Atlantis Online
October 16, 2018, 02:21:48 pm
Welcome, Guest. Please login or register.

Login with username, password and session length
News: Update About Cuba Underwater Megalithic Research
http://www.timstouse.com/EarthHistory/Atlantis/bimini.htm
 
  Home Help Arcade Gallery Links Staff List Calendar Login Register  

King Arthur: Legendary figure was real and lived most of his life in Strathclyde

Pages: [1]   Go Down
  Print  
Author Topic: King Arthur: Legendary figure was real and lived most of his life in Strathclyde  (Read 367 times)
the Once and Future King
Superhero Member
******
Posts: 4154



« on: September 07, 2015, 12:52:21 am »


King Arthur: Legendary figure was real and lived most of his life in Strathclyde, academic claims

Exclusive: Dr Andrew Breeze says he did exist – but was a general, not a king
Paul Gallagher Author Biography

Thursday 03 September 2015
Print
A A A

He was married to Guinevere, held court over the Knights of the Round Table, wielded the sword Excalibur and, following his final battle with the traitor Mordred, was laid to rest at Avalon. At least that is how the mythological story of King Arthur goes.

The reality, according to new research by a British academic, is that the legendary British figure of the 5th and early 6th century did exist but was a general rather than a monarch, fought all his battles in southern Scotland and Northumberland – and lived most of his life in Strathclyde.

Dr Andrew Breeze, a professional philologist and Celticist from the University of Navarre in Spain, based his findings on a Latin chronicle called The History Of The Britons, written in the ninth century by the Welsh monk Nennius. This lists the names of nine places where Arthur defeated his enemies, but until now nobody has been able to say exactly where they were.

Loading gallery...
 

Dr Breeze said that although the locations have been “endlessly debated”, he now believes he has located every single one, thereby proving his background.

“In some cases I agree with earlier scholars, in accepting Glein as the River Glen, Northumberland, for example,” Dr Breeze told The Independent. “But other identifications are quite new, such as taking the ‘Dubglas’ as the River Douglas near Lanark, or putting the ‘city of the Legion’ at the east end of the Antonine Wall, and not at Chester or York [as others have done].”
Read more: Four rival Robin Hood movies get Hollywood go-head
Guy Ritchie is the latest filmmaker to tackle King Arthur
Disney plans Sword and the Stone live action remake

Dr Breeze said the pattern presented by the new identifications is “startling”. Instead of Arthurian battles occurring up and down Britain, as others have claimed, there is a concentration in southern Scotland and the Borders.

He said an ancient battle in Badon, likely to be in Wiltshire – part of the West Country traditionally associated with the “king” – was “not to do with Arthur at all”.

Dr Breeze said: “Early Welsh vernacular tradition knows nothing of it, even though it was a triumph over the English. The upshot is revolutionary. Arthur thus now steps from legend into history – specifically the history of Scotland.

“He will have been a Briton of southern Scotland, fighting all his battles there; but he was not fighting the English. His enemies were other British peoples, around Edinburgh and Carlisle. He was not of course a king. He will have been a brave general who soon became a legend.”

King Arthur as depicted by Graham Chapman in ‘Monty Python and the Holy Grail’ King Arthur as depicted by Graham Chapman in ‘Monty Python and the Holy Grail’ (Rex)
His research, The Historical Arthur and sixth-century Scotland, will be published in the University of Leeds journal Northern History on Thursday.

It is often thought that Arthur was of Roman descent and died fighting invaders from the Angles or Saxon tribes. Dr Breeze said that the pattern of the battle names on the map accompanying his research proves that Arthur was a North Briton who was a chieftain or general in the early sixth century.

He believes Arthur was most associated with Strathclyde because the only battles there are on its borders, when he was defending the kingdom from other North Britons.
Read more:  Cornwall was scene of prehistoric gold rush
Studying 'Britain's Atlantis' could revolutionise how we see the past
Evidence of child soldiers in Britain revealed after 365 years

Dr Breeze said: “The evidence means all the textbooks will have to be changed. We can forget about Arthur holding back the Anglo-Saxon invaders at Badon in about the year 500.

“We can also forget about him as a Roman cavalry leader, moving his forces up and down Britain. What we have instead is a Romanised Briton of the North, apparently operating out of Strathclyde, fighting other North Britons in the 530s, and being killed at Camlan (Castlesteads on Hadrian’s Wall) in 537, according to the Welsh annals.”

The Death of King Arthur by John Garrick (1862) The Death of King Arthur by John Garrick (1862)
Not everyone is convinced, however. Thomas Owen Clancy, professor of Celtic at Glasgow University, has cast doubt on the findings.

He said: “The search for a historical Arthur in the North is doomed by the sources. As early as we can see, Arthur – in the very text that Dr Breeze fixes on, the early ninth century History of the Britons – is already a figure of legend and literature, rather than history. The list of battles looks to have come from a later poem; it is not a contemporary chronicle.”

But Dr Breeze is not deterred. “New ideas tend to get an icy reception,” he said, “and it would be a poor researcher who couldn’t defend a new idea, if it is any good.”
Myth or reality? The history of King Arthur

The sparse historical background of King Arthur is gleaned from various sources, including the Annales Cambriae, the Historia Brittonum, and the writings of Gildas the Wise, a sixth-century British monk.

The King Arthur of legend is largely derived from Geoffrey of Monmouth’s “fanciful” 12th-century History of the Kings of Britain.

Monty Python have the 12th-century French writer Chrétien de Troyes to thank – he added Lancelot and the Holy Grail to the story, which began the genre of Arthurian romance that became a significant strand of medieval literature. The focus in the French stories shifted from King Arthur himself to the Knights of the Round Table.

Following centuries of disinterest, Alfred, Lord Tennyson revived the Arthurian legend with his 1832 poem The Lady of Shalott. His Arthurian work reached its peak with Idylls of the King, which reworked the narrative of Arthur’s life for the Victorian era.

King Arthur, the 2004 film starring Clive Owen and Keira Knightley, is one of many modern-day feature films to focus on the legend.


http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/king-arthur-legendary-figure-was-real-and-lived-most-of-his-life-in-strathclyde-academic-claims-10483364.html
Report Spam   Logged

Social Buttons

the Once and Future King
Superhero Member
******
Posts: 4154



« Reply #1 on: September 07, 2015, 12:54:09 am »



King Arthur as depicted by Graham Chapman in ‘Monty Python and the Holy Grail’ (Rex)
Report Spam   Logged
the Once and Future King
Superhero Member
******
Posts: 4154



« Reply #2 on: September 07, 2015, 12:54:35 am »




The Death of King Arthur by John Garrick (1862)
Report Spam   Logged
Pages: [1]   Go Up
  Print  
 
Jump to:  

Powered by EzPortal
Bookmark this site! | Upgrade This Forum
SMF For Free - Create your own Forum | Buy traffic for your forum/website
Powered by SMF | SMF © 2016, Simple Machines
Privacy Policy