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9,000-Year-Old Tools Found in Mexico

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Warhammer
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« on: October 23, 2011, 12:15:18 am »

9,000-Year-Old Tools Found in Mexico

Published October 20, 2011

EFE



A photo released Wednesday of rudimentary man-made tools and artifacts dating back to the Early Holocene era (between 8,000 and 11,000 years ago). EFE/INAH




Mexico City –  A team of Mexican archaeologists has discovered hundreds of rudimentary man-made tools and artifacts dating back to the Early Holocene era (between 8,000-11,000 years ago) in the northwestern state of Baja California Sur, the National Anthropology and History Institute, or INAH, said.

The objects were found at an archaeological site known as El Coyote, located in the Los Cabos region, the INAH said, adding that they "bolster the hypothesis" that the first colonists of the hemisphere populated the region via watercraft migration, following coastlines from northeast Asia southward into the Americas.

The researchers found cut and polished seashells, fishing devices and stone tools used for cutting and scraping (choppers, percussive devices, planes, scrapers and knives) that date back between 8,600 and 9,300 years.

Those tools were used to work with plant fibers and wood, as well as for prying open mollusk shells.

Archaeologists have found similar artifacts in that region over the past three years, leading them to believe that the first settlers of the Americas moved down the coast and arrived what is today known as the Baja California peninsula during the latter part of the Early Holocene era.

Human skeletons have not yet been discovered and therefore it is "impossible to know to which ethnic group (the inhabitants of El Coyote) belonged," the INAH said.

http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/entertainment/2011/10/20/mexican-archaeologists-find-000-year-old-tools/
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Gematria
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« Reply #1 on: October 25, 2011, 11:35:55 pm »

9000 year old tools found in Baja California




Mexican archaeologists from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH)  have located a site containing hundreds of  tools made 11,000 to 8,000 years ago in the Cape region of Baja California Sur. The discovery of these artefacts further supports the hypothesis regarding a coastal migration route for the first settlers of the Americas.

Read more >> http://www.pasthorizonspr.com/index.php/archives/10/2011/9000-year-old-tools-found-in-baja-california#ixzz1brLCXWDF
Read the Archaeology News - then buy the Trowel at Past Horizons Tools

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Gematria
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« Reply #2 on: October 25, 2011, 11:37:57 pm »




El Coyote view. Image: theobine, Flickr
9000 year old tools found in Baja California
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Tuesday, October 25, 2011  |  News

Mexican archaeologists from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH)  have located a site containing hundreds of  tools made 11,000 to 8,000 years ago in the Cape region of Baja California Sur. The discovery of these artefacts further supports the hypothesis regarding a coastal migration route for the first settlers of the Americas.
Rhyolite stone tools. Image: INAH

Rhyolite stone tools. Image: INAH
A three year study

The site where the finds were discovered is called El Coyote and it joins a growing number of similar sites in the region, suggesting that people moved down the coast and arrived in what is now the peninsula of  Baja California, during the early years of the Holocene.

The progress of the study conducted at the site three years ago was released by INAH archaeologist Isaac Aquino, director of research, along with Leticia Barajas, chief of field who claim El Coyote, “supports a substantial history of early and late human occupation on the peninsula“, a view several researchers in the region had previously suggested.


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Gematria
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« Reply #3 on: October 25, 2011, 11:40:20 pm »




Mother of pearl fish hook similar to those found at the site.


From analysis of archaeological materials found, specialists in stone and shell tool manufacture agree that they fit into a typology found elsewhere in the area, and fall into the same chronological framework. It is proposed that the same cultural group – yet to be identified – travelled down the coast of the Gulf of California from the north to the south occupying coastal sites on both the islands and mainland.

El Coyote covers about one hundred acres and is located on the Gulf Coast of California or Sea of ​​Cortez. The artefacts that the archaeologists discovered consisted of worked stone tools and shells. Charred clams ( Chama buddiana) were also recovered  -  heating them in a fire is the easiest way to open the hard shell -  as well as the remains of many other marine and terrestrial animals.

The fishing equipment represents another interesting group of finds, and three hooks made ​​of mother of pearl (Pinctada mazatlanica) particularly stand out.
Prehistoric camps

The ancient artefacts were found at various points around the El Coyote area which have been termed ‘camps’ by the archaeologists.

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Gematria
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« Reply #4 on: October 25, 2011, 11:41:08 pm »




Rhyolite stone tools. Image: INAH

Tests performed on samples collected  reveal a human presence in this region for 9000 years, right up until the sixteenth century. The initial study of materials by INAH researchers shows two distinct periods: the first dating from early Holocene period or Proto Desert (11 – 8,000 years ago) and the second in the Late Holocene (2,700 years ago) until the arrival of the first Spanish expedition to the Baja California peninsula in the sixteenth century. So far, little material evidence of the intervening time period in the region has been found.

Specialists have successfully identified 51 species of marine life in the zones examined at El Coyote – represented by bivalves  and snails, as well as fish vertebrae and sea mammal bones (such as the dolphin and sea lion). Land animals are predominately represented by deer and hare and the remains of various types of birds are also present.

So far no human remains have been found, making it impossible to know what group the ancient inhabitants of El Coyote belonged to. However, archaeologist Isaac Aquinas explained that when the first Spanish explorers to the Cape arrived in the sixteenth century, this region was inhabited by a group belonging to the Pericú tribe.


http://www.pasthorizonspr.com/index.php/archives/10/2011/9000-year-old-tools-found-in-baja-california
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