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GERMANIC TRIBES

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Author Topic: GERMANIC TRIBES  (Read 1904 times)
Bianca
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« Reply #15 on: May 13, 2009, 11:35:41 pm »









                                                           Groups





Groups identified as East Germanic tribes include:



Bastarnae

Burgundians

Goths

Thervings

Greuthungs
 
Visigoths
 
Ostrogoths
 
Crimean Goths
 
Rugians

Scirii

Vandals

Gepids

Heruli
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Bianca
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« Reply #16 on: May 13, 2009, 11:37:24 pm »



Pre Migration Age

Territories inhabited by East Germanic tribes
between 100 BC and AD 300.







Language





The East Germanic languages are contrasted with North and West Germanic. However, the East Germanic languages shared many characteristics with North Germanic, perhaps because of the later migration date.

All the East Germanic languages are extinct as living languages. However, there have been recent attempts by Germanic tribal polytheists to reconstruct a form of neo-Gothic as a common community language.

This is primarily based on the academic publications of a small number of scholars who have studied what remains of the written records of the Gothic dialects within Italia, the Iberian peninsula, and old Anatolia. Whether their efforts will succeed has yet to be proven conclusively since the reconstruction of elder Germanic tribal belief systems is a rather young research field, dating by most accounts to the last quarter of the 19th century
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Bianca
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« Reply #17 on: May 13, 2009, 11:39:40 pm »








See also



Ancient Germanic culture Portal

North Germanic tribes

West Germanic tribes






Notes and references



^ The Penguin atlas of world history / Hermann Kinder and Werner Hilgemann ; translated by Ernest A. Menze ; with maps designed by Harald and Ruth Bukor. Harmondsworth : Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-051054-0 1988, Volume 1. p.109.

v • d • eGermanic Philology (History of the Germanic languages)
 
Subgroups East Germanic languages · West Germanic languages · North Germanic languages · Northwest Germanic 

Ingvaeonic · Anglic languages

Reconstructed
languages Proto-Germanic

Historical
languages Gothic · Old English · Middle English · Old Dutch · Middle Dutch · Old High German · Middle High German ·

Old Norse · Burgundian · Lombardic · Norn · Crimean Gothic · Old Gutnish · Vandalic · Old Frisian  · Proto-Norse


Modern

languages Afrikaans · Danish · Dutch · English · Faroese · Frisian · German · Icelandic · Norwegian · Scots · Swedish · Yiddish

Diachronic
features Grimm's law · Verner's law · Holtzmann's Law · Germanic substrate hypothesis · High German consonant shift · Germanic a-mutation · Germanic umlaut · Germanic spirant law · Ingvaeonic nasal spirant law · Great vowel shift

Synchronic
features Germanic verb · Germanic strong verb · Germanic weak verb · Preterite-present verb · Grammatischer

Wechsel

Language
histories History of English · Phonological history of English · History of Scots · History of German · History of Low German · History of Dutch · History of Danish · History of Icelandic · History of Swedish


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Germanic_tribes
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Bianca
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« Reply #18 on: May 13, 2009, 11:41:06 pm »









                                                  North Germanic tribes





North Germanic tribes are the Germanic tribes that left Scandinavia late on the second phase of the migration period, that took place between AD 500 and 900, and those whose people are still there nowadays. However, some people of East and West Germanic tribes did not migrate with their tribes, staying in Scandinavia, and their East and West Germanic languages evolved into dialects of North Germanic, due to contact with North Germanic tribes and/or cultural assimilation.

Two North Germanic tribes are the Daner (Dani), that gave their name to Denmark, and the Suiones (Svear), that gave their name to Sweden. According to Jordanes, the Dani and the Suiones (named by him Suetidi) were of the same stock.

An example of a West Germanic tribe being culturally assimilated by a North Germanic one, is the assimilation of the Jutes that hadn't left Jutland and have been incorporated into the Dani. And an example of an East Germanic tribe being assimilated is the assimilation of the Goths that stayed in Sweden by the Suiones.

Today's North Germanic–speaking people are the Norwegians, Danes, Swedes, Icelanders and Faroese.



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Germanic_tribes
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Bianca
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« Reply #19 on: May 13, 2009, 11:43:22 pm »



Germanic tribes (750BC-1AD).

      RED - Settlements before 750BC
 
      ORANGE - New settlements until 500BC
 
      YELLOW - New settlements until 250BC
 
      GREEN - New settlements until AD 1







                                                        West Germanic tribes




 
The West Germanic tribes were Germanic peoples who spoke the branch of Germanic languages known as West Germanic languages.

They appear to be derived from the Jastorf culture, a Pre-Roman Iron Age offshoot of the Nordic Bronze Age culture.

The West Germanic tribes expanded southwards to the Rhine and later down to the Alps and west into Great Britain.





Examples of tribes:



Saxons

Jutes

Angles

Thuringians

Alamanni

Suebi



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Germanic_tribes
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