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Che Guevara was hunted by Latin American dictators: documents


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MinisterofInfo
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« on: October 07, 2007, 10:19:44 pm »

Che Guevara was hunted by Latin American dictators: documents

Sun Oct 7, 6:34 PM ET
 



Visitors look at a picture of Argentine born Cuban guerrilla leader Ernesto "Che" Guevara during the exhibition "The Image of Ernesto "Che" Guevara, in Mexico City, 04 October 2007. Latin American dictators of the 1960s coordinated efforts in their attempt to track down Cuban-Argentine Marxist guerrilla Guevara, killed by Bolivian forces in 1967, according to previously secret documents a researcher showed AFP.(AFP/File/Alfredo Estrella)


VALLEGRANDE, Bolivia (AFP) - Latin American dictators of the 1960s coordinated efforts in their attempt to track down Cuban-Argentine Marxist guerrilla Ernesto 'Che' Guevara, killed by Bolivian forces in 1967, according to previously secret documents a researcher showed AFP.
 
The cooperation pre-dates Operation Condor, the secret plan hatched by South American dictators in the 1970s to eliminate their political opponents in the region.

An AFP reporter saw the copy of a document, dated October 3, 1966, of a confidential report from the head of Paraguay's secret services informing his Brazilian counterpart of Guevara's arrival in South America.

"It is the first time that we find the name of Che Guevara linked to the dictatorships before the elaboration of Operation Condor," said Martin Almada, a Paraguayan researcher who in 1992 uncovered documents showing the existence of Operation Condor.

"Che Guevara left Corumba (a Brazilian town on the border with Bolivia) under the false name of Oscar Ferreira," read the document shown AFP.

Guevara had a beard and was sailing aboard the Victoria dos Palmares, which was likely to arrive at dawn. The document warned: "he is in charge of a mission."

Almada, 70, was detained and tortured in the 1970s during the dictatorship of Paraguay's General Alfredo Stroessner (1954-1989).

He was key in uncovering the "Archives of Horror," five tons of paperwork that Paraguay's secret service abandoned after Stroessner was toppled in 1989 that proved the existence of Operation Condor.

Almada said he only recently discovered the Che document "because I have many documents and have not finished examining them all."

Guevara, the iconic Argentine-born doctor-turned-guerrilla leader that fought in the Cuban revolution, was convinced that armed tactics were necessary to uproot the social and economic divide in Latin America. He led a small clutch of rebels in Bolivia for 11 months trying to spread revolution, but found little support.

The Bolivian army and two Cuban-American US Central Intelligence Agency agents captured Guevara in the village of La Higuera, and summarily executed him on October 9, 1967. Guevara was 39.

The military governed Brazil from 1964 to 1985, Bolivia 1964-1982, Uruguay 1973-1985, and Argentina 1966-1973 and again 1976-1983. Chile came under military dictatorship from 1973-1990.
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MinisterofInfo
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« Reply #1 on: October 07, 2007, 10:21:00 pm »



Antonio Rodriguez, 79, displays his paintings of the late rebel leader Ernesto "Che" Guevara at his home in Santa Clara, Cuba October 7, 2007. Forty years after the Argentine-born Guevara was captured by soldiers in a Bolivian jungle and executed, he is still a national hero in Cuba where he joined Fidel Castro in an armed uprising that ousted a U.S. backed dictator in 1959. REUTERS/Claudia Daut (CUBA)
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« Reply #2 on: October 07, 2007, 10:22:35 pm »



Antonio Rodriguez, 79, holds a photograph of the late rebel leader Ernesto "Che" Guevara while standing next to one of his paintings at his home in Santa Clara, Cuba October 7, 2007. Forty years after the Argentine-born Guevara was captured by soldiers in a Bolivian jungle and executed, he is still a national hero in Cuba where he joined Fidel Castro in an armed uprising that ousted a U.S. backed dictator in 1959. REUTERS/Claudia Daut (CUBA)
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« Reply #3 on: October 07, 2007, 10:23:40 pm »



Antonio Rodriguez, 79, shows his paintings of the late rebel leader Ernesto "Che" Guevara at his home in Santa Clara, Cuba October 7, 2007. Forty years after the Argentine-born Guevara was captured by soldiers in a Bolivian jungle and executed, he is still a national hero in Cuba where he joined Fidel Castro in an armed uprising that ousted a U.S. backed dictator in 1959. REUTERS/Claudia Daut (CUBA)
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« Reply #4 on: October 07, 2007, 10:25:01 pm »



A man carrying an ill woman walks past a banner of Ernesto "Che" Guevara in La Higuera, some 80 km (50 miles) from Vallegrande, October 7, 2007. The village of La Higuera is paying homage to Guevara, who was executed here 40 years ago by the Bolivian army. REUTERS/David Mercado (BOLIVIA)
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« Reply #5 on: October 07, 2007, 10:26:14 pm »



A banner depicting Ernesto "Che" Guevara is displayed in La Higuera, some 80 km (50 miles) from Vallegrande, October 7, 2007. The village of La Higuera is paying homage to Guevara, who was executed here 40 years ago by the Bolivian army. REUTERS/David Mercado (BOLIVIA)
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« Reply #6 on: October 07, 2007, 10:28:22 pm »



A woman stands next to a monument commemorating Ernesto "Che" Guevara in La Higuera, some 80 km (50 miles) from Vallegrande, October 7, 2007. The village of La Higuera is paying homage to Guevara, who was executed here 40 years ago by the Bolivian army. The sign reads, "Your example, lighting a new dawn". REUTERS/David Mercado (BOLIVIA)
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« Reply #7 on: October 07, 2007, 10:29:12 pm »



A tourist takes photographs inside a laundry room, where the body of Ernesto "Che" Guevara was presented to the media 40 years ago, in Vallegrande October 7, 2007. The bearded image of guerrilla leader Ernesto "Che" Guevara has become a pop icon splashed on mugs, T-shirts and even bikinis 40 years after his death, and this Bolivian town is out to cash in on the marketing frenzy. REUTERS/David Mercado (BOLIVIA)
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« Reply #8 on: October 07, 2007, 10:30:32 pm »



A monument dedicated to Ernesto "Che" Guevara is displayed in La Higuera, some 80 km (50 miles) from Vallegrande, October 7, 2007. The village of La Higuera is paying homage to Guevara, who was executed here 40 years ago by the Bolivian army. REUTERS/David Mercado (BOLIVIA)
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« Reply #9 on: October 07, 2007, 10:33:04 pm »



An unidentified Cuban doctor hangs banners of Argentine-born Cuba's revolutionary leader Ernesto 'Che' Guevara in La Higuera, Bolivia, Sunday, Oct. 7, 2007. The 40th anniversary of Guevara's death is this Oct. 9, 2007. (AP Photo/Dado Galdieri) Email Photo Print Photo
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« Reply #10 on: October 07, 2007, 10:34:17 pm »



A man rests against a sculpture of Argentine-born Cuba's revolutionary leader Ernesto 'Che' Guevara in La Higuera, Bolivia, Sunday, Oct. 7, 2007. The 40th anniversary of Guevara's death is this Oct. 9, 2007. (AP Photo/Dado Galdieri)
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« Reply #11 on: October 07, 2007, 10:37:16 pm »



People pass by a 'Che Guevara' souvenirs booth during the Takoma Park Festival, Sunday, Oct. 7, 2007, in Takoma Park. October 8 marks 40 years since the death of the Cuban revolutionary hero Ernesto 'Che' Guevara, whose image is still used around the world to represent leftist ideals. (AP Photo/Jose Luis Magana)
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« Reply #12 on: October 07, 2007, 10:38:04 pm »



'Che Guevara' T-shirts are offered for sale at a booth during the Takoma Park Festival, Sunday, Oct. 7, 2007, in Takoma Park, Md.. October 8 marks 40 years since the death of the Cuban revolutionary hero Ernesto 'Che' Guevara, whose image is still used around the world to represent leftist ideals. (AP Photo/Jose Luis Magana)
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« Reply #13 on: October 07, 2007, 10:41:16 pm »



Vanessa Alarcon leaves a podium adorned with a poster of Cuban revolutionary hero Che Guevara after speaking abut socialism during a political rally in Washington, Saturday Oct. 6, 2007. October 8 marks 40 years since the death of Ernesto 'Che' Guevara, whose image is still used around the world to represent leftist ideals. (AP Photo/Jose Luis Magana)
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« Reply #14 on: October 07, 2007, 10:42:17 pm »



A visitor looks at the pictures of Che Guevara exhibition in Vallegrande, in eastern Bolivia, October 6 2007. The Argentine-born guerrilla-fighter Ernesto "Che" Guevara was killed in La Higuera, and the village is gearing up to mark the 40th anniversary of his death on October 8. REUTERS/David Mercado (BOLIVIA)
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