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Powerful Women Buried at Stonehenge

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Azumi
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« on: February 13, 2016, 03:15:06 am »

Powerful Women Buried at Stonehenge
Feb 3, 2016 05:00 AM ET // by Jennifer Viegas

A woman, Carol, at Stonehenge.

Ben Smith, Flickr

StonehengeMadetoGlisten:Photos
View Caption +#1: Oct. 12, 2012
-- It might look like just an ordinary picture of Stonehenge, but this is how the creators of the prehistoric monument wanted the site to be viewed, according to research using the latest 3D laser scanning technology. The groundbreaking analysis determined that the prehistoric monument was built to show off the solstices. In this view Stonehenge would look best when approaching from the Avenue, its ancient processional way to the north east.

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Commissioned by the English Heritage, the laser-scan survey revealed in unprecedented detail the efforts made by prehistoric people at Stonehenge. "The result of the project were beyond all expectations. The investigation identified traces of stone working on virtually every stone," Marcus Abbott, head of geomatics and visualization at ArcHeritage, Hugo Anderson-Whymark, an Oxford-based expert on ancient worked stone, and colleagues wrote in the English Heritage report.

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The laser-equipped researchers investigated the entire site. The laser scanner collected data with a resolution of 1 mm across the entire stone circle, and of just 0.5 mm for four stone surfaces of special interest. More than 700 surface features came to light. NEWS: Stonehenge Twin Found Near Ancient Monument

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The laser highlighted prehistoric carvings from 4,500 years ago as well as damage made by modern visitors. Along with modern graffiti, this image shows scores of little axe heads and a possible dagger added when the slabs were already 1,000 years old. NEWS: Stonehenge Reveals New Clues of Ancient Worship

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Overall, the laser scanning revealed 71 new Bronze Age axe heads, which bring the number of this type of carvings known at Stonehenge to 115. NEWS: Stonehenge Built as Symbol of Unity

English Heritage
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But the most interesting findings came from analysis of the stone surfaces. The study showed that the techniques and amounts of labor used varied from stone to stone. According to the researchers, these variations provide almost definitive proof that it was the intent of Stonehenge's builders to align the monument with the two solstices along a north-east/south-west axis. Indeed, the extremely straight and neat outline of the Great Trilithon, compared with all the other trilithons, shows that Stonehenge creators made deliberate efforts to shape it more carefully due to its special position on the solstice axis, just as they did for other stones that flank this axis.

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Azumi
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« Reply #1 on: February 13, 2016, 03:15:33 am »

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Azumi
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« Reply #2 on: February 13, 2016, 03:16:05 am »



The laser highlighted prehistoric carvings from 4,500 years ago as well as damage made by modern visitors. Along with modern graffiti, this image shows scores of little axe heads and a possible dagger added when the slabs were already 1,000 years old. NEWS: Stonehenge Reveals New Clues of Ancient Worship
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Azumi
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« Reply #3 on: February 13, 2016, 03:16:45 am »



The specially smoothed slabs created a dazzling light effect when the sun rays hit the stones. They would glisten in the dawn light on the longest day of the year and at sunset on the shortest This drawing shows Stonehenge in about 2300 B.C., after the construction of the sarsen outer circle and trilithons. Note the solstice axis. PHOTOS: New Wonders of the Natural World
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Azumi
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« Reply #4 on: February 13, 2016, 03:17:40 am »



http://news.discovery.com/history/archaeology/powerful-women-buried-at-stonehenge-160203.htm
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