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Zeta Reticuli

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« Reply #15 on: August 06, 2011, 06:26:34 pm »

1980-1990

During the early 1980s Greys were linked in popular culture to the alleged crash landing of a flying saucer in Roswell, New Mexico, in 1947, by a number of publications which contained statements from individuals who claimed to have seen the U.S. military handling a number of unusually proportioned, bald, child-sized corpses. These individuals claimed that the corpses had over-sized heads and slanted eyes—but scant other facial features—during and after the incident.[4]

In 1987, popular novelist Whitley Strieber published the book Communion, in which he describes a number of close encounters he purports to have experienced with Greys and other extraterrestrial beings. The book became a New York Times bestseller, and a film adaption starring Christopher Walken was released in 1989.
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« Reply #16 on: August 06, 2011, 06:49:23 pm »

1991-present day

During the 1990s, popular culture began to increasingly link Greys to a number of military-industrial complex/New World Order conspiracy theories.[5]

A well known example of this was the FOX television series The X-Files, which first aired in 1993. It combined the quest to find proof of the existence of Grey-like extraterrestrials with a number of UFO conspiracy theory subplots, in order to form its primary story arc. Other notable examples include Dark Skies, first broadcast in 1996, which expanded upon the MJ-12 conspiracy, and Stargate SG-1 which in the 1998 episode "Thor's Chariot" introduced the Asgard, a race of beneficent Greys who visited ancient Earth masquerading as characters from Norse Mythology.

In 1995 film maker Ray Santilli claimed to have obtained 22 reels of 16 mm film that depicted the autopsy of a "real" Grey that was said to have been recovered from the site of the 1947 incident in Roswell, New Mexico.[6][7] However, in 2006 Santilli announced that the film was not original, but was instead a "reconstruction" created after the original film was found to have degraded. He maintained that a real Grey had been found and autopsied on camera in 1947, and that the footage released to the public contained a percentage of that original footage, but he was unable to say what that percentage was. This incident became the subject of the British comedy film Alien Autopsy, starring television presenters Ant & Dec.[8][9]

Greys, referred to as 'visitors', also appear in South Park as important characters in the first and the hundredth episode, as well as many cameos throughout the series, mostly in the backgrounds of scenes. The comedy film Scary Movie 3 also includes Greys as the main extraterrestrials. They are also frequently depicted on the TV series Robot Chicken.

Roger Smith, a regular character on the animated comedy series American Dad! since its debut in 2005, is a Grey-like alien.

Paul, from the 2011 film Paul, is a Grey, and attributes their frequent presence in science-fiction pop culture to his secretive influence while being held captive by the US government.
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« Reply #17 on: August 06, 2011, 06:50:48 pm »

In science fiction

Greys are a popular theme in science fiction and have either appeared directly, or acted as a source of inspiration, in a number of different franchises. Greys also appear in Stargate SG-1 in the form of the Asgard, a highly advanced ally of the Stargate Command (SGC). In the TV series Babylon 5, aliens similar to the Greys are known as the Vree, the Streibs and the Zener. The first of these races are depicted as Earth Alliance allies on Babylon 5, while the others are hostile, with the third race serving the Shadows.

Stereotypical designs of the Grey alien race have been featured in various video game media. Examples include an extraterrestrial race known as the Sectoids which make their appearance in X-COM: UFO Defense. They also play the role of primary antagonists in the game Area 51, where they are depicted forming crop circles and mutilating cattle. The Nintendo 64 game Perfect Dark features a 'Grey' race of aliens called Maians. The Star Control series features the Arilou as a grey-derived ally of humanity. On the other hand, in the Destroy All Humans games, the aliens play the protagonists of the game (though antagonists to the humans). Greys also appear in the Deus Ex video game series. In Wii game Madworld, some levels contain aliens that are referred to solely as Greys. They are the only enemies in the game with blue blood.

In the current series (Series 6) of Doctor Who, a popular long-running British sci-fi drama, the Doctor's newest enemy, known as the Silence, are modelled upon the classic description and appearance of Greys, albeit with obvious customisation.

In children's science fiction literature, Greys appear in the Animorphs book series as the metamorphosed form of an alien race dubbed the Skrit Na.

In Star Trek pilot The Cage features a race of grey like extraterrestrials called The Talosians who kidnap the USS enterprise's former Commanding officer Captain Christopher Pike.

Mass Effect's salarians are known to have been inspired by the 'greys', with a large amount of further customization.However, they have no connection at all to what typical greys are accused of doing.
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« Reply #18 on: August 06, 2011, 06:55:34 pm »

In close encounter claims and ufology

Greys are commonly included in alien abduction claims and are a focus of ufology, with attributes that may differ from those described above. These claims include two distinct groups of Greys that differ in height.[1] Abductees say that they recognize the leader of their abductors by its "demeanor."[1] Some ufologists and abduction researchers believe that taller Greys, with their reported increased authority and apparently more complex psychology may be the only Grey type to be biologically alive and that the shorter form could be their artificially constructed robot or cyborg servants.[1]

Some alien abduction reports have depicted variant skin colors such as blue-grey, green-grey, or purple-grey and sometimes not grey at all. The skin is typically described as being extremely smooth, almost as if made of an artificial material like rubber or plastic.[1]

Abduction claims are described as extremely traumatic, similar to an abduction by humans or even a sexual assault in the level of trauma and distress. (Research has shown that emotional impact of perceived abduction can be as great as or even greater than those of combat, sexual abuse, and other traumatic events.)[10]

The eyes are often a focus of abduction claims. They are said to not move or focus in any observable way from the naked eye. Claims often describe a Grey staring into the eyes of an abductee when conducting mental procedures.[1] This staring is claimed to induce hallucinogenic states or directly provoke different emotions.[11] Although abduction claimants often say that the Grey was only inches from their face during the staring mindscan procedure, they often do not subsequently claim feeling breath or seeing the Grey's chest move from breathing.[1]
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« Reply #19 on: August 06, 2011, 06:56:06 pm »

Psychocultural expression of intelligence

Neurologist Dr. Steven Novella argues that the idea is a byproduct of the human imagination, with the Greys' most distinctive features representing everything that modern humans traditionally link with intelligence. "The aliens, however, do not just appear as humans, they appear like humans with those traits we psychologically associate with intelligence."[12]
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« Reply #20 on: August 06, 2011, 06:56:32 pm »

Psychocultural expression of intelligence

Neurologist Dr. Steven Novella argues that the idea is a byproduct of the human imagination, with the Greys' most distinctive features representing everything that modern humans traditionally link with intelligence. "The aliens, however, do not just appear as humans, they appear like humans with those traits we psychologically associate with intelligence."[12]
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« Reply #21 on: August 06, 2011, 06:56:47 pm »

Psychocultural expression of intelligence

Neurologist Dr. Steven Novella argues that the idea is a byproduct of the human imagination, with the Greys' most distinctive features representing everything that modern humans traditionally link with intelligence. "The aliens, however, do not just appear as humans, they appear like humans with those traits we psychologically associate with intelligence."[12]
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« Reply #22 on: August 06, 2011, 06:57:45 pm »

The "Mother Hypothesis"

In 2005, Frederick V. Malmstrom, writing in Skeptic magazine, vol. 11 issue 4, presents his hypothesis that Greys are actually residual memories of early childhood development. Malmstrom reconstructs the face of a Grey through transformation of a mother's face based on our best understanding of early childhood sensation and perception. Malmstrom's study offers a possible alternative to the existence of Greys, the intense instinctive response many people experience when presented an image of a Grey, and the ease of regression hypnosis and recovered memory therapy in "recovering" memories of alien abduction experiences, along with their common themes.[13]
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« Reply #23 on: August 06, 2011, 06:58:17 pm »

Evolutionary feasibility debate

According to English reproductive biologist Jack Cohen, the typical image of a Grey, given that it would have evolved on a world with different environmental and ecological conditions from Earth, is too physiologically similar to a human to be credible as a representation of an alien. Their physical structure has been sometimes viewed as supporting the Panspermia theory of origins, although the "parallel evolution" required is not scientifically plausible. The "parallel evolution" concept, utilized as a plot device by Star Trek writers Gene Roddenberry and Gene Coon and referred to as "Hodgkins Law of Parallel Planet Development". However, even this fictional theory does not explain such remarkable Grey-human similarities as the facial geometry, the apparent sternal-xiphoidal process, the evident pectoral-trapezial architecture, and the number of toes per foot.[14]

One theory that could explain such seemingly impossible coincidences is the idea that extraterrestrial beings had some influence on the evolution of life on Earth in the distant past, specifically that extraterrestrials were directly involved in the evolution of primates, including humans. This was supposedly done by genetic engineering, cross-breeding, or a combination of both. This idea, regarded as nonsense by the mainstream science community, first gained widespread exposure with the 1968 publication of Chariots of the Gods? by Erich von Däniken and has since been the source of much controversy, and has inspired numerous other books with various related theories.

Proponents of this theory of alien genetic/evolutionary intervention on Earth argue that if the Greys (or similar beings) were performing genetic manipulations and/or experiments with pre-human life forms on Earth, then it would be logical, and perhaps almost expected, that these alleged aliens may have attempted to influence the evolution of life forms here in a direction consistent with their own genetic makeup, and similar to their own physiology and general physical structure, since genetically that is what they would presumably be most familiar with.

Since there is no evidence of what types of life or physiology might evolve on other habitable planets, no way to accurately gauge the likelihood or unlikelihood of coincidences in evolution on two separate planets, and no conclusive evidence of any alleged past extraterrestrial genetic manipulation in our own evolution, the debate over the evolutionary feasibility of the Greys (or any other bipedal, humanoid extraterrestrial species) is ultimately nothing more than speculation on both sides.
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« Reply #24 on: August 06, 2011, 06:59:22 pm »

Conspiracy theories

Some conspiracy theorists believe that Greys represent part of a government-led disinformation or plausible deniability campaign,[15] or that they are a product of government mind control experiments.[16][17] Dr. Steven Greer, founder of the Disclosure Project, head of CSETI, and a prominent UFO conspiracy theorist, has publicly presented over 400 "government, military, and intelligence community witnesses" that have offered testimony to the existence of aliens and UFO and/or efforts to cover up their existence and who have stated that they would be willing to defend their claims under oath.
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« Reply #25 on: August 06, 2011, 07:00:48 pm »

References

   1. ^ a b c d e f g h Jacobs, David M. "Aliens and Hybrids." In: Pritchard, Andrea & Pritchard, David E. & Mack, John E. & Kasey, Pam & Yapp, Claudia. Alien Discussions: Proceedings of the Abduction Study Conference. Cambridge: North Cambridge Press. Pp. 86-90.
   2. ^ Hall, Richard. "Are UFO Abductions a Universal or a Culturally Dependant Phenomenon." In: Pritchard, Andrea & Pritchard, David E. & Mack, John E. & Kasey, Pam & Yapp, Claudia. Alien Discussions: Proceedings of the Abduction Study Conference. Cambridge: North Cambridge Press. Pp. 191-193.
   3. ^ Bryan, C.D.B (1995). Close Encounters of the Fourth Kind. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. ISBN 0679429751. ISBN B000I1AFBA.
   4. ^ Berlitz, Charles; Moore William (1980). The Roswell Incident (1st ed.). Grosset & Dunlap. ISBN 0-448-21199-8.
   5. ^ Grey Aliens Bite The Dust
   6. ^ Wingfield, George (1995). "The "Roswell" Film Footage". Flying Saucer Review 20 (2).
   7. ^ Alien Autopsy: (Fact or Fiction?) at the Internet Movie Database
   8. ^ "Eamonn Investigates: Alien Autopsy". British Sky Broadcasting. 2006-04-04.
   9. ^ Clarke, David; Roberts, Andy (2006-06-01). "Alien Autopsy". Fortean Times (Dennis Publishing Ltd) (210). ISSN 0308-5899. http://www.forteantimes.com/articles/210_autopsy2.shtml.
  10. ^ William J. Cromie (2003-02-20). "Alien abduction claims examined: Signs of trauma found". Harvard Gazette. http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/2003/02.20/01-alien.html. Retrieved 2010-01-04.
  11. ^ Jacobs, David M. "Subsequent Procedures." In: Pritchard, Andrea & Pritchard, David E. & Mack, John E. & Kasey, Pam & Yapp, Claudia. Alien Discussions: Proceedings of the Abduction Study Conference. Cambridge: North Cambridge Press. pp. 64-68.
  12. ^ Novella, Dr. Steven (2000-10). "UFOs: The Psychocultural Hypothesis". The New England Skeptical Society. http://www.theness.com/ufos-the-psychocultural-hypothesis/. Retrieved 2010-01-02. [dead link]
  13. ^ Malmstrom, Frederick (2005). "Close Encounters of the Facial Kind: Are UFO Alien Faces an Inborn Facial Recognition Template?". Skeptic. The Skeptics Society. http://www.skeptic.com/the_magazine/featured_articles/v11n4_alien_faces.html. Retrieved 2008-09-18.
  14. ^ Cohen, Jack; Stewart, Ian (2002-02-07). Evolving the Alien (1st ed.). Ebury Press. ISBN 0-09-187927-2.
  15. ^ Clary, David A (2000). Before and After Roswell. Xlibris Corporation. ISBN 0-7388-4106-4.
  16. ^ Cannon, Martin. The Controllers. ISBN 0922915326.
  17. ^ Constantine, Alex (1995). Psychic Dictatorship in the U.S.A.. Feral House. ISBN 0-922915-28-8.
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« Reply #26 on: August 06, 2011, 07:04:30 pm »



Artist interpretation of grey alien. Human is shown to give an idea of relative size.
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« Reply #27 on: August 06, 2011, 07:05:40 pm »

Zeta Reticuli (ζ Ret, ζ Reticuli) is a binary star system located about 39 light-years (12 pc) away from Earth. It is located in the constellation Reticulum, and is visible to the unaided eye in very dark skies. Because of the southerly location of the system, it is not visible north of the tropics.
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« Reply #28 on: August 06, 2011, 07:06:07 pm »

This system consists of a pair of stars that are both similar in physical characteristics to the Sun. Their stellar classification is nearly identical to the Sun,[7] and they are considered solar analogs. ζ1 has 96% of the Sun's mass and 84% of the Sun's radius. ζ2 is slightly larger and more luminous than ζ1, with 99% of the Sun's mass and 88% of the Sun's radius.[3][4]

The two stars are somewhat deficient in metals, having only 60% of the proportion of elements other than hydrogen and helium compared to the Sun.[2][8] For reasons that remain uncertain, they have an anomalously low abundance of beryllium.[5] Both stars are considered unusual because they have a lower luminosity than is normal for main sequence stars of their age and surface temperature. That is, they lie below the main sequence curve on the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram for newly formed stars. Most stars will evolve above this curve as they age.[9]

ζ1 has an intermediate level of magnetic activity in its chromosphere.[10] Although the kinematics of this system suggest that they belong to a population of older stars, the properties of their stellar chromospheres suggests that they are only about 2 billion years old.[11]

On September 20, 1996, a tentative discovery of a hot Jupiter around ζ2 was reported, but the discovery was quickly retracted as the signal was shown to be caused by pulsations of the star.[12] In 2002, ζ1 was examined at an infrared wavelength of 25 μm, but no indication of an excess of infrared radiation was found.[13] In 2007, the Spitzer Space Telescope was used to find an infrared excess at a wavelength of 70 μm around ζ2. This radiation is likely being emitted by a debris disk with a mean temperature of 150 K (−123 °C) that is orbiting the host star at a distance of 4.3 AU.[14] In 2010, the Herschel Space Observatory, looking for debris disks analogous to the Kuiper belt, around sun like stars, detected signs of a possible exo-kuiper belt, with a semi-major axis of 100 AU around ζ2.[15]

Both stars share similar proper motions, radial velocities and distances,[7] confirming that they form a wide binary star system. The stars have an angular separation of 309.2 arc seconds (5.2 arc minutes);[9] far enough apart to appear as a close pair of separate stars to the naked eye with a dark sky. The distance between the two stars is about 3750 AU.[16]

This star system belongs to the Zeta Herculis Moving Group of stars with common motions through space. The space velocity components of this system are (U, V, W) = (−70.2/−69.7, −47.4/−46.4, +16.4/+16.Cool km/s.[2] They are currently on an orbit through the Milky Way galaxy that has an eccentricity of 0.24. This orbit will carry the system as close as 17.4 kly (5.33 kpc) and as far as 28.6 kly (8.77 kpc) from the galactic core. The inclination of this orbit will carry the stars as much as 1.3 kly (0.4 kpc) from the plane of the galactic disk.[17] This likely puts them outside the thick disk population of stars.[18]
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« Reply #29 on: August 06, 2011, 07:09:19 pm »

Communion (book)

Communion is a book by American ufologist and horror author Whitley Strieber that was first published in February 1987. The book is based on Strieber's alleged experiences with non-human, possibly extraterrestrial entities.[1]

The book was later made into a film directed by Philippe Mora and starring Christopher Walken as Strieber. A 2008 trade paperback edition presents a new preface by the author.

Strieber compares the "familiar" being he sees, whom he describes as female, to the Sumerian goddess Ishtar.
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