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Ruins Of 7,000-Year-Old City Found At Site of "Mummy Portraits"- PICTURES

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Author Topic: Ruins Of 7,000-Year-Old City Found At Site of "Mummy Portraits"- PICTURES  (Read 4977 times)
Bianca
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« on: January 30, 2008, 03:18:44 pm »







                                                        Materials and techniques
 




Painted surface



While the majority of preserved mummy portraits were painted on wooden boards or panels, some were
painted directly onto the canvas or rags of the mummy wrapping (cartonnage painting).

To produce the boards, pieces of imported hardwoods, including oak, lime, sycamore, cedar, cypress,
fig, and citrus[9] were cut into thin rectangular pieces and then polished. Sometimes they were primed
with plaster. In some cases, the later painting was first traced. There are a few examples of portraits
being painted over, or both sides of a board being painted, perhaps indicating that the portraits were
produced during the lifetime of their subjects.

The portraits were inserted in a window-like arrangement within the mummy wrapping.





Painting techniques



Two painting techniques can be distinguished: encaustic (wax) painting and egg-based tempera.

There also are examples of hybrid techniques or of variations from the main techniques. The encaustic
images are striking because of the immediate contrast between vivid and rich colours, producing an
"impressionistic" effect, while the tempera ones, with a more differentiated gradation of chalky tones
appear more restrained.[8]. In some cases, gold leaf was used to depict jewellery and wreaths.

Accentuation and differentiation of light and shade are varied to show the location of the light source.

The earlier, higher quality, portraits make more use of background colouring in this regard.
« Last Edit: January 30, 2008, 03:23:01 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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