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The Bimini Road

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Author Topic: The Bimini Road  (Read 1712 times)
Shelly Gauthier
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« Reply #15 on: December 26, 2011, 02:41:21 pm »

Others who consider the Bimini undersea formation to be man-made, as opposed to natural beachrock, are Joseph Manson Valentine, zoologist;[1][2][3] Charles Berlitz, linguist;[41] Gregory Little, psychologist;[42] R. Cedric Leonard, anthropologist;[43] and Dimitri Rebikoff, French marine engineer.[44][45] All claim to have investigated the formations in person, and claim to have observed more than one horizontal layer of blocks, at least in places. However, multiple layers of block can result naturally from systematic fracturing of sedimentary rock where multiple layers of sedimentary rock lie on top of each, as can be observed in the case of the tessellated pavement of Tasmania exposed at Eaglehawk Neck on the Tasman Peninsula.[46]
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Shelly Gauthier
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« Reply #16 on: December 26, 2011, 02:41:38 pm »

Sci Fi Channel presentation

Sci Fi's "Quest for Atlantis: Startling New Secrets"[47] followed several different groups researching possible locations for the legendary Atlantis, one of which focused on the Bimini Road. Greg Little led a team of researchers on a dive to recover objects at Bimini Bay. Little and his team reported the discovery of an entire second layer of square-cut rocks with similar dimensions beneath the stones of the Bimini Road.[35][36] However, they have yet to formally publish in any detail the evidence and observations that demonstrate the presence of this underlying layer and the square-cut nature of its blocks. As a result, its existence remains unproven. Little believes that his discovery suggests that the Bimini Road may actually be one part of an entire wall or water dock. He has also published an informal critique[14] of Shinn's[22] Skeptical Inquirer article. The Bimini Road was also discussed in season 1, episode 10 of the TV series In Search Of, as well as season 2, episode 3 of the History channel's TV series Ancient Aliens.
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Shelly Gauthier
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« Reply #17 on: December 26, 2011, 02:41:57 pm »

References

    ^ a b Valentine, J. M., 1969, Archaeological enigmas of Florida and the Western Bahamas. Muse News (Miami Museum of Science). v. 1, pp. 26-29,41-47 (1969, June).
    ^ a b Valentine, J. M., 1973, Culture pattern seen. Muse News (Miami Museum of Science). v. 4, pp. 314-315, 331-334 (April 1973)
    ^ a b Valentine, J.M., 1976, Underwater Archeology in the Bahamas. Explorers Journal. v. 54, no. 4, pp. 176-183.
    ^ a b c d e f g Gifford, J.A., and M.M. Ball, 1980, Investigation of submerged beachrock deposits off Bimini. National Geographic Society Research Reports. v. 12, pp. 21–38.
    ^ a b McKusick, M., 1979, The Bimini underwater discoveries. Explorer Journal. v. 58, no. 1, pp. 40-43.
    ^ a b c d Shinn, E. A., 2009, The mystique of beachrock. in Perspectives in Carbonate Geology: A Tribute to the Career of Robert Nathan Ginsburg, P. K. Swart, G. Eberli, and J. A. McKenzie, eds., pp. 19-28. International Association of Sedimentologists Special Publication no. 41.
    ^ a b Zink, David, 1978, The Stones of Atlantis. Prentice Hall Trade. ISBN 0-13-846923-7
    ^ a b c Calvert, P.M., D.S. Introne, J.J. Stipp, 1979, University of Miami radiocarbon dates XIV. Radiocarbon. v. 21, no. 1, pp. 107-112.
    ^ Kidwell, S.M., M.M.R. Best, and D.S. Kaufman, 2005, Taphonomic trade-offs in tropical marine death assemblages: Differential time averaging, shell loss, and probable bias in siliciclastic vs. carbonate facies. Geology. September 2005; v. 33; no. 9; p. 729-732.
    ^ a b c d e f Davaud, E., and A. Strasser, 1984, Progradation, cimentation, érosion: évolution sédimentaire et diagénétique récente d'un littoral carbonate (Bimini, Bahamas). (Translated title: Progradation, Cementation, Erosion; Recent Diagenetic and Sedimentary Evolution in a Carbonate Coastal Environment, Bimini, Bahamas.) Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae. v. 77, no.3, p. 449-468.
    ^ a b c d e Strasser, A., and E. Davaud, 1986, Formation of Holocene limestone sequences by progradation, cementation, and erosion; two examples from the Bahamas. Journal of Sedimentary Research. v. 56, no. 3, pp. 422-428.
    ^ Bourrouilh-Le Jan, F.G., 2007, Very high energy sedimentation (supratidal hurricane deposits) and Mid-Holocene highstand on carbonate platforms, Andros, Bahamas: An alternative view. Sedimentary Geology. vol. 199, no. 1-2, pp. 29-49.
    ^ A biopelsparite is a limestone with a ratio of fossils and fossil fragments to pellets between 3:1 and 1:3 and lacking a mud matrix. If it consists largely of fossils and fossil fragments and lacks a mud matrix, a limestone is called a "biosparite".
    ^ a b Little, G., 2004, More Adventures With Bimini Beachrock: Remarkable Blunders in a Purported Scholarly Report Debunking the Bimini Stones. Alternative Perceptions Magazine. no. 86 (December 2004)
    ^ Ku, T.L., 1976, The Uranium-Series Methods of Age Determination. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. v. 4, pp. 347-379.
    ^ Schwarcz, H.P., 1997, Chapter 6: Uranium series dating in R.E. Taylor and J.M. Aitken, eds., pp. 159-182. Chronometric Dating in Archaeology. Advances in Archaeological and Museum Science. v. 2. Plenum Press, New York, 395 pp. ISBN 9780306457159
    ^ Balsillie, J.H., and J.F. Donoghue, 2004, High resolution sea-level history for the Gulf of Mexico since the last glacial maximum. Report of Investigation no. 103. Florida Geological Survey, Tallahassee, Florida. 65 pp.
    ^ Blanchon, P., and J. Shaw, 1995, Reef drowning during the last deglaciation: Evidence for catastrophic sea-level rise and ice-sheet collapse. Geology. v. 23, no. 1, pp. 4–8.
    ^ Fairbanks, R.G., 1989, A 17,000-year glacio-eustatic sea-level record: influence of glacial melting rates on the Younger Dryas event and deep ocean circulation. Nature. v. 342, no. 6250, pp. 637–642.
    ^ Carewa, J.L., and J.E. Mylroie, 1995, Quaternary tectonic stability of the Bahamian archipelago: evidence from fossil coral reefs and flank margin caves. Quaternary Science Reviews. v. 14, no. 2, 1995, pp. 145-153.
    ^ Hearty, P.J., and D.S. Kaufman, 2000, Whole-Rock Aminostratigraphy and Quaternary Sea-Level History of the Bahamas. Quaternary Research. v. 54, no. 2, pp. 163–173.
    ^ a b Shinn, E.A., 2004, A Geologist's Adventures with Bimini Beachrock and Atlantis True Believers Skeptical Inquirer, v. 28, no. 1, pp. 38–44.
    ^ McKusick, M., and E.A. Shinn, 1980, Bahamian Atlantis reconsidered. Nature. v. 287, no. 5777, pp. 11 - 12.
    ^ Harrison, W., 1971, Atlantis undiscovered: Bimini, Bahamas. Nature. v. 287, no. 5777, pp. 11 - 12.
    ^ Gifford, J.A., 1973, The Bimini 'cyclopean complex. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology and Underwater Exploration. v. 2, no. 1, p. 189.
    ^ Gifford, J.A., 1973, A description of the geology of the Bimini Islands, Bahamas. Unpublished Master's thesis, University of Miami, Miami, Florida. 88 pp.
    ^ a b McNinch, J.E., J.T.Wells, T.G. Drake, 2001, The fate of artifacts in an energetic, shallow-water environment: scour and burial at the wreck site of Queen Anne's Revenge. Southeastern Geology. v. 40, no. 1, pp. 19-27.
    ^ a b McNinch, J.E., and J.T. Wells, 2006, Predicting the Fate of Artefacts in Energetic, Shallow Marine Environments: an Approach to Site Management. The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology. v. 35, no. 2, pp. 290–309.
    ^ Irna, 2006, Tout ce que la nature ne peut pas faire, II : pavements et dallages, Le site d'Irna
    ^ Nature Conservation Branch, 2003, Geodiversity: Tasman Peninsula Landforms explained. Parks and Wildlife Service Tasmania, Hobart, New Zealand
    ^ Harmon, Gray, 2005, Ancient floor a work of nature, not nurture. Grand Junction Sentinel, (August 15, 2005)
    ^ Killcare Wagstaffe Trust Inc., 2000, Tesselated Pavement on the Terrigal Formation.(Bouddi Peninsula) Down to Earth - Geology Exhibition, Killcare Wagstaffe Trust Inc., Sydney, New south Wales, Australia
    ^ Google Earth, 2008, Tout ce que la nature ne peut pas faire, II : pavements et dallages, Le site d'Irna
    ^ Jarrett, B.D., A.C. Hine, R.B. Halley, D.F. Naar, S.D. Locker, A.C. Neumann, D. Twichell, C. Hu, C., B.T. Donahue, W.C. Jaap, D. Palandro, and K. Ciembronowicz, 2005, Strange bedfellows – a deep-water hermatypic coral reef superimposed on a drowned barrier island; southern Pulley Ridge, SW Florida platform margin. Marine Geology. v. 214, no. 4, pp. 295–307.
    ^ a b Little, G., 2007a, The ARE's Search For Atlantis—2007 Summary: Part One of Three. Alternative Perceptions Magazine. no. 114 (July 2007)
    ^ a b Little, G., 2007b, The ARE's Search For Atlantis—2007 Summary: Part Two of Three: Discoveries at Bimini: Columns, Marble Building Ruins, and Possible Building Foundations in 100-Feet of Water. Alternative Perceptions Magazine. no. 115 (August 2007)
    ^ Little, G., 2007c, A.R.E.'s Search For Atlantis Project——2007 Summary——Part 3 of 3: Explorations at Andros Discover Underwater Stone Wall——Origin & Purpose of Wall is Unknown. Alternative Perceptions Magazine. no. 116 (September 2007)
    ^ Marx, R. F., and D. Rebikoff, 1969, Atlantis at Last? Argosy (magazine). v. 369, no. 6. (December 1969)
    ^ a b c Marx, R., 1971, Atlantis: the legend is becoming fact. Argosy (magazine). v. 373, no. 5, pp. 44-47. (November 1971)
    ^ Anonymous, 1971, Editorial advisor to Ocean Industry Carl H. Holm dies. Ocean Industry. v. 6, no. 6., p. 19 (June 1971)
    ^ Berlitz, Charles, 1984, Atlantis: the Eighth Continent. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York.
    ^ Little, G., 2004, ARE's Search for Atlantis. (DVD) ATA Productions.
    ^ Leonard, R. C., 1979, Quest for Atlantis. Manor Books, New York.
    ^ Rebikoff, D., 1972, Precision Underwater Photomosaic Techniques for Archaeological Mapping; Interim Experiment on the Bimini 'Cyclopean' Complex. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology and Underwater Exploration. v. 1, pp. 184-186.
    ^ Rebikoff, D., 1979, Underwater archeology: Photogrammetry of artifacts near Bimini. Explorers Journal. v. 57, no. 3, pp. 122-125.
    ^ Anonymous, 2009, Eaglehawk Neck tesselated pavements: collection of postcards., no. 2, State Library of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania.
    ^ Scifi Channel, 2006, Quest for Atlantis aired July 2006

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Shelly Gauthier
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« Reply #18 on: December 26, 2011, 02:43:02 pm »


BIMINI ROAD

http://www.altarcheologie.nl/index.html?underwater_ruins/bimini/gallery.htm
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Shelly Gauthier
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« Reply #19 on: December 26, 2011, 02:50:22 pm »

Bimini



Note the way the top surfaces are parallel to each other, virtually in the same plane .
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Shelly Gauthier
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« Reply #20 on: December 26, 2011, 02:51:18 pm »



A section with smaller stones.
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Shelly Gauthier
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« Reply #21 on: December 26, 2011, 02:51:56 pm »




Divers above a row of stones; note how the stones are parallel to each other, and note their size.
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Shelly Gauthier
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« Reply #22 on: December 26, 2011, 02:52:51 pm »



A closer view of the same section, showing the central stones to be almost square.
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Shelly Gauthier
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« Reply #23 on: December 26, 2011, 02:54:22 pm »

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Shelly Gauthier
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« Reply #24 on: December 26, 2011, 02:54:44 pm »

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Shelly Gauthier
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« Reply #25 on: December 26, 2011, 02:55:07 pm »

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Shelly Gauthier
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« Reply #26 on: December 26, 2011, 02:55:38 pm »

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Shelly Gauthier
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« Reply #27 on: December 26, 2011, 02:56:09 pm »



Note the cilindrical and tapering pieces.
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Shelly Gauthier
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« Reply #28 on: December 26, 2011, 02:56:31 pm »

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Shelly Gauthier
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« Reply #29 on: December 26, 2011, 02:57:05 pm »



This is probably the same group as in the picture; the big piece seems to have parallel grooves.
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