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Atlantis in Donana: The Hinojos Project

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Author Topic: Atlantis in Donana: The Hinojos Project  (Read 285 times)
Dr. Rainer W. Kühne
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« on: June 15, 2015, 07:12:02 am »

The Hinojos project is an archaeological and geological project. The Hinojos project was started in 2005 and is still continueing. Its motivation was to test Rainer Kühne's hypothesis that the capital of Tartessos (or Atlantis) was situated in the marshes of the Donana National Park in Andalucia in southern Spain. Kühne's hypothesis was published in the archaeological research journal Antiquity.

Rainer W. Kühne, Antiquity 78, no. 300, Section: Project Gallery (2004)
http://antiquity.ac.uk/projgall/kuhne300/

http://www.researchgate.net/publication/242236903_A_Location_for_Atlantis

The journal Antiquity is, since January 2015, published by Cambridge University Press. The members of the Hinojos project performed two archaeological and geological expeditions in the Donana National Park, the first one for one week in July 2006, the second one for five weeks in August/September 2009.

The two expeditions have the project numbers 17/2005 and 18/2009 of the Estacion Biologica de Donana of the CSIC.

The expeditions were financially supported by the Fundacion Caja de Madrid, the Fundacion Donana 21, the Town Council of Hinojos, and the institutions of the team members.

The licences for the expeditions were approved by both the Grupo de Trabajo de Investigacion del Parque Nacional de Donana and the Consejeria de Cultura de la Junta de Andalucia.

The area of investigation included the Pacil de Cardales, the Horno del Mal Tiempo, Las Vetillas, and the Veta Carrizosa. All these areas are situated within the Marisma de Hinojos which lies in the central part of the Donana National Park.

The tasks of the expeditions included an archaeological survey, test excavations, geological drillings including sediment analysis, pollen analysis and microfaunal analysis, radiocarbon dating, aerial photos taken from a pilotless airplane and a balloon, and geophysical tests including ground penetrating radar, magnetometry and electric resistivity tomography.

The geological results of the Hinojos project were published in three peer-reviewed journals.

A. Rodriguez-Ramirez et al., Geomorphology 219 (2014) 126-140.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169555X14002475

http://www.researchgate.net/publication/262677581_The_role_of_neo-tectonics_in_the_sedimentary_infilling_and_geomorphological_evolution_of_the_Guadalquivir_estuary_%28Gulf_of_Cadiz_SW_Spain%29_during_the_Holocene

A. Rodriguez-Ramirez et al., Quaternary Research 83 (2015) 24-40.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S003358941400101X

http://www.researchgate.net/publication/265645127_Atlantic_extreme_wave_events_during_the_last_four_millennia_in_the_Guadalquivir_estuary_SW_Spain

G. Jimenez-Moreno et al., The Holocene 25 (2015) 607-617.
http://hol.sagepub.com/content/25/4/607.abstract

http://www.researchgate.net/publication/271483143_Impact_of_late-Holocene_aridification_trend_climate_variability_and_geodynamic_control_on_the_environment_from_a_coastal_area_in_SW_Spain

Further publications are planned.

The Hinojos project found evidence of three ancient tsunamis which destroyed and recreated parts of what is now the Donana National Park.

The first tsunami occurred about 2100 BC. It destroyed the southern part of the El Abalario dune system. This sand formed the Carrizosa-Vetalarena chenier and the Veta de los Acebuches chenier. Human-made artifacts such as flintstone, treated bone and pottery sherds were found within the Carrizosa-Vetalarena chenier and provide evidence that the tsunami destroyed a human settlement on the El Abalario dune system.

The second tsunami occurred about 1600 BC. It formed the Marilopez chenier by sand from the Donana spit.

The third tsunami occurred about 1200 BC. It destroyed the southern part of the La Algaida spit and a nearby human settlement. It formed the Veta de los Tarajes chenier.

The archaeological survey in the Pacil de Cardales and the Horno del Mal Tiempo yielded many pottery sherds in both areas. Typologically they date from the Muslim period from the 8th to the 13th century AD. Two clay statuettes detected in the Horno del Mal Tiempo date typologically from the Roman Imperial time, but were probably deposited there much later.

The test excavations consisted of two ditches in the Veta Carrizosa and one in the Pacil de Cardales. All three excavations yielded pottery sherds which date typologically from the Neolithic Age, the Copper Age, and the early Bronze Age.

Aerial photos showed several rectangular forms in the Horno del Mal Tiempo and several rectangular and circular forms in the Pacil de Cardales. The lengths of the rectangular forms vary between 20 and 230 metres. The diameters of the circular forms are about 100 metres.

Of particular interest is one rectangular form with a length of 45 metres and a width of 40 metres which is situated at 36°57’55“N and 6°21’48“W in the Horno del Mal Tiempo. Aerial photos provide evidence that the form has been surrounded by a rectangular ditch. Pottery sherds which typologically date from the Muslim period (8th to 13th century AD) and fragments of building rocks were detected within this form during the archaeological survey of July 2006. Two statuettes were detected within this rectangular form in 2009.

The geophysical tests provided further evidence of man-made forms in the Horno del Mal Tiempo and the Pacil de Cardales. Within one circular form situated in the Pacil de Cardales regular patterns are shown in the variation of the degree of resistivity to electric currents at a depth of 3 to 5 metres underground.

Members of the Hinojos project include the following researchers.

Prof. Sebastian Celestino Perez
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sebastian_Celestino

http://csic.academia.edu/Sebasti%C3%A1nCelestinoP%C3%A9rez

Prof. Antonio Rodriguez-Ramirez
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Antonio_Rodriguez-Ramirez

Prof. Gonzalo Jimenez-Moreno
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Gonzalo_Jimenez-Moreno

Prof. Jose Sebastian Carrion
http://scholar.google.de/citations?user=bAlzvfUAAAAJ&hl=de&oi=sra

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jose_Carrion

Prof. Eduardo J. Mayoral Alfaro
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Eduardo_Mayoral

http://uhu.academia.edu/EduardoMayoral

Dr. Juan Jose R. Villarias-Robles
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Juan_Villarias-Robles

Dr. Victorino Mayoral Herrera
http://csic.academia.edu/VictorinoMayoralHerrera

Dr. Enrique Cerrillo Cuenca
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Enrique_Cerrillo_Cuenca

http://csic.academia.edu/EnriqueCerrilloCuenca

Dr. Jose Antonio Lopez-Saez
http://scholar.google.de/citations?user=bJQMGoQAAAAJ&hl=de&oi=sra

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jose_Antonio_Lopez-Saez

Dr. Jose Noel Perez-Asensio
http://scholar.google.de/citations?user=DL_jGZIAAAAJ&hl=de&oi=sra

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jose_Perez-Asensio

Dr. Ana Santos
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ana_Santos40

Dr. Tomas Cordero Ruiz
http://libros.csic.es/product_info.php?products_id=689

Angel Leon Conde
Enrique Flores Hurtado
Carmen Contreras

Further researchers are not members of the Hinojos project but associated with the archaeological, historical, geological or geophysical research of the Hinojos project.

Prof. Richard A. Freund
http://www.hartford.edu/A_and_S/departments/judaic_studies/faculty/freund.aspx

Prof. Philip Paul Reeder
http://www.duq.edu/academics/faculty/philip-reeder-phd

Dr. Paul Bauman
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Paul_Bauman2

Dr. Holger Friehmelt
Jennifer MacDonald
Laurie Pankratow
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Laurie_Pankratow

Dietrich Altenkirch
Christian Hoffmann
Alba Ruiz Leon

Dr. Rainer Walter Kühne
http://scholar.google.de/citations?hl=de&user=W_OUOaEAAAAJ

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Rainer_Kuehne

http://independent.academia.edu/RainerKuehne

Simcha Jacobovici's National Geographic documentary reported about the Hinojos project. This documentary was broadcasted for the first time on 13 March 2011 and appeared in four languages.

English: Finding Atlantis
Spanish: En Busca de la Atlantida
Portuguese: Em Busca da Atlantida perdida
German: Die Suche nach Atlantis

Rainer Walter Kühne is mentioned as Atlantis researcher in the following books.

(1) Michael Bradley and Ted Streuli: Guide to the World's Greatest Treasures. Barnes and Noble 2005.
http://www.amazon.de/dp/1402763093
http://www.amazon.com/dp/0760772142
(p. 37)

(2) Preston Peet (ed.): Underground! Red Wheel/Weiser 2005 and 2013. Roy A. Decker: The Secret Land (pp. 109-116).
http://www.amazon.de/dp/1932857192
http://books.google.de/books?isbn=1609258673   
(p. 112)

(3) Hans-Klaus Jungheinrich (ed.): Identitäten - Der Komponist und Dirigent Peter Eötvös. Schott Musik International 2005.
http://www.amazon.de/dp/3795705347
https://books.google.de/books?isbn=3795705347
(p. 39)

(4) Kathleen Harwell-Burton: Le Nazisme comme religion. Les Presses de l'Universite Laval 2006.
http://www.amazon.fr/dp/2763783368
(p. 24)

(5) Edward Malkowski: Before the Pharaohs. Bear and Co 2006.
http://www.amazon.de/dp/1591430488
(p. 287)

(6) Edward Malkowski: The Spiritual Technology of Ancient Egypt. Bindu Books 2007.
http://www.amazon.de/dp/1594771863
(p. 356)

(7) Joel Levy: The Atlas of Atlantis and Other Lost Civilizations: The Complete Guide to the History and Wisdom of Atlantis, Lemuria, Mu and Other Ancient Civilizations. Godsfield Press, 2007.
http://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/184181315X
(p. 31, 32, 33, 37)

Joel Levy: Atlas de l'Atlantide et autres civilisations perdues. Vega 2007.
http://www.amazon.fr/dp/2858294887

Joel Levy: L'atlante di Atlantide e delle civilta perdute. Apogeo 2008.
http://www.amazon.ca/dp/8850327056

Joel Levy: De atlas van Atlantis en andere verloren beschavingen. 2007
http://www.bol.com/nl/p/de-atlas-van-atlantis/1001004005493657

Joel Levy: Atlas Atlantida a dalsi ztracene civilizace. 2008
https://www.kosmas.cz/knihy/142958/atlas-atlantida-a-dalsi-ztracene-civilizace

( 8 ) Brian Haughton: Hidden History: Lost Civilizations, Secret Knowledge, and Ancient Mysteries. New Page Books, 2007 & Castle Books, 2008.
http://www.amazon.com/dp/1564148971
http://www.amazon.com/dp/0785824111/
http://books.google.de/books?isbn=1564148971     
(p. 19)

Brian Haughton: Verlorenes Wissen, verbotene Wahrheit: Die geheimen Mysterien der Weltgeschichte. Heyne, 2008.
http://www.amazon.de/dp/3453700856
(p. 29, 30)

(9) John Farndon: Do not open: An encyclopedia of the world's best-kept secrets. Dorling Kindersley 2007.
http://www.amazon.com/dp/1405322071
http://www.amazon.com/dp/0756662931
http://books.google.fr/books?isbn=1405336331
(p. 213)

(10) Joel Levy: Lost Histories. Exploring the World's Most Famous Mysteries. Vision 2007.
http://www.amazon.com/dp/1904132936
(p. 15)

Joel Levy: Kayip Tarihler. Dünyanin En Ünlü Gizemlerinin Arastirilmasi. 2008.
http://books.google.de/books?isbn=9752734022 
(p. 30)

Joel Levy: Ztracena historie. Patrani po nej prozlulejsich zahadach sveta. Metafora 2010.
http://www.cbdb.cz/kniha-8904-ztracena-historie-the-lost-history

(11) Stephanos A. Paipetis (ed.): Science and Technology in Homeric Epics. (History of Mechanism and Machine Science, Vol. 6). Springer 2008. Stavros P. Papamarinopoulos: Atlantis in Homer and Other Authors Prior to Plato. pp. 469-508.
http://www.amazon.com/dp/1402087837
https://books.google.de/books?isbn=1402087845
(p. 500, 507)

(12) Francisco Gracia Alonso (ed.): De Iberia a Hispania. Ariel Historia 2008. Sebastian Celestino Perez: Tartessos, pp. 93-345.
http://www.amazon.es/dp/8434452561
(p. 128, 198-201)

(13) Denise Rinaldo: Cities of the Dead: Finding Lost Civilizations (24/7: Science Behind the Scenes). Franklin Watts, 2008.
http://www.amazon.com/dp/053118739X
http://www.amazon.com/dp/0531120791/
(p. 31)

(14) John Gill: Andalucia: A Cultural History (Landscapes of the Imagination). Signal Books, 2008 & Oxford University Press, 2008.
http://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/1904955444
http://www.amazon.com/dp/0195376102
http://books.google.de/books?isbn=0199704511
(p. 19, 20, 24, 25)

(15) Ulrich Müller and Werner Wunderlich (eds.): Mittelalter-Mythen (Band 5): Burgen, Länder, Orte. UVK Verlagsgesellschaft 2008. Christa Agnes Tuczay: Atlantis (pp. 57-74).
http://www.amazon.de/dp/389669636X
(p. 65)

(16) Rainer Krämer: Das Rätsel des Aristokles. Twilight-Line GbR, 2009.
http://www.amazon.de/dp/3941122398
http://www.amazon.de/dp/1409257797
http://books.google.de/books?isbn=3941122398
(p. 36, 44, 94, 95, 111, 114)

(17) Karen Mutton: Sunken Realms, A Survey of Underwater Ruins from Around the World. Adventures Unlimited Press, 2009.
http://www.amazon.com/dp/1931882967
http://books.google.de/books?isbn=1935487493

(18) Peter Heinrich Kemp: Auf den Weg nach Europa. Books on Demand 2009.
http://www.amazon.de/dp/3640378989
https://books.google.de/books?isbn=3640378911
(p. 464)

(19) Angel Roman Ramirez: Introduccion a la Musica en la Espana Antiguay en la Andalucia prerromana. 2010.
http://www.amazon.ca/dp/8485764889
(p. 59, 60)

(20) Richard A. Freund: Digging Through History. Rowman and Littlefield, 2012.
http://www.amazon.com/dp/1442208821
http://books.google.de/books?isbn=1442208848   
(p. 69, 72, 78, 81, 254)

(21) Lee R. Kerr: Griffin Quest - Investigating Atlantis. Createspace, 2012.
http://www.amazon.com/dp/1469958368
http://books.google.de/books?isbn=0615490131
(p. 112)

(22) Thomas Kingsley Troupe: The Legend of Atlantis. Picture Window Books, 2012.
http://www.amazon.com/dp/1404866566
http://books.google.de/books?isbn=1404878920       
(p. 20)

(23) Patrick Chouinard: Forgotten Worlds. From Atlantis to the X-Woman of Siberia and the Hobbits of Flores. Bear and Company 2012.
http://www.amazon.com/dp/1591431387
http://books.google.de/books?isbn=1591438926

(24) Catherine Ralph: Lost City - Unabridged Guide. Tebbo 2012.
http://www.amazon.com/dp/1486197981
https://books.google.de/books?isbn=1486428894
(p. 17, 19)

(25) Fabio Marcello and Massimo Rassu: Non Plus Ultra. Le Colonne di Hiram dal Tempio di Salomone ad Atlantide. Aton 2012.
http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/21524151-non-plus-ultra-le-colonne-di-hiram-dal-tempio-di-salomone-ad-atlantide
https://books.google.de/books?isbn=8890805900
(p. 116)

(26) Gunnar Rudberg: Atlantis and Syracuse, edited by Thorwald C. Franke. Books on Demand 2012.
http://www.amazon.com/dp/384822822X
(p. 117)

(27) Walter Hain: S.A.E.T.I. Die Suche nach Artefakten von außerirdischen Intelligenzen. Books on Demand, 2013.
http://www.amazon.de/dp/3848251418
http://books.google.de/books?isbn=3848251418
(p. 282)

(28) Jose Carlos Romero: Descendemos de los Anunnaki. Bubok 2013.
http://www.amazon.de/dp/846863090X
http://books.google.de/books?isbn=8468630918 
(p. 82)

(29) Sebastian Celestino Perez: Tarteso - Viaje a los confines del Mundo Antiguo. Trebede Ediciones 2014.
http://www.amazon.de/dp/8494064010
(p. 102-105)

(30) Antonio Berlanga Gomez: Incursion a lo desconocido. 2014
http://www.amazon.com/dp/8416157243

(31) Mark Adams: Meet Me in Atlantis. My Obsessive Quest to find the Sunken City. Dutton 2015.
http://www.amazon.com/dp/0525953701
https://books.google.de/books?isbn=0698186214
(pp. 63-65, 67, 71, 73, 74, 81, 93-104, 199, 207, 229, 278, 285, 287, 293, 300, 306)

(32) Giuseppe di Filippo: Mistero e paranormale un affascinante niaggio nell ignoto. 2015.
http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00SEZPUE4

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« Last Edit: July 09, 2015, 06:27:20 am by Dr. Rainer W. Kühne » Report Spam   Logged

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Oliver
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« Reply #1 on: December 10, 2016, 11:13:07 am »

Dr. Kühne, while seeking I found your post. The first thing that came to mind was the number and their level of intellectual positions you identified and included on the post in reference to your theoretical hypothesis, as to where and how this area you have identified in Andalucia, Spain, is very likely to be Plato's own Atlantis. Based on what you stated, it seems that many of these intellectuals are also willing to stake, not only money, but also their reputations, betting that you just may be right with your opinion, and these, as well as certain institutions, are sponsoring archeological searches/investigations in an attempt to corroborate your opinion.

However, the second thing that came to mind was the lack of comments, pro or con, from those others here on this forum, which may hold different opinions than yours, although, typically, some of them are quick to let you know their differences. I found this strange indeed. Although there are many other topics on this forum, as the name implies, I believe, as I have heard, that the forum started with the intent to make Atlantis its main topic of discussion. And although, apparently, it has grown to be a multi-headed hydra, its main head, Atlantis, is dwarfed by the other heads. Which is not objectionable as such. But it seems that a post such as yours would merit many comments, whereas it had received none till today. And that is objectionable and down right rude towards you, this apparent lack of of interest, I mean. I may be wrong though, in thinking this.

I would have, at least, expected a little more interest in the progress of this project you are informing this forum on, even if there has not been any criticism, or praise, from those here that, judging by the posts, have their own opinions and theories as to where and how Atlantis is to searched for. And pardon me if I seem to be speaking for those others here, as I'm not. I'm only speaking for myself, and reflecting my thoughts only. And so that it is clear, I'm not meaning to admonish anyone on this forum, either.

Therefore, speaking for myself, I'm thinking that, perhaps, your credentials, and the credentials of all those you listed in your post, may be responsible for the lack of replies to you post by those who may have wanted to chime in, but were, perhaps, intimidated in doing so. Because I believe that many here, posting on the topics relating to Atlantis in one way or another, don't have the type of credentials that would be worthy of an equally matched opponent or supporter towards your opinion. I say many, and not all, to distinguish the few that may be up to the task and are, perhaps, in the same league with you, and worthy of your attention, pro or con as it may be.

I, although having been brash in pointing these things out, unfortunately, I'm one of the "many" and not the "few."  Therefore, rather than to try to make an uproar by Cheering, or Booing your claim/opinion, not being capable in providing you with an intellectual opinion of my own, I would kindly request an update as to the progress or digression that is happening towards finding corroboration to what you have already claimed, or perhaps even more further proof for your theoretical location of Atlantis. As, certainly, any corroboration and further evidence found will move your theory closer to truth.

Any updates you may provide will be deeply appreciated. If, by any chance, you have already given us a current update somewhere else, please be kind enough to point out the directions to this update.

And let me also express my appreciation and thanks for all the work you have done, and are, still, putting forth on this subject of Atlantis, which, if I can take the liberty to speak for others, is so dear and near to many of us. I hope and wish that someone will soon raise the trophy. And speaking without jealousy, it will not matter to me if that someone may turnout to be you, or another, as long as we get to the "bottom" of this myth! 
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