S P I R I T I S M

This article is about Kardecist spiritism. For the similar movement prominent from 1830-1920 in most

English-speaking countries, see Spiritualism.

Spiritism is a philosophical doctrine akin to Spiritualism, established in France in the mid nineteenth century,
which has become a sort of religious movement. Like Spiritualists, Spiritists believe in the survival of the
souls after death and the importance of eventual communications received from them, but the two
movements claim to be different.


Allan Kardec (1804-1869) Founder of Spiritism. -

Spiritism is based on books written by French educator Hypolite Léon Denizard Rivail under the pseudonym
Allan Kardec reporting séances in which he believed to be conversing with incorporeal spirits. His assumption
was neither original nor uncommon, as such beliefs had numerous followers then (among them many
scientists and philosophers) and séances were carried on very often by his contemporaries, though usually
for recreational purposes. His work was later extended by writers like Léon Dénis, Arthur Conan Doyle, Camille Flammarion, Ernesto Bozzano, Chico Xavier, Waldo Vieira and others.

Spiritism has adherents in many countries throughout the world, including Spain, USA, Japan and Brazil -- the
one with the largest proportion and the greatest numbers of followers.


                                           Allan Kardec (Hippolyte Leon Denizard Rivail)



          BORN IN Lyon, France, on October 3, 1804, of a traditional family, greatly distinguished in the legal profession and court system, Allan Kardec (Hippolyte Léon Denizard Rivail) did not pursue these careers.
From his youth, he was inclined toward the studies of science and of philosophy.

Educated in the renown School of Pestalozzi, in Yverdun (Switzerland), he became one of that celebrated
teacher’s most eminent pupils and one of the most zealous propagandists of the Educational system that
exercised a great influence in the reform of the Educational system in France and in Germany.

Endowed with a notable intelligence, he was drawn to teaching, due to his character and his special
aptitudes. At fourteen, he had already started to teach what he had previously studied, to some of
his schoolmates, who had assimilated less than he. It was at that school that the ideas originated,
which would later categorize him in the class of the progressive and free-thinkers individuals of the day.

Although he had been born under the influence of the Catholic religion, he was educated in a Protestant
country. The acts of intolerance that he witnessed under these circumstances, led him at an early age to
conceive of the idea of a religious reformation, in which he labored silently for many years with the ultimate
 aim of achieving the unification of the faiths. He lacked, however, the indispensable element
for the solution to that immense problem.

Spiritism came to light, at this time, to imprint in his mind the particular direction for future undertakings.

As soon as he completed his studies, he returned to France. Being thoroughly knowledgeable in the
German language, he translated into German a variety of works on education and on morals and,
what is uniquely characteristic of him, the works of Fénelon that had seduced him in an intriguing way.

He was a member of several societies, one of which the Royal Academy of Arras, that, in the competition
of 1831, awarded him notable recognition on the following subject: Which is a system of study more
harmonious with the needs of the time?

From 1835 to 1840, he established, in his home, at Sèvres street, free study courses on Chemistry,
Physics, Anatomy, Astronomy, etc., an accomplishment worthy of commendation at any time, but,
above all, at this time in which only a few illuminated minds dared to follow that path.

Always concerned with making the educational system more appealing and interesting, he invented
the ingenious method of teaching to count and a mnemonic picture of the History of France, with the
objective of fixating in the memory, the dates of major events and discoveries that illuminated each reign.

Among his numerous works to foster education, we will mention the following: Proposed Plan for the
improvement of Public Instruction (1828); A practical and theoretical study of Arithmetic, according
to the methods of Pestalozzi, for the use of teachers and mothers (1824); Classic French Grammar (1831);
A Manual of the Examination for the titles of capacity; Rational solutions to the subjects and problems in
Arithmetic and in Geometry (1846); Grammatical Catechism of the French Language (1848); Program for the
regular courses of Chemistry, Physics, Astronomy, Physiology, which he taught in Lyceum Polimático; Normal
dictations of the examinations of the Municipality and of Sorbonne, followed by Special Dictations regarding
Orthographic Difficulties (1849), an accomplishment highly regarded at the time of its launching and from
which new editions are still been published today.

It can be seen that even before Spiritism had become popularized Allan Kardec through his Celtic pseudonym,
had already become well known, through the varied nature of his accomplishments in the educational system.
His works always had the objective of illuminating the masses and of uniting them better to their respective
families and countries.

About the year 1855, the spotlight focused on the subject of the manifestations of the Spirits, and
Allan Kardec became dedicated to persevering on the observations of that phenomenon, and cogitating
mainly in deducing its philosophical consequences. He could see, at once, that these phenomena were
the beginning of new natural laws: the ones that govern the relationships between the visible and the
invisible world.

He recognized, in the action of the invisible world, one of the forces of Nature, whose knowledge would
throw light on the immense problems that until then had been considered insoluble, and he understood its
reach, under the religious point of view.

His main works written on this subject are: The Spirit’s Book, concerning the philosophical part of the
doctrine, and whose first edition appeared on April 18th, 1857; The Mediums’ Book, concerning the
experimental and scientific aspect (January of 1861); The Gospel according to Spiritism, concerning
moral and ethics (April of 1864); Heaven and Hell, or The Justice of God according to Spiritism (August
of 1865); Genesis, the Miracles and Predictions According to Spiritism (January of 1868); Revue Spirite,
a monthly newspaper of psychological studies, that had begun on January 1st, 1858. On April 1st, 1858
he founded the first Spiritist Society regularly constituted, under the denomination of “Parisian Society
of Spiritist Studies,” whose deliberate objective was the study of whatever could contribute toward the
fostering of this new science. Allan Kardec defended himself with total foundation, for having written
something under the influence of preconceived or systematic ideas. As an individual with a cool calm
nature, he observed the facts and from his observations deduced the laws that govern them.

He was the first one to present the theory regarding such facts and to organize them into a doctrinal
body, methodical and regular.

He demonstrated that the facts, which previously had erroneously been considered supernatural, were
actually subject to the universal laws. He classified them under the phenomena of Nature, thereby
eliminating the last refuge of the wonder and one of the elements of superstition.

During the first years of the introduction of the spiritist phenomena, they were considered more an
object of curiosity than of serious meditation. The Spirit’s Book caused the subject to be considered under
a totally different aspect. The turning tables that had merely been a prelude were discarded, and people
started to pay greater attention to the doctrine, that embraces all the subjects of interest for Humanity.

The date of the launching of The Spirit’s Book, was the foundation of Spiritism, which until then, had only
counted on scattered elements, without coordination, and whose reach most people could not understand.
Starting from that moment, the doctrine attracted the attention of the serious-minded people and took a
rapid development. In few years, those ideas overtook numerous followers in all social circles around the
world. That unprecedented success took hold, without a doubt, due to the sympathy that such ideas
inspired; but, it is also largely due to the clarity with which they were presented, which is one of the
characteristics of Allan Kardec's works.

Avoiding the abstract formulas of Metaphysics, he knew how to attract everyone’s to read about it
without becoming tiresome, which was an essential condition to the dissemination of the idea. On all of
the controversial points, his argument, of pure logic, does not leave room for dispute and it predisposes
the conviction. The material proof that Spiritism presents of the existence of the soul and of a future
life tends to destroy the materialistic and pantheistic ideas. One of the most fertile principles of that
doctrine is the plurality of the existences, already foreseen by a group of ancient and modern
philosophers, and, during these last times, by João Reynaud, Carlos Fourier, Eugênio Sue and others.
The plurality of existences, however, had been maintained in a state of hypothesis and of system,
while Spiritism had demonstrated the reality and the proofs that in this principle, one of Humanity's
essential attributes resides. From the plurality of existences derived the explanation of all the apparent
anomalies of human life, of all the intellectual, moral and social inequalities, allowing man to know
whence he comes, where he is capable of going, why he is upon the earth, why he suffers temporarily,
and can see, above all, the justice of God.

The innate ideas displayed in a present incarnation are explained by the knowledge previously acquired
in prior lifetimes; also, the action of men of ancient times that are relived once again explains the
progress of the individual and of Humanity; the sympathies and dislikes are naturally going to be a
result of the experiences and the nature of relationships from previous incarnations. Those relationships,
that reunite the great human family of all times, suggests as a base, the advanced principles of
fraternity, of equality, of freedom and of universal solidarity, which are the very laws of Nature and not
mere theory.

Instead of the postulate: “Without the Church there is no Salvation, which fosters separation and
animosity between the different religious sects that have been responsible for so much bloodshed,
Spiritism has as its emblem: Without Charity there is no Salvation, which enhances equality among
men, tolerance, freedom of conscience and mutual benevolence in the eyes of God.

Instead of blind faith, which annuls free thinking, Spiritism says: Unshakable faith is only that which
can meet reason face to face in every human epoch. In order to have faith a base is necessary; and,
this base is the perfect intelligence of that which one believes. To be a believer is not enough; above
all, it is imperative to comprehend. Blind faith is no longer a part of this century. It is in fact due to
the dogma of blind faith that today we still have, such a great number of non-believers; as it tries
to impose itself by annulling one of man's most precious abilities, that of reasoning, and of free-will.

A tireless worker, always the first to take on a task and the last one to leave it, Allan Kardec succumbed
on March 31st, 1869 . He was about to reduce his activities and to move to another place, due to the
considerable extension of his multiple occupations. Several works which were about finished, or that
were awaiting the opportunity to come to light, will one day demonstrate the extensive power of his

He died as he lived: working. He had suffered a heart ailment for many years that could only have been counteracted by means of intellectual rest and lessened physical activity. However, since he was
consecrated to his work, he refused everything that could absorb one single minute of his time and
deviate him from his favorite occupations. What happened to him occurs to all the souls that have
a strong temper: “the sheet dulled the blade.”

His body became numb and could no longer perform the services intended by his Spirit, while his spirit
remained, more and more active, more energetic, fertile, forever enlarging the circle of its activity.

In such an unequal fight, his physical body could not subsist eternally. An aneurism ended his life and
Allan Kardec died instantaneously. That left one less individual on Earth; but, a great name took his
place among those that had illuminated this century; a great Spirit had departed for the Infinite,
where all of those souls who he had consoled and illuminated, were waiting impatiently for his return!
Death, I was saying not too long ago, redoubled its blows in the illustrious arrays! Whom will it now
come to set free?

He went, as so many others, to recover in Space, to seek new elements for the recuperation of his
worn-out organism due to a life of incessant labors. He departed to be among those who would be
the luminaries of the new generation, to return shortly thereafter with them to pursue and to conclude
the task that he had left in dedicated hands.

The individual is no longer here; but his soul, will remain with us forever. He will be a strong protector,
an extra light, a tireless worker that the phalanges of Space have incorporated. As on Earth, without
interfering with anyone, he will expound his opportune advices; he will lessen the premature zeal of
the ardent ones; he will aid the sincere and the disinterested ones, and will stimulate the indecisive
ones. He now clearly sees everything that he had foreseen! He is no longer subject to the uncertainties,
nor to the frailties and he will share his convictions making us reach the goal with his finger, pointing
the way for us, in that clear and precise language, that had consecrated him among the literary annals.

The man no longer exists, we said it; however, Allan Kardec is immortal and his memory, his works,
and his Spirit will always be with those who stand strong and vigorously wave the flag that he always

An extraordinary individuality set up the task. He was the guide and the secure port for everyone.
On Earth, the work will outlive the worker. The believers won't congregate around Allan Kardec;
but rather, they will congregate around Spiritism, just as he had structured it, and with his advice
and his influence, we will move forward, with firm steps, to the blissful phase promised to a
regenerated Humanity.

More biographies on Allan Kardec:

A página de rosto da segunda edição de O Livro dos Espíritos

The Career of 'Allan Kardec' by Steve Hume

Academic books about Spiritism

Aubrée, M., & Laplantine, F. (1990). La table, le livre et les espirits. Paris: Éditions Jean-Claude Làttes.

Hess, D. (1991). Spirits and scientists: Ideology, spiritism and Brazilian culture. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Source: Revue Spirite - Journal D'Études Psychologiques, 12° Année. No. 5. Mai 1869. p.129-35.

Post by: Bianca on August 08, 2007, 06:39:06 pm


In his introduction to The Spirits Book (the first volume of the Spiritist Codification series) Allan Kardec claimed to have coined the term "Spiritism" to name the movement he was initiating because "new things deserve new names". However, similarly to the word daemon used to designate supernatural beings and spirits and had no negative connotation in Greek mythology, the word Spiritism was appropriated by conservative christians to designate their prejudicial interpretation of different movements and religions that practiced mediumship. Nevertheless, confusion with syncretic religions is less common today, as the followers of such creeds tend to emphasize their proper names. Examples of religions that were often called "Spiritism" in the past are Candomblé, Umbanda, Cao Dai, Santería, Quimbanda, Santo Daime and a host of shamanic cults.

Regarding Spiritualism, the confusion is more common, even now, as the two movements were very close since the beginning. As a proper noun, Spiritualism is a religious movement, prominent from the 1840s to the 1920s, found primarily in English-speaking countries. Some authors, like Camille Flammarion and Arthur Conan Doyle wrote books that are accepted by both groups. Spiritists usually include in the list of famous followers people like Sir William Crookes or the medium Daniel Dunglas Home, who were actually related to Spiritualism. Nevertheless, the two movements have drifted apart over the years and since the very beginning Spiritists rejected the term "Spiritualism" on the grounds that it is a generic term for the belief in an immortal soul.

Spiritualism (in English) as a common noun (uncapitalised) is a largely obsolete term for animism and other religious practices involving the invocation of spiritual beings, including shamanism.

Post by: Bianca on August 08, 2007, 06:40:58 pm

Character of Spiritism

Spiritists claim that Spiritism is not a religious denomination, but a social movement including religion, philosophy and science. The religious aspect derives from praying to the one God and following moral principles taught by prominent figures like Jesus, Francis of Assisi or Paul, the Apostle. The philosophical side is concerned with their studies of the moral aspects of Christianity as a social contract among men and its implications for the afterlife. The scientific claim derives from their investigation of another, spiritual, world through the study of the human soul, communication with spirits being their major goal. It must be noted, however, that the science of Spiritism is rejected by mainstream Science as pseudo-science.

Séances are a chief characteristic of Spiritism, conducted in a specific fashion. Mediumship is the common source of new theological, philosophical or trivial knowledge. Most Spiritist books are chanelled by mediums.

In the religious side, Spiritism claims to be a collection of principles and laws based directly on the teachings of Jesus, with further revelation received from Enlightened Spirits. Spiritists believe their doctrine to be the Consoler that was promised to mankind by Jesus (which interprets the Consoler as being a doctrine, not a person) to "reestablish all things in their truer meaning". Kardecist Spiritism not only believes to be a logical successor for Christianity, but also to be a truer form of Christianity, purified from unnecessary elaborations and additions: unlike previous doctrines which had been filtered by the imperfections of the flesh, the teachings collected in his books would be closer to the truth God commanded His messengers (Enlightened Spirits) to bring unto mankind.

Since Kardec's days Spiritism has lost most of its popularity among scientists due to the fact that Spiritism and Science are mutually exclusive.

Contemporary spiritist doctrine understand all christian beliefs to be part of a single religion established by the word of Jesus. As a consequence of this position, it's acceptable for Spiritists that a believer also profess another cristian faith. Rituals and the dynamic of centers are also not centrally controlled, being subject to influences or orientation by other christian doctrines the believer may follow. This policy is not always reflected in other christian doctrines and Spiritism followers are often expelled from other christian divisions. To cater for the religious needs of excommunicated members, most Spiritist centres encourage some form of active membership which includes "instructive", "social" and "medium" meetings, as well as charity work.

Present-day Spiritists see a fundamental difference between "Scientific Spiritism" (the study of spiritual phenomena, not to be confused with science) and "Kardecist Spiritism" (the religious and philosophical practice derived from it). The two aspects of the doctrine are seen as complementary.

Post by: Bianca on August 08, 2007, 06:44:53 pm

                                                  P R E C U R S O R S

Developments leading directly to Kardec's research were the famous Fox sisters and the phenomenon of the Talking boards. The hype of Mesmerism also contributed to the early Spiritist practice.

Emanuel Swedenborg, 75, holding the manuscript of Apocalypsis Revelata (1766).

                   Emanuel Swedenborg  (né Swedberg) (January 29, 1688 – March 29, 1772) was a Swedish scientist, philosopher, seer, and theologian. Swedenborg had a prolific career as an inventor and scientist. Then at age fifty-six he entered into a spiritual phase of his life, where he experienced visions of the spiritual world and claimed to have talked with angels, devils, and spirits by visiting heaven and hell. He claimed of being directed by God, the Lord Jesus Christ to reveal the doctrines of His second coming.

From 1747 until his death in 1772 he lived in Stockholm, Holland and London. During these 25 years he wrote 14 works of a spiritual nature of which most were published during his lifetime. Throughout this period he was befriended by many people who regarded him as a kind and warm-hearted man. Many people disbelieved in his visions; based on what they had heard, they drew the conclusions that he had lost his mind or had a vivid imagination. But they refrained from ridiculing him in his presence. Those who talked with him understood that he was devoted to his beliefs. He never argued matters of religion, and if obliged to defend himself he usually did it with gentleness and in a few words.

Post by: Bianca on August 08, 2007, 06:48:18 pm


The Fox Sisters. From left to right: Kate, Margaretta and Leah.  Sisters Catherine (1838–92), Leah (1814–90)   Margaret (1836–93) Fox played an important role in the creation of Spiritualism. The daughters of David and Margaret Fox, they were residents of Hydesville, New York. In 1848, the family began to hear unexplained rapping sounds. Kate and Margaret conducted channeling sessions in an attempt to contact the presumed spiritual entity creating the sounds, and claimed contact with the spirit of a peddler who was allegedly murdered and buried beneath the house. A skeleton later found in the basement seemed to confirm this. The Fox girls became instant celebrities. They demonstrated their communication with the spirit by using taps and knocks, automatic writing, and later even voice communication, as the spirit took control of one of the girls.

Skeptics suspected this was nothing but clever deception and fraud. Indeed, sister Margaret eventually confessed to using her toe-joints to produce the sound. And although she later recanted this confession, both her and her sister Catherine were widely considered discredited, and died in poverty. Nonetheless, belief in the ability to communicate with the dead grew rapidly, becoming a religious movement called Spiritualism, and contributing greatly to Kardec's ideas.

Post by: Bianca on August 08, 2007, 06:49:42 pm

Talking boards - Table-turning

Just after the news of the Fox affair came to France, people became even more interested in what was sometimes termed the "Spiritual Telegraph". In the beginning, a table spun with the "energy" from the spirits present by means of human chaneling (hence the term medium). But, as the process was too slow and cumbersome, a new one was devised, supposedly from a suggestion by the spirits themselves: the talking board.

Early examples of talking boards were baskets attached to a pointy object that spun under the hands of the mediums, to point at letters printed on cards scattered around, or engraved on, the table. Such devices were called corbeille à bec ("basket with a beak"). The pointy object was usually a pencil.

Talking boards were tricky to set up and to operate. A typical séance using a talking board saw people sitting at a round table, feet resting on the chairs' supports and hands on the table top or, later, on the talking board itself. The energy channeled from the spirits through their hands made the board spin around and find letters which, once written down by a scribe, would form intelligible words, phrases, and sentences. The system was an early, and less effective, precursor of the Ouija boards that later became so popular.

Allan Kardec first became interested in Spiritism when he learned of the Fox sisters, but his first contact with what would become the doctrine was by means of talking boards. Some of the earlier parts of his Spirits' Book were channeled this way.

Post by: Bianca on August 08, 2007, 06:50:54 pm


Franz Anton MesmerFranz Anton Mesmer (May 23, 1734 – March 5, 1815) discovered what he called magnétism animal (animal magnetism) and others often called mesmerism. The evolution of Mesmer's ideas and practices led James Braid (1795-1860) to develop hypnosis in 1842.

Spiritism incorporated and kept some practices inspired or directly taken from Mesmerism. Among them, the healing touch, still in Europe, and the "energization" of water to be used as a medicine for spirit and body.

Post by: Bianca on August 08, 2007, 06:55:40 pm


Spiritism blends together notions taken from Christianity, Positivism and Platonism.


The basic doctrine of Spiritism ("the Codification") is defined in five books written and published by Allan Kardec during his life:

The Spirits' Book — Defines the guidelines of the doctrine, covering points like God, Spirit, Universe, Man, Society, Culture, Morals and Religion.

The Book on Mediums — Details the "mechanics" of the spiritual world, the processes involved in channeling spirits, techniques to be developed by would-be mediums, etc.

The Gospel According to Spiritism — Comments on the Gospels, highlighting passages that, according to Kardec, would show the ethical fundamentals shared by all religious and philosophical systems. This may be the first religious book to acknowledge the existence of life elsewhere in the Universe, based on Jesus' saying "The houses in the realm of my father are many" (John, 14, 1-3).

Heaven and Hell — A didactic series of interviews with spirits of deceased people intending to establish a correlation between the lives they lead and their conditions in the beyond.
The Genesis According to Spiritism — Tries to reconcile religion and science, dealing with the three major points of friction between the two: the origin of the universe (and of life, as a consequence) and the concepts of miracle and premonition.
Kardec also wrote a brief introductory pamphlet (What is Spiritism?) and was the most frequent contributor to the Spiritist Review. His essays and articles would be posthumously collected into the aptly-named tome Posthumous Works.

Post by: Bianca on August 08, 2007, 06:58:14 pm


The five chief points of the doctrine are:

There is a God, defined as "The Supreme Intelligence and Primary Cause of everything";

There are Spirits, all of whom are created simple and ignorant, but owning the power to gradually perfect themselves;

The natural method of this perfection process is Reincarnation, through which the Spirit faces countless different situations, problems and obstacles, and needs to learn how to deal with them;
As part of Nature, Spirits can naturally communicate with living people, as well as interfere in their lives;

Many planets in the universe are inhabited.

The central tenet of Spiritist Doctrine is the belief in spiritual life. The spirit is eternal, and evolves through a series of incarnations in the material world. The true life is the spiritual one; life in the material world is just a short-termed stage, where the spirit has the opportunity to learn and develop its potentials. Reincarnation is the process where the spirit, once free in the spiritual world, comes back to the world for further learning.

Post by: Bianca on August 08, 2007, 06:59:21 pm

Relationship with the teachings of Jesus

Jesus, according to Spiritism the greatest moral example for humankind, is deemed to have incarnated here to show us, through his example, the path that we have to take to achieve our own spiritual perfection. The Gospels are reinterpreted in Spiritism; some of the words of Christ or his actions are clarified in the light of the spiritual phenomena (presented as law of nature, and not as something "miraculous"). It's only because of our own imperfection that we can't achieve similar things; as we evolve, we will not only understand better, but we will be able to do similar things, for all spirits are created equal, and are destined for the same end.

Post by: Bianca on August 08, 2007, 07:00:42 pm

Spiritual evolution and karma

Spiritist Doctrine stresses the importance of spiritual evolution. According to this view, we are destined for perfection; there are other planets hosting more advanced lifeforms, and happier societies, where the spirit has the chance to keep evolving both in the moral and intellectual sense. Although not clear from Kardec's works, later writers elaborated on this point further: it seems that we cannot detect more advanced life forms on other planets, as they are living in a slightly different "plane" from ours, in the same way the spiritual plane is superimposed over our own plane. There is no scientific evidence to back this claim, despite attempts to apply concepts from modern physics -- quantum theory, multiple universes and so on -- to explain it.

Post by: Bianca on August 08, 2007, 07:01:55 pm


The communication between the spiritual world and the material world happens all the time, but to various degrees. Some people barely sense what the spirits tell them, in an entirely instinctive way, while others have greater cognizance of their guidance. The so-called mediums have these natural abilities highly developed, and are able to communicate with the spirits and interact with them by several means: listening, seeing, or writing through spiritual command (also known by Kardecists as psychography). Direct manipulation of physical objects by spirits is also possible; however, for it to happen the spirits need the help (voluntary or not) of mediums with particular abilities for physical effects.

Post by: Bianca on August 08, 2007, 07:04:59 pm


Kardec's works do not establish any rituals or formal practices. Instead, the doctrine suggests that followers adhere to some principles regarded as common to all religions. The religious experience within spiritism is, therefore, largely informal.

Spiritism shares its roots with many other religions and denominations, mainly Christianity and Western traditions. It is unknown the extent of the influence of Hinduism, Buddhism and Shamanism over the doctrinal aspects of Spiritism, as set by Allan Kardec because the mentions of such religions are sparse in all his works. Kardec, however, acknowledges the influence of Socrates, Plato, Jesus and FranciS of AssisI, as well as the religious tradition of Greek and Roman Paganism.


The most important types of practices within Spiritism are:

Regular Meetings - with a regular schedule, usually on evenings, two or three times a week. They involve a short lecture on some subject followed by some interactive participation of the attendants. These meetings are open to anyone.

Medium Meetings - usually held after a regular meeting, only those deemed prepared or "in need" of it are expected to attend.

Youth and Children's Meetings - once a week, usually on Saturday afternoons or Sunday mornings, are the Spiritist equivalent to Christian Sunday schools.


Lectures - longer, in-depth lectures on subjects thought to be "of general interest" which are held on larger rooms, sometimes at theatres or ballrooms, so that more people can attend. Lecturers are often invited from far away centres.

Special Meetings - special séances held in relative discretion which try to conduct some worthy work on behalf of those in need

Spiritist Week and Book fairs.

Post by: Bianca on August 08, 2007, 07:06:43 pm


Spiritism is not seen as a religion by its followers because it doesn't endorse formal adoration, require regular frequency or formal membership and claims not to be opposed to science, instead trying to harmonise with it. It should be noted, though, that there's no acceptance to Spiritism in mainstream science and that its belief system is largely coherent with the notion of religion (that doesn't include regular frequency, membership, formal adoration or declared opposition to science).

Spiritism is practiced in different types of associations, formal or not, which can have local, regional, national or international scope.

Local organizations are usually called Spiritist centres or Spiritist societies. Regional and national organizations are called "federations", as the Federação Espírita Brasileira [1] and the Federación Espírita Española [2], while international organizations are termed "unions", such as the Union Spirite Française et Francophone [3].

Spiritist centres (especially in Brazil) are also often active book publishers and promoters of Esperanto.

Title: Re: SPIRITISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on August 08, 2007, 07:22:21 pm


CROOKES, William. Researches on the Phenomena of Spiritualism, Burns, London 1874,.
DOYLE, Arthur Conan. The History of Spiritualism. New York: G.H. Doran, Co. 1926. Volume 1 Volume 2. ISBN 1-4101-0243-2.
HESS, David. Spirits and Scientists: Ideology, Spiritism, and Brazilian Culture, Pennsylvania State Univ Press, 1991
KARDEC, Allan, The Spirits' Book ISBN 0-922729-27-1
KARDEC, Allan, Book on Mediums ISBN 0-87728-382-6
KARDEC, Allan, The Gospel Explained by the Spiritist Doctrine ISBN 0-9649907-6-8

See also

Allan Kardec
The Spirits' Book
The Book on Mediums
The Gospel According to Spiritism
Heaven and Hell
The Genesis According to Spiritism
Chico Xavier
Karma in Christianity
Arigo - John G. Fuller


Spiritist.INFO Spiritist books for sale

Spiritism Online offers book downloads

The Spirits' Book in HTML format, translated by Anna Blackwell

The Spirits' Book (pdf file)

All Kardec's books and other related works.

The Spirits' Book and other related works as translated by Allan Kardec Educational Society (AKES)
Arigo - John G. Fuller


International Spiritist Council
Spiritism Online

Spiritist Society of Baltimore
Federação Espírita Brasileira (Portuguese)

Medical-Spiritist Association of the Porto’s Metropolitan Area(Oporto-Portugal). (Portuguese)
Federación Espírita Española (Spanish)

Spiritists in the Philippines Discussion Forum open to all Spiritists and students in English and Pilipino

Maryse and John Locke, researchers in Transcommunication

Allan Kardec Educational Society

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on January 15, 2008, 11:21:52 am


Southern Spiritualist Camp
Historic District

                                                       C A S S A D A G A,   F L O R I D A

Cassadaga (a Seneca Indian word meaning "Water beneath the rocks") is a small unincorporated community
located in Volusia County, Florida, just north of Deltona. It is especially known for having a large number of
psychics, also known as "Mediums", and as such is sometimes referred to as being the

"Psychic Center of the World".


Cassadaga got its start when the Southern Cassadaga Spiritualist Camp Meeting Association was founded by George P. Colby, a medium from Pike, New York, who attended summer "Camp meetings" at Lily Dale, New York (adjacent to Cassadaga, New York), subsequently moving to Florida. The Southern Cassadaga Association received its charter on 18 December 1894.

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on January 15, 2008, 11:31:27 am

                                       Tourists Drawn To Spiritualist Community

They arrive daily – sometimes by the busload.

They are the bereaved seeking comfort, paranormal enthusiasts, and the curious.

They are tourists, and they come to consult one of the more than 50 mediums, psychics, and healers. Where they come to is Cassadaga – home of the Southern Cassadaga Spiritualist Camp – the oldest active religious community in the southeastern United States.

Cassadaga is one of those quaint little Central Florida towns that you might just drive through on the way to somewhere else with hardly a glance. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and thus provides a step back in time. It is filled with residents that don't look any different from you or me. There is nothing scary or spooky about Cassadaga.

Cassadaga was founded in 1894 by spiritualists who were looking for a warm weather retreat from the harsh New York winters.

Today, Church members occupy fifty-seven acres of land that is collectively owned. Defined by its folklore, this religious group is really not very different from other religious groups. They believe in God and the Golden Rule. They are different only in their belief that they can communicate with the dead.
Readings by the Camp's certified mediums are intended to give you insight into your life or perhaps let you commune with the dearly departed.

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on January 15, 2008, 11:38:00 am


Cassadaga Spiritualist Camp is a 113 year old community of spiritually-minded people located in Central Florida.  We invite you to learn about the history, the religion, and the people of Cassadaga on the pages that follow

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on January 15, 2008, 11:49:42 am

Cassadaga, a Seneca Indian word meaning "rocks beneath the water" was established as a Spiritualist community by George P. Colby in 1894.

Born in New York in 1848, Colby was told during a séance that he would someday be instrumental in founding a Spiritualist community in the South. That prophecy was fulfilled in 1875 when Colby was led through the wilderness of central Florida by his spirit guide "Seneca" to the future site of Cassadaga. Colby and the followers who joined him at Cassadaga belonged to the American Spiritualist Association, a movement that sought to foster communication with spirits and encouraged people to develop their psychic abilities.

The movement was founded in the 1840s in Chautauqua County, New York, and eventually spread nationwide.  The Spiritualists were only one of several religious groups to establish Florida communities in the late nineteenth century. Florida appealed to many people because of its relatively untouched landscape, and to religious practitioners as a tropical "Garden of Eden" where they could freely express themselves and develop communities dedicated to their needs. Settlements by the Shakers and the Koreshan Unity were established in the same year as Cassadaga but failed to survive, owing in part to the utopian goals of the organizations' members. Cassadaga is one of the few religious communities founded in Florida during the 1890s to remain in existence to the present day.

Spiritualists do not all agree with one another about various aspects of Spiritualism and you will find many trains of thought on the spirit and ethereal world. 

What is commonly held by them all, as fact, is that the spirit survives physical death and moves into another "dimension" where it continues to exist as an individual, with all the characteristics of its human personality.

It is commonly held that  spirits actively seek communication with the world which they have now left behind.

No spiritualist "conjures up" the dead.

Mediums only act as channels where a spirit takes the initiative to make contact.   Spiritualist communities have very strict guidelines on who may or may not 'channel' or give 'reading' within their grounds.  This is to avoid becoming associated with the multitude of fraudulent individuals who portray themselves as true mediums or psychics. 

While there are many genuine individuals who have the gifts outside of these communities, there are many, many sham artists. 

Spiritualist communities insure their mediums are genuine through a series of training circles and tests that may often take years to accomplish before becoming 'certified' by the communities. 

Within the grounds of the community are regularly scheduled events such as:  message services (tenants of spiritualism followed by open readings/clairvoyant demonstrations from various camp mediums), healing circles, guest speakers and psychic development training circles.   

Cassadaga is a 'must-see' for individuals who are interested in opening their perspectives on life after death.   

Members of FPRF have been privilege to know many of the camp mediums and have witnessed the paranormal phenomena known as 'table tipping'.  A type of séance where spirits cause heavy objects (like tables) to bounce up and down - at times to the point of levitation (literally lifting off the floor) with no apparent mechanism causing the event to occur other than a medium (along with our members) placing the tips of their fingers on a table and asking questions of spirits.  Similar to pendulum techniques but on a much larger scale. 

A must see for both ghost hunters and parapsychologists.

Cassadaga is located between Orlando and Daytona Beach just a few minutes off I-4.
Directions: From I-4 use exit #54 (S.R. 472), travel west to C.R. 4101 (Dr. Martin Luther King Beltway), then turn right to C.R. 4139, then right again for the short ride into town.

Truly a place in time where spirits roam freely.


Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on January 15, 2008, 11:55:00 am

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on January 15, 2008, 11:57:04 am



Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on January 18, 2008, 08:53:36 am

                                                   General Introduction

Who We Are was started by Thomas Jones of Wales and David Duffield of West Virginia on April 11th 2002 with the aim of publishing articles, books and photographs relating to survival after death and psychical research. We are an independent group which regularly cooperates with several distinguished psychical researchers and parapsychologists.

We can be contacted by email at contact[at]

What We Do

1. Provide free and easy access to large quantities of material on survival after death and psychical research.

2. Upload at least one new article every Thursday.

3. Keep you updated with the latest news and developments, with approximately three news items every two or three days. See our News page.

4. Help and assist others with survival-related articles, books and projects. (Although we are limited to assisting only psychical research projects, numerous people have already benefited from our help, advice and correspondence.)

Fortnightly Features

From 2002-2006 we published 100 Fortnightly Features.

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on March 14, 2008, 11:05:15 am


                                                     The Helen Duncan Story

          The remarkable story of Helen Duncan Spiritualist and medium branded a traitor in WWII.

  Helen was born in Callander, a small Scottish town on the 25th of November 1897 the daughter of a master cabinet maker. Her family was far from rich. Like many of her fellow Celtic lassies she struggled to earn a living even after her marriage at the age of 20. Her husband, Henry, another cabinet maker, had been injured during WW1. She had 12 pregnancies, but only six children survived. To sustain this large family and a disabled husband she worked in the local bleach factory by day and her Spiritual work and domestic duties by night. The small amount of cash she made from her sittings,
   mostly token donations rom friends and neighbours existing in a similar poverty to her would often discreetly go to their local doctor to pay for those patients who were destitute. This was in the time before Britain's National Health Service concept of free medicine for all had been introduced. But her skill lay in Mediumship of a particular kind, that rare psychic gift of being a vehicle for physical phenomena whilst in trance state. A precious gift that brought comfort to thousands, but one which was eventually going to cost her earthly life.

By the 1930s and 1940s she was travelling the length of wartime Britain giving regular seances in hundreds of Spiritualist churches and home circles. The evidence that flowed from these physical phenomena seances was astonishing.
  'Dead' loved ones appeared in physical form, spoke to and touched their earthly relatives and in this way brought both proof of survival and much comfort to thousands of traumatised and grieving wartime families.

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on March 14, 2008, 11:13:37 am

One such sitting was attended by a man named Vincent Woodcock, he had brought his sister in law for an evening's demonstration. Those 60 minutes changed both their lives. Vincent gave evidence in London's premier Old Bailey courtroom that the medium Helen Duncan slipped into trance and began producing the much-scoffed 'ectoplasm'. Then his 'dead' wife materialised from this ectoplasmic matter and asked both Vincent and his sister in law to stand up.
  The materialised spirit then removed her wedding ring and placed it on her sister's wedding finger, adding, "It is my wish that this takes place for the sake of my little girl". A year later the couple were married and returned for a further seance during which the dead woman appeared once more to give her renewed blessings to the happy couple.

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on March 14, 2008, 11:16:43 am

But this touching human story, along with other similar unsolicited and genuine testimonials to her remarkable gifts, were ignored by the law courts for Helen Duncan was destined to 'go down' to appease an establishment terrified that she might accurately discern the date of the D-Day Normandy Landings.
  During the Second World War Helen was in great demand from anxious relatives, especially those who had lost close family on active war service. One of many such sittings took place in a private house in the homeport of Britain's Royal Naval fleet, the southern coastal city of Portsmouth on the evening of January 19 1944. It was a dangerous place to hold any meeting - such was the German Luftwaffe's intent on reducing Portsmouth to rubble and disable Britain's fleet. But the real danger lay not in a hail of enemy bombs but with the scepticism and fear of the establishment. For that night a plain-clothes policeman who blew his whistle to launch a raid disrupted her seance. Police hands made a grab for the ectoplasm but the spirit world was too quick for them and it dematerialised quicker than they could catch.

Thus Helen Duncan, together with three of her innocent sitters, were taken up before Portsmouth magistrates and charged with Vagrancy. At this hearing the court was told that Lieutenant R. Worth of the Royal Navy had attended this seance suspecting fraud. He had paid 25 shillings (then worth about $5) each for two tickets and had passed the second ticket to a policeman. It was this policeman who had made the unsuccessful grab for the ectoplasm, believing it to be a white sheet. But the subsequent finger tip search of the room immediately after the raid failed to discover any white sheets.

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on March 14, 2008, 11:17:54 am

Even if she had been found guilt under this charge the maximum fine at that time would have been some five shillings ($1) and she would have been released. But, very oddly Helen was refused bail.

Instead she was sent to London and forced to spend four days in the notorious women's prison called Holloway. It was this same Victorian goal where suffragettes had been forced fed by prison warders and where the grisly gallows waited for all female murderers, spies and traitors. Meanwhile an anxious establishment debated the best charge to lay against this dangerous war criminal Helen Duncan.

One her first appearance before the Portsmouth magistrates she had been charged under the catchall act of Vagrancy. This was later amended to one of Conspiracy, which, in wartime Britain, carried the ultimate sentence of death, by hanging. But by the time the case had been referred to England's central criminal court - know as the Old Bailey - the charge had been changed yet again. This time to one of witchcraft and an old Act of 1735 had been dredged out of the dusty law libraries. Under this ancient rune Helen Duncan and her innocent sitters were accused of pretending 'to exercise or use human conjuration that through the agency of Helen Duncan spirits of deceased dead persons should appear to be present'.

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on March 14, 2008, 11:21:48 am

But, lest this single charge may falter, the authorities scoured their dusty law precedents for further charges and they found them. One such was the Larceny Act, which accused her of taking money ' by falsely pretending she was in a position to bring about the appearances of these spirits of deceased persons'.

The prosecution was determined to prove Helen Duncan was a fraud. Her trial took place barely a few months before the famous D-Day landings and lasted for seven gruelling days. Spiritualists everywhere were up in arms that one of their most treasured and gifted demonstrators should be treated in such a tawdry manner. A defence fund was quickly raised. It was used to bring witnesses from all over the world to testify to her genuine gifts. Because of this her case rapidly became a cause celebre which attracted daily headlines in tabloid and broad sheets alike.
  One telling development that this was no ordinary case was that in a rare example of cross border co-operation both the Law Societies (senior legal bar councils) of England and Scotland jointly and simultaneously declared this case to be a travesty of justice. As a debunking exercise the case failed miserably. Sceptics must have winced at the daily reporting of case after case where 'dead' relatives had materialised and given absolute proof of their continued existence. One Kathleen McNeill, wife of a Glaswegian forgemaster, told how she has attended such a seance at which her sister appeared. Her sister had died some a few hours previously, after an operation, and news of her death could not have been known. Yet Albert, Helen Duncan's guide, announced that she had just passed over. And, at a subsequent seance, some years later Mrs McNeill's father strode out of the cabinet and came within six feet of her to better display his single eye, a hallmark of his earthly life.

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on March 14, 2008, 11:22:59 am

By the penultimate day of this ridiculous trial the defence was ready to call their star witness Alfred Dodd, an academic and much respected author of works on Shakespeare's sonnets. Alfred told the court that during 1932 and 1940 he had been a regular guest at Helen Duncan's home seances. At one of these sittings his grandfather had materialised, a tall, corpulent man with a bronzed face and smoking cap, hair dressed in his customary donkey-fringe. After speaking with his grandson the spirit then turned to his friend Tom and said, "Look into my face and into my eyes. Ask Alfred to show you my portrait. It is the same man".

Two equally respected journalists, James Herries and Hannen Swaffer then took their places in the Old Bailey witness box - a place where for hundreds of years many a murderer has given evidence and many a witness has pointed an accusing finger. The chain smoking Swaffer, who had already won acclaim as the acerbic un-crowned father of Fleet Street (home of England's newspaper quarter) and co-founder of the Spiritualist weekly "Psychic News", told the court that anyone who described ectoplasm as butter Muslim " would be a child. Under a red light in a seance room it would look yellow or pink whilst these spirit forms all displayed a white appearance".

James Herries himself, a Justice of the Peace and much respected psychic investigator of some 20 years standing and the chief reporter of the prestigious and influential "Scotsman" broad sheet, affirmed that he had seen Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, famed author of the Sherlock Holmes books, himself to materialise at one of Helen Duncan's seances. He had especially noted the distinctive Doyle rounded features, moustache and equally unmistakable gravely voice.

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on March 14, 2008, 11:23:59 am

But, wisely or otherwise, the defence had decided that the best test of Helen Duncan's genuine gifts were for her to give a demonstration of physical phenomena whilst in trance from the very witness box of England's Central Criminal Courts. This suggestion really did cause a frightened flurry in the ivory dovecotes of the establishment. If she pulled it off, they debated, then instead of the censure they sought her cause would be spread throughout the land and even beyond. And this would mean that the famed British legal system adopted by so many former colonies - including America - would be held to total ridicule.
  Hurried conferences with the best legal minds were held throughout the night. Their solution was to reject this offer and suggest instead that Mrs Duncan be called as a witness - thus giving the prosecution an opportunity to cross examine this ordinary Scottish housewife and, in doing so, attempt to destroy her credibility. But Helen's defence lawyers saw through this ploy. They pointed out that Mrs Duncan could not testify since she was in a trance state during these seances and could not, therefore, discuss what had transpired.

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on March 14, 2008, 11:27:53 am

The jury only took half an hour to reach their verdict; Helen and her co-defendants were found Guilty of conspiracy to contravene that ancient 1735 Witchcraft Act but Not Guilty on all other charges. Portsmouth's chief of police then described this new 'criminal's' background. Mrs Duncan was married to a cabinetmaker and had a family of six children ranging from 18-26 and she had been visiting Portsmouth for some five years. He then described her as " an unmitigated humbug and pest" and revealed that in 1941 she had been reported for announcing the loss of one of His Majesty's ships before the fact had been publicly known. The presiding judge announced a weekend's delay whilst he considered sentence. Helen herself left the dock weeping in her broad Scottish dialect, "I never hee'd so mony lies in a' my life".

The following Monday morning the judge declared that the verdict had not been concerned with whether ' genuine manifestations of the kind are possible . . .this court has nothing whatever to do with such abstract questions'. However he interpreted the jury's findings to mean that Helen Duncan had been involved in plain dishonesty and for this reason he therefore sentenced her to nine months imprisonment.

The shocked Spiritualist movement immediately demanded a change in the law. They felt that she had been prosecuted to stop any leakage of classified wartime information. As one of many, many, examples during 1943 and once more in that ungrateful city of Portsmouth Helen Duncan had given a seance during which a sailor materialised reporting that he had gone down with His Majesty's Ship "Barham" whose loss was not officially announced until three months later.

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on March 14, 2008, 11:29:36 am

But, the defence right of appeal to the House of Lords, Britain's highest court of appeal, was denied. The establishment had achieved its objective and certainly did not want one single inch of further publicity. Helen was sent back to London's Holloway prison, that Victorian monstrosity for female prisoners still being used today. It was not only the best legal minds in the country that felt this case had been a major miscarriage of justice. So too did her prison warders. They refused to 'bang her up'. For the entire nine months of her unjust incarceration Helen Duncan's prison cell door was never once locked! What's more she continued to apply her psychic gifts, as a constant steam of warders and inmates alike found their way to her cell for spiritual upliftment and guidance.

And many senior Spiritualists who were close to Helen report that it was not only prisoners and staff who made pilgrimage to the dreaded Holloway Goal. So too did some of her other more notable sitters, including Britain's Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill himself.

Churchill was no stranger to psychic phenomena. Recalling the events of the Boer War, when he had been captured, then later escaping and seeking sanctuary. He explained in his autobiography how he was " guided by some form of mental planchette (a Spiritualist tool) to the only house in a 30 mile radius that was sympathetic to the British cause". Had he knocked on the back door of any other house he would have been arrested and returned to the Boer commanders to be shot as an escaping prisoner of war. Many years prior to this he had been ordained into the Grand Ancient Order of Druids. And throughout his life he experienced many times when his psychic sixth sense saved his life.

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on March 14, 2008, 11:31:16 am

Churchill was exceeding angry indeed when the Helen Duncan case began. He penned an irate ministerial note to the Home Secretary, " Give me a report of the 1735 Witchcraft Act. What was the cost of a trial to the State in which the Recorder (junior magistrate) was kept busy with all this obsolete tomfoolery to the detriment of the necessary work in the courts?" But his civil servants were over-ridden by the all -powerful intelligence community. D-Day was coming and their levels of paranoia had reached an all time high and even a Prime Minister's anger was to be set aside. Helen Duncan, mother of nine and part time bleach factory employee was considered a risk and they wanted her out of the way when the Allies struck. Her case was a transparent conspiracy to frame her ' in the interests of national security'

Meanwhile, having served her full sentence, Helen Duncan was released on 22 September 1944, vowing never to give another seance. Despite her declaration with in a few months she felt that strong call from the Spirit World to continue her work and was soon spending more time than ever in trance state. Perhaps too much so, for the quality of her seances since imprisonment appeared to have had deteriorated even to the point where Spiritualism's governing National Union actually withdrew her diploma at one stage. Helen's Spiritualist friends say that during his visits to her cell Prime Minister Churchill made promises of making amends to Helen.

True or speculative it is a fact that in 1951 the damning 1735 Witchcraft Act, which had been used
to imprison Helen, was finally repealed. In its place came the Fraudulent Mediums Act and some four years later in 1954 Spiritualism was officially recognised as a proper religion by formal Act of Parliament. And Spiritualists everywhere knew why and they rejoiced that whilst frauds would be properly prosecuted the authorities, especially the police, would stop harassing true working Mediums.

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on March 14, 2008, 11:33:24 am

They were wrong. In November 1956 police raided a seance in the Midlands City of Nottingham. They grabbed the presiding medium, strip searched her and took endless flashlight photographs. They shouted at her that they were looking for beards, masks and shrouds. But they found nothing. The medium was Helen Duncan and in their ignorance the police had committed the worst possible sin of physical phenomena, that a medium in trance must NEVER, ever be touched. As the Spirit World's teachers have patiently explained so many times when this happens the ectoplasm returns to the medium's body far too quickly and can cause immense - sometimes even fatal - damage.

And so it was in this case. A doctor was summonsed and discovered two second degree burns across Helen's stomach. She was so ill that she was immediately taken back to her Scottish home and later rushed to hospital.

Five weeks after that police raid she was dead.

My thanks goes to Michael Colmer (Author) for his kind permission to use  his article on the life of Helen Duncan spiritualist and medium.

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on March 14, 2008, 11:48:45 am

.....There are two common misconceptions about Duncan's conviction. The first is that she was the last person in Britain to be convicted of being a witch. In fact, the Witchcraft Act was originally formulated to eradicate the belief in witches and its introduction meant that from 1735 onwards an individual could no longer be tried as a witch in England or Scotland. However, they could be fined or imprisoned for purporting to have the powers of a witch.

The second misconception is that she was the last person to be convicted under the Witchcraft Act. Again this is incorrect. Records show that the last person to be convicted under the Witchcraft Act was Jane Rebecca Yorke in late 1944. Due to her age (she was in her seventies) she received a comparatively lenient sentence and was fined.

Additionally, it has often been suggested that the reason for Duncan's imprisonment was the authorities' fear that details of the imminent D-Day landings might be revealed, and given the revelation about the Barham it is clear to see why the medium might be considered a potential risk.

Nonetheless, then prime minister Winston Churchill wrote to the home secretary branding the charge 'obsolete tomfoolery'.

Helen Duncan was released from prison on the 22 September 1944 and seems to have avoided further trouble until November 1956, when the police raided a private séance in Nottingham on suspicion of fraudulent activity. No charges were brought and shortly afterwards, on 6 December in the same year, the woman who is sometimes remembered as the 'last witch' died.

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on March 14, 2008, 11:52:42 am

Born 25th November 1897
Passed to spirit 6th December 1956
Medium Martyr   


 Helen's Story 

About Helen Duncan
The Second World War
Witchcraft Trial
Winston Churchill
Helen passes to spirit
 The Campaign 

Pardon Denied!

Winston Churchill
In America

 Winston Churchill was a client and supporter of Helen Duncan Welcome to the official pardon site for Helen Duncan

This website tells the true story of a Scottish housewife who found herself in the centre of a WWII legal battle which ended with her brutal conviction of a 'crime' under Britain's ancient Witchcraft Act and jailed for nine months simply for falling asleep on request.


Her name was Helen Duncan and in every respect but one she was just a normal housewife and mother of six. That single aspect that made her different from others and was destined to make her the confidante of wartime premier Winston Churchill and his colleagues, is that she had the astonishing ability to bring the dead to life.


Mrs. Duncan was a Spiritualist Materialisation Medium through whose ample body, milky ectoplasm flowed and formed into complete human figures, which could walk and talk and greet their living relatives with intimate secrets known only within their families.


This is the true story of a woman sent to prison accused of being a witch when she was a well-known and proven psychic. During WWII Helen's accurate 'death notices' were verified countless times. When she materialized the full form of a sailor with the name H.M.S. BARHAM on his cap, a ship which the English government denied had been sunk; she was arrested and jailed as a spy and then a witch. Even after she was proven correct, she was held as a witch. Her story is still unfolding today and is documented here.


This website is the OFFICIAL source for news of the latest developments in securing Helen's Pardon. Over the last decade over 45 million surfers have visited here with millions more learning of her gifts and persecution via other supporting sites.

Updates will be posted here as they break.


The Message Continues..

The message continues with Helen still offering proof of life after death. Since this campaign began, this web site has reached over 52 MILLION people. Now, in "death" Helen still carries her message each month to new seekers of truth. Clearly she now reaches more people in a single month via the web than she did in her private sittings.


Helen is often remembered as the victim of the "last witch trial" or as a martyr for Spiritualism, but the simple truth is: she is a beacon of light, letting her honour and leadership shine through the fog of doubts and fear.


Thanks Helen, for letting us be a small part of keeping your message going.

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on March 14, 2008, 11:58:48 am

Latest legal moves to secure Helen's Pardon

by Graham Hewitt, Legal Adviser..

NEW LEGAL MOVES to clear the name of Spiritualism's materialisation heroine Helen Duncan are announced to mark the 50th anniversary of her premature promotion to the next world on 6th December 1956, shortly after yet another mischievous police raid.

I can now report that earlier this year I submitted 500 pages of legal arguments to the Criminal Cases Review Commission on behalf of her eldest surviving grandson and his family.

The CCRC replied stating that they did not consider her case to be "in the public interest", declined to consider the application and returned my submission unread.

This curious response has baffled both campaigners and the 40 million global internet surfers - the equivalent of two thirds Britain's total population - who have now logged on to this website over the past decade.

Following advice from prominent Members of Parliament, including Lord Ancram and Michael Howard QC, the Minister who introduced the Commission who explained that cases like Mrs. Duncan's were ‘the very reason that the CCRC was set up’, I sought expert advice from counsel.

We have now secured the invaluable help of the prominent expert barrister, Mr Timothy Barnes QC from the leading London Chambers of Bedford Row.

Mr Barnes has an impressive track record. He is ranked as a leading silk in Fraud in the legal Directories. He has expertise in handling submissions to such technical legal subjects with the Criminal Cases Review Commission.

After reading our detailed submission Mr Barnes has commented; “To state that defence counsel was clearly erroneous in the way that he presented the defence is overgenerous". He adds the flaws in the defence by Counsel showed a level of professional incompetence, most probably caused by Mr Loseby not being a practicing Criminal Barrister.

As a direct result of his advice, we can now submit that Mrs. Duncan’s defence barrister, Charles Loseby, failed to present Mrs. Duncan to give evidence. In the subsequent appeal, he also submitted that the Judge had allowed the prosecution to bring forward her previous conviction. The details of that were given to the jury of her prosecution in the Edinburgh Sheriffs Court when she was found guilty, according to the prosecution, of fraudulent mediumship and affray and find the sum of £10. If he had investigated to that previous conviction, he would have clearly found that she was found £10 for the affray but the case of fraudulent mediumship was "not proven".

Regrettably Mr Loseby being a civil barrister and noted constitutional lawyer, appears not to have known the correct criminal procedure. Neither had he prepared himself adequately in Criminal procedure for this case. But he was no match to the two Prosecution barristers, who were well versed in Criminal law and procedure.

There is no doubt that Mr Loseby had a knowledge of Spiritualism since he had represented the Spiritualist National Union and other Spiritualist organisations in his submission to the Home Office in 1943, to change the law in respect of the Vagrancy Act and Witchcraft Act. Unfortunately, because of the limit on Parliamentary time, the Home Secretary did not have time to put these amendments into law.

However, it is seen from correspondence passing between the Home Secretary and Chief Constables that there was a direction not to prosecute Spiritualist Mediums when they were acting in scientific discovery and sciences.

There is no doubt that Mrs. Duncan was somewhat of an embarrassment to the authorities. In particular, her guide, Albert, in a séance in Edinburgh announced that HMS Hood had been sunk earlier that day in the North Atlantic. The time of this séance was 3:30 pm.

Brigadier Firebrace, a very enthusiastic believer in Spiritualism, who was the Chief of Security at the time in Scotland, attended that séance. He returned to his office and telephoned the Admiralty to see whether, as he called it, the rumour of the sinking was true. At that time it was denied.

By 9:30 p.m., as he was leaving the office, a telephone call was received from the Admiralty confirming the sinking at 1:30 p.m.

The evidence given by Mrs. Duncan's guide was accurate. However, the authorities were clearly worried that this information coming from a third party rather than Central Government could undermine public morale. Particularly, when this country was secretly preparing allied troops for the D-Day landings.

Within six months, a young man materialised in the séance who had been severely burnt and died in the sinking of HMS Barham. The editor of “Psychic News”, Maurice Barbanell, attended this séance. He returned to make a telephone call to the Admiralty and Home Office, asking why this information had not been divulged to the parents and families of those who had perished. Again, the reason was given that it would have had a serious impact on public morale.

With Helen's name reoccurring, the authorities felt they had a cause for concern. And they acted with a very heavy hand.

The conclusion can only be that Helen Duncan was NOT convicted of being a Fraud instead she was imprisoned because her sources told The Truth. And the Government of the day wanted her out of the way !



Copyright © 1997,1998,1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007
Contact Campaign Co-ordinator for permission to reproduce content;

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on February 28, 2009, 06:28:41 am

                                      T H E   L A S T   W I T C H

Some fifty years after her death, the family and devotees of  disgraced
and convicted Spiritualist Medium Helen Duncan are seeking a posthumous pardon.

Duncan has the dubious distinction of being the last person to be convicted under
England's infamous WITCHCRAFT ACT, because one of
her revelations was true.

Helen was a Scottish matron, the sole provider with six children and a
devout Spiritualist.  She worked at a factory by day and conducted
seances in her spare time.  She proved a popular and talented Spirit
Medium and her services became sought after, especially during the
War (WWII), when she was in great demand by the families of lost sol-

Eventually, however, Helen's "sittings" drew the attention of the autho-
rities who, ironically, were convinced that her act was "make-believe",
designed to fleece desperate families.  They began to attend Helen's
meetings in secret, in hopes of catching her in some dishonest act.

Unfortunately, under watch, Helen "brought about" a deceased sailor,
of the HMS BARNHAM, the loss of which had been deliberately conceal-
ed by the British Government.  (It would not be revealed to have been
sunk 'til several months later.)

Duncan's accurate description of the Barnham and the names of its
sailors did nothing to increase her standing to those who believed her
fraudelent.  When they moved to arrest her, she was charged with con-
spiracy - spying.  This charge would mean death by hanging, upon

Fortunately, the Crown could not make the espionage charge stick, but
they were not content to let the matter drop, most ironically because
they feared she would reveal D-DAY.

Helen was instead charged with the WITCHCRAFT ACT, which was still
in force. 

Numerous prominent citizens testified in her behalf and even Winston
Churchill railed about the ridiculousness of the charge.

She was convicted, jailed for nine months, and ordered never to perform
another seance.


Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on February 28, 2009, 06:31:15 am

                                         Mediums see big trouble over new laws

By Peter Griffiths
April 17, 2008

LONDON (Reuters) - Mediums and spiritual healers marched on the home of the British prime minister at Downing Street on Friday to protest against new laws they fear will lead to them being "persecuted and prosecuted."
Organizers say that replacing the Fraudulent Mediums Act of 1951 with new consumer protection rules will remove key legal protection for "genuine" mediums.

They think skeptics might bring malicious prosecutions to force Spiritualists to prove in court that they can heal people, see into the future or talk to the dead.

Psychics also fear they will have to give disclaimers describing their services as entertainment or as scientific experiments with unpredictable results.

"If I'm giving a healing to someone, I don't want to have to stand there and say I don't believe in what I'm doing," said Carole McEntee-Taylor, a healer who co-founded the Spiritual Workers Association.

The group delivered a petition with 5,000 names to the prime minister's office, although Gordon Brown is away in the United States.

With the changes expected to come into force next month, Spiritualists have faced a barrage of headlines gleefully suggesting that they should have seen it coming.

But many don't see the funny side. They say the new rules will shift the responsibility of proving they are not frauds from prosecutors and onto them.

"By repealing the Act, the onus will go round the other way and we will have to prove we are genuine," McEntee-Taylor told Reuters. "No other religion has to do that."

The government said the new regulations form part of a European Union directive that is meant to harmonize unfair trading laws across the EU. It will introduce a ban on traders "treating consumers unfairly."

The British Humanist Association, a charity which campaigns against religion and supernatural beliefs, said stricter regulations were overdue because the current laws don't work.

"It is misleading for Spiritualists to claim that, as religious' practitioners they should not be regulated under consumer laws," said Chief Executive Hanne Stinson.

"The psychic industry is huge and lucrative and it exploits some very vulnerable, and some very gullible, people with claims for which there is no scientific evidence."

(Editing by Steve Addison and Paul Casciato

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on May 11, 2009, 09:52:55 am

                                                Amazing Messages from Beyond

                                           Compelling evidence for life after death

By Stephen Wagner,

 SOME OF THE most compelling anecdotal evidence for life after death comes in the form of messages

from deceased loved ones. Sometimes these messages are relayed by full-blown apparitions, while other

 times they come as voices, unseen hands and even written notes. Messages from the “other side” are

 most often words of comfort for the living, that they are okay and are still watching out for us.

In the most interesting cases, however, those who have passed on communicate messages that are

not only highly personal, but are of particular significance, important – even life saving. Here are some

of those stories.

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on May 11, 2009, 09:55:00 am

Grandfather's Gift

April had always been very close to her great-grandfather, who was a highly-respected baker and decorator of wedding cakes.

When he died, April was heart-broken. “I barely spoke or interacted with anybody,” she says.

A few weeks later, she was awakened from a sound sleep. She noticed something out of the corner of her eye. “I turned to look at the hall leading to my room. There was my great-grandfather standing there with another being. My great-grandfather just looked at me, raised his hand and lowered it back to his side slowly while saying, ‘Everything will be okay. I'll always be with you.’” April was told to lie down and go back to sleep.

But her great-grandfather left April with an incredible gift. “Ever since then, I have been able to decorate and make any type of dessert – exactly the way he did. Before that, I had never even tried to ice a cake.”

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on May 11, 2009, 09:57:24 am

Mom's Voice

It was an otherwise ordinary night in August of 1975 when 18-year-old Kris was taking her clothes to the laundromat behind the restaurant where she worked. She put she clothes in the washer and headed back to the restaurant to help her boyfriend, who was a cook there, close up the place.

While walking to the back entrance, Kris’s attention was grabbed be a nondescript gold-colored car, although she didn’t know why. “I even turned around to look at it a final time before entering the back of the kitchen area,” she remembers.

Once inside, she started to walk to the front of the kitchen area, then decided against it and simply leaned against a door area where she could not be seen from the front, as she was not in uniform and could hear customers. Suddenly, it became quiet.

“Thinking that the last of the evening patrons had left, I started to take a step when I heard my mom's voice, as though she were standing there say, ‘Kris, don't move!’”

Fortunately, Kris listened.

Then one of the waitresses came screaming to the back and grabbed the phone to call the police.

The restaurant had just been robbed at gunpoint!

“Had I walked into view of the doorway,” Kris says, “I would have seen my boyfriend lying face down on the floor, the waitress and the few customers on their knees – and I would have been directly behind the gunman, who was so nervous I probably would have been shot when I startled him.”

Title: Re: SPIRITUALISM and Spiritism
Post by: Bianca on May 11, 2009, 09:59:21 am

Brotherly Ties

One night in June, 1942, George D. had a conversation with his brother that he could not explain.

His brother, you see, was not there. He was flying bombers out of Trinidad, on a mission to destroy German submarines.

“He told me he was going on a long trip and would not return,” George says. “I asked if I could go with him and he said not for a long time.”

When George told his mother and sister about this impossible conversation, they dismissed it as a dream.

Several days later, George’s family received the official notification that his brother died in a plane crash on 7 June, 1942.

“Many years later, I was wounded and delirious during WW2,” George says. “When admitted for medical care, I could only remember my brother's name, serial number and military organization identification.

I am still waiting for my brother's permission to go on his long trip.”