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Author Topic: TURIN PAPYRUS MAP  (Read 423 times)
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« on: December 03, 2007, 07:39:16 am »

                                                    Turin Papyrus Map


The Turin Papyrus is an ancient Egyptian map, generally considered the oldest surviving map of topographical interest from the ancient world. It is drawn on a papyrus reportedly discovered at
Deir el-Medina in Thebes, collected by Bernardino Drovetti (known as Napoleon's Proconsul in Egypt sometime before 1824 and now preserved in Turin's Museo Egizio.

The map was drawn about 1160 BC by the well-known Scribe-of-the-Tomb Amennakhte, son of Ipuy. It was prepared for Ramesses IV's quarrying expedition to the Wadi Hammamat in the Eastern Desert, which exposes Precambrian rocks of the Arabian-Nubian Shield. The purpose of the expedition was to obtain blocks of bekhen-stone (metagraywacke sandstone) to be used for statues of the king.

The map shows a 15 kilometre stretch of Wadi Hammamat and has depictions of this wadi's confluence with wadis Atalla and el-Sid, the surrounding hills, the bekhen-stone quarry, and the gold mine and settlement at Bir Umm Fawakhir.

It also includes numerous annotations identifying the features shown on the map, the destinations of the wadi routes, the distance between the quarry and mine, the location of gold deposits in the hills, and the sizes of the bekhen-stone blocks quarried. The top of the map is toward the south and the source of the Nile River.

As currently reconstructed in the Turin Museum, the map measures 2.8 m long by 0.41 m wide. This arrangement of the map fragments is currently considered incorrect however.

A new, more accurate reconstruction was proposed by Harrell and Brown (1992a, 1992b).

Besides being a topographic map of surprisingly modern aspect, the Turin Papyrus is also a geological map (the earliest known) because it accurately shows the local distribution of different rock types (with black and pink hills) and the lithologically diverse wadi gravels (with brown, green and white dots), and it contains information on quarrying and mining.

The draughtsman clearly and carefully distributed distinctive features in accordance with the reality of a particular area, adding clarity by the use of legends and contrasting colors. In this respect, the Turin Papyrus may be regarded as the earliest known Geographic Information System.
« Last Edit: December 03, 2007, 07:40:57 am by Bianca2001 » Report Spam   Logged

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