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Pictures: 11 Most Endangered U.S. Historic Sites Named

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Author Topic: Pictures: 11 Most Endangered U.S. Historic Sites Named  (Read 152 times)
Athena Goldsmith
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Posts: 182

« on: June 25, 2011, 02:29:52 pm »

Fort Gaines, Alabama

Photograph by Joe Scherschel, National Geographic

Fort Gaines (pictured), on Alabama's Dauphin Island, played a pivotal role in the 1864 Civil War Battle of Mobile Bay. Today the fort contains original cannons, a restored blacksmith shop, kitchens used for living-history demonstrations, and a tunnel system leading to corner bastions with vaulted brick ceilings.

Yet Fort Gaines is slowly losing its battle with the Gulf of Mexico, which is eating up Dauphin Island shoreline by as much as 9 feet (2.7 meters) a year.

The erosion is due to more frequent and intense storms, climate change-related sea level rise, and dredging of the Mobile ship channel, according to the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Response activities related to the 2010 Gulf oil spill have also sped up shoreline loss.

(See National Geographic's top ten Civil War sites.)

Published June 23, 2011
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