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Archaeologists Discover Main Aqueduct of Ancient Odessos during Rescue Excavatio

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Cassandra
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« on: May 01, 2015, 11:45:19 pm »

Archaeologists Discover Main Aqueduct of Ancient Odessos during Rescue Excavations in Bulgaria’s Varna
April 28, 2015 · by Daniel Valandovski · in Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Ancient Thrace, Antiquity   · Leave a comment




The main aqueduct of ancient Odessos and its entry point into the Odessos Fortress have been discovered by archaeologists in Bulgaria's Varna. Photo: TV grab from BTA

The main aqueduct of ancient Odessos and its entry point into the Odessos Fortress have been discovered by archaeologists in Bulgaria’s Varna. Photo: TV grab from BTA
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Cassandra
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« Reply #1 on: May 01, 2015, 11:46:20 pm »

Bulgarian archaeologists have discovered the main aqueduct which brought water into the Ancient Thracian, Greek, and Roman city of Odessos (Odessus), the predecessor of today’s Black Sea city of Varna, during the Late Antiquity period.

Rescue excavations conducted on the construction site of a residential building in today’s downtown have allowed archaeologists from the Varna Museum of Archaeology to discover the exact spot where the aqueduct enters the fortress wall of the ancient Black Sea city of Odessos (known in Roman times as Odessus), Assist. Prof. Dr. Hristo Kuzov has told the Bulgarian state news agency BTA.

“Because of the construction of a residential building we started rescue excavations during which we unearthed the main aqueduct of the Late Antiquity city of Odessos exactly at the point where it goes through the fortress wall,” explains Kuzov, adding,

“The aqueduct is preserved in the northern direction from the fortress wall. [The preserved section] is 17 meters long. It was disrupted right where an arch has been unearthed, most likely during the Ottoman period.”

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Cassandra
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« Reply #2 on: May 01, 2015, 11:46:27 pm »

The archaeologist from the Varna Museum of Archaeology has also revealed that the aqueduct of Late Antiquity Odessos was built in three construction periods between the 4th and the 6th century AD.

“The first period of construction was in the 4th century AD when the aqueduct was first built together with the [Late Antiquity] fortress wall. The second period was at the end of the 4th and the beginning of the 5th century AD when a pipeline was laid inside the initial masonry aqueduct. The third period was in the 6th century AD when one more pipeline was added parallel to the original one to west of it, and entered the city through a restructuring of the fortress wall,” Kuzov elaborates.

The revealed section of the fortress wall is made of framed stone blocks bound with mortar, and reaches 3.6 meters in height.

It is hypothesized that the aqueduct brought water to Odessos from several catchment basins on the plateau about the city. It was built of stone blocks covered with up to 13 layers of bricks bound with mortar from large pieces of construction ceramics. The uncovered ceramic pipes have a diameter of about 25 cm.
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« Reply #3 on: May 01, 2015, 11:46:59 pm »



The unearthed Late Antiquity ceramic pipes from the main aqueduct of ancient Odessos have a diamter of about 25 cm. Photo: TV grab from BTA
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« Reply #4 on: May 01, 2015, 11:49:38 pm »

All elements of the main Late Antiquity aqueduct of Odessos are well preserved and allow the archaeologists to trace the way water was brought into the ancient city.

Kuzov says that this is the first time the archaeologists in Bulgaria’s Varna have discovered a facility of this kind, and that their initial excavation results are still not final. The finds are still to be studied in order to come up with a more precise chronology and stratigraphy of the Late Antiquity aqueduct and the respective fortress wall section of Odessos.

The Varna archaeologist hopes that the newly discovered archaeological structures will be preserved as much as possible. A commission from Bulgaria’s Ministry of Culture is expected to inspect the site and issue a recommendation.

However, since the archaeological structures have been found on a privately owned property where a residential building is to be constructed, much depends on the goodwill of the investors. Presently, the investors are said to be considering setting up a bar or restaurant on the ground floor of the building and incorporating the aqueduct and fortress wall remains of the ancient city into the interior of the respective establishment.
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« Reply #5 on: May 01, 2015, 11:50:23 pm »

http://archaeologyinbulgaria.com/2015/04/28/archaeologists-discover-main-aqueduct-of-ancient-odessos-during-rescue-excavations-in-bulgarias-varna/
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« Reply #6 on: May 01, 2015, 11:52:11 pm »



The main aqueduct of ancient Odessos and its entry point into the Odessos Fortress have been discovered by archaeologists in Bulgaria’s Varna. Photo: TV grab from BTA
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Cassandra
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« Reply #7 on: May 01, 2015, 11:53:24 pm »

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« Reply #8 on: May 01, 2015, 11:54:10 pm »

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