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ATLANTIS & the Atlantic Ocean

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Author Topic: ATLANTIS & the Atlantic Ocean  (Read 22166 times)
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Posts: 3875

« Reply #195 on: December 27, 2008, 09:25:04 pm »

The Great Sphinx

Atlantis is sometimes associated with the Great Sphinx in Egypt, which is said to be much older than the pyramids. The Sphinx has been badly eroded by rain, say John West and others. In the book and TV series Egypt by Vivian Davies and Renée Friedman it is said that the area in which the Sphinx lies was quite moist between 8000 and 4000 BC. The pyramids were built around 2500 BC. If the Sphinx dates from 8000 BC or earlier, it may well have been eroded by rain. Perhaps there were temples or stone circles like Stonehenge (these have been found in the Sahara!) on the sites of the pyramids.

But the big question is: were there people who could build large stone structures at that time, or only primitive nomads? It so happens that Kathleen Kenyon found a tower from around 8000 BC in Jericho. In Çatal Höyük in Turkey a Neolithic city from about 7000-6000 BC has been found. Recently the archaeologist H.G. Gebel found a 9000 years old stone village near Petra in Jordan. If people could already build stone towers and staircases at that time, then perhaps they could also carve out the Sphinx, although that was an enormous undertaking.

On the other hand, it is doubtful whether the evidence for an older sphinx is really as strong as John West and others suggest. According to Zahi Hawass, under who supervision the sphinx is being restored, the lower layers of rock are so soft that they crumble easily and there were great fissures in it even before the sphinx was carved. It seems that even today rain falls on the sphinx from time to time. A tomb of the 4th Dynasty, with which Schoch and West compare the sphinx, is situated on a much higher and drier point and has been carved out of a different kind of rock. The oldest high culture in Egypt probably came from Mesopotamia. If we are looking for the origin of civilisation, we should look in Mesopotamia rather than Egypt.

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