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UNKNOWN Authors and Unusual Maps

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Bianca
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« on: August 14, 2007, 12:33:25 pm »


From "World Map Drawn in a Fool's Head." Ca. 1590.  Ptolemaic projection (otherwise known as an equidistant conic projection) onto the face of a clown. Maker, date and place of publication are unknown. Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris






This startling and disturbing image is one of the enigmas of cartographic history. The artist, date and place of publication are all unknown, and one can only guess at its purpose. The geography of the map strongly resembles that of the world maps of Ortelius published in the 1580s, giving a tentative date of c. 1590. This is the earliest known use of the world map in a visual joke. Its central visual metaphor is the universality of human folly and various mottoes around the map reinforce that theme. The panel of the left says: “Democritus laughed at it [i.e. the world], Heraclitus wept over it, Epichtonius Cosmopolites portrayed it.” Although Epichtonius Cosmopolites appears to be the author's or artist's name, it translates roughly as “Everyman,” leaving the mapmaker's true identity hidden.


A strong legacy of the theme of the Fool exists in literature and popular art from the fourteenth to seventeenth centuries. The Fool was licensed to break rules, speak painful truths and mock power and pretension, and the grotesque shape he bore was a kind of living punishment. This frame of reference would have been quite familiar to the audience of this engraving in the 1590s. And people would have recognized in this map a radical visual interpretation of the Fool's role: it is now the whole world that takes on the Fool's costume, thus forcing the viewer to confront the possibility that the entire created order is irrational, alien and threatening.
« Last Edit: August 20, 2007, 08:44:28 pm by Bianca2001 » Report Spam   Logged

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Bianca
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« Reply #1 on: August 20, 2007, 08:28:51 pm »







                                                 W O R L D ' S   O L D E S T   M A P






MAP ON THE WALL WHERE IT WAS FOUND





















One of the earliest maps is the one discovered during an excavation in 1963 by James Mellaart in Ankara, Turkey at the archeological site at Catal Hoyuk (pronuonced Chatal Hoeyuek) in central Anatolia.

This is a wall painting that is approximately nine feet long. It is believed that the map depicts the town plan of Catal Hoyuk itself. In the foreground is a town arising in graded terraces. Behind the town is an erupting volcano. This is possibly Hasan Dag.



To finish up with closed systems, let’s take a quick look at Catalhoyuk, one of the earliest cities. Catalhoyuk was also the subject of the oldest known map, and the image of the city in this slide comes from an article on this page: The Town Plan of Catalhoyuk.

Catalhoyuk was founded in about 7,500 BC, or thereabouts (I’ve read different estimates), in what is now Turkey. It was one of the very earliest cities. For comparison, the Sumerian city of Ur, from which we get ‘urban’, wasn’t founded until 4,000 BC.

To give a bit of background, Catalhoyuk had a population of up to 10,000 people, and a few strange features like a religion that appears to have been based on fear (‘aren’t they all?’ said someone in the room). To me, the most interesting bit is that the houses were all squashed together. No streets!

To get to your house, you had to climb up on top of the city, walk along until you got to your chimney and climb down. You’d live in your couple of rooms, and bury your dead under the floor. Every so often, you’d knock the house down and build another on top of the rubble. And so the hive-mound rose up.

But no streets is what gets me. That streets – gaps between buildings – are an invention—it’s a beautiful concept. Of course streets had to be invented at some point (Ur had them).


FULL STORY HERE:

http://atlantisonline.smfforfree2.com/index.php/topic,2907.0.html
« Last Edit: August 20, 2007, 08:46:24 pm by Bianca2001 » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #2 on: September 19, 2007, 06:24:46 pm »



Zekeriya Kazvinî.
Acaib-ül Mahlûkat
(The Wonders of Creation).
Translated into Turkish from Arabic.
Istanbul: ca. 1553.
Near East Section,
African and Middle Eastern Division (104)




                                                     Islamic World Map




This geographical treatise and collection of wondrous tales was exceedingly popular in mediaeval and early modern Islamic society. The map shown here is unusual in its portrayal of several creatures supporting the world in the firmament. While it uses a traditional Islamic projection of the world as a flat disk surrounded by the sundering seas which are restrained by the encircling mountains of Qaf, the map also shows the Ottomans' early use of geographic information based upon European cartographic methodologies and explorations.


http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/world/earth.html
« Last Edit: September 19, 2007, 06:28:49 pm by Bianca2001 » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #3 on: October 17, 2007, 02:17:17 pm »






Name: Benelux Countries
 
Creator: Hondius Jodocus
Year: 1611
« Last Edit: October 17, 2007, 02:18:46 pm by Bianca2001 » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #4 on: October 17, 2007, 02:20:49 pm »






Name: Pyrophylaciorum
 
Creator: Kircher,Athanasius
Year: 1668
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« Reply #5 on: October 17, 2007, 02:24:09 pm »







Name: Qvo Exprimitur,Aquarum
 
Creator: Kircher,Athanasius
Year: 1668
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« Reply #6 on: December 05, 2007, 06:43:59 pm »



From Opicinus de Canistris World Map, 1296-1300. (104K) and (75K).

Images courtesy of the Cartographic Images Homepage.
« Last Edit: December 05, 2007, 07:54:51 pm by Bianca2001 » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #7 on: December 05, 2007, 06:53:19 pm »



SILVIA'S GALLERY OF WORLD MAPS.  R O M E
« Last Edit: December 05, 2007, 07:45:28 pm by Bianca2001 » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #8 on: December 05, 2007, 06:54:40 pm »



PETRO PLANCIO MAP - 1594



http://s155239215.onlinehome.us/turkic/btn_GeographyMaps/MapsEn.htm
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« Reply #9 on: November 15, 2008, 06:01:51 pm »



GIOVANNI LEARDO
VENICE -1452
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« Reply #10 on: November 19, 2008, 06:50:28 am »



MUNSTER'S COSMOGRAPHIA
1300 AD
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« Reply #11 on: May 19, 2009, 12:00:37 pm »




               





                 Map derived from the Mercator/Ortelius model:
 
                 Fool's Cap Map
                 (c. 1590) 
« Last Edit: May 19, 2009, 12:03:56 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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