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Boxer Rebellion

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Author Topic: Boxer Rebellion  (Read 3814 times)
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« on: September 07, 2007, 05:48:13 am »

Eight-Nation Alliance

The Eight-Nation Alliance (Simplified Chinese: 八国联军; Traditional Chinese: 八國聯軍; Pinyin: bāgúo liánjūn) was an alliance of 8 nations (Austria-Hungary, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) which put down the Boxer Rebellion in China in 1900. The military contingent from the United States was called the China Relief Expedition.

At the end of the campaign, the imperial government was forced to sign the unequal Boxer Protocol of 1901.

Leading factors

At the end of the 19th century, resentment towards foreigners was on the rise due to continued colonization of China by Europeans, Americans and Japanese, increasing number of Western colonies and concessions in China, extraterritorial legal and trading privileges and influence over China, with Empress Dowager Cixi's passive approval. Social differences and the technology gap encouraged these sentiments. These resentments grew to the extent that destruction and violence against foreign companies, personnel, and even items such as violins, automobiles, phone lines etc. was carried out. Diplomats were assassinated, businesses vandalized and items were set on fire in the streets.

Although the Qing government formally condemned these violent actions, they failed to prosecute the people that carried out the acts, and it is thought that they encouraged them from behind the scenes.

With their commercial interests in China under threat and the necessity to relieve the joint legations under siege in Peking by the Boxers, the eight-nation alliance sent troops to quell the uprising.

« Last Edit: September 07, 2007, 05:49:59 am by Shaiking » Report Spam   Logged

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