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Latest study suggests early human entry into Spain through Strait of Gibraltar

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Author Topic: Latest study suggests early human entry into Spain through Strait of Gibraltar  (Read 234 times)
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« on: January 04, 2016, 12:24:55 am »

Fossil phalange identified as belonging to a hominin, found at Cueva Victoria. Wikimedia Commons


The authors of the study suggest that the presence of the same species of Theropithecus, including Homo, at about the same time in North Africa, coupled with the absence of Theropithecus fossils elsewhere in Europe, supports the hypothesis of a dispersal of the two primates (Theropithecus and Homo) through the Strait of Gibraltar almost 1 million years ago. During this time, sea levels were low enough to create a land bridge at the Strait between Africa and Europe.

Previous studies by other teams have also suggested another, earlier human dispersal into southeastern Spain through the Strait of Gibraltar at about 1.3 million years ago, and the famous research and Homo fossil discoveries at Dmanisi in Georgia have suggested an even earlier Homo dispersal out of Africa, possibly through the Levant and up through Anatolia to the southern Caucasus at around 1.8 million years ago.

The study* is published in press in the Journal of Human Evolution. 


*Luis Gibert, et al., Chronology for the Cueva Victoria fossil site (SE Spain): Evidence for Early Pleistocene Afro-Iberian dispersals, 12 November 2015, Journal of Human Evolution. doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2015.08.002

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