No ‘Biblical Deluge’ but Gradual Ice Age Melting Made Black Sea ‘a Sea’, Archaeologists Find after Underwater Expedition in Bulgaria’s Waters
October 10, 2016 · by Ivan Dikov · in Prehistory, Underwater Archaeology
The Western Black Sea, including Bulgaria's waters. Photo: Black Sea M.A.P.
The Western Black Sea, including Bulgaria’s waters. Photo: Black Sea M.A.P.
Hypotheses that the Black Sea became saline and connected with the global ocean as a result of a catastrophic flood ca. 6,000-5,000 BC, which have even been linked by speculations to the Biblical Deluge and the story of Noah’s Ark, seem to be unjustified, according to the initial findings of a large-scale underwater archaeology project taking place in Bulgaria’s waters, the Black Sea M.A.P.
Instead, preliminary conclusions based on the latest data collected in the largest underwater archaeology expedition in the Black Sea to date indicate that the Black Sea, formerly a fresh water lake, became saline and connected with the World Ocean at the end of the last Ice Age, from about 18,000 to about 12,000 years ago, Bulgarian archaeologists have revealed.
Another major result for the second Black Sea M.A.P. underwater archaeology expedition which already made headlines has been the discovery of the world’s first ever well preserved sunken “round ship”, also known as a “cog”, a medieval Mediterranean (and North European) ship which was a precursor to the Age of Discovery vessels such as the ones on which Christopher Columbus crossed the Atlantic.
The Black Sea Maritime Archaeology Project (Black Sea M.A.P.), which started in September 2015, is being carried out by the Center for Maritime Archaeology of the University of Southampton, the Sozopol-based Center for Underwater Archaeology at the Bulgarian Ministry of Culture, and the National Institute and Museum of Archaeology in Sofia.
The three year project, which is funded by the Expedition and Education Foundation (EEF), is also assisted by the University of Connecticut, USA; the Maritime Archaeological Research Institute, Södertörn (MARIS), Södertörn University, Sweden; and the Hellenic Center for Marine Research, Greece.
The results from the second voyage of the project, which took place on September 1-26, 2016, in the zone between Bulgaria’s Rezovo in the south and Cape Galata near Varna, were presented publicly at the end of September 2016 in Bulgaria’s Black Sea of Burgas by Prof. Jon Adams from the University of Southampton and Assoc. Prof. Lyudmil Vagalinski, Assoc. Prof. Krum Bachvarov, and Assist. Prof. Kalin Dimitrov from Bulgaria’s National Institute and Museum of Archaeology in Sofia.http://archaeologyinbulgaria.com/2016/10/10/no-biblical-deluge-but-gradual-ice-age-melting-made-black-sea-a-sea-archaeologists-find-after-underwater-expedition-in-bulgarias-waters/