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The first fine-scale genetic map of the British Isles

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Author Topic: The first fine-scale genetic map of the British Isles  (Read 123 times)
Red Rain
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« on: March 21, 2015, 06:11:04 pm »

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NB: QUOTES FROM SEVERAL OF THE STUDY AUTHORS LISTED IN THE NOTES TO EDITORS

Notes to editors

Interviews with the researchers, copies of the paper and images of the maps available on request.

Contact: Hannah Isom, Senior Media Officer at the Wellcome Trust, T: 0207 611 8898. E: h.isom@wellcome.ac.uk.

Paper reference: The fine-scale genetic structure of the British population. Stephen Leslie, et al. Nature doi:10.1038/nature14230.

Quotes from the paper authors:

Sir Walter Bodmer from the University of Oxford, who conceived the People of the British Isles study and co-led the work, said: "The People of the British Isles study gave us a wonderful opportunity to learn about the fine-scale genetic patterns in the UK population. A key part of our success was collecting DNA from a geographically diverse group of people who are representative of their location. We are very grateful to all the volunteers who participated in the study."

Professor Peter Donnelly, Director of the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics at the University of Oxford, who co-led the research, said: "It has long been known that human populations differ genetically, but never before have we been able to observe such exquisite and fascinating detail. By coupling this with our assessment of the genetic contributions from different parts of Europe we were able to add to our understanding of UK population history."

Dr Stephen Leslie, of Murdoch Childrens Research Institute in Australia, and one of the lead authors of the study, said: "Rich genetic information such as this tells us a great deal about our history and augments what we know already from archaeology, linguistic and historical records. Much of what we've learned about our history comes from the successful people of society, as they leave the strongest marks on history and archaeology. By using genetics and powerful statistical methods, we have been able to tell the story of the masses."

Dr Garrett Hellenthal, co-lead author of the study at UCL (University College London), said: "To tease out the subtle genetic differences between UK regions we had to use sophisticated statistical methods that model how our genomes are made up of stretches of DNA, passed down the generations from our ancestors".

Professor Simon Myers, from the University of Oxford, who co-led the development of the statistical approaches used in the study, said: "In future, increasingly large datasets will allow us to learn even more about the genetic history of the UK, and the similarly rich histories of other world regions, by applying similar techniques."

Professor Mark Robinson, an archaeologist on the project from the Oxford University Museum of Natural History, said: "The results give an answer to the question we had never previously thought we would be able to ask about the degree of British survival after the collapse of Roman Britain and the coming of the Saxons."

The Wellcome Trust is a global charitable foundation dedicated to improving health. We provide more than £700 million a year to support bright minds in science, the humanities and the social sciences, as well as education, public engagement and the application of research to medicine. Our £18 billion investment portfolio gives us the independence to support such transformative work as the sequencing and understanding of the human genome, research that established front-line drugs for malaria, and Wellcome Collection, our free venue for the incurably curious that explores medicine, life and art. http://www.wellcome.ac.uk

Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.

Media Contact

Hannah Isom
h.isom@wellcome.ac.uk
44-020-761-18898

 @wellcometrust

http://www.wellcome.ac.uk
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