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The real flood: Submerged prehistory

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Adam Hawthorne
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« on: April 12, 2014, 10:50:26 pm »



Diver swimming above a prehistoric megalithic structure at Atlit-Yam, off the Carmel coast of Israel. Image: Itamar Greenberg
   
The real flood: Submerged prehistory

Article created on Thursday, April 10, 2014
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As a specialist in prehistoric underwater archaeology, Dr Jonathan Benjamin looks at rising sea levels differently from most people and his fascination with this global phenomenon began when as a PhD candidate at Edinburgh University he came across the work of the Danish archaeologists Anders Fischer and Søren H Anderson.

In the 1970s and 1980s, Fischer and Anderson recovered some of the most well preserved material ever seen from sites such as the 6,500-year-old settlement at Tybrind Vig.

This was the first submerged settlement excavated in Denmark and from 1977 was the scene of intensive archaeological activity. Lying 300m from the present shoreline and beneath 3 metres of water, divers excavated sensationally well-preserved artefacts from the Ertebølle Culture. This included dugout boats and decorated wooden paddles, and gave unprecedented insight into the everyday lives of the prehistoric societies of Northern Europe.
Global sea level rise

But it wasn’t just the artefacts that captured Dr Benjamin’s imagination; it was where they were discovered that caught his attention. One of the first pages in Dr Benjamin’s own book Submerged Prehistory, of which he is the principal editor, is dedicated to a remarkable graph which shows global sea level rise of up to 130 metres between 18,000 and 5,000 years ago.
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Adam Hawthorne
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« Reply #1 on: April 12, 2014, 10:51:10 pm »




Given the tendency of humans to establish settlements along the coast, and early human migratory patterns, which also follow coastal routes, it’s not difficult to appreciate just how many settlements might have been swallowed up by the ocean over the past 15,000 years.

Surprisingly, in spite of the apparently self-evident nature of that conclusion, and 30 years after the remarkably well-preserved discoveries from Denmark (with further work pouring in from around the world), prehistoric underwater archaeologists are still relatively rare.

This paradigm, however, is changing and Dr Benjamin, although he considers himself amongst the second generation of submerged prehistoric specialists, is at the forefront. He explained why this area of archaeology remains, for the most part, historically under-represented.

“Investigating the entire drowned continental shelf would be astronomically expensive, so we have to be very thoughtful about how we approach our study areas, or seek data and material which is accessible or already available,” Dr Benjamin said.
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Adam Hawthorne
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« Reply #2 on: April 12, 2014, 10:51:29 pm »

Research pays off

Although it can be very expensive and time consuming to search for sites underwater, the investment in such research pays off.  New archaeological sites have been found in the past decade in areas once thought impossible for such discovery, and entire landscapes are being found, such as Doggerland in the North Sea.

Many of prehistoric underwater archaeology’s most important discoveries happened after tip-offs from local residents, recreational divers, fishermen, and even maritime archaeologists working on shipwrecks. Sectors such as dredging, marine aggregates and oil and gas exploration companies have the means and will to collect large-scale data sets providing information about the nature and environment of the seabeds. Some of these data can be relevant to archaeological research, and in some cases directly lead to very old archaeological discoveries.

Atlit-Yam for instance provides the earliest known evidence for an agro-pastoral-marine subsistence system on the Levantine coast, dating to the final Pre-Pottery Neolithic B between 6900 and 6300 BC. Today, it lies between 8–12 metres beneath sea level in the Bay of Atlit. This site was found in 1984, when marine archaeologist Ehud Galili spotted the remains whilst surveying the area for shipwrecks.
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Adam Hawthorne
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« Reply #3 on: April 12, 2014, 10:52:29 pm »



Dr Benjamin working underwater at a maritime site. Image: Flinders University
A new frontier of discovery

“We are looking at the next frontier of archaeology.  Only through interdisciplinary cooperation will we continue to push the envelope and make step-change advancements in maritime and prehistoric archaeology.” Dr Benjamin explains.

Having travelled and worked in Britain, Slovenia, Croatia, Cyprus, Israel, Denmark and North America, he is now interested in the possibilities that exist off the coast of Australia.

“There has been some preliminary work done here in Australia and, given the evidence, there is every reason to suggest that the last major sea-level change would have had a profound effect on the people who lived in coastal environments between 18,000 and 5,000 years ago.”  he explained.

Looking in the in the right places, he expects that palaeo-indigenous sites and artefacts that are more than 5,000 years exist beneath the waves, and in some cases are likely to be very well preserved on and under the seabed and in the intertidal zone.

His opinion is however that, “ it will take time, patience and more than one or two people for the field to establish itself here. We will need committed archaeologists and geomorphologists cooperating not only within academia, but with industry, indigenous groups, coastal communities and other interested stakeholders.”

More information about submerged prehistoric landscapes can also be found at http://splashcos.org/

Source: Flinders University

Dr Benjamin is a Lecturer in Maritime Archaeology at Flinders, where he works closely with Dr Wendy Van Duivenvoorde.
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Flinders University. The real flood: Submerged Prehistory. Past Horizons. April 10, 2014, from http://www.pasthorizonspr.com/index.php/archives/04/2014/the-real-flood-submerged-prehistory

http://www.pasthorizonspr.com/index.php/archives/04/2014/the-real-flood-submerged-prehistory
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Adam Hawthorne
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« Reply #4 on: April 12, 2014, 10:53:15 pm »

Shankar N Kashyap · Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon at Queen Elizabeth Hospital
Amazing discovery gives credence to the submerged Dwaraka being more than 5000 years old. It shows that the sea levels was around 40 to 50 meters below present level around 6000 years ago. The ruins were above sea level around 3000 to 4000 BCE.
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BlueHue2
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Blue-Hue? is he Just Blind, or a One-eyed 'king' ?


WWW
« Reply #5 on: May 02, 2014, 10:39:53 am »

Sorry,
Ages of Man are overdone,

Despite Mr Hancock's 1000-ds of years hence,

Dwarka's three times submersion

may have started during the 'Quarternary-Lake-Burst'

supposedly in 8000 bc but by Dr.Velikovsky's Time Line in 855 bc.

Sincerely ' Blue-Hue '
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Atlantis in,"historical-Perspective"
=Known-World,Oikumene=Now,Yemen>Surat-89

This Egyptian,INDIAN-Ocean trade-Empire was
ruled by-CEO-Queen Tiy

PLATO wrote (GREEK!)" ATHE " Now,Aden= Solomon's/OFIR, in Herodotus-Araby-Map

ATLANTIS-Dialogue=Satire,on Athens-Trade boycott(of Darius2,413bc)
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