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The Location of the Crucifixion

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Holy War
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« on: June 23, 2012, 03:39:19 pm »

The Location of the Crucifixion

Of the sites suggested by scholars for the location of the crucifixion of Christ, Scriptural evidence points to a steep slope on the Mount of Olives east of the Temple. It is located outside of the city near a first century road. The slope was unpopulated due to Temple activities in the area. This site fits the truth laid out in God's Word pertaining to the crucifixion.

    Outside of the city.
    Near the Temple.
    Golgotha - a place of registry where heads were counted.
    Romans often crucified their condemned men at the place of their crime or at the place of their arrest.

1. Jesus Christ suffered without [outside] the gate of the city of Jerusalem.

Hebrews 13:10:12 We have an altar, whereof they have no right to eat which serve the tabernacle. For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp. Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.

There was an area for burning the bodies of the sacrifices outside of the city gate. This location is referred to in the Old Testament as a place "without [outside of] the camp" of Israel. After the Temple was built , this place for burning the bodies of the sacrifices had a specific location outside of the city. According to the Mishnah, a second-century Judean commentary, a bridge had been built over the Kidron Valley from the Temple area eastward to the Mount of Olives leading to this location for burning the bodies.

    "They made a causeway from the Temple Mount to the Mount of Olives, an arched way built over an arched way, with an arch directly above each pier [of the arch below], for fear of any grave in the depths below. By it the priest that was to burn the Heifer, and the Heifer, and all that aided him went forth to the Mount of Olives." - Herbert Danby, trans., The Mishnah (Oxford University Press, 1933), p.700.

The bridge led from the east Temple gate to a place near the summit of the Mount of Olives. The priest could pass over this bridge uncontaminated by the graves below in order to burn the bodies of the animals outside the city.




2. Jesus was crucified near the Temple.

John 19:20b ... for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city:...

According to John 19:20, "the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city." This is a mistranslation. The word place in the Greek is associated with "the city," so that this verse should be translated, "Jesus was crucified near the place of the city." "The Place of the city" was the Temple, which is also called "the place."

Ezekiel 43:21 - Thou shalt take the bullock also of the sin offering and he shall burn it in the appointed place of the house, without the sanctuary. (The house is also a term used for the Temple.)

John 11:48 If we let him thus alone, all men will believe on him: and the Romans shall come and take away both our place and nation.

"The text reads - take away the place and the nation. By the place - the Pharisees meant the Temple. The area of burning on the Mount of Olives east of the city was considered part of "the place." This location was outside the city and yet near (and part of) the Temple proper.

3. "Golgotha" refers to a place of registry where heads were counted and not a place that looks like a skull as the King James version implies.

John 19:17 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha.

Ezekiel 43:21 - Thou shalt take the bullock also of the sin offering and he shall burn it in the appointed place of the house, without the sanctuary.

The words "appointed place" in the Hebrew is the word "miphqad." Miphqad comes from the verb paqad which means to number. The gate of the city that led to the "appointed place" was called the Miphkad Gate.

The Miphkad Gate (referred to in Nehemiah 3:31) was located on the east wall just north of the east gate leading to the Temple. The Miphkad Gate opened onto the road leading up the Mount of Olives just north of the place where the bodies were burned. This road led to the Miphkad, or "appointed place," where people registered for the Temple tax. Each person [head count] was taxed at this location. The word "Golgotha," used in the Gospels to describe the place of the crucifixion, is an Aramaic word which suggests this area of registry known as Miphkad. The related Hebrew word bears the same meaning. It is gulgoleth, which means "skull, head, or poll." It is a head count.

Exodus 38:25-26 And the silver of them that were numbered [paqad, to appoint or number] of the congregation was an hundred talents, and a thousand seven hundred and threescore and fifteen shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary: A bekah for every man [gulgoleth, head], that is half a shekel, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for every one that went to be numbered [paqad]...

In the time of Jesus Christ, this place of numbering, or registration, for the Temple tax was called Golgotha. This was the Miphkad area on the Mount of Olives east of the Temple and near the place outside the city where the bodies of sacrifices were burned.

4. Romans often crucified their condemned men at the place of their crime or at the place of their arrest.

    PLACE OF THE CRIME

Luke 23:2: And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King.

Matthew 27:37 And set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

The crime that Jesus was accused of was that he was proclaimed to be king. This "crime" took place on the Mount of Olives.

Luke 19:37-38 And when he was come nigh, even now at the descent of the mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen; Saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord:...

    THE PLACE OF HIS ARREST

Luke 22:39 - 54 And he came out, and went, as he was wont, to the mount of Olives; and his disciples also followed him...(V54)Then took they him,...

Jesus Christ was proclaimed king [HIS CRIME] on the Mount of Olives and later arrested at the garden of Gethsemane of the Mount of Olives. The Mount of Olives was the place of his arrest. Golgotha (the place of the head count for the Temple tax) was on the Mount of Olives near the place where the bodies of sacrificed Temple animals were burned. This steep slope on the Mount of Olives east of the Temple was outside the east gate of the city of Jerusalem and fits all Scriptural evidence for the location of the crucifixion.

It is also interesting to note that Jesus Christ ascended from the Mount of Olives and "this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven."

As cold waters to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country. Proverbs 25:25


http://www.cortright.org/locatcru.htm
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Holy War
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« Reply #1 on: June 23, 2012, 03:39:52 pm »

Was Jesus Crucified at the Dome of the Rock or???

This week we field a question from a Palm Beach Atlantic College student named Alex. Alex related a conversation he had with a teacher who had “read somewhere” that the site where Abraham had offered his son Isaac as a sacrifice was the same site where Jesus had been crucified. “I was wondering if there was any proof of this.”

Finding proof of where biblical events took place is virtually impossible, especially events not associated with a specific, grandiose architectural structure that exists today (or is extant as a positively identified ruins) or an event associated with a unique geographical site.

For instance, Jesus was baptized in the Jordan River. Of course, a tour guide in Israel could take you to the spot where John baptized Jesus, but the guide has little to go on other than tradition and speculation. Certainly Jesus could have been baptized there, but we really cannot be certain and there is no proof. No stele or monument was erected at the time, Jesus’ footprints were not preserved in plaster, and the Polaroid hadn’t yet found its way into the marketplaces of Judea.

However, the lack of absolute proof of the whereabouts of a given event has not restrained scholars, archaeologists, pilgrims and tour guides in promoting their speculations. Indeed, many of these sites have become sacred in the hearts and minds of many pilgrims who make their way to the Holy Land.

Now, on to Alex’s question. The site of Abraham’s obedience in offering his son Isaac as a sacrifice (Genesis 220 has long supposed to have been at the top of Mount Moriah in present day Jerusalem. There, at the top of the hill, is a large flat rock that has been used as an altar through the millennia and through several cultures. This site, however, was in use at the time of Jesus’ crucifixion—it was the location of the Jewish Temple, and the Temple was in full operation the day of Jesus’ death.

Locating the exact site of Jesus’ death can be little more than speculation with a sprinkling of logic and/or tradition thrown in. The biblical references to the site name it Golgotha, an Aramaic word translated as Place of the Skull (Matthew 27.33; Mark 15.22; John 19.17). The reference to the skull may have its roots in one of three possibilities.

First, the site may have been the spot where public executions took place. Against this view is the lack of any evidence that suggest there was a particular place for executions in the first century Jewish faith.

A second possibility suggests the hill where Jesus was crucified may have looked, geographically, like a skull. However, there has yet been a site so identified, and no writers of that time made any reference to this possibility.

The third notion suggests that this site was called the Place of the Skull because there was a common tradition of that day, according to the writer Origen who lived in Jerusalem for 20 years during his lifetime (ca. 185-253), that maintained the skull of Adam was buried beneath the very spot where Jesus was crucified. Indeed, today there is an excavated cave below traditional Golgotha where this “skull” is on display, a testament to the ancient tradition. So, perhaps unlikely though it might seem, this could indeed be the spot where Jesus was crucified. However, in reference to Alex’s question, this site is outside of the city, nowhere near Mount Moriah where Abraham is said to have offered his son as a sacrifice.

There is another possibility of the twin sites that has been raised. According to Ron Wyatt, a fairly well known scholar, there is at least some evidence that Abraham may have traveled not to Mount Moriah, but to the Mount of Olives for his sacrificial act. Then, in a burst of creativity in his book The Secrets of Golgotha, Wyatt postulates and sets out to prove that Jesus was crucified on that site as well. The postulates and writings of Wyatt have been seriously undermined by some; however, his theory is at least intriguing, if nothing else as allowing the portrait of Abraham’s sacrificial act to picture Jesus’ death.

In reality, it is virtually impossible by today’s technology to prove the whereabouts of either Abraham’s offering or Jesus’ crucifixion, which leaves us little more than speculation and tradition. However, some speculations and traditions can be taken more seriously than others simply because of what little we do know. And we know Jesus wasn’t crucified inside the Temple, ruling out the Mount Moriah site. Which leaves us traditional Golgotha or the Mount of Olives or…? We’ll probably never know this side of the grave.

Unless you ask a tour guide in Israel.

http://www.hcna.us/columns/Dome%20of%20the%20Rock.htm
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