List of bridge failures


Kristin Moore:
List of bridge failures

Bridge failures

This is a list of bridge failures including failures during construction. This list may be sorted by any field.[1]
Bridge↓    Location↓    Country↓    Date↓    Construction type, use of bridge↓    Reason↓    Number death/injuries↓    Damage↓    Comments↓Stirling
Bridge    Stirling    Scotland    01297-09 September 1297    Beam and trestle over the River Forth    Overload by attackers during the Battle of Stirling Bridge    Unknown, English forces defeated    Bridge rendered unusable    Collapse may have been assisted by defending forces.Rialto
Bridge    Venice    Venetian Republic    01444 1444    Wooden structure with central drawbridge.    Overload by spectators during the wedding of the Duke of Ferrara.    Unknown    Bridge total damage    
Bridge    Broughton, Greater Manchester    England    01831-04-12 12 April 1831    Suspension bridge over River Irwell    Bolt snapped due to mechanical resonance caused by marching soldiers    20 injured    Collapsed at one end, bridge quickly rebuilt and strengthened    
The rebuilt Broughton Suspension Bridge in 1883
Collapse due to faulty design. Caused "break step" rule to be issued to UK military.
Bridge    Great Yarmouth    England    01845-05-02 2 May 1845    Suspension bridge    People had crowded onto the bridge to see a circus clown go down the river in a barrel pulled by geese. The weight of people shifted as the barrel passed underneath, the suspension chains on the south side snapped and the bridge deck tipped over.    79 people drowned, mainly children.    Suspension chains snapped due to overload.    
Dee bridge    Chester    England    01847-05-24 24 May 1847    Cast iron beam bridge over the River Dee    Overload by passenger train    5 killed    Bridge rendered unusable    
The Dee bridge after its collapse
Collapse due to faulty design.
Angers Bridge    Angers    France    01850-04-16 16 April 1850    Suspension bridge over Maine River    Resonance of soldiers led to collapse    226/?    Bridge total damage    
Gasconade Bridge    Gasconade, Missouri    United States    01855-11-01 1 November 1855    Wooden rail bridge    Inaugural run of Pacific Railroad is conducted before bridge's temporary trestle work is replaced with permanent structure    31 dead, hundreds injured    Span from anchorage to first pier destroyed    
Desjardins Canal bridge    Desjardins Canal, Ontario    Canada    01857-03-12 12 March 1857    Rail bridge    Mechanical force due to broken locomotive front axle    59 dead       
Sauquoit Creek    3 miles from Utica, NY    United States    01858-05-11 11 May 1858    Railroad trestle    Weight (two trains on the same trestle)    9/55       
Springbrook bridge    Between Mishawaka and South Bend, Indiana    United States    01859-06-27 27 June 1859    Railroad embankment bridge    Washout    41 (some accounts of 60 to 70)       Known as the Great Mishawaka Train Wreck or South Bend Train Wreck
Wootton bridge collapse    Wootton    England    01860-06-11 11 June 1860    Cast iron rail bridge    cast iron beams cracked and failed    2 killed    total damage to floor    
Wootton bridge after the crash
flawed design using unreliable cast iron, failed from a repair
Bull bridge accident    Ambergate    England    01860-09-26 26 September 1860    Cast iron rail bridge    cast iron beam cracked and failed    0/0    total collapse of bridge    
Section of broken girder
bridge collapsed while freight train was on it; engine had passed bridge; rear cars had not yet gone onto it; train moving slowly due to fog and darkness
Platte Bridge Railroad Tragedy    St. Joseph, Missouri    United States    1861       Sabotage by Confederate partisans during US Civil War.          
Chunky Creek Train Wreck    near Hickory, Mississippi    United States    1863       Winter flood caused a debris build-up which shifted the bridge trestle.          
train bridge    Wood River Junction       19 April 1873       washaway          
Portage Bridge    Portageville, New York    United States    01875-05-05 5 May 1875    Wooden beam bridge over the Genesee River    Fire    0/0    Bridge was a total loss    Fire destroyed all but the concrete abutments
bridge    between Valparaiso and Santiago    Chile    July 1875       collapsed beneath the overnight train          
Ashtabula River Railroad Disaster    Ashtabula, Ohio    United States    01876-12-29 29 December 1876    Wrought iron truss bridge    Possible fatigue failure of cast iron elements    92/64    Bridge total damage    
Ashtabula bridge disaster
Tay Rail Bridge    Dundee    Scotland    01879-12-28 28 December 1879    Continuous girder bridge, wrought iron framework on cast iron columns, railway bridge    Faulty design, construction and maintenance, collapsed because of structural deterioration and wind load exceeding estimate    75 {60 known dead}    Bridge unusable, girders partly reused, train damaged    
Fallen Tay Bridge from the north
Locomotive was saved from the Tay and was still in use 19 years later known as "The Diver". The disaster was immortalized in a poem by "Scotland's worst poet", William McGonagall
Inverythan rail accident    Aberdeenshire    Scotland    01882-11-27 27 November 1882    Cast iron girder rail bridge    Hidden defects in cast iron caused collapse as train was passing over    5 killed, 17 injured    Bridge rebuilt    
Crash scene after the accident
Board of Trade issued warning about similar under-bridges.
Camberwell road accident    London    England    01884-05-15 15 May 1884    Cast iron trough girder bridge over railway    Hidden defects in cast iron caused collapse of four girders    0/1    Bridge rebuilt    
Bussey bridge    Boston    United States    01887-03-14 14 March 1887    Iron railroad bridge collapses under train    poor construction[2]    30/40    Bridge rebuilt    
Norwood junction rail accident    London    England    01891-05-01 1 May 1891    Cast iron girder fails under passing train    Hidden defects in cast iron caused collapse    0/1    Bridge rebuilt    
Munchenstein rail disaster    Munchenstein    Switzerland    01891-06-14 14 June 1891    wrought iron truss    train falls through centre of bridge    71 killed, 171 injured       
Point Ellice Bridge    Victoria, British Columbia    Canada    01896-05-26 26 May 1896       overloaded tram car collapses central span    47/53/50—60 died (reports vary)       
Eden Train Wreck    Eden, Colorado    United States    01904-08-07 7 August 1904    Wooden railway bridge    Collapsed because of a sudden washout    111/?    Bridge completely destroyed    
Egyptian Bridge    Saint Petersburg    Russian Empire    01905-01-20 20 January 1905    Stone suspension bridge    Disputed    No victims    Bridge rebuilt    
The collapsed bridge.
Cimarron River rail crossing    Dover, Oklahoma Territory    United States    01906-09-18 18 September 1906    Wooden railroad trestle    Washed out under pressure from debris during high water    4-100+ killed    Entire span lost; rebuilt    Bridge was intended as temporary, but construction of a permanent replacement had been delayed by the railroad for financial reasons.[3][4][5] Number of deaths is uncertain; estimates range from 4 to over 100.[6]
Quebec Bridge    Quebec City    Canada    01907-08-29 29 August 1907    Cantilever bridge, steel framework, railway bridge    Collapsed during construction: design error, bridge unable to support own weight    74/11    Bridge completely destroyed.    Redesigned, and rebuilding continued through the 2nd partial collapse in 1916 (below).
Romanov Bridge    now Zelenodolsk    Russian Empire    01911-11-22 22 November 1911    Railway bridge    Collapsed during construction: ice slip cut of the scaffold    ~200 missed, 13 confirmed died    Scaffold with workers had fallen on the ice and drown    Bridge was completed later
Quebec Bridge    Quebec City    Canada    01916-09-11 11 September 1916    Cantilever bridge, steel framework, railway bridge    Central span slipped whilst being hoisted in place due to contractor error    11/?    Central span dropped into the river    Rebuilt and opened in December, 1919 for rail traffic, after almost two decades of construction. It is still the longest cantilevered bridge span in the world and is considered a major engineering feat.
Seta river railroad bridge    Otsu    Japan    01934 1934       Typhoon    11 killed/ 216 injured       
Appomatox River Drawbridge    Hopewell, Virginia    United States    01935-12-22 22 December 1935       Bus drove across the drawbridge when it was open.    14 killed       
Kasai River    Kasai    Belgian Congo    01937-09-12 12 September 1937    Railway bridge    While under construction.          Began in 1935; Construction never resumed.
Upper Steel Arch Bridge (also known as Honeymoon Bridge and Falls View Bridge)    Niagara Falls, NY – Niagara Falls, ON    United States – Canada    01938-01-27 27 January 1938    Steel arch road bridge    Ice jam in gorge pushed bridge off foundations    0/0    Bridge completely destroyed    Replaced in 1941 by the Rainbow Bridge
Sandö Bridge    Kramfors, Ångermanland    Sweden    01939-08-31 31 August 1939    Concrete arch bridge    Collapsed during construction    18 killed    Complete loss of the main span    Did not receive much media attention as the Second World War began the next day. The bridge was finished in 1943 as the longest concrete arch bridge in the world until 1964.
Tacoma Narrows Bridge (Galloping Gertie)    Tacoma, WA    United States    01940-11-07 7 November 1940    Road bridge, cable suspension with plate girder deck    Aerodynamically poor design resulted in aeroelastic flutter    0/0 (1 dog killed)    Bridge completely destroyed, no person killed, but one dog killed and three vehicles lost.    Became known as "Galloping Gertie", in the first 4 months after opening up until its collapse under aeroelastic flutter. Since that time all new bridges have been modeled in wind tunnels. Rebuilt in 1950; parallel span opened in 2007.
Theodor Heuss Bridge    Ludwigshafen    Germany    01940-12-12 12 December 1940    Bridge of concrete, Motorway bridge    Collapsed during construction    ?/?    Bridge totally destroyed    Resulted in delay in completion of the motorway crossing of the Rhine until 1953
Chesapeake City Bridge    Chesapeake City, MD    United States    01942-07-28 28 July 1942    Road bridge, vertical lift drawbridge    Tanker ship Franz Klasen rammed the drawbridge supports, causing collapse    ?/?    Central span completely destroyed    Bridge replaced by high-level tied-arch bridge in 1949
Ludendorff Bridge (often called The bridge at Remagen)    Remagen    Germany    01945-03-17 17 March 1945    Truss railroad and pedestrian bridge    Collapse due to previous battle damage incurred 7 March 1945    28 U.S. soldiers    Total destruction    
Ludendorff Bridge at March 17, 1945 after the collapse
Capture of intact bridge offered significant short term tactical advantage to Allied forces. Collapse was not strategically significant due to placement of parallel floating bridges during the previous week
John P. Grace Bridge    Charleston    United States    01946-02-24 24 February 1946    Steel cantilever truss automobile bridge    Three spans collapsed due to collision with the freighter Nicaragua Victory    5 dead    Three collapsed spans (240 ft/73m) were replaced and stood until 2005 when the bridge was closed following the opening of the Arthur Ravenel Bridge
Inotani wire bridge    Toyama    Japan    01949 1949    Construction type, use of bridge    Many check men check about complete wood and common wire bridge fall (sic)    29 killed       Construction of bridge and cause of collapse are unclear from text provided
Duplessis bridge collapse    Trois-Rivieres-Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec    Canada    01951-01-31 31 January 1951    Steel bridge    Structural failure    4 dead    Total destruction    Reconstructed
Footbridge at Harrow & Wealdstone station    Wealdstone    England    01952-10-08 8 October 1952    Pedestrian footbridge    Struck by train(s) during accident    112 dead, 340 injured    Total destruction    It is not recorded how many casualties were due to the bridge collapse
Tangiwai railway bridge    Tangiwai    New Zealand    01953-12-24 24 December 1953    Railway bridge    Damaged by lahar minutes before passenger train passed over it.    151 dead. NZ's worst train disaster.    Bridge destroyed    
Rail bridge near St Johns station    Lewisham, South London    England    01957-12-04 4 December 1957    Railway bridge    Two trains collided and smashed into supports, collapsing part of bridge onto the wreckage    90/173    Bridge destroyed    Unknown how many deaths/injuries specifically due to bridge collapse, since its effect was to worsen the train wreck
Second Narrows Bridge (Now known as Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing)    Vancouver, B.C.    Canada    01958-06-17 17 June 1958    Steel truss cantilever    Collapsed during construction due to miscalculation of weight bearing capacity of a temporary arm.    19/79    Rebuilt    8 additional deaths during the course of construction
King Street bridge    Melbourne    Australia    01962-07-10 10 July 1962       one span collapsed under the weight of a 47 ton semitrailer due to brittle fracture on a very cold winter day    0 deaths       
General Rafael Urdaneta Bridge    Maracaibo    Venezuela    01964-04-06 6 April 1964    Road bridge    Ship collision    7    2 section collapsed    Currently in operation
Kansas Avenue Bridge    Topeka, Kansas    United States    01965-07-022 July 1965    Kansas Avenue Melan Bridge for traffic between downtown and North Topeka    Structural deterioration    Killed a Topeka man    Single span collapse    Suddenly collapsed about 5:30 p.m. on July 2, 1965, killing a Topeka man.[7]
Heron Road Bridge    Ottawa    Canada    01966-08-10 10 August 1966    Concrete road bridge    Use of green lumber and the lack of diagonal bracing on the wooden support forms during concrete pour.    9 killed    Rebuilt.    
Heiligenstedten Bascule Bridge    Heiligenstedten    Germany    1966    Road bridge    Ship collision    0    Bridge Rebuilt    
Silver Bridge    Point Pleasant, WV and Kanauga, OH    United States    01967-12-15 15 December 1967    Road bridge, chain link suspension    Material fault and Corrosion    46/9    Bridge and 37 vehicles destroyed    
The collapsed Silver Bridge, as seen from the Ohio side
Inspired the book Mothman Prophecies and the film of the same name
Queen Juliana Bridge    Willemstad, Curaçao    Netherlands Antilles    01967-11-06 6 November 1967    Portal bridge    Construction support fault. Bridge fell during construction    15    Bridge collapsed at the Punda side    Bridge reconstruction started in 1969 and was completed in 1971
Britannia Bridge    Menai Strait    Wales    01970-05-23 23 May 1970    Railway Tubular bridge    Children accidentally set light to debris and railway sleepers and irreparably damaged the bridge    No casualties    Tubular section buckled beyond repair    Bridge re-built to a new design using the original piers with a road deck over the new railway deck
West Gate Bridge    Melbourne    Australia    01970-10-15 15 October 1970    Road Bridge    Collapsed during construction    35    112 metre span between piers 10 and 11 collapsed    Section sprung back and collapse during attempts to remove a buckle cause by a difference in camber of 4.5 inches
Cleddau Bridge    Pembroke Dock and Neyland    Wales    01970-06-02 2 June 1970    Box girder road bridge    Inadequacy of the design of a pier support diaphragm    4 killed, 5 injured       70m cantilever being used to put one of the 150-ton sections into position collapsed
South Bridge, Koblenz    Koblenz    Germany    01971-11-10 10 November 1971    Road bridge    Bridge bent into Rhine    13/?    Bridge completely destroyed    
Sidney Lanier Bridge    Brunswick, Georgia    United States    01972-11-07 7 November 1972    Vertical Lift Bridge over the S. Brunswick River    Struck by the freighter African Neptune    10 deaths/Multiple injuries    Several spans knocked out    Repaired during 1972-73 then completely replaced with a new cable-stayed bridge in 2003
Welland Canal Bridge No. 12    Port Robinson, Ontario    Canada    01974-08-25 25 August 1974    Vertical Lift Bridge over the Welland Canal    Struck by the ore carrier Steelton    0/2    Bridge declared a loss; new tunnel or bridge rebuilding costs were found to be unjustified.    Remaining structure dismantled; passenger ferry instated. Car traffic must use the northern Allanburg bridge or the southern East Main Street tunnel in Welland.
Makahali River bridge    Baitadi    Nepal    01974-11 November 1974          140 killed       
Tasman Bridge    Hobart    Australia    01975-01-05 5 January 1975    Bridge of concrete, Motorway bridge    Ore freighter Lake Illawarra collided with pylons. 400' section of bridge collapsed onto freighter and into river. Four cars drove off bridge    7 ship crewman and 5 motorists killed    2 pylons and three sections of bridge collapsed, ore freighter sank, 4 cars fell into river    City of Hobart was split in two. Residents living in the east were forced to make a 50 km trip to the CBD via the next bridge to the north. Missing sections were reconstructed and the bridge reopened on 8 October 1977
Reichsbrücke    Vienna    Austria    01976-08-01 1 August 1976    Road bridge with Tram    Column fractured    1/0    Bridge, one bus and a lorry destroyed, ships damaged    Concrete of the column had never been examined, was internally totally destroyed; "higher force"
Granville Railway Bridge    Sydney    Australia    01977-01-18 18 January 1977    Vehicle overpass    Passenger train passing underneath highway overpass derailed and collided with pylons. Section of bridge collapsed onto train cars.    83 killed; 210 injured    Bridge destroyed    
Green Island Bridge    Troy, NY    United States    01977-03-15 15 March 1977    Lift Bridge    Flooding undermined the lift span pier resulting in the western lift tower and roadbed span of the bridge collapsing into the Hudson River.    0 killed; 0 injured    Bridge destroyed    
Hood Canal Floating Bridge (William A. Bugge Bridge)    Olympic, Washington    United States    01979-02-13 13 February 1979    Floating bridge    Blown pontoon hatches combined with extreme windstorm    No casualties    Western drawspan and western pontoons sunk; other sections survived.    Lost portions rebuilt 1979-1982; the remainder of the bridge hs since been replaced.
Almöbron (Tjörnbron)    Stenungsund    Sweden    01980-01-18 18 January 1980    Steel arch bridge    Ship collision during bad visibility (mist)    8/?    Bridge and several cars destroyed    
Sunshine Skyway Bridge    near St. Petersburg, FL    United States    01980-05-09 9 May 1980    Steel Cantilever Bridge    Ship collision    35/1    1200 ft. of southbound span, several cars and a bus destroyed    Turned into state-run fishing pier/replaced with cable-stayed bridge
Hayakawa wire bridge    Saito, Kyūshū    Japan    01980 1980    Wire Bridge (?)    Lack of inspection and maintenance for 10 years previous    7 people killed, injuring 15 people.       
Hyatt Regency walkway collapse    Kansas City, MO    United States    01981-07-17 17 July 1981    suspended bridge in hotel interior    overload/weak joint/construction error    114/200    walkway destroyed    
View of the lobby floor, showing remains of the pedestrian bridge
14th Street Bridge    Between Arlington, VA and Washington, DC    United States    01982-01-13 13 January 1982    Interstate 395    Air Florida Flight 90 crashed into bridge after taking off in the middle of a severe snowstorm    78 (on plane), 4 (on bridge)    Bridge rebuilt    
Cline Avenue over the Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal and surrounding heavy industry    East Chicago, Indiana    United States    01982-04-15 15 April 1982    Indiana State Route 912    1200 feet of the bridge collapsed while under construction when a concrete pad supporting shoring towers developed cracks.    14/16    Bridge rebuilt    Section between US 12 and the Indiana Toll Road renamed Highway Construction Workers Memorial Highway
Ulyanovsk railway bridge    Ulyanovsk    USSR    01983-06-05 5 June 1983    Railway bridge    Ship collision    177/? aboard    No collapse    The span cut the deck house and the cinema hall, whilst the lowest deck was undamaged. The ship damaged the railway bridge and some freight cars from the train fell onto the ship.
Mianus River Bridge    Greenwich, Connecticut    United States    01983-06-28 28 June 1983    Interstate 95 (Connecticut Turnpike) over the Mianus River    Metal Corrosion and Fatigue/Deferred Maintenance    3/5    100-foot (30 m) section of the northbound lanes fell into the Mianus River    Collapse due to failure of the pin and hanger assembly supporting the span. Temporary span installed to re-open I-95; new Mianus River Bridge completed in 1990.
Amarube railroad bridge    Kasumi, Hyōgo    Japan    01986-12-28 28 December 1986       Strong wind    An out of service train fell onto a fish processing factory    One train conductor and five factory workers killed    
Schoharie Creek Bridge collapse Thruway Bridge    Fort Hunter, New York    United States    01987-04-05 5 April 1987    I-90 New York Thruway over the Schoharie Creek    Improper protection of footings by contractor lead to scour of riverbed under footings.    10/?    Total collapse    [2]
Schoharie Creek's Mill Point Bridge    Wellsville, Amsterdam, NY    United States    01987-04-11 11 April 1987    State highway    Flooding    None    Total collapse    The Mill Point Bridge is 3 miles upstream from the Thruway bridge that collapsed on April 5. Flood waters from the same flood that finally undermined the Thruway bridge were up to the girders of the Mill Point bridge. It was closed as a safety precaution. It collapsed six days after the earlier collapse.[3]
Glanrhyd Bridge    Carmarthen    Wales    01987-10 October 1987    River Tywi    Train washed off railway bridge by flood waters    4 killed, including 1 school boy who drowned trying to rescue passengers       
Aschaffenburg Main River Freeway Bridge    Aschaffenburg    Germany    01988 1988    Bridge of Motorway 3 over River Main    Error in construction    1/0    Bridge total damage    Partial collapse at Repetitive sliding
Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal bridge    Butterworth, Penang    Malaysia    01988-07-31 31 July 1988          > 32 killed .[4]       
Tennessee Hatchie River Bridge    45 miles north of Memphis, Tennessee    United States    01989-04-01 1 April 1989    Northbound lanes of U.S. 51 over the Hatchie River    Shifting river channel, deterioration of foundation timber piles    8 dead    Total collapse    NTSB faulted Tennessee for not fixing the bridge before the collapse
Cypress Street Viaduct    Oakland, California    United States    01989-10-17 17 October 1989    I-880 (Nimitz Freeway)    Destroyed in Loma Prieta Earthquake    42 dead    Structure destroyed, remains demolished and removed. Now a parkway.    
The collapsed Cypress Street Viaduct seen from ground-level. Note detachment of upper vertical elements from lower and the lack of reinforcement at the point of detachment.
Replacement route for I-880 built elsewhere.
San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge    connects San Francisco and Oakland, California    United States    01989-10-17 17 October 1989    I-80    50-foot (15 m) section of the upper deck collapsed in Loma Prieta Earthquake    1 dead       
Collapsed section of roadway deck

Reopening on 18 November of that year. Currently being replaced with a new self-supporting suspension bridge and approach spans.
Swinging Bridge    Heber Springs, Arkansas    United States    01989-10-28 28 October 1989    Pedestrian (Suspension)Over The Little Red River    Destroyed By Pedestrians Swinging the bridge    5 dead    Structure destroyed    
Lacey V. Murrow Memorial Bridge    connects Seattle and Bellevue, Washington    United States    01990-11-25 25 November 1990    I-90    Heavy flooding of pontoons    0    2,790 ft (850 m) of the bridge sank, dumping the contaminated water into the lake along with tons of bridge material    
Astram Line steel bridge    Hiroshima    Japan    01991 1991    Metro railway       5 workers and 10 civilians killed, 8 injured       
Claiborne Avenue Bridge    9th Ward, New Orleans, Louisiana    United States    01993-05-28 28 May 1993    Bridge connecting the "upper" and "lower" 9th Wards    Barge collision    1/2         Empty Barge collided with a support pier for the bridge, causing a 145-foot section to collapse
Kapellbrücke (Chapel Bridge)    Lucerne    Switzerland    01993-08-18 18 August 1993    The oldest wooden bridge in Europe, and one of Switzerland's main tourist attractions.    It is believed that a cigarette started a fire in the evening.    0/?       78 of 111 of the famous paintings were destroyed and the bridge burned nearly completely down. The bridge was rebuilt to match the original.
CSXT Big Bayou Canot rail bridge    near Mobile, Alabama    United States    01993-09-22 22 September 1993    Railroad bridge span crossing Big Bayou Canot of Mobile River    Barge towboat, struck pier in fog; span shifted so next train derailed; impact of derailment destroyed span    47/103    Amtrak train Sunset Limited carrying 220 passengers plunged into water    Bridge span had been made movable in case a swing bridge was wanted, and never properly fastened
Seongsu Bridge    Seoul    South Korea    01994-10-21 21 October 1994    Cantilever Bridge crossing Han River    structural failure-Bad welding    32/17    48 m slab between the fifth and the sixth piers collapsed    Structural failure was caused by improper welding of the steel trusses of the suspension structure beneath the concrete slab roadway.
I-5 Bridge Disaster    Coalinga, California    United States    01995-03-10 10 March 1995    Concrete Truss Bridge Arroyo Pasajero    Structural failure - support piers collapsed    7/0    Complete failure of two spans on I-5    Due to extreme rainfall, the Arroyo Pasajero experienced high volumes of water at high speed. This caused scouring of the river bed undermining the support piers of both spans.
Koror-Babeldaob Bridge    Koror and Babeldaob    Palau    01996-09-26 26 September 1996       Collapse following strengthening work    2 killed/ 4 injured       
Baikong Railway bridge    Ruyuan, Guang****    China    01996-12-20 20 December 1996       During construction    29 killed       
Maccabiah bridge collapse    Tel Aviv    Israel    01997-07-14 14 July 1997    Athletes pedestrian Bridge    Poor design and construction    4 killed/ 60 injured       Toxic chemicals in the Yarkon River caused the four deaths and many of the injuries, not the collapse itself.
Eschede train disaster    Eschede    Germany    01998-06-03 3 June 1998    Road bridge    Train disaster    101/105         Destruction by train crashing into pillar of motorway bridge, which collapsed onto derailed train
Hoan Bridge    Milwaukee, Wisconsin    United States    02000-12-13 13 December 2000    Concrete and steel bridge    Northbound right lane began to buckle during the morning rush hour and sagged a few feet below normal. Damage was said to have been caused by extremely cold weather, snow, and heavy amounts of traffic.    0 dead, 0 injured    Partial Collapse    Damaged section removed by controlled demolition and rebuilt. Remainder of bridge extensively repaired and retrofitted.
Hintze Ribeiro disaster    Entre-os-Rios, Castelo de Paiva    Portugal    02001-03-05 5 March 2001    Masonry and steel bridge built in 1887    Pillar foundation became compromised due to years of illegal, but permitted sand extraction and the central span collapsed.    59 dead    Collapse of central sections    Bridge collapsed when a bus was passing in stormy weather with fast river flow. 3 cars also fell in the collapsed section. Bridge Demolished and replaced by modern bridge
Asagiri footbridge    Akashi[disambiguation needed]    Japan    02001 2001       Whilst progressing to a summer firework festival, people stampeded and panicked    11 killed, 247 injured       
Queen Isabella Causeway    Port Isabel, Texas and South Padre Island, Texas    United States    02001-09-15 15 September 2001    Concrete bridge for vehicle traffic over Laguna Madre    4 loaded barges veered 175 feet West of the navigation channel and struck one of the bridge supports, causing a partial collapse of 3 sections measuring approximately 80 feet each.    8 dead/ 13 survivors    Partial collapse    
The damaged section of the Queen Isabella Causeway
The collapse had a significant economic impact on the region since the Causeway is the only road connecting South Padre Island to Port Isabel. The bridge also carried electricity lines and fresh water to the island. State officials brought in ferries to temporarily carry cars across the Laguna Madre. Repair cost for the bridge was estimated $5 million.
Kadalundi River rail bridge    Kadalundi    India    02001-07-21 21 July 2001    140-year old rail bridge collapsed       57 drowned       
I-40 bridge disaster    Webbers Falls, Oklahoma    United States    02002-05-26 26 May 2002    Concrete bridge for vehicle traffic over Arkansas River    Barge struck one pier of the bridge causing a partial collapse    14 dead    Partial collapse    
I-40 Bridge, May 31, 2002
Bridge was later repaired
Rafiganj rail bridge    Rafiganj    India    02002-09-10 10 September 2002       Terrorists sabotaged rail bridge, causing crash    130 killed       
Interstate 95 Howard Avenue Overpass    Bridgeport, Connecticut    United States    02003-03-26 26 March 2003    Girder and Floorbeam    Car struck a truck carrying 8,000 gallons (30,240 liters) of heating oil, igniting a fire that melted the bridge superstructure, causing collapse of the southbound lanes    0/1    Partial collapse    Northbound lanes shored up with falsework and reopened 3 days later; temporary bridge installed to carry southbound lanes. New permanent bridge completed in November 2003.
Kinzua Bridge    Kinzua Bridge State Park, Pennsylvania    United States    02003-07-21 21 July 2003    Historic steel rail viaduct    Hit by tornado with 100 mph winds    0 dead    Partial collapse    
Failed bridge
The state decided not to rebuild the Kinzua Bridge.
Sgt. Aubrey Cosens VC Memorial Bridge,    Latchford, Ontario,    Canada    02003-01-14 14 January 2003       Partial failure    0/0       
Loncomilla Bridge    near San Javier    Chile    02004-11-18 18 November 2004    Concrete bridge for vehicle traffic over Maule River    The structure was not built on rock, but rather on fluvial ground.    0/8    Partial collapse    Bridge was later repaired
Mungo Bridge[8]       Cameroon    02004-07-01 1 July 2004    Steel girder for road traffic          Partial collapse    Yet to be repaired
Igor I. Sikorsky Memorial Bridge replacement project    Connecticut    United States    02004-02 February 2004       Collapse occurred in during demolition of the original 1940 span    1 killed       Single fatality occurred when the crane he was operating was knocked from its barge by falling steel from the bridge
Big Nickel Road Bridge    Sudbury, Ontario    Canada    02004-05-07 7 May 2004          0    Collapsed onto roadway below during construction    [9]
Veligonda Railway Bridge       India    02005-10-29 29 October 2005    Railway bridge    flood washed rail bridge away    114 killed       
Almuñécar motorway bridge    Almuñécar, Province of Granada    Spain    02005-11-07 7 November 2005    Motorway bridge    Part collapsed during construction, reason unknown    6/3         A 60 metre long part fell 50 metre deep
Caracas-La Guaira highway, Viaduct #1    Tacagua    Venezuela    02006-03-19 19 March 2006    Highway viaduct over a gorge    Landslides    0/0    Total collapse    Demolished, it was rebuilt and reopened on 21 June 2007
E45 Bridge    Nørresundby    Denmark    02006-04-25 25 April 2006    Road bridge    Collapsed during reconstruction due to miscalculation    1 killed    Bridge total damage    [10]
Highway 19 overpass at Laval (De la Concorde Overpass collapse)    Laval, Quebec    Canada    02006-09-30 30 September 2006    Highway overpass    Shear failure due to incorrectly placed rebar, low-quality concrete    5/6    20 meter section gaveway    Demolished; was rebuilt, reopened on 13 June 2007.[5]
Yekaterinburg bridge collapse    Yekaterinburg    Russia    02006-09-06 6 September 2006       Collapse during construction    0/0       
Nimule    Nimule    Kenya/Sudan    02006-10 October 2006       Struck by truck overloaded with cement          
Pedestrian bridge    Bhagalpur    India    02006-12 December 2006       150 year old pedestrian bridge (being dismantled) collapsed onto a railway train as it was passing underneath .[6]    More than 30 killed       
Railway bridge    Eziama[disambiguation needed], near Aba    Nigeria    02006-12 December 2006       ? Reason    ? killed    Restored 2009[11]    
Run Pathani Bridge Collapse    80 km east of Karachi,    Pakistan    02006 2006       collapsed during the 2006 monsoons          
Gosford Culvert washaway       Australia    02007-07-08 8 July 2007       culvert collapse[12]    5 drowned       
Highway 325 Bridge over the Xijiang River    Foshan, Guang****    China    02007-06-15 15 June 2007    Motorway bridge    Struck by vessel    8/unknown    Section collapsed    Unknown
Minneapolis I-35W bridge over the Mississippi River    Minneapolis, Minnesota    United States    02007-08-01 1 August 2007    arch/truss bridge    The NTSB said that undersized gusset plates, increased concrete surfacing load, and weight of construction supplies/equipment caused this collapse.    13 dead, 145 injured    Total bridge failure    
Security camera images show the collapse in animation, looking north.
Collapsed at 6:05PM beneath bumper-to-bumper rush hour traffic confined to 4 of 8 lanes due to resurfacing in progress. The rebuilt I-35W Saint Anthony Falls Bridge was reopened on 18 September 2008.
Tuo River bridge    Fenghuang, Hunan    China    02007-08-13 13 August 2007    unknown    Currently under investigation, believed to be linked to the fact that local contractors often opt for shoddy materials to cut costs and use migrant laborers with little or no safety training    34 dead, 22 injured    Total collapse    Collapsed during construction as workers were removing scaffolding from its facade
Harp Road bridge [7]    Oakville, Washington    United States    02007-08-15 15 August 2007    Main thoroughfare into Oakville over Garrard Creek, Grays Harbor County    Collapsed under weight of a truck hauling an excavator    0 / 0    Majority to total collapse; temporary or permanent bridge is needed.    Approx. wt. of load was 180,000 lb; bridge is rated at 35,000 lb. Residents must take a 23 mi. detour.
MacArthur Maze    Oakland, California    United States    02007-04-29 29 April 2007             Tanker explosion, fire softens steel sections of flyover causing them to collapse.    
Shershah Bridge - Section of the Northern Bypass, Karachi    Karachi    Pakistan    02007-09-01 1 September 2007    Overpass bridge    Investigation underway    5 Dead, 2 Injured       Collapse may have been caused because of lack of material strength. The Reconstruction is in progress.
Can Tho Bridge    Can Tho    Vietnam    02007-09-26 26 September 2007       Investigation underway    36-60 deaths, hundreds injured    Section bucked while construction is underway    
Pieces of Cần Thơ Bridge remaining after its collapse on October 4, 2007, ten days after the accident.
   South eastern Guinea    Guinea    02007-03 March 2007       Bridge collapsed under the weight of a truck packed with passengers and merchandise. [8]    65 killed       
Chhinchu suspension bridge    Nepalgunj, Birendranagar    Nepal    02007-12-25 25 December 2007       Overcrowded suspension bridge collapsed    19 Killed 15 missing       
      South Korea    02007-04-05 5 April 2007       parts of a bridge collapses during construction    5/7       Bridge being built between the two Southern Islands.[13]
Flyover bridge    Punjagutta, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh    India    02007-09-09 9 September 2007       during construction    At least 15 killed       [14]
   Studenka    Czech Republic    02008-08-08 8 August 2008       Train crashed into a road bridge over the railway under construction, which collapsed before the arrival of a train    8 dead, 70 injuried       
The Cedar Rapids and Iowa City Railway (CRANDIC) bridge    Cedar Rapids, Iowa    United States    02008-06-12 12 June 2008    Railroad Bridge    during June 2008 Midwest Floods    0/0    Three of the bridge's four steel spans were swept into the river along with 15 CRANDIC rail cars loaded with rock    The Cedar River was still swollen in this image taken 10 days after the bridge's collapse.
Somerton Bridge    Somerton, NSW    Australia    02008-12-088 December 2008    Timber road bridge    Heavy Flooding    None    Collapse of northern span    Bridge collapsed during heavy flooding due to poor maintenance[15]
Bridge on SS9 over River Po    Piacenza    Italy    02009-04-30 30 April 2009    Road Bridge    collapsed due to flood of River Po    0 dead, 1 injured       replaced by a temporary floating bridge 6 months later, then by a definitive new bridge that will open on December 18th 2010
9 Mile Road Bridge at I-75    Hazel Park, Michigan    United States    02009-07-15 15 July 2009    Road Bridge    collapsed due to tanker accident    0 dead, 1 injured    Police officer pulled over tanker to cause fire    reopened on 11 December of that year
Malahide Viaduct    Broadmeadow - 13 km north of Dublin    Ireland    02009-08-21 21 August 2009    Railway Bridge          One span of viaduct collapsed after tidal scouring of foundations - first reported by local Sea-scouts.    [16]
San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge    connects San Francisco and Oakland, California    United States    02009-10-27 27 October 2009    I-80       0 deaths, 1 injury    Two tension rods and a crossbeam from a recently installed repair collapsed during the evening commute, causing the bridge to be closed temporarily.    During an extended closure as part of the eastern span replacement of the San Fancisco Oakland Bay Bridge over the 2009 Labor Day holiday, a critical failure was discovered in an eyebar that would have been significant enough to cause a closure of the bridge.[17] Emergency repairs took 70 hours were completed on September 9, 2009. This is the repair that failed.
Tarcoles Bridge    Orotina    Costa Rica    02009-10-2222 October 2009    Suspension bridge built 1924, 270 ft span.    Overload by heavy trucks and dead loads (water pipes).[18]    5 people killed , 30 injured    Bridge total damage    
Railway Bridge RDG1 48 over the River Crane near Feltham    Feltham    England    02009-11-1414 November 2009    Brick arch railway bridge built 1848    Undermined by scour from river.[19]    No injuries .    River span beyond repair. Rebuilt as reinforced concrete.
Northside Bridge, Workington. Navvies Footbridge, Workington. Camerton Footbridge, Camerton. Memorial Gardens footbridge, ****ermouth. Low Lorton Bridge, Little Braithwaite Bridge.    Cumbria    England    02009-11-2121 November 2009    Traditional sandstone bridges.    Very intense rainfall produced extreme river loads that overwhelmed all the bridges.[20]    1 policeman killed    All bridges destroyed or damaged beyond repair    
Kota Chambal Bridge    Kota, Rajasthan    India    02009-12-2525 December 2009             9 people killed, 45 missing[21]    Bridge collapsed while under construction
Myllysilta    Turku    Finland    02010-03-066 March 2010       Bridge bent 143 cm due to structural failures of both piers    0/0       Demolished June–July 2010
Salem Bridge    Naugatuck    United States    02010-06-1515 June 2010    Road bridge for Route 63    An excavator may have overloaded the bridge during demolition    0/1    Collapse of a single span    Bridge collapsed during demolition and reconstruction[22]
Gungahlin Drive Extension bridge    Canberra    Australia    02010-08-1414 August 2010    Concrete road bridge    Under investigation    15 workers injured    Collapse of the half-built span    
GDE Bridge after the collapse
Bridge collapsed during a concrete pour.[23][24]
[edit] Undated

    * In about 1970, the new standard gauge railbridge at Crystal Brook, South Australia was destroyed by a washaway. The track was temporarily deviated to the old narrow gauge bridge which had yet to be removed.

With all the welders and construction people out of work you would think it would be obvious of what would need to be done.   ::)

But no that's not what the Bilderbergers want so America will continue to crumble and decay and keep voting in the Republican and Democrat parties all the while America goes to hell.

Think of this next time you step into the voting booth.


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